fileio.c 92.8 KB
Newer Older
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1
/* File IO for GNU Emacs.
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
2
   Copyright (C) 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1992 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
3 4 5 6 7

This file is part of GNU Emacs.

GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
8
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
any later version.

GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.  */

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
20
#include "config.h"
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
21 22 23

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
24 25

#ifdef VMS
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
26
#include "vms-pwd.h"
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
27
#else
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
28
#include <pwd.h>
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
29 30
#endif

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
31
#include <ctype.h>
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

#ifdef VMS
#include "dir.h"
#include <perror.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
#endif

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
40 41
#include <errno.h>

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
42
#ifndef vax11c
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
extern int errno;
extern char *sys_errlist[];
extern int sys_nerr;
#endif

#define err_str(a) ((a) < sys_nerr ? sys_errlist[a] : "unknown error")

#ifdef APOLLO
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif

#include "lisp.h"
55
#include "intervals.h"
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
#include "buffer.h"
#include "window.h"

#ifdef VMS
#include <file.h>
#include <rmsdef.h>
#include <fab.h>
#include <nam.h>
#endif

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
66
#include "systime.h"
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
67 68 69

#ifdef HPUX
#include <netio.h>
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
70
#ifndef HPUX8
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
71 72
#include <errnet.h>
#endif
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
73
#endif
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88

#ifndef O_WRONLY
#define O_WRONLY 1
#endif

#define min(a, b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
#define max(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))

/* Nonzero during writing of auto-save files */
int auto_saving;

/* Set by auto_save_1 to mode of original file so Fwrite_region will create
   a new file with the same mode as the original */
int auto_save_mode_bits;

89 90 91 92
/* Alist of elements (REGEXP . HANDLER) for file names 
   whose I/O is done with a special handler.  */
Lisp_Object Vfile_name_handler_alist;

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102
/* Nonzero means, when reading a filename in the minibuffer,
 start out by inserting the default directory into the minibuffer. */
int insert_default_directory;

/* On VMS, nonzero means write new files with record format stmlf.
   Zero means use var format.  */
int vms_stmlf_recfm;

Lisp_Object Qfile_error, Qfile_already_exists;

103 104
Lisp_Object Qfile_name_history;

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124
report_file_error (string, data)
     char *string;
     Lisp_Object data;
{
  Lisp_Object errstring;

  if (errno >= 0 && errno < sys_nerr)
    errstring = build_string (sys_errlist[errno]);
  else
    errstring = build_string ("undocumented error code");

  /* System error messages are capitalized.  Downcase the initial
     unless it is followed by a slash.  */
  if (XSTRING (errstring)->data[1] != '/')
    XSTRING (errstring)->data[0] = DOWNCASE (XSTRING (errstring)->data[0]);

  while (1)
    Fsignal (Qfile_error,
	     Fcons (build_string (string), Fcons (errstring, data)));
}
125 126 127 128 129 130

close_file_unwind (fd)
     Lisp_Object fd;
{
  close (XFASTINT (fd));
}
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
131

132 133 134 135
Lisp_Object Qexpand_file_name;
Lisp_Object Qdirectory_file_name;
Lisp_Object Qfile_name_directory;
Lisp_Object Qfile_name_nondirectory;
136
Lisp_Object Qunhandled_file_name_directory;
137
Lisp_Object Qfile_name_as_directory;
138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158
Lisp_Object Qcopy_file;
Lisp_Object Qmake_directory;
Lisp_Object Qdelete_directory;
Lisp_Object Qdelete_file;
Lisp_Object Qrename_file;
Lisp_Object Qadd_name_to_file;
Lisp_Object Qmake_symbolic_link;
Lisp_Object Qfile_exists_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_executable_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_readable_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_symlink_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_writable_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_directory_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_accessible_directory_p;
Lisp_Object Qfile_modes;
Lisp_Object Qset_file_modes;
Lisp_Object Qfile_newer_than_file_p;
Lisp_Object Qinsert_file_contents;
Lisp_Object Qwrite_region;
Lisp_Object Qverify_visited_file_modtime;

159 160 161 162 163 164 165
DEFUN ("find-file-name-handler", Ffind_file_name_handler, Sfind_file_name_handler, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return FILENAME's handler function, if its syntax is handled specially.\n\
Otherwise, return nil.\n\
A file name is handled if one of the regular expressions in\n\
`file-name-handler-alist' matches it.")
  (filename)
    Lisp_Object filename;
166
{
167 168
  /* This function must not munge the match data.  */

