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/* pop.c: client routines for talking to a POP3-protocol post-office server
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   Copyright (c) 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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   Written by Jonathan Kamens, jik@security.ov.com.

This file is part of GNU Emacs.

GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
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the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */
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#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#define NO_SHORTNAMES	/* Tell config not to load remap.h */
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#include <../src/config.h>
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#else
#define MAIL_USE_POP
#endif
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#ifdef MAIL_USE_POP

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
/* Cancel these substitutions made in config.h */
#undef open
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#undef read
#undef write
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#undef close
#endif
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#include <sys/types.h>
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
#include "ntlib.h"
#include <winsock.h>
#undef SOCKET_ERROR
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#define RECV(s,buf,len,flags) recv(s,buf,len,flags)
#define SEND(s,buf,len,flags) send(s,buf,len,flags)
#define CLOSESOCKET(s) closesocket(s)
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#else
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#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
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#define RECV(s,buf,len,flags) read(s,buf,len)
#define SEND(s,buf,len,flags) write(s,buf,len)
#define CLOSESOCKET(s) close(s)
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#endif
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#include <pop.h>
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#ifdef sun
#include <malloc.h>
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#endif /* sun */
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#ifdef HESIOD
#include <hesiod.h>
/*
 * It really shouldn't be necessary to put this declaration here, but
 * the version of hesiod.h that Athena has installed in release 7.2
 * doesn't declare this function; I don't know if the 7.3 version of
 * hesiod.h does.
 */
extern struct servent *hes_getservbyname (/* char *, char * */);
#endif
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#include <pwd.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
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#ifdef STDC_HEADERS
#include <string.h>
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#define index strchr
#endif
#ifdef STDC_HEADERS
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
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#endif
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#ifdef KERBEROS
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# ifdef HAVE_KRB5_H
#  include <krb5.h>
# endif
# ifdef HAVE_DES_H
#  include <des.h>
# else
#  ifdef HAVE_KERBEROSIV_DES_H
#   include <kerberosIV/des.h>
#  else
#   ifdef HAVE_KERBEROS_DES_H
#    include <kerberos/des.h>
#   endif
#  endif
# endif
# ifdef HAVE_KRB_H
#  include <krb.h>
# else
#  ifdef HAVE_KERBEROSIV_KRB_H
#   include <kerberosIV/krb.h>
#  else
#   ifdef HAVE_KERBEROS_KRB_H
#    include <kerberos/krb.h>
#   endif
#  endif
# endif
# ifdef HAVE_COM_ERR_H
#  include <com_err.h>
# endif
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#endif /* KERBEROS */
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#ifdef KERBEROS
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#ifndef KERBEROS5
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extern int krb_sendauth (/* long, int, KTEXT, char *, char *, char *,
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			    u_long, MSG_DAT *, CREDENTIALS *, Key_schedule,
			    struct sockaddr_in *, struct sockaddr_in *,
			    char * */);
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extern char *krb_realmofhost (/* char * */);
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#endif /* ! KERBEROS5 */
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#endif /* KERBEROS */
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#ifndef WINDOWSNT
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#if !defined(HAVE_H_ERRNO) || !defined(HAVE_CONFIG_H)
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extern int h_errno;
#endif
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#endif
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static int socket_connection (/* char *, int */);
static char *getline (/* popserver */);
static int sendline (/* popserver, char * */);
static int fullwrite (/* int, char *, int */);
static int getok (/* popserver */);
#if 0
static int gettermination (/* popserver */);
#endif
static void pop_trash (/* popserver */);
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static char *find_crlf (/* char * */);
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#define ERROR_MAX 80		/* a pretty arbitrary size */
#define POP_PORT 110
#define KPOP_PORT 1109
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
#define POP_SERVICE "pop3"	/* we don't want the POP2 port! */
#else
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#define POP_SERVICE "pop"
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#endif
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#ifdef KERBEROS
#define KPOP_SERVICE "kpop"
#endif

char pop_error[ERROR_MAX];
int pop_debug = 0;

