process.c 99.8 KB
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/* Asynchronous subprocess control for GNU Emacs.
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   Copyright (C) 1985, 86, 87, 88, 93, 94 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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This file is part of GNU Emacs.

GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
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any later version.

GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.  */


#include <signal.h>

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#include <config.h>
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/* This file is split into two parts by the following preprocessor
   conditional.  The 'then' clause contains all of the support for
   asynchronous subprocesses.  The 'else' clause contains stub
   versions of some of the asynchronous subprocess routines that are
   often called elsewhere in Emacs, so we don't have to #ifdef the
   sections that call them.  */


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#ifdef subprocesses

#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <sys/types.h>		/* some typedefs are used in sys/file.h */
#include <sys/file.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif /* not WINDOWSNT */

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#ifdef HAVE_SOCKETS	/* TCP connection support, if kernel can do it */
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif /* HAVE_SOCKETS */

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/* TERM is a poor-man's SLIP, used on Linux.  */
#ifdef TERM
#include <client.h>
#endif

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/* On some systems, e.g. DGUX, inet_addr returns a 'struct in_addr'. */
#ifdef HAVE_BROKEN_INET_ADDR
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#define IN_ADDR struct in_addr
#define NUMERIC_ADDR_ERROR (numeric_addr.s_addr == -1)
#else
#define IN_ADDR unsigned long
#define NUMERIC_ADDR_ERROR (numeric_addr == -1)
#endif

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#if defined(BSD) || defined(STRIDE)
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
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#if !defined (O_NDELAY) && defined (HAVE_PTYS) && !defined(USG5)
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#include <fcntl.h>
#endif /* HAVE_PTYS and no O_NDELAY */
#endif /* BSD or STRIDE */

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#ifdef BROKEN_O_NONBLOCK
#undef O_NONBLOCK
#endif /* BROKEN_O_NONBLOCK */

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#ifdef NEED_BSDTTY
#include <bsdtty.h>
#endif

#ifdef IRIS
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>	/* for "minor" */
#endif /* not IRIS */

#include "systime.h"
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#include "systty.h"
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#include "lisp.h"
#include "window.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include "process.h"
#include "termhooks.h"
#include "termopts.h"
#include "commands.h"
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#include "frame.h"
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Lisp_Object Qprocessp;
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Lisp_Object Qrun, Qstop, Qsignal, Qopen, Qclosed;
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Lisp_Object Qlast_nonmenu_event;
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/* Qexit is declared and initialized in eval.c.  */

/* a process object is a network connection when its childp field is neither
   Qt nor Qnil but is instead a string (name of foreign host we
   are connected to + name of port we are connected to) */

#ifdef HAVE_SOCKETS
static Lisp_Object stream_process;

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#define NETCONN_P(p) (GC_STRINGP (XPROCESS (p)->childp))
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#else
#define NETCONN_P(p) 0
#endif /* HAVE_SOCKETS */

/* Define first descriptor number available for subprocesses.  */
#ifdef VMS
#define FIRST_PROC_DESC 1
#else /* Not VMS */
#define FIRST_PROC_DESC 3
#endif

/* Define SIGCHLD as an alias for SIGCLD.  There are many conditionals
   testing SIGCHLD.  */

#if !defined (SIGCHLD) && defined (SIGCLD)
#define SIGCHLD SIGCLD
#endif /* SIGCLD */

#include "syssignal.h"

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#include "syswait.h"
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extern int errno;
extern char *strerror ();
#ifdef VMS
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extern char *sys_errlist[];
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#endif
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#ifndef HAVE_H_ERRNO
extern int h_errno;
#endif

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#ifndef SYS_SIGLIST_DECLARED
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#ifndef VMS
#ifndef BSD4_1
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#ifndef WINDOWSNT
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#ifndef LINUX
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extern char *sys_siglist[];
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#endif /* not LINUX */
#else /* BSD4_1 */
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char *sys_siglist[] =
  {
    "bum signal!!",
    "hangup",
    "interrupt",
    "quit",
    "illegal instruction",
    "trace trap",
    "iot instruction",
    "emt instruction",
    "floating point exception",
    "kill",
    "bus error",
    "segmentation violation",
    "bad argument to system call",
    "write on a pipe with no one to read it",
    "alarm clock",
    "software termination signal from kill",
    "status signal",
    "sendable stop signal not from tty",
    "stop signal from tty",
    "continue a stopped process",
    "child status has changed",
    "background read attempted from control tty",
    "background write attempted from control tty",
    "input record available at control tty",
    "exceeded CPU time limit",
    "exceeded file size limit"
    };
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#endif /* not WINDOWSNT */
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#endif
#endif /* VMS */
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#endif /* ! SYS_SIGLIST_DECLARED */
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/* t means use pty, nil means use a pipe,
   maybe other values to come.  */
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static Lisp_Object Vprocess_connection_type;
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#ifdef SKTPAIR
#ifndef HAVE_SOCKETS
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#endif /* SKTPAIR */

/* Number of events of change of status of a process.  */
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static int process_tick;
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/* Number of events for which the user or sentinel has been notified.  */
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static int update_tick;
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#ifdef FD_SET
/* We could get this from param.h, but better not to depend on finding that.
   And better not to risk that it might define other symbols used in this
   file.  */
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#ifdef FD_SETSIZE
#define MAXDESC FD_SETSIZE
#else
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#define MAXDESC 64
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#endif
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#define SELECT_TYPE fd_set
#else /* no FD_SET */
#define MAXDESC 32
#define SELECT_TYPE int

/* Define the macros to access a single-int bitmap of descriptors.  */
#define FD_SET(n, p) (*(p) |= (1 << (n)))
#define FD_CLR(n, p) (*(p) &= ~(1 << (n)))
#define FD_ISSET(n, p) (*(p) & (1 << (n)))
#define FD_ZERO(p) (*(p) = 0)
#endif /* no FD_SET */

