xterm.c 365 KB
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/* X Communication module for terminals which understand the X protocol.
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Copyright (C) 1989, 1993-2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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This file is part of GNU Emacs.

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GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
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it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
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GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
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/* New display code by Gerd Moellmann <gerd@gnu.org>.  */
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/* Xt features made by Fred Pierresteguy.  */

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#include <config.h>
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#include <stdio.h>

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#include "lisp.h"
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#include "blockinput.h"
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#include "syssignal.h"

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/* This may include sys/types.h, and that somehow loses
   if this is not done before the other system files.  */
#include "xterm.h"
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#include <X11/cursorfont.h>
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/* If we have Xfixes extension, use it for pointer blanking.  */
#ifdef HAVE_XFIXES
#include <X11/extensions/Xfixes.h>
#endif

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/* Using Xft implies that XRender is available.  */
#ifdef HAVE_XFT
#include <X11/extensions/Xrender.h>
#endif

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/* Load sys/types.h if not already loaded.
   In some systems loading it twice is suicidal.  */
#ifndef makedev
#include <sys/types.h>
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#endif /* makedev */
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#include <sys/ioctl.h>

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#include "systime.h"
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#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
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/* Caused redefinition of DBL_DIG on Netbsd; seems not to be needed.  */
/* #include <sys/param.h>  */
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#include "charset.h"
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#include "character.h"
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#include "coding.h"
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#include "frame.h"
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#include "dispextern.h"
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#include "fontset.h"
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#include "termhooks.h"
#include "termopts.h"
#include "termchar.h"
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#include "emacs-icon.h"
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#include "disptab.h"
#include "buffer.h"
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#include "window.h"
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#include "keyboard.h"
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#include "intervals.h"
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#include "process.h"
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#include "atimer.h"
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#include "keymap.h"
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#include "font.h"
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#include "xsettings.h"
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#include "xgselect.h"
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#include "sysselect.h"
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#include "menu.h"
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#ifdef USE_X_TOOLKIT
#include <X11/Shell.h>
#endif

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#include <unistd.h>

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#ifdef USE_GTK
#include "gtkutil.h"
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#ifdef HAVE_GTK3
#include <X11/Xproto.h>
#endif
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#endif

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#if defined (USE_LUCID) || defined (USE_MOTIF)
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#include "../lwlib/xlwmenu.h"
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#endif
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#ifdef USE_X_TOOLKIT
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#if !defined (NO_EDITRES)
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#define HACK_EDITRES
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extern void _XEditResCheckMessages (Widget, XtPointer, XEvent *, Boolean *);
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#endif /* not NO_EDITRES */
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/* Include toolkit specific headers for the scroll bar widget.  */

#ifdef USE_TOOLKIT_SCROLL_BARS
#if defined USE_MOTIF
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#include <Xm/Xm.h>		/* For LESSTIF_VERSION */
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#include <Xm/ScrollBar.h>
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#else /* !USE_MOTIF i.e. use Xaw */

#ifdef HAVE_XAW3D
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#include <X11/Xaw3d/Simple.h>
#include <X11/Xaw3d/Scrollbar.h>
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#include <X11/Xaw3d/ThreeD.h>
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#else /* !HAVE_XAW3D */
#include <X11/Xaw/Simple.h>
#include <X11/Xaw/Scrollbar.h>
#endif /* !HAVE_XAW3D */
#ifndef XtNpickTop
#define XtNpickTop "pickTop"
#endif /* !XtNpickTop */
#endif /* !USE_MOTIF */
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#endif /* USE_TOOLKIT_SCROLL_BARS */

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#endif /* USE_X_TOOLKIT */

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#ifdef USE_X_TOOLKIT
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#include "widget.h"
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#ifndef XtNinitialState
#define XtNinitialState "initialState"
#endif
#endif

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#include "bitmaps/gray.xbm"

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#ifdef HAVE_XKB
#include <X11/XKBlib.h>
#endif

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/* Default to using XIM if available.  */
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#ifdef USE_XIM
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bool use_xim = true;
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#else
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bool use_xim = false;  /* configure --without-xim */
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#endif

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/* Non-zero means that a HELP_EVENT has been generated since Emacs
   start.  */

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static bool any_help_event_p;
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/* This is a chain of structures for all the X displays currently in
   use.  */

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struct x_display_info *x_display_list;
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#ifdef USE_X_TOOLKIT
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/* The application context for Xt use.  */
XtAppContext Xt_app_con;
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static String Xt_default_resources[] = {0};
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/* Non-zero means user is interacting with a toolkit scroll bar.  */
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static bool toolkit_scroll_bar_interaction;
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#endif /* USE_X_TOOLKIT */
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/* Non-zero timeout value means ignore next mouse click if it arrives
   before that timeout elapses (i.e. as part of the same sequence of
   events resulting from clicking on a frame to select it).  */

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static Time ignore_next_mouse_click_timeout;
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/* Used locally within XTread_socket.  */
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static int x_noop_count;
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#ifdef USE_GTK
/* The name of the Emacs icon file.  */
static Lisp_Object xg_default_icon_file;
#endif

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/* Some functions take this as char *, not const char *.  */
static char emacs_class[] = EMACS_CLASS;