#ifndef min
#define min(a,b) (((a) < (b)) ? (a) : (b))
#endif

/*
 * Function: pop_open (char *host, char *username, char *password,
 * 		       int flags)
 *
 * Purpose: Establishes a connection with a post-office server, and
 * 	completes the authorization portion of the session.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	host	The server host with which the connection should be
 * 		established.  Optional.  If omitted, internal
 * 		heuristics will be used to determine the server host,
 * 		if possible.
 * 	username
 * 		The username of the mail-drop to access.  Optional.
 * 		If omitted, internal heuristics will be used to
 * 		determine the username, if possible.
 * 	password
 * 		The password to use for authorization.  If omitted,
 * 		internal heuristics will be used to determine the
 * 		password, if possible.
 * 	flags	A bit mask containing flags controlling certain
 * 		functions of the routine.  Valid flags are defined in
 * 		the file pop.h
 *
 * Return value: Upon successful establishment of a connection, a
 * 	non-null popserver will be returned.  Otherwise, null will be
 * 	returned, and the string variable pop_error will contain an
 * 	explanation of the error.
 */
popserver
pop_open (host, username, password, flags)
     char *host;
     char *username;
     char *password;
     int flags;
{
  int sock;
  popserver server;

  /* Determine the user name */
  if (! username)
    {
      username = getenv ("USER");
      if (! (username && *username))
	{
	  username = getlogin ();
	  if (! (username && *username))
	    {
	      struct passwd *passwd;
	      passwd = getpwuid (getuid ());
	      if (passwd && passwd->pw_name && *passwd->pw_name)
		{
		  username = passwd->pw_name;
		}
	      else
		{
		  strcpy (pop_error, "Could not determine username");
		  return (0);
		}
	    }
	}
    }

  /*
   *  Determine the mail host.
   */

  if (! host)
    {
      host = getenv ("MAILHOST");
    }

#ifdef HESIOD
  if ((! host) && (! (flags & POP_NO_HESIOD)))
    {
      struct hes_postoffice *office;
      office = hes_getmailhost (username);
      if (office && office->po_type && (! strcmp (office->po_type, "POP"))
	  && office->po_name && *office->po_name && office->po_host
	  && *office->po_host)
	{
	  host = office->po_host;
	  username = office->po_name;
	}
    }
#endif

#ifdef MAILHOST
  if (! host)
    {
      host = MAILHOST;
    }
#endif

  if (! host)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Could not determine POP server");
      return (0);
    }

  /* Determine the password */
#ifdef KERBEROS
#define DONT_NEED_PASSWORD (! (flags & POP_NO_KERBEROS))
#else
#define DONT_NEED_PASSWORD 0
#endif
 
  if ((! password) && (! DONT_NEED_PASSWORD))
    {
      if (! (flags & POP_NO_GETPASS))
	{
	  password = getpass ("Enter POP password:");
	}
      if (! password)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error, "Could not determine POP password");
	  return (0);
	}
    }
  if (password)
    flags |= POP_NO_KERBEROS;
  else
    password = username;

  sock = socket_connection (host, flags);
  if (sock == -1)
    return (0);

  server = (popserver) malloc (sizeof (struct _popserver));
  if (! server)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in pop_open");
      return (0);
    }
  server->buffer = (char *) malloc (GETLINE_MIN);
  if (! server->buffer)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in pop_open");
      free ((char *) server);
      return (0);
    }
	  
  server->file = sock;
  server->data = 0;
  server->buffer_index = 0;
  server->buffer_size = GETLINE_MIN;
  server->in_multi = 0;
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  server->trash_started = 0;
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  if (getok (server))
    return (0);

  /*
   * I really shouldn't use the pop_error variable like this, but....
   */
  if (strlen (username) > ERROR_MAX - 6)
    {
      pop_close (server);
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Username too long; recompile pop.c with larger ERROR_MAX");
      return (0);
    }
  sprintf (pop_error, "USER %s", username);

  if (sendline (server, pop_error) || getok (server))
    {
      return (0);
    }

  if (strlen (password) > ERROR_MAX - 6)
    {
      pop_close (server);
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Password too long; recompile pop.c with larger ERROR_MAX");
      return (0);
    }
  sprintf (pop_error, "PASS %s", password);

  if (sendline (server, pop_error) || getok (server))
    {
      return (0);
    }

  return (server);
}

/*
 * Function: pop_stat
 *
 * Purpose: Issue the STAT command to the server and return (in the
 * 	value parameters) the number of messages in the maildrop and
 * 	the total size of the maildrop.
 *
 * Return value: 0 on success, or non-zero with an error in pop_error
 * 	in failure.
 *
 * Side effects: On failure, may make further operations on the
 * 	connection impossible.
 */
int
pop_stat (server, count, size)
     popserver server;
     int *count;
     int *size;
{
  char *fromserver;

  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_stat");
      return (-1);
    }
     
  if (sendline (server, "STAT") || (! (fromserver = getline (server))))
    return (-1);

  if (strncmp (fromserver, "+OK ", 4))
    {
      if (0 == strncmp (fromserver, "-ERR", 4))
	{
	  strncpy (pop_error, fromserver, ERROR_MAX);
	}
      else
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error,
		  "Unexpected response from POP server in pop_stat");
	  pop_trash (server);
	}
      return (-1);
    }