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/* If we support X Windows, turn on the code to poll periodically
   to detect C-g.  It isn't actually used when doing interrupt input.  */
#ifdef HAVE_X_WINDOWS
#define POLL_FOR_INPUT
#endif

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/* Mask of bits indicating the descriptors that we wait for input on.  */
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static SELECT_TYPE input_wait_mask;

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/* Mask that excludes keyboard input descriptor (s).  */

static SELECT_TYPE non_keyboard_wait_mask;

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/* The largest descriptor currently in use for a process object.  */
static int max_process_desc;

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/* The largest descriptor currently in use for keyboard input.  */
static int max_keyboard_desc;
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/* Nonzero means delete a process right away if it exits.  */
static int delete_exited_processes;
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/* Indexed by descriptor, gives the process (if any) for that descriptor */
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Lisp_Object chan_process[MAXDESC];
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/* Alist of elements (NAME . PROCESS) */
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Lisp_Object Vprocess_alist;
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/* Buffered-ahead input char from process, indexed by channel.
   -1 means empty (no char is buffered).
   Used on sys V where the only way to tell if there is any
   output from the process is to read at least one char.
   Always -1 on systems that support FIONREAD.  */

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/* Don't make static; need to access externally.  */
int proc_buffered_char[MAXDESC];
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static Lisp_Object get_process ();
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/* Maximum number of bytes to send to a pty without an eof.  */
static int pty_max_bytes;
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/* Open an available pty, returning a file descriptor.
   Return -1 on failure.
   The file name of the terminal corresponding to the pty
   is left in the variable pty_name.  */

static char pty_name[24];
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/* Compute the Lisp form of the process status, p->status, from
   the numeric status that was returned by `wait'.  */

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Lisp_Object status_convert ();

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update_status (p)
     struct Lisp_Process *p;
{
  union { int i; WAITTYPE wt; } u;
  u.i = XFASTINT (p->raw_status_low) + (XFASTINT (p->raw_status_high) << 16);
  p->status = status_convert (u.wt);
  p->raw_status_low = Qnil;
  p->raw_status_high = Qnil;
}

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/*  Convert a process status word in Unix format to 
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    the list that we use internally.  */

Lisp_Object
status_convert (w)
     WAITTYPE w;
{
  if (WIFSTOPPED (w))
    return Fcons (Qstop, Fcons (make_number (WSTOPSIG (w)), Qnil));
  else if (WIFEXITED (w))
    return Fcons (Qexit, Fcons (make_number (WRETCODE (w)),
				WCOREDUMP (w) ? Qt : Qnil));
  else if (WIFSIGNALED (w))
    return Fcons (Qsignal, Fcons (make_number (WTERMSIG (w)),
				  WCOREDUMP (w) ? Qt : Qnil));
  else
    return Qrun;
}

/* Given a status-list, extract the three pieces of information
   and store them individually through the three pointers.  */

void
decode_status (l, symbol, code, coredump)
     Lisp_Object l;
     Lisp_Object *symbol;
     int *code;
     int *coredump;
{
  Lisp_Object tem;

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  if (SYMBOLP (l))
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    {
      *symbol = l;
      *code = 0;
      *coredump = 0;
    }
  else
    {
      *symbol = XCONS (l)->car;
      tem = XCONS (l)->cdr;
      *code = XFASTINT (XCONS (tem)->car);
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      tem = XCONS (tem)->cdr;
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      *coredump = !NILP (tem);
    }
}

/* Return a string describing a process status list.  */

Lisp_Object 
status_message (status)
     Lisp_Object status;
{
  Lisp_Object symbol;
  int code, coredump;
  Lisp_Object string, string2;

  decode_status (status, &symbol, &code, &coredump);

  if (EQ (symbol, Qsignal) || EQ (symbol, Qstop))
    {
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      char *signame = 0;
      if (code < NSIG)
	{
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#ifndef VMS
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	  /* Cast to suppress warning if the table has const char *.  */
	  signame = (char *) sys_siglist[code];
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#else
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	  signame = sys_errlist[code];
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#endif
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	}
      if (signame == 0)
	signame = "unknown";
      string = build_string (signame);
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      string2 = build_string (coredump ? " (core dumped)\n" : "\n");
      XSTRING (string)->data[0] = DOWNCASE (XSTRING (string)->data[0]);
      return concat2 (string, string2);
    }
  else if (EQ (symbol, Qexit))
    {
      if (code == 0)
	return build_string ("finished\n");
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      string = Fnumber_to_string (make_number (code));
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      string2 = build_string (coredump ? " (core dumped)\n" : "\n");
      return concat2 (build_string ("exited abnormally with code "),
		      concat2 (string, string2));
    }
  else
    return Fcopy_sequence (Fsymbol_name (symbol));
}

#ifdef HAVE_PTYS

int
allocate_pty ()
{
  struct stat stb;
  register c, i;
  int fd;

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  /* Some systems name their pseudoterminals so that there are gaps in
     the usual sequence - for example, on HP9000/S700 systems, there
     are no pseudoterminals with names ending in 'f'.  So we wait for
     three failures in a row before deciding that we've reached the
     end of the ptys.  */
  int failed_count = 0;

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#ifdef PTY_ITERATION
  PTY_ITERATION
#else
  for (c = FIRST_PTY_LETTER; c <= 'z'; c++)
    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
#endif
      {
#ifdef PTY_NAME_SPRINTF
	PTY_NAME_SPRINTF
#else
	sprintf (pty_name, "/dev/pty%c%x", c, i);
#endif /* no PTY_NAME_SPRINTF */