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enum xembed_info
  {
    XEMBED_MAPPED = 1 << 0
  };

enum xembed_message
  {
    XEMBED_EMBEDDED_NOTIFY        = 0,
    XEMBED_WINDOW_ACTIVATE        = 1,
    XEMBED_WINDOW_DEACTIVATE      = 2,
    XEMBED_REQUEST_FOCUS          = 3,
    XEMBED_FOCUS_IN               = 4,
    XEMBED_FOCUS_OUT              = 5,
    XEMBED_FOCUS_NEXT             = 6,
    XEMBED_FOCUS_PREV             = 7,

    XEMBED_MODALITY_ON            = 10,
    XEMBED_MODALITY_OFF           = 11,
    XEMBED_REGISTER_ACCELERATOR   = 12,
    XEMBED_UNREGISTER_ACCELERATOR = 13,
    XEMBED_ACTIVATE_ACCELERATOR   = 14
  };
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static bool x_alloc_nearest_color_1 (Display *, Colormap, XColor *);
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static void x_set_window_size_1 (struct frame *, bool, int, int);
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static void x_raise_frame (struct frame *);
static void x_lower_frame (struct frame *);
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static const XColor *x_color_cells (Display *, int *);
static int x_io_error_quitter (Display *);
static struct terminal *x_create_terminal (struct x_display_info *);
static void x_update_end (struct frame *);
static void XTframe_up_to_date (struct frame *);
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static void x_clear_area1 (Display *, Window, int, int, int, int, int);
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static void x_clear_frame (struct frame *);
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static _Noreturn void x_ins_del_lines (struct frame *, int, int);
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static void frame_highlight (struct frame *);
static void frame_unhighlight (struct frame *);
static void x_new_focus_frame (struct x_display_info *, struct frame *);
static void  x_focus_changed (int, int, struct x_display_info *,
                              struct frame *, struct input_event *);
static void XTframe_rehighlight (struct frame *);
static void x_frame_rehighlight (struct x_display_info *);
static void x_draw_hollow_cursor (struct window *, struct glyph_row *);
static void x_draw_bar_cursor (struct window *, struct glyph_row *, int,
                               enum text_cursor_kinds);

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static void x_clip_to_row (struct window *, struct glyph_row *,
			   enum glyph_row_area, GC);
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static void x_flush (struct frame *f);
static void x_update_begin (struct frame *);
static void x_update_window_begin (struct window *);
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static struct scroll_bar *x_window_to_scroll_bar (Display *, Window, int);
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static void x_scroll_bar_report_motion (struct frame **, Lisp_Object *,
                                        enum scroll_bar_part *,
                                        Lisp_Object *, Lisp_Object *,
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                                        Time *);
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static void x_horizontal_scroll_bar_report_motion (struct frame **, Lisp_Object *,
						   enum scroll_bar_part *,
						   Lisp_Object *, Lisp_Object *,
						   Time *);
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static bool x_handle_net_wm_state (struct frame *, const XPropertyEvent *);
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static void x_check_fullscreen (struct frame *);
static void x_check_expected_move (struct frame *, int, int);
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static void x_sync_with_move (struct frame *, int, int, bool);
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static int handle_one_xevent (struct x_display_info *,
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			      const XEvent *, int *,
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			      struct input_event *);
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#if ! (defined USE_X_TOOLKIT || defined USE_MOTIF)
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static int x_dispatch_event (XEvent *, Display *);
#endif
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/* Don't declare this _Noreturn because we want no
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   interference with debugging failing X calls.  */
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static void x_connection_closed (Display *, const char *);
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static void x_wm_set_window_state (struct frame *, int);
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static void x_wm_set_icon_pixmap (struct frame *, ptrdiff_t);
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static void x_initialize (void);
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static bool get_current_wm_state (struct frame *, Window, int *, bool *);
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/* Flush display of frame F.  */
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static void
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x_flush (struct frame *f)
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{
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  eassert (f && FRAME_X_P (f));
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  /* Don't call XFlush when it is not safe to redisplay; the X
     connection may be broken.  */
  if (!NILP (Vinhibit_redisplay))
    return;

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  block_input ();
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  XFlush (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f));
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  unblock_input ();
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}

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/* Remove calls to XFlush by defining XFlush to an empty replacement.
   Calls to XFlush should be unnecessary because the X output buffer
   is flushed automatically as needed by calls to XPending,
   XNextEvent, or XWindowEvent according to the XFlush man page.
   XTread_socket calls XPending.  Removing XFlush improves
   performance.  */

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#define XFlush(DISPLAY)	(void) 0
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296

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/***********************************************************************
			      Debugging
 ***********************************************************************/

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#if false
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/* This is a function useful for recording debugging information about
   the sequence of occurrences in this file.  */
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struct record
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{
  char *locus;
  int type;
};

struct record event_record[100];

int event_record_index;

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void
record_event (char *locus, int type)
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{
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  if (event_record_index == ARRAYELTS (event_record))
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    event_record_index = 0;

  event_record[event_record_index].locus = locus;
  event_record[event_record_index].type = type;
  event_record_index++;
}