  *count = atoi (&fromserver[4]);
     
  fromserver = index (&fromserver[4], ' ');
  if (! fromserver)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Badly formatted response from server in pop_stat");
      pop_trash (server);
      return (-1);
    }

  *size = atoi (fromserver + 1);

  return (0);
}

/*
 * Function: pop_list
 *
 * Purpose: Performs the POP "list" command and returns (in value
 * 	parameters) two malloc'd zero-terminated arrays -- one of
 * 	message IDs, and a parallel one of sizes.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The pop connection to talk to.
 * 	message	The number of the one message about which to get
 * 		information, or 0 to get information about all
 * 		messages.
 *
 * Return value: 0 on success, non-zero with error in pop_error on
 * 	failure.
 *
 * Side effects: On failure, may make further operations on the
 * 	connection impossible.
 */
int
pop_list (server, message, IDs, sizes)
     popserver server;
     int message;
     int **IDs;
     int **sizes;
{
  int how_many, i;
  char *fromserver;

  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_list");
      return (-1);
    }

  if (message)
    how_many = 1;
  else
    {
      int count, size;
      if (pop_stat (server, &count, &size))
	return (-1);
      how_many = count;
    }

  *IDs = (int *) malloc ((how_many + 1) * sizeof (int));
  *sizes = (int *) malloc ((how_many + 1) * sizeof (int));
  if (! (*IDs && *sizes))
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in pop_list");
      return (-1);
    }

  if (message)
    {
      sprintf (pop_error, "LIST %d", message);
      if (sendline (server, pop_error))
	{
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      if (! (fromserver = getline (server)))
	{
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      if (strncmp (fromserver, "+OK ", 4))
	{
	  if (! strncmp (fromserver, "-ERR", 4))
	    strncpy (pop_error, fromserver, ERROR_MAX);
	  else
	    {
	      strcpy (pop_error,
		      "Unexpected response from server in pop_list");
	      pop_trash (server);
	    }
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      (*IDs)[0] = atoi (&fromserver[4]);
      fromserver = index (&fromserver[4], ' ');
      if (! fromserver)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error,
		  "Badly formatted response from server in pop_list");
	  pop_trash (server);
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      (*sizes)[0] = atoi (fromserver);
      (*IDs)[1] = (*sizes)[1] = 0;
      return (0);
    }
  else
    {
      if (pop_multi_first (server, "LIST", &fromserver))
	{
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      for (i = 0; i < how_many; i++)
	{
	  if (pop_multi_next (server, &fromserver))
	    {
	      free ((char *) *IDs);
	      free ((char *) *sizes);
	      return (-1);
	    }
	  (*IDs)[i] = atoi (fromserver);
	  fromserver = index (fromserver, ' ');
	  if (! fromserver)
	    {
	      strcpy (pop_error,
		      "Badly formatted response from server in pop_list");
	      free ((char *) *IDs);
	      free ((char *) *sizes);
	      pop_trash (server);
	      return (-1);
	    }
	  (*sizes)[i] = atoi (fromserver);
	}
      if (pop_multi_next (server, &fromserver))
	{
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      else if (fromserver)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error,
		  "Too many response lines from server in pop_list");
	  free ((char *) *IDs);
	  free ((char *) *sizes);
	  return (-1);
	}
      (*IDs)[i] = (*sizes)[i] = 0;
      return (0);
    }
}

/*
 * Function: pop_retrieve
 *
 * Purpose: Retrieve a specified message from the maildrop.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server to retrieve from.
 * 	message	The message number to retrieve.
 *	markfrom
 * 		If true, then mark the string "From " at the beginning
 * 		of lines with '>'.
 * 
 * Return value: A string pointing to the message, if successful, or
 * 	null with pop_error set if not.
 *
 * Side effects: May kill connection on error.
 */
char *
pop_retrieve (server, message, markfrom)
     popserver server;
     int message;
     int markfrom;
{
  int *IDs, *sizes, bufsize, fromcount = 0, cp = 0;
  char *ptr, *fromserver;
  int ret;

  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_retrieve");
      return (0);
    }

  if (pop_list (server, message, &IDs, &sizes))
    return (0);

  if (pop_retrieve_first (server, message, &fromserver))
    {
      return (0);
    }

