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	GNU Emacs history, versions, and release dates
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For more details about release contents, see the NEWS* files.

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Most of the development history of GNU Emacs is available in its
source code repository <http://savannah.gnu.org/git/?group=emacs>.
However, in the early days GNU Emacs was developed without using
version control systems and was published via half-inch 9-track
1600-bpi magnetic tape reels.  Although information about this early
development is sketchy, the following text summarizes what is known.

EMACS started out as a set of macros atop the TECO text editor, and
was first operational in late 1976.  It was inspired by earlier work
such as the E editor of Stanford, and was based on older TECO macro
sets.  EMACS in turn inspired several similar editors.  See:
Stallman RM. EMACS: The Extensible, Customizable Self-Documenting
Display Editor.  AI Memo 519a, MIT, 1981-03-26
<http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/5736/AIM-519A.pdf>.

In 1984, work began on GNU Emacs, a fresh implementation designed to
run on GNU and GNU-like systems, with a full-featured Lisp at its
core.  GNU Emacs 1.0 through 1.12 were released in early 1985.  The
next version after 1.12 was 13; this was the initial public release.

Here is a list of known GNU Emacs stable releases starting with the
initial public release.  Entries in the list are of the form "GNU
Emacs N (DATE) TAG", where N is the version number, DATE the release
date, and TAG (if present) the corresponding tag in the source code
repository.  Any commentary about the version starts on the next line.
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Dates are approximate in the following list; some are when the version
was made, some are when it was announced.

GNU Emacs 13 (1985-03-20)
Initial release announced on Usenet.

GNU Emacs 15.10 (1985-04-10)

GNU Emacs 15.34 (1985-05-07)
Last version 15 release.

GNU Emacs 16.56 (1985-07-15)
First version 16 release.

GNU Emacs 16.57 (1985-09-16)

GNU Emacs 16.58 (1985-09-17)

GNU Emacs 16.59 (1985-09-17)

GNU Emacs 16.60 (1985-09-19)

GNU Emacs 17.36 (1985-12-20)
First version 17 release.

GNU Emacs 17.43 (1986-01-25)

GNU Emacs 17.46 (1986-02-04)

GNU Emacs 17.48 (1986-02-10)

GNU Emacs 17.49 (1986-02-12)

GNU Emacs 17.55 (1986-03-18)

GNU Emacs 17.57 (1986-03-27)

GNU Emacs 17.58 (1986-04-04)

GNU Emacs 17.61 (1986-04-22)

GNU Emacs 17.63 (1986-05-07)

GNU Emacs 17.64 (1986-05-12)

GNU Emacs 18.41 (1987-03-22)

GNU Emacs 18.45 (1987-06-02)

GNU Emacs 18.46 (1987-06-08)

GNU Emacs 18.47 (1987-06-10)

GNU Emacs 18.48 (1987-08-30)

GNU Emacs 18.49 (1987-09-18)

GNU Emacs 18.50 (1988-02-13)

GNU Emacs 18.51 (1988-05-07)

GNU Emacs 18.52 (1988-09-01)

GNU Emacs 18.53 (1989-02-24)

GNU Emacs 18.54 (1989-04-26)

GNU Emacs 18.55 (1989-08-23)

GNU Emacs 18.56 (1991-01-16)

GNU Emacs 18.57 (1991-01-25)

GNU Emacs 18.58 (1991-02-18)

GNU Emacs 18.59 (1992-10-30)

107 108 109
GNU Emacs 19.7  (1993-05-22)

GNU Emacs 19.8  (1993-05-24)
110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134

GNU Emacs 19.9  (1993-05-27)

GNU Emacs 19.10 (1993-05-30)

GNU Emacs 19.11 (1993-06-01)

GNU Emacs 19.12 (1993-06-02)

GNU Emacs 19.13 (1993-06-08)

GNU Emacs 19.14 (1993-06-17)

GNU Emacs 19.15 (1993-06-19)

GNU Emacs 19.16 (1993-07-06)

GNU Emacs 19.17 (1993-07-19)

GNU Emacs 19.18 (1993-08-08)

GNU Emacs 19.19 (1993-08-14)

GNU Emacs 19.20 (1993-11-11)

135 136
GNU Emacs 19.21 (1993-11-16)

137 138
GNU Emacs 19.22 (1993-11-27)

139 140
GNU Emacs 19.23 (1994-05-16)

141 142 143 144 145 146
GNU Emacs 19.24 (1994-05-23)

GNU Emacs 19.25 (1994-05-30)

GNU Emacs 19.26 (1994-09-07)

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GNU Emacs 19.28 (1994-10-06)
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GNU Emacs 19.29 (1995-06-19)
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GNU Emacs 19.30 (1995-11-24)

GNU Emacs 19.31 (1996-05-25)

155 156 157 158
GNU Emacs 19.32 (1996-07-31)

GNU Emacs 19.33 (1996-08-11)

159
GNU Emacs 19.34 (1996-08-21) emacs-19.34
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GNU Emacs 20.1 (1997-09-15) emacs-20.1
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GNU Emacs 20.2 (1997-09-19) emacs-20.2
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GNU Emacs 20.3 (1998-08-19) emacs-20.3
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GNU Emacs 20.4 (1999-07-12) emacs-20.4
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GNU Emacs 20.5 (1999-12-04)

GNU Emacs 20.6 (2000-02-15)

GNU Emacs 20.7 (2000-06-13)

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GNU Emacs 21.1 (2001-10-20) emacs-21.1
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GNU Emacs 21.2 (2002-03-16) emacs-21.2
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GNU Emacs 21.3 (2003-03-19) emacs-21.3
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GNU Emacs 21.4 (2005-02-08)

GNU Emacs 21.4a (2005-02-17)
This is Emacs 21.4 with an updated notice in etc/PROBLEMS.

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GNU Emacs 22.1 (2007-06-02) emacs-22.1
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GNU Emacs 22.2 (2008-03-26) emacs-22.2
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GNU Emacs 22.3 (2008-09-05) emacs-22.3
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GNU Emacs 23.1 (2009-07-29) emacs-23.1
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GNU Emacs 23.2 (2010-05-08) emacs-23.2
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GNU Emacs 23.3 (2011-03-10) emacs-23.3
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GNU Emacs 23.4 (2012-01-29) emacs-23.4
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GNU Emacs 24.1 (2012-06-10) emacs-24.1
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GNU Emacs 24.2 (2012-08-27) emacs-24.2
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GNU Emacs 24.3 (2013-03-10) emacs-24.3
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GNU Emacs 24.4 (2014-10-20) emacs-24.4
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GNU Emacs 24.5 (2015-04-10) emacs-24.5
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GNU Emacs 25.1 (2016-09-16) emacs-25.1

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GNU Emacs 25.2 (2017-04-20) emacs-25.2
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----------------------------------------------------------------------
This file is part of GNU Emacs.

GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.