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#endif
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static void x_prepare_for_xlibdraw (struct frame *);
static void x_set_clip_rectangles (struct frame *, GC, XRectangle *, int);
static void x_reset_clip_rectangles (struct frame *, GC);
static void x_fill_rectangle (struct frame *, GC, int, int,
                              unsigned int, unsigned int);
static void x_draw_rectangle (struct frame *, GC, int, int,
                              unsigned int, unsigned int);
static void x_fill_trapezoid_for_relief (struct frame *, GC, int, int,
                                         unsigned int, unsigned int, int);
static void x_clear_window (struct frame *);

#ifdef USE_CAIRO
static struct x_gc_ext_data *x_gc_get_ext_data (struct frame *, GC, int);
static void x_extension_initialize (struct x_display_info *);
static cairo_status_t x_cr_accumulate_data (void *,
                                            const unsigned char *,
                                            unsigned int);

#define FRAME_CR_CONTEXT(f)	((f)->output_data.x->cr_context)
#define FRAME_CR_SURFACE(f)	((f)->output_data.x->cr_surface)

static struct x_gc_ext_data *
x_gc_get_ext_data (f, gc, create_if_not_found_p)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
     int create_if_not_found_p;
{
  struct x_display_info *dpyinfo = FRAME_DISPLAY_INFO (f);
  XEDataObject object;
  XExtData **head, *ext_data;

  object.gc = gc;
  head = XEHeadOfExtensionList (object);
  ext_data = XFindOnExtensionList (head, dpyinfo->ext_codes->extension);
  if (ext_data == NULL)
    {
      if (!create_if_not_found_p)
	return NULL;
      else
	{
	  ext_data = xzalloc (sizeof (*ext_data));
	  ext_data->number = dpyinfo->ext_codes->extension;
	  ext_data->private_data = xzalloc (sizeof (struct x_gc_ext_data));
	  XAddToExtensionList (head, ext_data);
	}
    }
  return (struct x_gc_ext_data *) ext_data->private_data;
}

static void
x_extension_initialize (dpyinfo)
     struct x_display_info *dpyinfo;
{
  XExtCodes *ext_codes = XAddExtension (dpyinfo->display);

  dpyinfo->ext_codes = ext_codes;
}

static void
x_cr_destroy_surface (struct frame *f)
{
  if (FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f))
    {
      cairo_t *cr = FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f);
      cairo_surface_destroy (FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f));
      FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f) = 0;
      if (cr) cairo_destroy (cr);
      FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = NULL;
    }
}

cairo_t *
x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
{
  cairo_t *cr = FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f);

  if (!cr)
    {

      if (! FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f))
        {
          cairo_surface_t *surface;
          surface = cairo_xlib_surface_create (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f),
                                               FRAME_X_WINDOW (f),
                                               FRAME_DISPLAY_INFO (f)->visual,
                                               FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f),
                                               FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f));
          cr = cairo_create (surface);
          cairo_surface_destroy (surface);
        }
      else
        cr = cairo_create (FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f));
      FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = cr;
    }
  cairo_save (cr);

  if (gc)
    {
      struct x_gc_ext_data *gc_ext = x_gc_get_ext_data (f, gc, 0);

      if (gc_ext && gc_ext->n_clip_rects)
	{
	  int i;

	  for (i = 0; i < gc_ext->n_clip_rects; i++)
	    cairo_rectangle (cr, gc_ext->clip_rects[i].x,
			     gc_ext->clip_rects[i].y,
			     gc_ext->clip_rects[i].width,
			     gc_ext->clip_rects[i].height);
	  cairo_clip (cr);
	}
    }

  return cr;
}

void
x_end_cr_clip (f)
     struct frame *f;
{
  cairo_restore (FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f));
}

void
x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
{
  XGCValues xgcv;
  XColor color;

  XGetGCValues (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), gc, GCForeground, &xgcv);
  color.pixel = xgcv.foreground;
  x_query_color (f, &color);
  cairo_set_source_rgb (FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f), color.red / 65535.0,
			color.green / 65535.0, color.blue / 65535.0);
}

void
x_set_cr_source_with_gc_background (f, gc)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
{
  XGCValues xgcv;
  XColor color;

  XGetGCValues (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), gc, GCBackground, &xgcv);
  color.pixel = xgcv.background;
  x_query_color (f, &color);
  cairo_set_source_rgb (FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f), color.red / 65535.0,
			color.green / 65535.0, color.blue / 65535.0);
}

/* Fringe bitmaps.  */

static int max_fringe_bmp = 0;
static cairo_pattern_t **fringe_bmp = 0;

static void
x_cr_define_fringe_bitmap (which, bits, h, wd)
     int which;
     unsigned short *bits;
     int h, wd;
{
  int i, stride;
  cairo_surface_t *surface;
  unsigned char *data;
  cairo_pattern_t *pattern;

  if (which >= max_fringe_bmp)
    {
      i = max_fringe_bmp;
      max_fringe_bmp = which + 20;
      fringe_bmp = (cairo_pattern_t **) xrealloc (fringe_bmp, max_fringe_bmp * sizeof (cairo_pattern_t *));
      while (i < max_fringe_bmp)
	fringe_bmp[i++] = 0;
    }

  block_input ();

  surface = cairo_image_surface_create (CAIRO_FORMAT_A1, wd, h);
  stride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride (surface);
  data = cairo_image_surface_get_data (surface);

  for (i = 0; i < h; i++)
    {
      *((unsigned short *) data) = bits[i];
      data += stride;
    }