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#ifdef PTY_OPEN
	PTY_OPEN;
#else /* no PTY_OPEN */
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#ifdef IRIS
	/* Unusual IRIS code */
 	*ptyv = open ("/dev/ptc", O_RDWR | O_NDELAY, 0);
 	if (fd < 0)
 	  return -1;
	if (fstat (fd, &stb) < 0)
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	  return -1;
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#else /* not IRIS */
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	if (stat (pty_name, &stb) < 0)
	  {
	    failed_count++;
	    if (failed_count >= 3)
	      return -1;
	  }
	else
	  failed_count = 0;
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#ifdef O_NONBLOCK
	fd = open (pty_name, O_RDWR | O_NONBLOCK, 0);
#else
	fd = open (pty_name, O_RDWR | O_NDELAY, 0);
#endif
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#endif /* not IRIS */
#endif /* no PTY_OPEN */
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	if (fd >= 0)
	  {
	    /* check to make certain that both sides are available
	       this avoids a nasty yet stupid bug in rlogins */
#ifdef PTY_TTY_NAME_SPRINTF
	    PTY_TTY_NAME_SPRINTF
#else
            sprintf (pty_name, "/dev/tty%c%x", c, i);
#endif /* no PTY_TTY_NAME_SPRINTF */
#ifndef UNIPLUS
	    if (access (pty_name, 6) != 0)
	      {
		close (fd);
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#if !defined(IRIS) && !defined(__sgi)
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		continue;
#else
		return -1;
#endif /* IRIS */
	      }
#endif /* not UNIPLUS */
	    setup_pty (fd);
	    return fd;
	  }
      }
  return -1;
}
#endif /* HAVE_PTYS */

Lisp_Object
make_process (name)
     Lisp_Object name;
{
  register Lisp_Object val, tem, name1;
  register struct Lisp_Process *p;
  char suffix[10];
  register int i;

  /* size of process structure includes the vector header,
     so deduct for that.  But struct Lisp_Vector includes the first
     element, thus deducts too much, so add it back.  */
  val = Fmake_vector (make_number ((sizeof (struct Lisp_Process)
				    - sizeof (struct Lisp_Vector)
				    + sizeof (Lisp_Object))
				   / sizeof (Lisp_Object)),
		      Qnil);
  XSETTYPE (val, Lisp_Process);

  p = XPROCESS (val);
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  XSETINT (p->infd, -1);
  XSETINT (p->outfd, -1);
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  XSETFASTINT (p->pid, 0);
  XSETFASTINT (p->tick, 0);
  XSETFASTINT (p->update_tick, 0);
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  p->raw_status_low = Qnil;
  p->raw_status_high = Qnil;
  p->status = Qrun;
  p->mark = Fmake_marker ();

  /* If name is already in use, modify it until it is unused.  */

  name1 = name;
  for (i = 1; ; i++)
    {
      tem = Fget_process (name1);
      if (NILP (tem)) break;
      sprintf (suffix, "<%d>", i);
      name1 = concat2 (name, build_string (suffix));
    }
  name = name1;
  p->name = name;
  Vprocess_alist = Fcons (Fcons (name, val), Vprocess_alist);
  return val;
}

remove_process (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  register Lisp_Object pair;

  pair = Frassq (proc, Vprocess_alist);
  Vprocess_alist = Fdelq (pair, Vprocess_alist);
  Fset_marker (XPROCESS (proc)->mark, Qnil, Qnil);

  deactivate_process (proc);
}

DEFUN ("processp", Fprocessp, Sprocessp, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return t if OBJECT is a process.")
  (obj)
     Lisp_Object obj;
{
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  return PROCESSP (obj) ? Qt : Qnil;
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}

DEFUN ("get-process", Fget_process, Sget_process, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the process named NAME, or nil if there is none.")
  (name)
     register Lisp_Object name;
{
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  if (PROCESSP (name))
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    return name;
  CHECK_STRING (name, 0);
  return Fcdr (Fassoc (name, Vprocess_alist));
}

DEFUN ("get-buffer-process", Fget_buffer_process, Sget_buffer_process, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the (or, a) process associated with BUFFER.\n\
BUFFER may be a buffer or the name of one.")
  (name)
     register Lisp_Object name;
{
  register Lisp_Object buf, tail, proc;

  if (NILP (name)) return Qnil;
  buf = Fget_buffer (name);
  if (NILP (buf)) return Qnil;

  for (tail = Vprocess_alist; !NILP (tail); tail = Fcdr (tail))
    {
      proc = Fcdr (Fcar (tail));
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      if (PROCESSP (proc) && EQ (XPROCESS (proc)->buffer, buf))
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	return proc;
    }
  return Qnil;
}

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/* This is how commands for the user decode process arguments.  It
   accepts a process, a process name, a buffer, a buffer name, or nil.
   Buffers denote the first process in the buffer, and nil denotes the
   current buffer.  */
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static Lisp_Object
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get_process (name)
     register Lisp_Object name;
{
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  register Lisp_Object proc, obj;
  if (STRINGP (name))
    {
      obj = Fget_process (name);
      if (NILP (obj))
	obj = Fget_buffer (name);
      if (NILP (obj))
	error ("Process %s does not exist", XSTRING (name)->data);
    }
  else if (NILP (name))
    obj = Fcurrent_buffer ();
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  else
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    obj = name;

  /* Now obj should be either a buffer object or a process object.
   */
  if (BUFFERP (obj))
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    {
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      proc = Fget_buffer_process (obj);
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      if (NILP (proc))
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	error ("Buffer %s has no process", XSTRING (XBUFFER (obj)->name)->data);
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    }
  else
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    {
      CHECK_PROCESS (obj, 0);
      proc = obj;
    }
  return proc;
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}