  /*
   * The "5" below is an arbitrary constant -- I assume that if
   * there are "From" lines in the text to be marked, there
   * probably won't be more than 5 of them.  If there are, I
   * allocate more space for them below.
   */
  bufsize = sizes[0] + (markfrom ? 5 : 0);
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  ptr = (char *)malloc (bufsize);
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  free ((char *) IDs);
  free ((char *) sizes);

  if (! ptr)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in pop_retrieve");
      pop_retrieve_flush (server);
      return (0);
    }

  while (! (ret = pop_retrieve_next (server, &fromserver)))
    {
      int linesize;

      if (! fromserver)
	{
	  ptr[cp] = '\0';
	  return (ptr);
	}
      if (markfrom && fromserver[0] == 'F' && fromserver[1] == 'r' &&
	  fromserver[2] == 'o' && fromserver[3] == 'm' &&
	  fromserver[4] == ' ')
	{
	  if (++fromcount == 5)
	    {
	      bufsize += 5;
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	      ptr = (char *)realloc (ptr, bufsize);
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	      if (! ptr)
		{
		  strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in pop_retrieve");
		  pop_retrieve_flush (server);
		  return (0);
		}
	      fromcount = 0;
	    }
	  ptr[cp++] = '>';
	}
      linesize = strlen (fromserver);
      bcopy (fromserver, &ptr[cp], linesize);
      cp += linesize;
      ptr[cp++] = '\n';
    }

  if (ret)
    {
      free (ptr);
      return (0);
    }
}     

int
pop_retrieve_first (server, message, response)
     popserver server;
     int message;
     char **response;
{
  sprintf (pop_error, "RETR %d", message);
  return (pop_multi_first (server, pop_error, response));
}

int
pop_retrieve_next (server, line)
     popserver server;
     char **line;
{
  return (pop_multi_next (server, line));
}

int
pop_retrieve_flush (server)
     popserver server;
{
  return (pop_multi_flush (server));
}

int
pop_top_first (server, message, lines, response)
     popserver server;
     int message, lines;
     char **response;
{
  sprintf (pop_error, "TOP %d %d", message, lines);
  return (pop_multi_first (server, pop_error, response));
}

int
pop_top_next (server, line)
     popserver server;
     char **line;
{
  return (pop_multi_next (server, line));
}

int
pop_top_flush (server)
     popserver server;
{
  return (pop_multi_flush (server));
}

int
pop_multi_first (server, command, response)
     popserver server;
     char *command;
     char **response;
{
  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Already in multi-line query in pop_multi_first");
      return (-1);
    }

  if (sendline (server, command) || (! (*response = getline (server))))
    {
      return (-1);
    }

  if (0 == strncmp (*response, "-ERR", 4))
    {
      strncpy (pop_error, *response, ERROR_MAX);
      return (-1);
    }
  else if (0 == strncmp (*response, "+OK", 3))
    {
      for (*response += 3; **response == ' '; (*response)++) /* empty */;
      server->in_multi = 1;
      return (0);
    }
  else
    {
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Unexpected response from server in pop_multi_first");
      return (-1);
    }
}

int
pop_multi_next (server, line)
     popserver server;
     char **line;
{
  char *fromserver;

  if (! server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Not in multi-line query in pop_multi_next");
      return (-1);
    }

  fromserver = getline (server);
  if (! fromserver)
    {
      return (-1);
    }

  if (fromserver[0] == '.')
    {
      if (! fromserver[1])
	{
	  *line = 0;
	  server->in_multi = 0;
	  return (0);
	}
      else
	{
	  *line = fromserver + 1;
	  return (0);
	}
    }
  else
    {
      *line = fromserver;
      return (0);
    }
}

int
pop_multi_flush (server)
     popserver server;
{
  char *line;

  if (! server->in_multi)
    {
      return (0);
    }

  while (! pop_multi_next (server, &line))
    {
      if (! line)
	{
	  return (0);
	}
    }

  return (-1);
}

/* Function: pop_delete
 *
 * Purpose: Delete a specified message.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	Server from which to delete the message.
 * 	message	Message to delete.
 *
 * Return value: 0 on success, non-zero with error in pop_error
 * 	otherwise.
 */
int
pop_delete (server, message)
     popserver server;
     int message;
{
  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_delete");
      return (-1);
    }

  sprintf (pop_error, "DELE %d", message);

  if (sendline (server, pop_error) || getok (server))
    return (-1);

  return (0);
}

/*
 * Function: pop_noop
 *
 * Purpose: Send a noop command to the server.
 *
 * Argument:
 * 	server	The server to send to.
 *
 * Return value: 0 on success, non-zero with error in pop_error
 * 	otherwise.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes connection on error.
 */
int
pop_noop (server)
     popserver server;
{
  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_noop");
      return (-1);
    }