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  cairo_surface_mark_dirty (surface);
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  pattern = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface (surface);
  cairo_surface_destroy (surface);

  unblock_input ();

  fringe_bmp[which] = pattern;
}

static void
x_cr_destroy_fringe_bitmap (which)
     int which;
{
  if (which >= max_fringe_bmp)
    return;

  if (fringe_bmp[which])
    {
      block_input ();
      cairo_pattern_destroy (fringe_bmp[which]);
      unblock_input ();
    }
  fringe_bmp[which] = 0;
}

static void
x_cr_draw_image (struct frame *f,
                 GC gc,
                 cairo_pattern_t *image,
                 int src_x,
                 int src_y,
                 unsigned int width,
                 unsigned int height,
		 int dest_x,
                 int dest_y,
                 bool overlay_p)
{
  cairo_t *cr;
  cairo_matrix_t matrix;
  cairo_surface_t *surface;
  cairo_format_t format;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc);
  if (overlay_p)
    cairo_rectangle (cr, dest_x, dest_y, width, height);
  else
    {
      x_set_cr_source_with_gc_background (f, gc);
      cairo_rectangle (cr, dest_x, dest_y, width, height);
      cairo_fill_preserve (cr);
    }
  cairo_clip (cr);
  cairo_matrix_init_translate (&matrix, src_x - dest_x, src_y - dest_y);
  cairo_pattern_set_matrix (image, &matrix);
  cairo_pattern_get_surface (image, &surface);
  format = cairo_image_surface_get_format (surface);
  if (format != CAIRO_FORMAT_A8 && format != CAIRO_FORMAT_A1)
    {
      cairo_set_source (cr, image);
      cairo_fill (cr);
    }
  else
    {
      x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc);
      cairo_mask (cr, image);
    }
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
}

void
x_cr_draw_frame (cr, f)
     cairo_t *cr;
     struct frame *f;
{
  int width, height;

  width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
  height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);

  x_prepare_for_xlibdraw (f);
  FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = cr;
  x_clear_area (f, 0, 0, width, height);
  expose_frame (f, 0, 0, width, height);
  FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = NULL;
}

static cairo_status_t
x_cr_accumulate_data (closure, data, length)
     void *closure;
     const unsigned char *data;
     unsigned int length;
{
  Lisp_Object *acc = (Lisp_Object *) closure;

  *acc = Fcons (make_unibyte_string (data, length), *acc);

  return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static void
x_cr_destroy (arg)
     Lisp_Object arg;
{
  cairo_t *cr = (cairo_t *) XSAVE_POINTER (arg, 0);

  block_input ();
  cairo_destroy (cr);
  unblock_input ();
}

Lisp_Object
x_cr_export_frames (frames, surface_type)
     Lisp_Object frames;
     cairo_surface_type_t surface_type;
{
  struct frame *f;
  cairo_surface_t *surface;
  cairo_t *cr;
  int width, height;
  void (*surface_set_size_func) (cairo_surface_t *, double, double) = NULL;
  Lisp_Object acc = Qnil, args[2];
  int count = SPECPDL_INDEX ();

  Fredisplay (Qt);

  f = XFRAME (XCAR (frames));
  frames = XCDR (frames);
  width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
  height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);

  block_input ();
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PDF_SURFACE
  if (surface_type == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PDF)
    {
      surface = cairo_pdf_surface_create_for_stream (x_cr_accumulate_data, &acc,
						     width, height);
      surface_set_size_func = cairo_pdf_surface_set_size;
    }
  else
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PNG_FUNCTIONS
  if (surface_type == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_IMAGE)
    surface = cairo_image_surface_create (CAIRO_FORMAT_RGB24, width, height);
  else
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PS_SURFACE
  if (surface_type == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_PS)
    {
      surface = cairo_ps_surface_create_for_stream (x_cr_accumulate_data, &acc,
						    width, height);
      surface_set_size_func = cairo_ps_surface_set_size;
    }
  else
#endif
#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_SVG_SURFACE
  if (surface_type == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_SVG)
    surface = cairo_svg_surface_create_for_stream (x_cr_accumulate_data, &acc,
						   width, height);
  else
#endif
    abort ();

  cr = cairo_create (surface);
  cairo_surface_destroy (surface);
  record_unwind_protect (x_cr_destroy, make_save_ptr (cr));
  unblock_input ();

  while (1)
    {
      QUIT;

      block_input ();
      x_prepare_for_xlibdraw (f);
      FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = cr;
      x_clear_area (f, 0, 0, width, height);
      expose_frame (f, 0, 0, width, height);
      FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = NULL;
      unblock_input ();

      if (NILP (frames))
	break;

      block_input ();
      cairo_surface_show_page (surface);
      f = XFRAME (XCAR (frames));
      frames = XCDR (frames);
      width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
      height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);
      if (surface_set_size_func)
	(*surface_set_size_func) (surface, width, height);
      unblock_input ();
    }

#ifdef CAIRO_HAS_PNG_FUNCTIONS
  if (surface_type == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_IMAGE)
    {
      block_input ();
      cairo_surface_flush (surface);
      cairo_surface_write_to_png_stream (surface, x_cr_accumulate_data, &acc);
      unblock_input ();
    }
#endif
  unbind_to (count, Qnil);

  args[0] = intern ("concat");
  args[1] = Fnreverse (acc);
  return Fapply (2, args);
}