DEFUN ("delete-process", Fdelete_process, Sdelete_process, 1, 1, 0,
  "Delete PROCESS: kill it and forget about it immediately.\n\
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PROCESS may be a process, a buffer, the name of a process or buffer, or\n\
nil, indicating the current buffer's process.")
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  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  proc = get_process (proc);
  XPROCESS (proc)->raw_status_low = Qnil;
  XPROCESS (proc)->raw_status_high = Qnil;
  if (NETCONN_P (proc))
    {
      XPROCESS (proc)->status = Fcons (Qexit, Fcons (make_number (0), Qnil));
      XSETINT (XPROCESS (proc)->tick, ++process_tick);
    }
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  else if (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd) >= 0)
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    {
      Fkill_process (proc, Qnil);
      /* Do this now, since remove_process will make sigchld_handler do nothing.  */
      XPROCESS (proc)->status 
	= Fcons (Qsignal, Fcons (make_number (SIGKILL), Qnil));
      XSETINT (XPROCESS (proc)->tick, ++process_tick);
      status_notify ();
    }
  remove_process (proc);
  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("process-status", Fprocess_status, Sprocess_status, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the status of PROCESS: a symbol, one of these:\n\
run  -- for a process that is running.\n\
stop -- for a process stopped but continuable.\n\
exit -- for a process that has exited.\n\
signal -- for a process that has got a fatal signal.\n\
open -- for a network stream connection that is open.\n\
closed -- for a network stream connection that is closed.\n\
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nil -- if arg is a process name and no such process exists.\n\
PROCESS may be a process, a buffer, the name of a process or buffer, or\n\
nil, indicating the current buffer's process.")
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  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  register struct Lisp_Process *p;
  register Lisp_Object status;
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  if (STRINGP (proc))
    proc = Fget_process (proc);
  else
    proc = get_process (proc);

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  if (NILP (proc))
    return proc;
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  p = XPROCESS (proc);
  if (!NILP (p->raw_status_low))
    update_status (p);
  status = p->status;
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  if (CONSP (status))
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    status = XCONS (status)->car;
  if (NETCONN_P (proc))
    {
      if (EQ (status, Qrun))
	status = Qopen;
      else if (EQ (status, Qexit))
	status = Qclosed;
    }
  return status;
}

DEFUN ("process-exit-status", Fprocess_exit_status, Sprocess_exit_status,
       1, 1, 0,
  "Return the exit status of PROCESS or the signal number that killed it.\n\
If PROCESS has not yet exited or died, return 0.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  if (!NILP (XPROCESS (proc)->raw_status_low))
    update_status (XPROCESS (proc));
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  if (CONSP (XPROCESS (proc)->status))
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    return XCONS (XCONS (XPROCESS (proc)->status)->cdr)->car;
  return make_number (0);
}

DEFUN ("process-id", Fprocess_id, Sprocess_id, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the process id of PROCESS.\n\
This is the pid of the Unix process which PROCESS uses or talks to.\n\
For a network connection, this value is nil.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->pid;
}

DEFUN ("process-name", Fprocess_name, Sprocess_name, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the name of PROCESS, as a string.\n\
This is the name of the program invoked in PROCESS,\n\
possibly modified to make it unique among process names.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->name;
}

DEFUN ("process-command", Fprocess_command, Sprocess_command, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the command that was executed to start PROCESS.\n\
This is a list of strings, the first string being the program executed\n\
and the rest of the strings being the arguments given to it.\n\
For a non-child channel, this is nil.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->command;
}

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DEFUN ("process-tty-name", Fprocess_tty_name, Sprocess_tty_name, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return the name of the terminal PROCESS uses, or nil if none.\n\
This is the terminal that the process itself reads and writes on,\n\
not the name of the pty that Emacs uses to talk with that terminal.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->tty_name;
}

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DEFUN ("set-process-buffer", Fset_process_buffer, Sset_process_buffer,
  2, 2, 0,
  "Set buffer associated with PROCESS to BUFFER (a buffer, or nil).")
  (proc, buffer)
     register Lisp_Object proc, buffer;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  if (!NILP (buffer))
    CHECK_BUFFER (buffer, 1);
  XPROCESS (proc)->buffer = buffer;
  return buffer;
}

DEFUN ("process-buffer", Fprocess_buffer, Sprocess_buffer,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Return the buffer PROCESS is associated with.\n\
Output from PROCESS is inserted in this buffer\n\
unless PROCESS has a filter.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->buffer;
}

DEFUN ("process-mark", Fprocess_mark, Sprocess_mark,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Return the marker for the end of the last output from PROCESS.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->mark;
}

DEFUN ("set-process-filter", Fset_process_filter, Sset_process_filter,
  2, 2, 0,
  "Give PROCESS the filter function FILTER; nil means no filter.\n\
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t means stop accepting output from the process.\n\
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When a process has a filter, each time it does output\n\
the entire string of output is passed to the filter.\n\
The filter gets two arguments: the process and the string of output.\n\
If the process has a filter, its buffer is not used for output.")
  (proc, filter)
     register Lisp_Object proc, filter;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
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  if (EQ (filter, Qt))
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    {
      FD_CLR (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd), &input_wait_mask);
      FD_CLR (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd), &non_keyboard_wait_mask);
    }
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  else if (EQ (XPROCESS (proc)->filter, Qt))
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    {
      FD_SET (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd), &input_wait_mask);
      FD_SET (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd), &non_keyboard_wait_mask);
    }
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  XPROCESS (proc)->filter = filter;
  return filter;
}

DEFUN ("process-filter", Fprocess_filter, Sprocess_filter,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Returns the filter function of PROCESS; nil if none.\n\
See `set-process-filter' for more info on filter functions.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->filter;
}