  if (sendline (server, "NOOP") || getok (server))
    return (-1);

  return (0);
}

/*
 * Function: pop_last
 *
 * Purpose: Find out the highest seen message from the server.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server.
 *
 * Return value: If successful, the highest seen message, which is
 * 	greater than or equal to 0.  Otherwise, a negative number with
 * 	the error explained in pop_error.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes the connection on error.
 */
int
pop_last (server)
     popserver server;
{
  char *fromserver;
     
  if (server->in_multi)
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "In multi-line query in pop_last");
      return (-1);
    }

  if (sendline (server, "LAST"))
    return (-1);

  if (! (fromserver = getline (server)))
    return (-1);

  if (! strncmp (fromserver, "-ERR", 4))
    {
      strncpy (pop_error, fromserver, ERROR_MAX);
      return (-1);
    }
  else if (strncmp (fromserver, "+OK ", 4))
    {
      strcpy (pop_error, "Unexpected response from server in pop_last");
      pop_trash (server);
      return (-1);
    }
  else
    {
      return (atoi (&fromserver[4]));
    }
}

/*
 * Function: pop_reset
 *
 * Purpose: Reset the server to its initial connect state
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server.
 *
 * Return value: 0 for success, non-0 with error in pop_error
 * 	otherwise.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes the connection on error.
 */
int
pop_reset (server)
     popserver server;
{
  if (pop_retrieve_flush (server))
    {
      return (-1);
    }

  if (sendline (server, "RSET") || getok (server))
    return (-1);

  return (0);
}

/*
 * Function: pop_quit
 *
 * Purpose: Quit the connection to the server,
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server to quit.
 *
 * Return value: 0 for success, non-zero otherwise with error in
 * 	pop_error.
 *
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 * Side Effects: The popserver passed in is unusable after this
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 * 	function is called, even if an error occurs.
 */
int
pop_quit (server)
     popserver server;
{
  int ret = 0;

  if (server->file >= 0)
    {
      if (pop_retrieve_flush (server))
	{
	  ret = -1;
	}

      if (sendline (server, "QUIT") || getok (server))
	{
	  ret = -1;
	}

      close (server->file);
    }

  if (server->buffer)
    free (server->buffer);
  free ((char *) server);

  return (ret);
}

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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
static int have_winsock = 0;
#endif

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/*
 * Function: socket_connection
 *
 * Purpose: Opens the network connection with the mail host, without
 * 	doing any sort of I/O with it or anything.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	host	The host to which to connect.
 *	flags	Option flags.
 * 	
 * Return value: A file descriptor indicating the connection, or -1
 * 	indicating failure, in which case an error has been copied
 * 	into pop_error.
 */
static int
socket_connection (host, flags)
     char *host;
     int flags;
{
  struct hostent *hostent;
  struct servent *servent;
  struct sockaddr_in addr;
  char found_port = 0;
  char *service;
  int sock;
#ifdef KERBEROS
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#ifdef KERBEROS5
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  krb5_error_code rem;
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  krb5_context kcontext = 0;
  krb5_auth_context auth_context = 0;
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  krb5_ccache ccdef;
  krb5_principal client, server;
  krb5_error *err_ret;
  register char *cp;
#else
  KTEXT ticket;
  MSG_DAT msg_data;
  CREDENTIALS cred;
  Key_schedule schedule;
  int rem;
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  char *realhost;
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#endif /* KERBEROS5 */
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#endif /* KERBEROS */

  int try_count = 0;

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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
  {
    WSADATA winsockData;
    if (WSAStartup (0x101, &winsockData) == 0)
      have_winsock = 1;
  }
#endif

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  do
    {
      hostent = gethostbyname (host);
      try_count++;
      if ((! hostent) && ((h_errno != TRY_AGAIN) || (try_count == 5)))
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error, "Could not determine POP server's address");
	  return (-1);
	}
    } while (! hostent);

  bzero ((char *) &addr, sizeof (addr));
  addr.sin_family = AF_INET;

#ifdef KERBEROS
  service = (flags & POP_NO_KERBEROS) ? POP_SERVICE : KPOP_SERVICE;
#else
  service = POP_SERVICE;
#endif

#ifdef HESIOD
  if (! (flags & POP_NO_HESIOD))
    {
      servent = hes_getservbyname (service, "tcp");
      if (servent)
	{
	  addr.sin_port = servent->s_port;
	  found_port = 1;
	}
    }
#endif
  if (! found_port)
    {
      servent = getservbyname (service, "tcp");
      if (servent)
	{
	  addr.sin_port = servent->s_port;
	}
      else
	{
#ifdef KERBEROS
	  addr.sin_port = htons ((flags & POP_NO_KERBEROS) ?
				POP_PORT : KPOP_PORT);
#else
	  addr.sin_port = htons (POP_PORT);
#endif
	}
    }