#endif	/* USE_CAIRO */

static void
x_prepare_for_xlibdraw (f)
     struct frame *f;
{
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  if (f == NULL)
    {
      Lisp_Object rest, frame;
      FOR_EACH_FRAME (rest, frame)
	if (FRAME_X_P (XFRAME (frame)))
	  x_prepare_for_xlibdraw (XFRAME (frame));
    }
  else
    {
      cairo_t *cr = FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f);

      if (cr)
	{
	  cairo_surface_t *surface = cairo_get_target (cr);

	  if (cairo_surface_get_type (surface) == CAIRO_SURFACE_TYPE_XLIB)
	    {
	      cairo_destroy (cr);
	      FRAME_CR_CONTEXT (f) = NULL;
	    }
	}
    }
#endif
}

static void
x_set_clip_rectangles (f, gc, rectangles, n)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
     XRectangle *rectangles;
     int n;
{
  XSetClipRectangles (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), gc, 0, 0, rectangles, n, Unsorted);
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  eassert (n >= 0 && n <= MAX_CLIP_RECTS);

  {
    struct x_gc_ext_data *gc_ext = x_gc_get_ext_data (f, gc, 1);

    gc_ext->n_clip_rects = n;
    memcpy (gc_ext->clip_rects, rectangles, sizeof (XRectangle) * n);
  }
#endif
}

static void
x_reset_clip_rectangles (f, gc)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
{
  XSetClipMask (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), gc, None);
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  {
    struct x_gc_ext_data *gc_ext = x_gc_get_ext_data (f, gc, 0);

    if (gc_ext)
      gc_ext->n_clip_rects = 0;
  }
#endif
}

static void
x_fill_rectangle (f, gc, x, y, width, height)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
     int x, y;
     unsigned int width, height;
{
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  cairo_t *cr;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc);
  x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc);
  cairo_rectangle (cr, x, y, width, height);
  cairo_fill (cr);
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
#else
  XFillRectangle (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), FRAME_X_WINDOW (f),
		  gc, x, y, width, height);
#endif
}

static void
x_draw_rectangle (f, gc, x, y, width, height)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
     int x, y;
     unsigned int width, height;
{
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  cairo_t *cr;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc);
  x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc);
  cairo_rectangle (cr, x + 0.5, y + 0.5, width, height);
  cairo_set_line_width (cr, 1);
  cairo_stroke (cr);
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
#else
  XDrawRectangle (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), FRAME_X_WINDOW (f),
		  gc, x, y, width, height);
#endif
}

static void
x_clear_window (f)
     struct frame *f;
{
#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  cairo_t *cr;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, NULL);
  x_set_cr_source_with_gc_background (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc);
  cairo_paint (cr);
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
#else
  XClearWindow (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), FRAME_X_WINDOW (f));
#endif
}

#ifdef USE_CAIRO
static void
x_fill_trapezoid_for_relief (f, gc, x, y, width, height, top_p)
     struct frame *f;
     GC gc;
     int x, y;
     unsigned int width, height;
     int top_p;
{
  cairo_t *cr;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc);
  x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc);
  cairo_move_to (cr, top_p ? x : x + height, y);
  cairo_line_to (cr, x, y + height);
  cairo_line_to (cr, top_p ? x + width - height : x + width, y + height);
  cairo_line_to (cr, x + width, y);
  cairo_close_path (cr);
  cairo_fill (cr);
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
}
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static void
x_draw_horizontal_wave (struct frame *f, GC gc, int x, int y,
			int width, int height, int wave_length)
{
  cairo_t *cr;
  double dx = wave_length, dy = height - 1;
  int xoffset, n;

  cr = x_begin_cr_clip (f, gc);
  x_set_cr_source_with_gc_foreground (f, gc);
  cairo_rectangle (cr, x, y, width, height);
  cairo_clip (cr);

  if (x >= 0)
    {
      xoffset = x % (wave_length * 2);
      if (xoffset == 0)
	xoffset = wave_length * 2;
    }
  else
    xoffset = x % (wave_length * 2) + wave_length * 2;
  n = (width + xoffset) / wave_length + 1;
  if (xoffset > wave_length)
    {
      xoffset -= wave_length;
      --n;
      y += height - 1;
      dy = -dy;
    }

  cairo_move_to (cr, x - xoffset + 0.5, y + 0.5);
  while (--n >= 0)
    {
      cairo_rel_line_to (cr, dx, dy);
      dy = -dy;
    }
  cairo_set_line_width (cr, 1);
  cairo_stroke (cr);
  x_end_cr_clip (f);
}
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#endif
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/* Return the struct x_display_info corresponding to DPY.  */

struct x_display_info *
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x_display_info_for_display (Display *dpy)
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{
  struct x_display_info *dpyinfo;

  for (dpyinfo = x_display_list; dpyinfo; dpyinfo = dpyinfo->next)
    if (dpyinfo->display == dpy)
      return dpyinfo;
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  return 0;
}
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static Window
x_find_topmost_parent (struct frame *f)
{
  struct x_output *x = f->output_data.x;
  Window win = None, wi = x->parent_desc;
  Display *dpy = FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f);