DEFUN ("set-process-sentinel", Fset_process_sentinel, Sset_process_sentinel,
  2, 2, 0,
  "Give PROCESS the sentinel SENTINEL; nil for none.\n\
The sentinel is called as a function when the process changes state.\n\
It gets two arguments: the process, and a string describing the change.")
  (proc, sentinel)
     register Lisp_Object proc, sentinel;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  XPROCESS (proc)->sentinel = sentinel;
  return sentinel;
}

DEFUN ("process-sentinel", Fprocess_sentinel, Sprocess_sentinel,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Return the sentinel of PROCESS; nil if none.\n\
See `set-process-sentinel' for more info on sentinels.")
  (proc)
     register Lisp_Object proc;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  return XPROCESS (proc)->sentinel;
}

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DEFUN ("set-process-window-size", Fset_process_window_size,
  Sset_process_window_size, 3, 3, 0,
  "Tell PROCESS that it has logical window size HEIGHT and WIDTH.")
  (proc, height, width)
     register Lisp_Object proc, height, width;
{
  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  CHECK_NATNUM (height, 0);
  CHECK_NATNUM (width, 0);
  if (set_window_size (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->infd),
		       XINT (height), XINT(width)) <= 0)
    return Qnil;
  else
    return Qt;
}

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DEFUN ("process-kill-without-query", Fprocess_kill_without_query,
  Sprocess_kill_without_query, 1, 2, 0,
  "Say no query needed if PROCESS is running when Emacs is exited.\n\
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Optional second argument if non-nil says to require a query.\n\
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Value is t if a query was formerly required.")
  (proc, value)
     register Lisp_Object proc, value;
{
  Lisp_Object tem;

  CHECK_PROCESS (proc, 0);
  tem = XPROCESS (proc)->kill_without_query;
  XPROCESS (proc)->kill_without_query = Fnull (value);

  return Fnull (tem);
}
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#if 0 /* Turned off because we don't currently record this info
	 in the process.  Perhaps add it.  */
DEFUN ("process-connection", Fprocess_connection, Sprocess_connection, 1, 1, 0,
 "Return the connection type of `PROCESS'.\n\
The value is `nil' for a pipe,\n\
`t' or `pty' for a pty, or `stream' for a socket connection.")
  (process)
     Lisp_Object process;
{
  return XPROCESS (process)->type;
}
#endif
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Lisp_Object
list_processes_1 ()
{
  register Lisp_Object tail, tem;
  Lisp_Object proc, minspace, tem1;
  register struct buffer *old = current_buffer;
  register struct Lisp_Process *p;
  register int state;
  char tembuf[80];

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  XSETFASTINT (minspace, 1);
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  set_buffer_internal (XBUFFER (Vstandard_output));
  Fbuffer_disable_undo (Vstandard_output);

  current_buffer->truncate_lines = Qt;

  write_string ("\
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Proc         Status   Buffer         Tty         Command\n\
----         ------   ------         ---         -------\n", -1);
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  for (tail = Vprocess_alist; !NILP (tail); tail = Fcdr (tail))
    {
      Lisp_Object symbol;

      proc = Fcdr (Fcar (tail));
      p = XPROCESS (proc);
      if (NILP (p->childp))
	continue;

      Finsert (1, &p->name);
      Findent_to (make_number (13), minspace);

      if (!NILP (p->raw_status_low))
	update_status (p);
      symbol = p->status;
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      if (CONSP (p->status))
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	symbol = XCONS (p->status)->car;

      
      if (EQ (symbol, Qsignal))
	{
	  Lisp_Object tem;
	  tem = Fcar (Fcdr (p->status));
#ifdef VMS
	  if (XINT (tem) < NSIG)
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	    write_string (sys_errlist [XINT (tem)], -1);
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	  else
#endif
	    Fprinc (symbol, Qnil);
	}
      else if (NETCONN_P (proc))
	{
	  if (EQ (symbol, Qrun))
	    write_string ("open", -1);
	  else if (EQ (symbol, Qexit))
	    write_string ("closed", -1);
	  else
	    Fprinc (symbol, Qnil);
	}
      else
	Fprinc (symbol, Qnil);

      if (EQ (symbol, Qexit))
	{
	  Lisp_Object tem;
	  tem = Fcar (Fcdr (p->status));
	  if (XFASTINT (tem))
	    {
	      sprintf (tembuf, " %d", XFASTINT (tem));
	      write_string (tembuf, -1);
	    }
	}

      if (EQ (symbol, Qsignal) || EQ (symbol, Qexit))
	remove_process (proc);

      Findent_to (make_number (22), minspace);
      if (NILP (p->buffer))
	insert_string ("(none)");
      else if (NILP (XBUFFER (p->buffer)->name))
	insert_string ("(Killed)");
      else
	Finsert (1, &XBUFFER (p->buffer)->name);

      Findent_to (make_number (37), minspace);

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      if (STRINGP (p->tty_name))
	Finsert (1, &p->tty_name);
      else
	insert_string ("(none)");

      Findent_to (make_number (49), minspace);

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      if (NETCONN_P (proc))
        {
	  sprintf (tembuf, "(network stream connection to %s)\n",
		   XSTRING (p->childp)->data);
	  insert_string (tembuf);
        }
      else 
	{
	  tem = p->command;
	  while (1)
	    {
	      tem1 = Fcar (tem);
	      Finsert (1, &tem1);
	      tem = Fcdr (tem);
	      if (NILP (tem))
		break;
	      insert_string (" ");
	    }
	  insert_string ("\n");
       }
    }
  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("list-processes", Flist_processes, Slist_processes, 0, 0, "",
  "Display a list of all processes.\n\
\(Any processes listed as Exited or Signaled are actually eliminated\n\
after the listing is made.)")
  ()
{
  internal_with_output_to_temp_buffer ("*Process List*",
				       list_processes_1, Qnil);
  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("process-list", Fprocess_list, Sprocess_list, 0, 0, 0,
  "Return a list of all processes.")
  ()
{
  return Fmapcar (Qcdr, Vprocess_alist);
}