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#define POP_SOCKET_ERROR "Could not create socket for POP connection: "
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  sock = socket (PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
  if (sock < 0)
    {
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      strcpy (pop_error, POP_SOCKET_ERROR);
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      strncat (pop_error, strerror (errno),
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	       ERROR_MAX - sizeof (POP_SOCKET_ERROR));
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      return (-1);
	  
    }

  while (*hostent->h_addr_list)
    {
      bcopy (*hostent->h_addr_list, (char *) &addr.sin_addr,
	     hostent->h_length);
      if (! connect (sock, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, sizeof (addr)))
	break;
      hostent->h_addr_list++;
    }

#define CONNECT_ERROR "Could not connect to POP server: "
     
  if (! *hostent->h_addr_list)
    {
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      CLOSESOCKET (sock);
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      strcpy (pop_error, CONNECT_ERROR);
      strncat (pop_error, strerror (errno),
	       ERROR_MAX - sizeof (CONNECT_ERROR));
      return (-1);
	  
    }

#ifdef KERBEROS
#define KRB_ERROR "Kerberos error connecting to POP server: "
  if (! (flags & POP_NO_KERBEROS))
    {
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#ifdef KERBEROS5
      if ((rem = krb5_init_context (&kcontext)))
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	{
	krb5error:
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	  if (auth_context)
	    krb5_auth_con_free (kcontext, auth_context);
	  if (kcontext)
	    krb5_free_context (kcontext);
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	  strcpy (pop_error, KRB_ERROR);
	  strncat (pop_error, error_message (rem),
		   ERROR_MAX - sizeof(KRB_ERROR));
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	  CLOSESOCKET (sock);
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	  return (-1);
	}

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      if ((rem = krb5_auth_con_init (kcontext, &auth_context)))
	goto krb5error;
      
      if (rem = krb5_cc_default (kcontext, &ccdef))
	goto krb5error;

      if (rem = krb5_cc_get_principal (kcontext, ccdef, &client))
	goto krb5error;
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      for (cp = hostent->h_name; *cp; cp++)
	{
	  if (isupper (*cp))
	    {
	      *cp = tolower (*cp);
	    }
	}

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      if (rem = krb5_sname_to_principal (kcontext, hostent->h_name,
					 POP_SERVICE, FALSE, &server))
	goto krb5error;
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      rem = krb5_sendauth (kcontext, &auth_context,
			   (krb5_pointer) &sock, "KPOPV1.0", client, server,
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			  AP_OPTS_MUTUAL_REQUIRED,
			  0,	/* no checksum */
			  0,	/* no creds, use ccache instead */
			  ccdef,
			  &err_ret,
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			  0,	/* don't need subsession key */
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			  0);	/* don't need reply */
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      krb5_free_principal (kcontext, server);
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      if (rem)
	{
	  if (err_ret && err_ret->text.length)
	    {
	      strcpy (pop_error, KRB_ERROR);
	      strncat (pop_error, error_message (rem),
		       ERROR_MAX - sizeof (KRB_ERROR));
	      strncat (pop_error, " [server says '",
		       ERROR_MAX - strlen (pop_error) - 1);
	      strncat (pop_error, err_ret->text.data,
		       min (ERROR_MAX - strlen (pop_error) - 1,
			    err_ret->text.length));
	      strncat (pop_error, "']",
		       ERROR_MAX - strlen (pop_error) - 1);
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      strcpy (pop_error, KRB_ERROR);
	      strncat (pop_error, error_message (rem),
		       ERROR_MAX - sizeof (KRB_ERROR));
	    }
	  if (err_ret)
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	    krb5_free_error (kcontext, err_ret);
	  krb5_auth_con_free (kcontext, auth_context);
	  krb5_free_context (kcontext);
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	  CLOSESOCKET (sock);
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	  return (-1);
	}
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#else  /* ! KERBEROS5 */	  
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      ticket = (KTEXT) malloc (sizeof (KTEXT_ST));
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      realhost = strdup (hostent->h_name);
      rem = krb_sendauth (0L, sock, ticket, "pop", realhost,
			  (char *) krb_realmofhost (realhost),
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			  (unsigned long) 0, &msg_data, &cred, schedule,
			  (struct sockaddr_in *) 0,
			  (struct sockaddr_in *) 0,
			  "KPOPV0.1");
      free ((char *) ticket);
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      free (realhost);
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      if (rem != KSUCCESS)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error, KRB_ERROR);
	  strncat (pop_error, krb_err_txt[rem],
		   ERROR_MAX - sizeof (KRB_ERROR));
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	  CLOSESOCKET (sock);
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	  return (-1);
	}
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#endif /* KERBEROS5 */
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    }
#endif /* KERBEROS */