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  while (wi != FRAME_DISPLAY_INFO (f)->root_window)
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    {
      Window root;
      Window *children;
      unsigned int nchildren;

      win = wi;
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      if (XQueryTree (dpy, win, &root, &wi, &children, &nchildren))
	XFree (children);
      else
	break;
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    }

  return win;
}

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#define OPAQUE  0xffffffff

void
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x_set_frame_alpha (struct frame *f)
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{
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  struct x_display_info *dpyinfo = FRAME_DISPLAY_INFO (f);
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  Display *dpy = FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f);
  Window win = FRAME_OUTER_WINDOW (f);
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  double alpha = 1.0;
  double alpha_min = 1.0;
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  unsigned long opac;
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  Window parent;
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  if (dpyinfo->x_highlight_frame == f)
    alpha = f->alpha[0];
  else
    alpha = f->alpha[1];

  if (FLOATP (Vframe_alpha_lower_limit))
    alpha_min = XFLOAT_DATA (Vframe_alpha_lower_limit);
  else if (INTEGERP (Vframe_alpha_lower_limit))
    alpha_min = (XINT (Vframe_alpha_lower_limit)) / 100.0;

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  if (alpha < 0.0)
    return;
  else if (alpha > 1.0)
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    alpha = 1.0;
  else if (0.0 <= alpha && alpha < alpha_min && alpha_min <= 1.0)
    alpha = alpha_min;

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  opac = alpha * OPAQUE;
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  x_catch_errors (dpy);

  /* If there is a parent from the window manager, put the property there
     also, to work around broken window managers that fail to do that.
     Do this unconditionally as this function is called on reparent when
     alpha has not changed on the frame.  */

  parent = x_find_topmost_parent (f);
  if (parent != None)
    XChangeProperty (dpy, parent, dpyinfo->Xatom_net_wm_window_opacity,
                     XA_CARDINAL, 32, PropModeReplace,
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                     (unsigned char *) &opac, 1);
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  /* return unless necessary */
  {
    unsigned char *data;
    Atom actual;
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    int rc, format;
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    unsigned long n, left;

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    rc = XGetWindowProperty (dpy, win, dpyinfo->Xatom_net_wm_window_opacity,
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			     0, 1, False, XA_CARDINAL,
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			     &actual, &format, &n, &left,
			     &data);
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    if (rc == Success && actual != None)
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      {
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        unsigned long value = *(unsigned long *)data;
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	XFree (data);
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	if (value == opac)
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	  {
	    x_uncatch_errors ();
	    return;
	  }
      }
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  }

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  XChangeProperty (dpy, win, dpyinfo->Xatom_net_wm_window_opacity,
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		   XA_CARDINAL, 32, PropModeReplace,
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		   (unsigned char *) &opac, 1);
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  x_uncatch_errors ();
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}
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/***********************************************************************
		    Starting and ending an update
 ***********************************************************************/
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/* Start an update of frame F.  This function is installed as a hook
   for update_begin, i.e. it is called when update_begin is called.
   This function is called prior to calls to x_update_window_begin for
   each window being updated.  Currently, there is nothing to do here
   because all interesting stuff is done on a window basis.  */
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static void
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x_update_begin (struct frame *f)
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{
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#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  if (! FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f))
    {
      int width, height;
#ifdef USE_GTK
      if (FRAME_GTK_WIDGET (f))
        {
          GdkWindow *w = gtk_widget_get_window (FRAME_GTK_WIDGET (f));
          width = gdk_window_get_width (w);
          height = gdk_window_get_height (w);
        }
      else
#endif
        {
          width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
          height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);
          if (! FRAME_EXTERNAL_TOOL_BAR (f))
            height += FRAME_TOOL_BAR_HEIGHT (f);
          if (! FRAME_EXTERNAL_MENU_BAR (f))
            height += FRAME_MENU_BAR_HEIGHT (f);
        }
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      if (width > 0 && height > 0)
        {
          block_input();
          FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f) = cairo_image_surface_create
            (CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32, width, height);
          unblock_input();
        }
    }
#endif /* USE_CAIRO */
}
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/* Start update of window W.  */
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static void
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x_update_window_begin (struct window *w)
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{
  struct frame *f = XFRAME (WINDOW_FRAME (w));
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  Mouse_HLInfo *hlinfo = MOUSE_HL_INFO (f);
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  w->output_cursor = w->cursor;
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  block_input ();
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  if (f == hlinfo->mouse_face_mouse_frame)
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    {
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      /* Don't do highlighting for mouse motion during the update.  */
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      hlinfo->mouse_face_defer = true;
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      /* If F needs to be redrawn, simply forget about any prior mouse
	 highlighting.  */
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      if (FRAME_GARBAGED_P (f))
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	hlinfo->mouse_face_window = Qnil;
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    }
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  unblock_input ();
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}