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/* Starting asynchronous inferior processes.  */

static Lisp_Object start_process_unwind ();

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DEFUN ("start-process", Fstart_process, Sstart_process, 3, MANY, 0,
  "Start a program in a subprocess.  Return the process object for it.\n\
Args are NAME BUFFER PROGRAM &rest PROGRAM-ARGS\n\
NAME is name for process.  It is modified if necessary to make it unique.\n\
BUFFER is the buffer or (buffer-name) to associate with the process.\n\
 Process output goes at end of that buffer, unless you specify\n\
 an output stream or filter function to handle the output.\n\
 BUFFER may be also nil, meaning that this process is not associated\n\
 with any buffer\n\
Third arg is program file name.  It is searched for as in the shell.\n\
Remaining arguments are strings to give program as arguments.")
  (nargs, args)
     int nargs;
     register Lisp_Object *args;
{
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  Lisp_Object buffer, name, program, proc, current_dir, tem;
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#ifdef VMS
  register unsigned char *new_argv;
  int len;
#else
  register unsigned char **new_argv;
#endif
  register int i;
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  int count = specpdl_ptr - specpdl;
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  buffer = args[1];
  if (!NILP (buffer))
    buffer = Fget_buffer_create (buffer);

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  /* Make sure that the child will be able to chdir to the current
     buffer's current directory, or its unhandled equivalent.  We
     can't just have the child check for an error when it does the
     chdir, since it's in a vfork.

     We have to GCPRO around this because Fexpand_file_name and
     Funhandled_file_name_directory might call a file name handling
     function.  The argument list is protected by the caller, so all
     we really have to worry about is buffer.  */
  {
    struct gcpro gcpro1, gcpro2;

    current_dir = current_buffer->directory;

    GCPRO2 (buffer, current_dir);

    current_dir = 
      expand_and_dir_to_file
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	(Funhandled_file_name_directory (current_dir), Qnil);
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    if (NILP (Ffile_accessible_directory_p (current_dir)))
      report_file_error ("Setting current directory",
			 Fcons (current_buffer->directory, Qnil));

    UNGCPRO;
  }

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  name = args[0];
  CHECK_STRING (name, 0);

  program = args[2];

  CHECK_STRING (program, 2);

#ifdef VMS
  /* Make a one member argv with all args concatenated
     together separated by a blank.  */
  len = XSTRING (program)->size + 2;
  for (i = 3; i < nargs; i++)
    {
      tem = args[i];
      CHECK_STRING (tem, i);
      len += XSTRING (tem)->size + 1;	/* count the blank */
    }
  new_argv = (unsigned char *) alloca (len);
  strcpy (new_argv, XSTRING (program)->data);
  for (i = 3; i < nargs; i++)
    {
      tem = args[i];
      CHECK_STRING (tem, i);
      strcat (new_argv, " ");
      strcat (new_argv, XSTRING (tem)->data);
    }
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  /* Need to add code here to check for program existence on VMS */
  
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#else /* not VMS */
  new_argv = (unsigned char **) alloca ((nargs - 1) * sizeof (char *));

  /* If program file name is not absolute, search our path for it */
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  if (!IS_DIRECTORY_SEP (XSTRING (program)->data[0])
      && !(XSTRING (program)->size > 1
	   && IS_DEVICE_SEP (XSTRING (program)->data[1])))
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    {
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      struct gcpro gcpro1, gcpro2, gcpro3, gcpro4;

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      tem = Qnil;
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      GCPRO4 (name, program, buffer, current_dir);
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      openp (Vexec_path, program, EXEC_SUFFIXES, &tem, 1);
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      UNGCPRO;
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      if (NILP (tem))
	report_file_error ("Searching for program", Fcons (program, Qnil));
      new_argv[0] = XSTRING (tem)->data;
    }
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  else
    new_argv[0] = XSTRING (program)->data;

  for (i = 3; i < nargs; i++)
    {
      tem = args[i];
      CHECK_STRING (tem, i);
      new_argv[i - 2] = XSTRING (tem)->data;
    }
  new_argv[i - 2] = 0;
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#endif /* not VMS */

  proc = make_process (name);
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  /* If an error occurs and we can't start the process, we want to
     remove it from the process list.  This means that each error
     check in create_process doesn't need to call remove_process
     itself; it's all taken care of here.  */
  record_unwind_protect (start_process_unwind, proc);
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  XPROCESS (proc)->childp = Qt;
  XPROCESS (proc)->command_channel_p = Qnil;
  XPROCESS (proc)->buffer = buffer;
  XPROCESS (proc)->sentinel = Qnil;
  XPROCESS (proc)->filter = Qnil;
  XPROCESS (proc)->command = Flist (nargs - 2, args + 2);

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  create_process (proc, new_argv, current_dir);
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  return unbind_to (count, proc);
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}

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/* This function is the unwind_protect form for Fstart_process.  If
   PROC doesn't have its pid set, then we know someone has signalled
   an error and the process wasn't started successfully, so we should
   remove it from the process list.  */
static Lisp_Object
start_process_unwind (proc)
     Lisp_Object proc;
{
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  if (!PROCESSP (proc))
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    abort ();

  /* Was PROC started successfully?  */
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  if (XINT (XPROCESS (proc)->pid) <= 0)
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    remove_process (proc);

  return Qnil;
}


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SIGTYPE
create_process_1 (signo)
     int signo;
{
#ifdef USG
  /* USG systems forget handlers when they are used;
     must reestablish each time */
  signal (signo, create_process_1);
#endif /* USG */
}