  return (sock);
} /* socket_connection */

/*
 * Function: getline
 *
 * Purpose: Get a line of text from the connection and return a
 * 	pointer to it.  The carriage return and linefeed at the end of
 * 	the line are stripped, but periods at the beginnings of lines
 * 	are NOT dealt with in any special way.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server from which to get the line of text.
 *
 * Returns: A non-null pointer if successful, or a null pointer on any
 * 	error, with an error message copied into pop_error.
 *
 * Notes: The line returned is overwritten with each call to getline.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes the connection on error.
 */
static char *
getline (server)
     popserver server;
{
#define GETLINE_ERROR "Error reading from server: "

  int ret;
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  int search_offset = 0;

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  if (server->data)
    {
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      char *cp = find_crlf (server->buffer + server->buffer_index);
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      if (cp)
	{
	  int found;
	  int data_used;

	  found = server->buffer_index;
	  data_used = (cp + 2) - server->buffer - found;
	       
	  *cp = '\0';		/* terminate the string to be returned */
	  server->data -= data_used;
	  server->buffer_index += data_used;

	  if (pop_debug)
	    fprintf (stderr, "<<< %s\n", server->buffer + found);
	  return (server->buffer + found);
	}
      else
	{
	  bcopy (server->buffer + server->buffer_index,
		 server->buffer, server->data);
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	  /* Record the fact that we've searched the data already in
             the buffer for a CRLF, so that when we search below, we
             don't have to search the same data twice.  There's a "-
             1" here to account for the fact that the last character
             of the data we have may be the CR of a CRLF pair, of
             which we haven't read the second half yet, so we may have
             to search it again when we read more data. */
	  search_offset = server->data - 1;
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	  server->buffer_index = 0;
	}
    }
  else
    {
      server->buffer_index = 0;
    }

  while (1)
    {
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      /* There's a "- 1" here to leave room for the null that we put
         at the end of the read data below.  We put the null there so
         that find_crlf knows where to stop when we call it. */
      if (server->data == server->buffer_size - 1)
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	{
	  server->buffer_size += GETLINE_INCR;
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	  server->buffer = (char *)realloc (server->buffer, server->buffer_size);
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	  if (! server->buffer)
	    {
	      strcpy (pop_error, "Out of memory in getline");
	      pop_trash (server);
	      return (0);
	    }
	}
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      ret = RECV (server->file, server->buffer + server->data,
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		  server->buffer_size - server->data - 1, 0);
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      if (ret < 0)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error, GETLINE_ERROR);
	  strncat (pop_error, strerror (errno),
		   ERROR_MAX - sizeof (GETLINE_ERROR));
	  pop_trash (server);
	  return (0);
	}
      else if (ret == 0)
	{
	  strcpy (pop_error, "Unexpected EOF from server in getline");
	  pop_trash (server);
	  return (0);
	}
      else
	{
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	  char *cp;
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	  server->data += ret;
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	  server->buffer[server->data] = '\0';
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	  cp = find_crlf (server->buffer + search_offset);
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	  if (cp)
	    {
	      int data_used = (cp + 2) - server->buffer;
	      *cp = '\0';
	      server->data -= data_used;
	      server->buffer_index = data_used;

	      if (pop_debug)
		fprintf (stderr, "<<< %s\n", server->buffer);
	      return (server->buffer);
	    }
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	  /* As above, the "- 1" here is to account for the fact that
	     we may have read a CR without its accompanying LF. */
	  search_offset += ret - 1;
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	}
    }