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/* Draw a vertical window border from (x,y0) to (x,y1)  */
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static void
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x_draw_vertical_window_border (struct window *w, int x, int y0, int y1)
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{
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  struct frame *f = XFRAME (WINDOW_FRAME (w));
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  struct face *face;

  face = FACE_FROM_ID (f, VERTICAL_BORDER_FACE_ID);
  if (face)
    XSetForeground (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
		    face->foreground);
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#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, x, y0, 1, y1 - y0);
#else
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  XDrawLine (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f), FRAME_X_WINDOW (f),
	     f->output_data.x->normal_gc, x, y0, x, y1);
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#endif
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}
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/* Draw a window divider from (x0,y0) to (x1,y1)  */

static void
x_draw_window_divider (struct window *w, int x0, int x1, int y0, int y1)
{
  struct frame *f = XFRAME (WINDOW_FRAME (w));
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  struct face *face = FACE_FROM_ID (f, WINDOW_DIVIDER_FACE_ID);
  struct face *face_first = FACE_FROM_ID (f, WINDOW_DIVIDER_FIRST_PIXEL_FACE_ID);
  struct face *face_last = FACE_FROM_ID (f, WINDOW_DIVIDER_LAST_PIXEL_FACE_ID);
  unsigned long color = face ? face->foreground : FRAME_FOREGROUND_PIXEL (f);
  unsigned long color_first = (face_first
			       ? face_first->foreground
			       : FRAME_FOREGROUND_PIXEL (f));
  unsigned long color_last = (face_last
			      ? face_last->foreground
			      : FRAME_FOREGROUND_PIXEL (f));
  Display *display = FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f);

  if (y1 - y0 > x1 - x0 && x1 - x0 > 2)
    /* Vertical.  */
    {
      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color_first);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0, y0, 1, y1 - y0);
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      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0 + 1, y0, x1 - x0 - 2, y1 - y0);
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      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color_last);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x1 - 1, y0, 1, y1 - y0);
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    }
  else if (x1 - x0 > y1 - y0 && y1 - y0 > 3)
    /* Horizontal.  */
    {
      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color_first);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0, y0, x1 - x0, 1);
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      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0, y0 + 1, x1 - x0, y1 - y0 - 2);
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      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color_last);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0, y1 - 1, x1 - x0, 1);
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    }
  else
    {
      XSetForeground (display, f->output_data.x->normal_gc, color);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, f->output_data.x->normal_gc,
			x0, y0, x1 - x0, y1 - y0);
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    }
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}

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/* End update of window W.
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   Draw vertical borders between horizontally adjacent windows, and
   display W's cursor if CURSOR_ON_P is non-zero.

   MOUSE_FACE_OVERWRITTEN_P non-zero means that some row containing
   glyphs in mouse-face were overwritten.  In that case we have to
   make sure that the mouse-highlight is properly redrawn.

   W may be a menu bar pseudo-window in case we don't have X toolkit
   support.  Such windows don't have a cursor, so don't display it
   here.  */
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static void
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x_update_window_end (struct window *w, bool cursor_on_p,
		     bool mouse_face_overwritten_p)
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{
  if (!w->pseudo_window_p)
    {
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      block_input ();
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      if (cursor_on_p)
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	display_and_set_cursor (w, true,
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				w->output_cursor.hpos, w->output_cursor.vpos,
				w->output_cursor.x, w->output_cursor.y);
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      if (draw_window_fringes (w, true))
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	{
	  if (WINDOW_RIGHT_DIVIDER_WIDTH (w))
	    x_draw_right_divider (w);
	  else
	    x_draw_vertical_border (w);
	}
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      unblock_input ();
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    }
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  /* If a row with mouse-face was overwritten, arrange for
     XTframe_up_to_date to redisplay the mouse highlight.  */
  if (mouse_face_overwritten_p)
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    {
      Mouse_HLInfo *hlinfo = MOUSE_HL_INFO (XFRAME (w->frame));

      hlinfo->mouse_face_beg_row = hlinfo->mouse_face_beg_col = -1;
      hlinfo->mouse_face_end_row = hlinfo->mouse_face_end_col = -1;
      hlinfo->mouse_face_window = Qnil;
    }
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}
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/* End update of frame F.  This function is installed as a hook in
   update_end.  */

static void
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x_update_end (struct frame *f)
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{
  /* Mouse highlight may be displayed again.  */
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  MOUSE_HL_INFO (f)->mouse_face_defer = false;
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#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  if (FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f))
    {
      cairo_t *cr = 0;
      block_input();
#if defined (USE_GTK) && defined (HAVE_GTK3)
      if (FRAME_GTK_WIDGET (f))
        {
          GdkWindow *w = gtk_widget_get_window (FRAME_GTK_WIDGET (f));
          cr = gdk_cairo_create (w);
        }
      else
#endif
        {
          cairo_surface_t *surface;
          int width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
          int height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);
          if (! FRAME_EXTERNAL_TOOL_BAR (f))
            height += FRAME_TOOL_BAR_HEIGHT (f);
          if (! FRAME_EXTERNAL_MENU_BAR (f))
            height += FRAME_MENU_BAR_HEIGHT (f);
          surface = cairo_xlib_surface_create (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f),
                                               FRAME_X_WINDOW (f),
                                               FRAME_DISPLAY_INFO (f)->visual,
                                               width,
                                               height);
          cr = cairo_create (surface);
          cairo_surface_destroy (surface);
        }

      cairo_set_source_surface (cr, FRAME_CR_SURFACE (f), 0, 0);
      cairo_paint (cr);
      cairo_destroy (cr);
      unblock_input ();
    }
#endif /* USE_CAIRO */