#if 0  /* This doesn't work; see the note before sigchld_handler.  */
#ifdef USG
#ifdef SIGCHLD
/* Mimic blocking of signals on system V, which doesn't really have it.  */

/* Nonzero means we got a SIGCHLD when it was supposed to be blocked.  */
int sigchld_deferred;

SIGTYPE
create_process_sigchld ()
{
  signal (SIGCHLD, create_process_sigchld);

  sigchld_deferred = 1;
}
#endif
#endif
#endif

#ifndef VMS /* VMS version of this function is in vmsproc.c.  */
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create_process (process, new_argv, current_dir)
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     Lisp_Object process;
     char **new_argv;
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     Lisp_Object current_dir;
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{
  int pid, inchannel, outchannel, forkin, forkout;
  int sv[2];
#ifdef SIGCHLD
  SIGTYPE (*sigchld)();
#endif
  int pty_flag = 0;
  extern char **environ;

  inchannel = outchannel = -1;

#ifdef HAVE_PTYS
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  if (!NILP (Vprocess_connection_type))
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    outchannel = inchannel = allocate_pty ();

  if (inchannel >= 0)
    {
#ifndef USG 
      /* On USG systems it does not work to open the pty's tty here
	       and then close and reopen it in the child.  */
#ifdef O_NOCTTY
      /* Don't let this terminal become our controlling terminal
	 (in case we don't have one).  */
      forkout = forkin = open (pty_name, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY, 0);
#else
      forkout = forkin = open (pty_name, O_RDWR, 0);
#endif
      if (forkin < 0)
	report_file_error ("Opening pty", Qnil);
#else
      forkin = forkout = -1;
#endif /* not USG */
      pty_flag = 1;
    }
  else
#endif /* HAVE_PTYS */
#ifdef SKTPAIR
    {
      if (socketpair (AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0, sv) < 0)
	report_file_error ("Opening socketpair", Qnil);
      outchannel = inchannel = sv[0];
      forkout = forkin = sv[1];
    }
#else /* not SKTPAIR */
    {
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
      pipe_with_inherited_out (sv);
      inchannel = sv[0];
      forkout = sv[1];

      pipe_with_inherited_in (sv);
      forkin = sv[0];
      outchannel = sv[1];
#else /* not WINDOWSNT */
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      pipe (sv);
      inchannel = sv[0];
      forkout = sv[1];
      pipe (sv);
      outchannel = sv[1];
      forkin = sv[0];
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#endif /* not WINDOWSNT */
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    }
#endif /* not SKTPAIR */

#if 0
  /* Replaced by close_process_descs */
  set_exclusive_use (inchannel);
  set_exclusive_use (outchannel);
#endif

/* Stride people say it's a mystery why this is needed
   as well as the O_NDELAY, but that it fails without this.  */
#if defined (STRIDE) || (defined (pfa) && defined (HAVE_PTYS))
  {
    int one = 1;
    ioctl (inchannel, FIONBIO, &one);
  }
#endif

#ifdef O_NONBLOCK
  fcntl (inchannel, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);
#else
#ifdef O_NDELAY
  fcntl (inchannel, F_SETFL, O_NDELAY);
#endif
#endif

  /* Record this as an active process, with its channels.
     As a result, child_setup will close Emacs's side of the pipes.  */
  chan_process[inchannel] = process;
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  XSETINT (XPROCESS (process)->infd, inchannel);
  XSETINT (XPROCESS (process)->outfd, outchannel);
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  /* Record the tty descriptor used in the subprocess.  */
  if (forkin < 0)
    XPROCESS (process)->subtty = Qnil;
  else
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    XSETFASTINT (XPROCESS (process)->subtty, forkin);
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  XPROCESS (process)->pty_flag = (pty_flag ? Qt : Qnil);
  XPROCESS (process)->status = Qrun;

  /* Delay interrupts until we have a chance to store
     the new fork's pid in its process structure */
#ifdef SIGCHLD
#ifdef BSD4_1
  sighold (SIGCHLD);
#else /* not BSD4_1 */
#if defined (BSD) || defined (UNIPLUS) || defined (HPUX)
  sigsetmask (sigmask (SIGCHLD));
#else /* ordinary USG */
#if 0
  sigchld_deferred = 0;
  sigchld = signal (SIGCHLD, create_process_sigchld);
#endif
#endif /* ordinary USG */
#endif /* not BSD4_1 */
#endif /* SIGCHLD */

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  FD_SET (inchannel, &input_wait_mask);
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  FD_SET (inchannel, &non_keyboard_wait_mask);
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  if (inchannel > max_process_desc)
    max_process_desc = inchannel;

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  /* Until we store the proper pid, enable sigchld_handler
     to recognize an unknown pid as standing for this process.
     It is very important not to let this `marker' value stay
     in the table after this function has returned; if it does
     it might cause call-process to hang and subsequent asynchronous
     processes to get their return values scrambled.  */
  XSETINT (XPROCESS (process)->pid, -1);

  {
    /* child_setup must clobber environ on systems with true vfork.
       Protect it from permanent change.  */
    char **save_environ = environ;

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#ifndef WINDOWSNT
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    pid = vfork ();
    if (pid == 0)
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#endif /* not WINDOWSNT */
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      {
	int xforkin = forkin;
	int xforkout = forkout;

#if 0 /* This was probably a mistake--it duplicates code later on,
	 but fails to handle all the cases.  */
	/* Make sure SIGCHLD is not blocked in the child.  */
	sigsetmask (SIGEMPTYMASK);
#endif