169
  Lisp_Object chain;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
170
  for (chain = Vfile_name_handler_alist; XTYPE (chain) == Lisp_Cons;
171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179
       chain = XCONS (chain)->cdr)
    {
      Lisp_Object elt;
      elt = XCONS (chain)->car;
      if (XTYPE (elt) == Lisp_Cons)
	{
	  Lisp_Object string;
	  string = XCONS (elt)->car;
	  if (XTYPE (string) == Lisp_String
Richard M. Stallman's avatar
Richard M. Stallman committed
180
	      && fast_string_match (string, filename) >= 0)
181 182
	    return XCONS (elt)->cdr;
	}
183 184

      QUIT;
185 186 187 188
    }
  return Qnil;
}

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200
DEFUN ("file-name-directory", Ffile_name_directory, Sfile_name_directory,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Return the directory component in file name NAME.\n\
Return nil if NAME does not include a directory.\n\
Otherwise return a directory spec.\n\
Given a Unix syntax file name, returns a string ending in slash;\n\
on VMS, perhaps instead a string ending in `:', `]' or `>'.")
  (file)
     Lisp_Object file;
{
  register unsigned char *beg;
  register unsigned char *p;
201
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
202 203 204

  CHECK_STRING (file, 0);

205 206
  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
207
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (file);
208 209 210
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qfile_name_directory, file);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234
  beg = XSTRING (file)->data;
  p = beg + XSTRING (file)->size;

  while (p != beg && p[-1] != '/'
#ifdef VMS
	 && p[-1] != ':' && p[-1] != ']' && p[-1] != '>'
#endif /* VMS */
	 ) p--;

  if (p == beg)
    return Qnil;
  return make_string (beg, p - beg);
}

DEFUN ("file-name-nondirectory", Ffile_name_nondirectory, Sfile_name_nondirectory,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Return file name NAME sans its directory.\n\
For example, in a Unix-syntax file name,\n\
this is everything after the last slash,\n\
or the entire name if it contains no slash.")
  (file)
     Lisp_Object file;
{
  register unsigned char *beg, *p, *end;
235
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
236 237 238

  CHECK_STRING (file, 0);

239 240
  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
241
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (file);
242 243 244
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qfile_name_nondirectory, file);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255
  beg = XSTRING (file)->data;
  end = p = beg + XSTRING (file)->size;

  while (p != beg && p[-1] != '/'
#ifdef VMS
	 && p[-1] != ':' && p[-1] != ']' && p[-1] != '>'
#endif /* VMS */
	 ) p--;

  return make_string (p, end - p);
}
256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278

DEFUN ("unhandled-file-name-directory", Funhandled_file_name_directory, Sunhandled_file_name_directory, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return a directly usable directory name somehow associated with FILENAME.\n\
A `directly usable' directory name is one that may be used without the\n\
intervention of any file handler.\n\
If FILENAME is a directly usable file itself, return\n\
(file-name-directory FILENAME).\n\
The `call-process' and `start-process' functions use this function to\n\
get a current directory to run processes in.")
  (filename)
    Lisp_Object filename;
{
  Lisp_Object handler;

  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (filename);
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qunhandled_file_name_directory, filename);

  return Ffile_name_directory (filename);
}

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329

char *
file_name_as_directory (out, in)
     char *out, *in;
{
  int size = strlen (in) - 1;

  strcpy (out, in);

#ifdef VMS
  /* Is it already a directory string? */
  if (in[size] == ':' || in[size] == ']' || in[size] == '>')
    return out;
  /* Is it a VMS directory file name?  If so, hack VMS syntax.  */
  else if (! index (in, '/')
	   && ((size > 3 && ! strcmp (&in[size - 3], ".DIR"))
	       || (size > 3 && ! strcmp (&in[size - 3], ".dir"))
	       || (size > 5 && (! strncmp (&in[size - 5], ".DIR", 4)
				|| ! strncmp (&in[size - 5], ".dir", 4))
		   && (in[size - 1] == '.' || in[size - 1] == ';')
		   && in[size] == '1')))
    {
      register char *p, *dot;
      char brack;

