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;;; midnight.el --- run something every midnight, e.g., kill old buffers  -*- lexical-binding:t -*-
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;; Copyright (C) 1998, 2001-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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;; Author: Sam Steingold <sds@gnu.org>
;; Maintainer: Sam Steingold <sds@gnu.org>
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;; Created: 1998-05-18
;; Keywords: utilities
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;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

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;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
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;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
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;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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;; along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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;;; Commentary:

;; To use the file, put (require 'midnight) into your .emacs.  Then, at
;; midnight, Emacs will run the normal hook `midnight-hook'.  You can
;; put whatever you like there, say, `calendar'; by default there is
;; only one function there - `clean-buffer-list'. It will kill the
;; buffers matching `clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names' and
;; `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps' and the buffers which where last
;; displayed more than `clean-buffer-list-delay-general' days ago,
;; keeping `clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names' and
;; `clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps'.

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;;; Code:

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(require 'cl-lib)
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(defgroup midnight nil
  "Run something every day at midnight."
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  :group 'calendar
  :version "20.3")
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(defvar midnight-timer nil
  "Timer running the `midnight-hook' `midnight-delay' seconds after midnight.
Use `cancel-timer' to stop it and `midnight-delay-set' to change
the time when it is run.")

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;;;###autoload
(define-minor-mode midnight-mode
  "Non-nil means run `midnight-hook' at midnight."
  :global t
  :initialize #'custom-initialize-default
  (if midnight-mode (timer-activate midnight-timer)
    (cancel-timer midnight-timer)))
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;;; time conversion

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(defun midnight-buffer-display-time (buffer)
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  "Return the time-stamp of BUFFER, or current buffer, as float."
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  (with-current-buffer buffer
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    (when buffer-display-time (float-time buffer-display-time))))
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;;; clean-buffer-list stuff

(defcustom clean-buffer-list-delay-general 3
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  "The number of days before any buffer becomes eligible for autokilling.
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The autokilling is done by `clean-buffer-list' when is it in `midnight-hook'.
Currently displayed and/or modified (unsaved) buffers, as well as buffers
matching `clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps' are excluded."
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  :type 'integer)
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(defcustom clean-buffer-list-delay-special 3600
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  "The number of seconds before some buffers become eligible for autokilling.
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Buffers matched by `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names' are killed if they were last
displayed more than this many seconds ago."
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  :type 'integer)
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(defcustom clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps '("\\`\\*Man ")
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  "List of regexps saying which buffers will be killed at midnight.
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If buffer name matches a regexp in the list and the buffer was not displayed
in the last `clean-buffer-list-delay-special' seconds, it is killed by
`clean-buffer-list' when is it in `midnight-hook'.
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If a member of the list is a cons, its `car' is the regexp and its `cdr' is
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the number of seconds to use instead of `clean-buffer-list-delay-special'.
See also `clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names',
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps' and
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`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names'.