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#ifndef XFlush
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  block_input ();
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  XFlush (FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f));
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  unblock_input ();
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#endif
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}
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/* This function is called from various places in xdisp.c
   whenever a complete update has been performed.  */
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static void
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XTframe_up_to_date (struct frame *f)
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{
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  if (FRAME_X_P (f))
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    FRAME_MOUSE_UPDATE (f);
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}
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/* Clear under internal border if any (GTK has its own version). */
#ifndef USE_GTK
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void
x_clear_under_internal_border (struct frame *f)
{
  if (FRAME_INTERNAL_BORDER_WIDTH (f) > 0)
    {
      int border = FRAME_INTERNAL_BORDER_WIDTH (f);
      int width = FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f);
      int height = FRAME_PIXEL_HEIGHT (f);
      int margin = FRAME_TOP_MARGIN_HEIGHT (f);

      block_input ();
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      x_clear_area (f, 0, 0, border, height);
      x_clear_area (f, 0, margin, width, border);
      x_clear_area (f, width - border, 0, border, height);
      x_clear_area (f, 0, height - border, width, border);
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      unblock_input ();
    }
}
#endif

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/* Draw truncation mark bitmaps, continuation mark bitmaps, overlay
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   arrow bitmaps, or clear the fringes if no bitmaps are required
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   before DESIRED_ROW is made current.  This function is called from
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   update_window_line only if it is known that there are differences
   between bitmaps to be drawn between current row and DESIRED_ROW.  */

static void
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x_after_update_window_line (struct window *w, struct glyph_row *desired_row)
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{
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  eassert (w);
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  if (!desired_row->mode_line_p && !w->pseudo_window_p)
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    desired_row->redraw_fringe_bitmaps_p = true;
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#ifdef USE_X_TOOLKIT
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  /* When a window has disappeared, make sure that no rest of
     full-width rows stays visible in the internal border.  Could
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     check here if updated window is the leftmost/rightmost window,
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     but I guess it's not worth doing since vertically split windows
     are almost never used, internal border is rarely set, and the
     overhead is very small.  */
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  {
    struct frame *f;
    int width, height;

    if (windows_or_buffers_changed
	&& desired_row->full_width_p
	&& (f = XFRAME (w->frame),
	    width = FRAME_INTERNAL_BORDER_WIDTH (f),
	    width != 0)
	&& (height = desired_row->visible_height,
	    height > 0))
      {
	int y = WINDOW_TO_FRAME_PIXEL_Y (w, max (0, desired_row->y));
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	block_input ();
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	x_clear_area (f, 0, y, width, height);
	x_clear_area (f, FRAME_PIXEL_WIDTH (f) - width, y, width, height);
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	unblock_input ();
      }
  }
#endif
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}

static void
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x_draw_fringe_bitmap (struct window *w, struct glyph_row *row, struct draw_fringe_bitmap_params *p)
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{
  struct frame *f = XFRAME (WINDOW_FRAME (w));
  Display *display = FRAME_X_DISPLAY (f);
  Window window = FRAME_X_WINDOW (f);
  GC gc = f->output_data.x->normal_gc;
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  struct face *face = p->face;
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  /* Must clip because of partially visible lines.  */
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  x_clip_to_row (w, row, ANY_AREA, gc);
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  if (p->bx >= 0 && !p->overlay_p)
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    {
      /* In case the same realized face is used for fringes and
	 for something displayed in the text (e.g. face `region' on
	 mono-displays, the fill style may have been changed to
	 FillSolid in x_draw_glyph_string_background.  */
      if (face->stipple)
	XSetFillStyle (display, face->gc, FillOpaqueStippled);
      else
	XSetForeground (display, face->gc, face->background);
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      x_fill_rectangle (f, face->gc, p->bx, p->by, p->nx, p->ny);
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      if (!face->stipple)
	XSetForeground (display, face->gc, face->foreground);
    }

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#ifdef USE_CAIRO
  if (p->which && p->which < max_fringe_bmp)
    {
      XGCValues gcv;

      XGetGCValues (display, gc, GCForeground | GCBackground, &gcv);
      XSetForeground (display, gc, (p->cursor_p
				    ? (p->overlay_p ? face->background
				       : f->output_data.x->cursor_pixel)
				    : face->foreground));
      XSetBackground (display, gc, face->background);
      x_cr_draw_image (f, gc, fringe_bmp[p->which], 0, p->dh,
		       p->wd, p->h, p->x, p->y, p->overlay_p);
      XSetForeground (display, gc, gcv.foreground);
      XSetBackground (display, gc, gcv.background);
    }
#else  /* not USE_CAIRO */
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  if (p->which)
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    {
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      char *bits;
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      Pixmap pixmap, clipmask = (Pixmap) 0;
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      int depth = DefaultDepthOfScreen (FRAME_X_SCREEN (f));
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      XGCValues gcv;

      if (p->wd > 8)
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	bits = (char *) (p->bits + p->dh);
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      else
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	bits = (char *) p->bits + p->dh;
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      /* Draw the bitmap.  I believe these small pixmaps can be cached
	 by the server.  */
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      pixmap = XCreatePixmapFromBitmapData (display, window, bits, p->wd, p->h,
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					    (p->cursor_p
					     ? (p->overlay_p ? face->background
						: f->output_data.x->cursor_pixel)
					     : face->foreground),
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					    face->background, depth);
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      if (p->overlay_p)
	{
	  clipmask = XCreatePixmapFromBitmapData (display,