	/* Make the pty be the controlling terminal of the process.  */
#ifdef HAVE_PTYS
	/* First, disconnect its current controlling terminal.  */
#ifdef HAVE_SETSID
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	/* We tried doing setsid only if pty_flag, but it caused
	   process_set_signal to fail on SGI when using a pipe.  */
	setsid ();
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	/* Make the pty's terminal the controlling terminal.  */
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	if (pty_flag)
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	  {
#ifdef TIOCSCTTY
	    /* We ignore the return value
	       because faith@cs.unc.edu says that is necessary on Linux.  */
	    ioctl (xforkin, TIOCSCTTY, 0);
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#endif
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	  }
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#else /* not HAVE_SETSID */
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#ifdef USG
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	/* It's very important to call setpgrp here and no time
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	   afterwards.  Otherwise, we lose our controlling tty which
	   is set when we open the pty. */
	setpgrp ();
#endif /* USG */
#endif /* not HAVE_SETSID */
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#if defined (HAVE_TERMIOS) && defined (LDISC1)
	if (pty_flag && xforkin >= 0)
	  {
	    struct termios t;
	    tcgetattr (xforkin, &t);
	    t.c_lflag = LDISC1;
	    if (tcsetattr (xforkin, TCSANOW, &t) < 0)
	      write (1, "create_process/tcsetattr LDISC1 failed\n", 39);
	  }
#else
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#if defined (NTTYDISC) && defined (TIOCSETD)
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	if (pty_flag && xforkin >= 0)
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	  {
	    /* Use new line discipline.  */
	    int ldisc = NTTYDISC;
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	    ioctl (xforkin, TIOCSETD, &ldisc);
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	  }
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#endif
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#endif
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#ifdef TIOCNOTTY 
	/* In 4.3BSD, the TIOCSPGRP bug has been fixed, and now you
	   can do TIOCSPGRP only to the process's controlling tty.  */
	if (pty_flag)
	  {
	    /* I wonder: would just ioctl (0, TIOCNOTTY, 0) work here? 
	       I can't test it since I don't have 4.3.  */
	    int j = open ("/dev/tty", O_RDWR, 0);
	    ioctl (j, TIOCNOTTY, 0);
	    close (j);
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#ifndef USG
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	    /* In order to get a controlling terminal on some versions
	       of BSD, it is necessary to put the process in pgrp 0
	       before it opens the terminal.  */
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#ifdef OSF1
	    setpgid (0, 0);
#else
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	    setpgrp (0, 0);
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#endif
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#endif
	  }
#endif /* TIOCNOTTY */

#if !defined (RTU) && !defined (UNIPLUS)
/*** There is a suggestion that this ought to be a
     conditional on TIOCSPGRP.  */
	/* Now close the pty (if we had it open) and reopen it.
	   This makes the pty the controlling terminal of the subprocess.  */
	if (pty_flag)
	  {
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#ifdef SET_CHILD_PTY_PGRP
	    int pgrp = getpid ();
#endif

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	    /* I wonder if close (open (pty_name, ...)) would work?  */
	    if (xforkin >= 0)
	      close (xforkin);
	    xforkout = xforkin = open (pty_name, O_RDWR, 0);

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#ifdef SET_CHILD_PTY_PGRP
	    ioctl (xforkin, TIOCSPGRP, &pgrp);
	    ioctl (xforkout, TIOCSPGRP, &pgrp);
#endif

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	    if (xforkin < 0)
	      abort ();
	  }
#endif /* not UNIPLUS and not RTU */
#ifdef SETUP_SLAVE_PTY
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	if (pty_flag)
	  {
	    SETUP_SLAVE_PTY;
	  }
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#endif /* SETUP_SLAVE_PTY */
#ifdef AIX
	/* On AIX, we've disabled SIGHUP above once we start a child on a pty.
	   Now reenable it in the child, so it will die when we want it to.  */
	if (pty_flag)
	  signal (SIGHUP, SIG_DFL);
#endif
#endif /* HAVE_PTYS */

#ifdef SIGCHLD
#ifdef BSD4_1
	sigrelse (SIGCHLD);
#else /* not BSD4_1 */
#if defined (BSD) || defined (UNIPLUS) || defined (HPUX)
	sigsetmask (SIGEMPTYMASK);
#else /* ordinary USG */
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#if 0
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	signal (SIGCHLD, sigchld);
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#endif
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#endif /* ordinary USG */
#endif /* not BSD4_1 */
#endif /* SIGCHLD */

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	signal (SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
	signal (SIGQUIT, SIG_DFL);

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	if (pty_flag)
	  child_setup_tty (xforkout);
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
	pid = child_setup (xforkin, xforkout, xforkout,
			   new_argv, 1, current_dir);
#else  /* not WINDOWSNT */	
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	child_setup (xforkin, xforkout, xforkout,
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		     new_argv, 1, current_dir);
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#endif /* not WINDOWSNT */
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      }
    environ = save_environ;
  }

  if (pid < 0)
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    {
      if (forkin >= 0)
	close (forkin);
      if (forkin != forkout && forkout >= 0)
	close (forkout);
      report_file_error ("Doing vfork", Qnil);
    }
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  XSETFASTINT (XPROCESS (process)->pid, pid);
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
  register_child (pid, inchannel);
#endif /* WINDOWSNT */

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  /* If the subfork execv fails, and it exits,
     this close hangs.  I don't know why.
     So have an interrupt jar it loose.  */
  stop_polling ();
  signal (SIGALRM, create_process_1);
  alarm (1);
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  XPROCESS (process)->subtty = Qnil;
  if (forkin >= 0)
    close (forkin);
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  alarm (0);
  start_polling ();
  if (forkin != forkout && forkout >= 0)
    close (forkout);

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  XPROCESS (process)->tty_name = build_string (pty_name);

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#ifdef SIGCHLD