Each element can also be a function instead of a regexp, in which case
it takes a single argument (a buffer name) and should return non-nil
if the buffer should be killed by `clean-buffer-list'."
  :type '(repeat
          (choice (regexp :tag "Regexp matching Buffer Name")
                  (function :tag "Predicate function"))))
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(defcustom clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names
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    '("*Help*" "*Apropos*" "*Buffer List*" "*Compile-Log*" "*info*"
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      "*vc*" "*vc-diff*" "*diff*")
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  "List of strings saying which buffers will be killed at midnight.
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Buffers with names in this list, which were not displayed in the last
`clean-buffer-list-delay-special' seconds, are killed by `clean-buffer-list'
when is it in `midnight-hook'.
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If a member of the list is a cons, its `car' is the name and its `cdr' is
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the number of seconds to use instead of `clean-buffer-list-delay-special'.
See also `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps',
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names'."
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  :type '(repeat (string :tag "Buffer Name")))
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(defcustom clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names
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    '("*scratch*" "*Messages*")
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  "List of buffer names which will never be killed by `clean-buffer-list'.
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See also `clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps'.
Note that this does override `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names' so a buffer matching any of these
two lists will NOT be killed if it is also present in this list."
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  :type '(repeat (string :tag "Buffer Name")))
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(defcustom clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps '("\\` \\*Minibuf-.*\\*\\'")
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  "List of regexp saying which buffers will never be killed at midnight.
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See also `clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names'.
Killing is done by `clean-buffer-list'.
Note that this does override `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names' so a buffer matching any of these
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two lists will NOT be killed if it also matches anything in this list.
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Each element can also be a function instead of a regexp, in which case
it takes a single argument (a buffer name) and should return non-nil
if the buffer should never be killed by `clean-buffer-list'."
  :type '(repeat
          (choice (regexp :tag "Regexp matching Buffer Name")
                  (function :tag "Predicate function"))))
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(defun clean-buffer-list-delay (name)
  "Return the delay, in seconds, before killing a buffer named NAME.
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Uses `clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names', `clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps'
`clean-buffer-list-delay-general' and `clean-buffer-list-delay-special'.
Autokilling is done by `clean-buffer-list'."
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  (or (assoc-default name clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names #'string=
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                     clean-buffer-list-delay-special)
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      (assoc-default name clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps
                     (lambda (re str)
                       (if (functionp re)
                           (funcall re str) (string-match re str)))
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                     clean-buffer-list-delay-special)
      (* clean-buffer-list-delay-general 24 60 60)))
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;;;###autoload
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(defun clean-buffer-list ()
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  "Kill old buffers that have not been displayed recently.
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The relevant variables are `clean-buffer-list-delay-general',
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`clean-buffer-list-delay-special', `clean-buffer-list-kill-buffer-names',
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names',
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`clean-buffer-list-kill-regexps' and
`clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps'.
While processing buffers, this procedure displays messages containing
the current date/time, buffer name, how many seconds ago it was
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displayed (can be nil if the buffer was never displayed) and its
lifetime, i.e., its \"age\" when it will be purged."
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  (interactive)
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  (let ((tm (float-time)) bts (ts (format-time-string "%Y-%m-%d %T"))
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        delay cbld bn)
    (dolist (buf (buffer-list))
      (when (buffer-live-p buf)
	(setq bts (midnight-buffer-display-time buf) bn (buffer-name buf)
	      delay (if bts (- tm bts) 0) cbld (clean-buffer-list-delay bn))
	(message "[%s] `%s' [%s %d]" ts bn (if bts (round delay)) cbld)
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	(unless (or (cl-find bn clean-buffer-list-kill-never-regexps
                             :test (lambda (bn re)
                                     (if (functionp re)
                                         (funcall re bn)
                                       (string-match re bn))))
		    (cl-find bn clean-buffer-list-kill-never-buffer-names
                             :test #'string-equal)
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		    (get-buffer-process buf)
		    (and (buffer-file-name buf) (buffer-modified-p buf))
		    (get-buffer-window buf 'visible) (< delay cbld))
	  (message "[%s] killing `%s'" ts bn)
	  (kill-buffer buf))))))
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;;; midnight hook

(defvar midnight-period (* 24 60 60)
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  "The number of seconds in a day--the delta for `midnight-timer'.")
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(defcustom midnight-hook '(clean-buffer-list)
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  "The hook run `midnight-delay' seconds after midnight every day.
The default value is `clean-buffer-list'."
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  :type 'hook)
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(defun midnight-next ()
  "Return the number of seconds till the next midnight."
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  (pcase-let ((`(,sec ,min ,hrs) (decode-time)))
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    (- (* 24 60 60) (* 60 60 hrs) (* 60 min) sec)))

;;;###autoload
(defun midnight-delay-set (symb tm)
  "Modify `midnight-timer' according to `midnight-delay'.
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Sets the first argument SYMB (which must be symbol `midnight-delay')
to its second argument TM."
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  (cl-assert (eq symb 'midnight-delay) t
             "Invalid argument to `midnight-delay-set': `%s'")
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  (set symb tm)
  (when (timerp midnight-timer) (cancel-timer midnight-timer))
  (setq midnight-timer
        (run-at-time (if (numberp tm) (+ (midnight-next) tm) tm)
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                     midnight-period #'run-hooks 'midnight-hook)))
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(defcustom midnight-delay 3600
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  "The number of seconds after the midnight when the `midnight-timer' is run.
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You should set this variable before loading midnight.el, or
set it by calling `midnight-delay-set', or use `custom'.
If you wish, you can use a string instead, it will be passed as the
first argument to `run-at-time'."
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  :type '(choice integer string)
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  :set #'midnight-delay-set)
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(provide 'midnight)

;;; midnight.el ends here