  /* NOTREACHED */
}

/*
 * Function: sendline
 *
 * Purpose: Sends a line of text to the POP server.  The line of text
 * 	passed into this function should NOT have the carriage return
 * 	and linefeed on the end of it.  Periods at beginnings of lines
 * 	will NOT be treated specially by this function.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server to which to send the text.
 * 	line	The line of text to send.
 *
 * Return value: Upon successful completion, a value of 0 will be
 * 	returned.  Otherwise, a non-zero value will be returned, and
 * 	an error will be copied into pop_error.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes the connection on error.
 */
static int
sendline (server, line)
     popserver server;
     char *line;
{
#define SENDLINE_ERROR "Error writing to POP server: "
  int ret;

  ret = fullwrite (server->file, line, strlen (line));
  if (ret >= 0)
    {				/* 0 indicates that a blank line was written */
      ret = fullwrite (server->file, "\r\n", 2);
    }

  if (ret < 0)
    {
      pop_trash (server);
      strcpy (pop_error, SENDLINE_ERROR);
      strncat (pop_error, strerror (errno),
	       ERROR_MAX - sizeof (SENDLINE_ERROR));
      return (ret);
    }

  if (pop_debug)
    fprintf (stderr, ">>> %s\n", line);

  return (0);
}

/*
 * Procedure: fullwrite
 *
 * Purpose: Just like write, but keeps trying until the entire string
 * 	has been written.
 *
 * Return value: Same as write.  Pop_error is not set.
 */
static int
fullwrite (fd, buf, nbytes)
     int fd;
     char *buf;
     int nbytes;
{
  char *cp;
  int ret;

  cp = buf;
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  while ((ret = SEND (fd, cp, nbytes, 0)) > 0)
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    {
      cp += ret;
      nbytes -= ret;
    }

  return (ret);
}

/*
 * Procedure getok
 *
 * Purpose: Reads a line from the server.  If the return indicator is
 * 	positive, return with a zero exit status.  If not, return with
 * 	a negative exit status.
 *
 * Arguments:
 * 	server	The server to read from.
 * 
 * Returns: 0 for success, else for failure and puts error in pop_error.
 *
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 * Side effects: On failure, may make the connection unusable.
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 */
static int
getok (server)
     popserver server;
{
  char *fromline;

  if (! (fromline = getline (server)))
    {
      return (-1);
    }

  if (! strncmp (fromline, "+OK", 3))
    return (0);
  else if (! strncmp (fromline, "-ERR", 4))
    {
      strncpy (pop_error, fromline, ERROR_MAX);
      pop_error[ERROR_MAX-1] = '\0';
      return (-1);
    }
  else
    {
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Unexpected response from server; expecting +OK or -ERR");
      pop_trash (server);
      return (-1);
    }
}	  

#if 0
/*
 * Function: gettermination
 *
 * Purpose: Gets the next line and verifies that it is a termination
 * 	line (nothing but a dot).
 *
 * Return value: 0 on success, non-zero with pop_error set on error.
 *
 * Side effects: Closes the connection on error.
 */
static int
gettermination (server)
     popserver server;
{
  char *fromserver;

  fromserver = getline (server);
  if (! fromserver)
    return (-1);

  if (strcmp (fromserver, "."))
    {
      strcpy (pop_error,
	      "Unexpected response from server in gettermination");
      pop_trash (server);
      return (-1);
    }

  return (0);
}
#endif

/*
 * Function pop_close
 *
 * Purpose: Close a pop connection, sending a "RSET" command to try to
 * 	preserve any changes that were made and a "QUIT" command to
 * 	try to get the server to quit, but ignoring any responses that
 * 	are received.
 *
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 * Side effects: The server is unusable after this function returns.
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 * 	Changes made to the maildrop since the session was started (or
 * 	since the last pop_reset) may be lost.
 */
void 
pop_close (server)
     popserver server;
{
  pop_trash (server);
  free ((char *) server);

  return;
}

/*
 * Function: pop_trash
 *
 * Purpose: Like pop_close or pop_quit, but doesn't deallocate the
 * 	memory associated with the server.  It is legal to call
 * 	pop_close or pop_quit after this function has been called.
 */
static void
pop_trash (server)
     popserver server;
{
  if (server->file >= 0)
    {
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      /* avoid recursion; sendline can call pop_trash */
      if (server->trash_started)
	return;
      server->trash_started = 1;
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      sendline (server, "RSET");
      sendline (server, "QUIT");

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      CLOSESOCKET (server->file);
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      server->file = -1;
      if (server->buffer)
	{
	  free (server->buffer);
	  server->buffer = 0;
	}
    }
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#ifdef WINDOWSNT
  if (have_winsock)
    WSACleanup ();
#endif
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}

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/* Return a pointer to the first CRLF in IN_STRING,
   or 0 if it does not contain one.  */
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static char *
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find_crlf (in_string)
     char *in_string;
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{
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  while (1)
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    {
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      if (! *in_string)
	return (0);
      else if (*in_string == '\r')
	{
	  if (*++in_string == '\n')
	    return (in_string - 1);
	}
      else
	in_string++;
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    }
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  /* NOTREACHED */
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}

#endif /* MAIL_USE_POP */