      /* x.dir -> [.x]
	 dir:x.dir --> dir:[x]
	 dir:[x]y.dir --> dir:[x.y] */
      p = in + size;
      while (p != in && *p != ':' && *p != '>' && *p != ']') p--;
      if (p != in)
	{
	  strncpy (out, in, p - in);
	  out[p - in] = '\0';
	  if (*p == ':')
	    {
	      brack = ']';
	      strcat (out, ":[");
	    }
	  else
	    {
	      brack = *p;
	      strcat (out, ".");
	    }
	  p++;
	}
      else
	{
	  brack = ']';
	  strcpy (out, "[.");
	}
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
330 331
      dot = index (p, '.');
      if (dot)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365
	{
	  /* blindly remove any extension */
	  size = strlen (out) + (dot - p);
	  strncat (out, p, dot - p);
	}
      else
	{
	  strcat (out, p);
	  size = strlen (out);
	}
      out[size++] = brack;
      out[size] = '\0';
    }
#else /* not VMS */
  /* For Unix syntax, Append a slash if necessary */
  if (out[size] != '/')
    strcat (out, "/");
#endif /* not VMS */
  return out;
}

DEFUN ("file-name-as-directory", Ffile_name_as_directory,
       Sfile_name_as_directory, 1, 1, 0,
  "Return a string representing file FILENAME interpreted as a directory.\n\
This operation exists because a directory is also a file, but its name as\n\
a directory is different from its name as a file.\n\
The result can be used as the value of `default-directory'\n\
or passed as second argument to `expand-file-name'.\n\
For a Unix-syntax file name, just appends a slash.\n\
On VMS, converts \"[X]FOO.DIR\" to \"[X.FOO]\", etc.")
  (file)
     Lisp_Object file;
{
  char *buf;
366
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
367 368

  CHECK_STRING (file, 0);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
369
  if (NILP (file))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
370
    return Qnil;
371 372 373

  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
374
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (file);
375 376 377
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qfile_name_as_directory, file);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469
  buf = (char *) alloca (XSTRING (file)->size + 10);
  return build_string (file_name_as_directory (buf, XSTRING (file)->data));
}

/*
 * Convert from directory name to filename.
 * On VMS:
 *       xyzzy:[mukesh.emacs] => xyzzy:[mukesh]emacs.dir.1
 *       xyzzy:[mukesh] => xyzzy:[000000]mukesh.dir.1
 * On UNIX, it's simple: just make sure there is a terminating /

 * Value is nonzero if the string output is different from the input.
 */

directory_file_name (src, dst)
     char *src, *dst;
{
  long slen;
#ifdef VMS
  long rlen;
  char * ptr, * rptr;
  char bracket;
  struct FAB fab = cc$rms_fab;
  struct NAM nam = cc$rms_nam;
  char esa[NAM$C_MAXRSS];
#endif /* VMS */

  slen = strlen (src);
#ifdef VMS
  if (! index (src, '/')
      && (src[slen - 1] == ']'
	  || src[slen - 1] == ':'
	  || src[slen - 1] == '>'))
    {
      /* VMS style - convert [x.y.z] to [x.y]z, [x] to [000000]x */
      fab.fab$l_fna = src;
      fab.fab$b_fns = slen;
      fab.fab$l_nam = &nam;
      fab.fab$l_fop = FAB$M_NAM;

      nam.nam$l_esa = esa;
      nam.nam$b_ess = sizeof esa;
      nam.nam$b_nop |= NAM$M_SYNCHK;

      /* We call SYS$PARSE to handle such things as [--] for us. */
      if (SYS$PARSE(&fab, 0, 0) == RMS$_NORMAL)
	{
	  slen = nam.nam$b_esl;
	  if (esa[slen - 1] == ';' && esa[slen - 2] == '.')
	    slen -= 2;
	  esa[slen] = '\0';
	  src = esa;
	}
      if (src[slen - 1] != ']' && src[slen - 1] != '>')
	{
	  /* what about when we have logical_name:???? */
	  if (src[slen - 1] == ':')
	    {			/* Xlate logical name and see what we get */
	      ptr = strcpy (dst, src); /* upper case for getenv */
	      while (*ptr)
		{
		  if ('a' <= *ptr && *ptr <= 'z')
		    *ptr -= 040;
		  ptr++;
		}
	      dst[slen - 1] = 0;	/* remove colon */
	      if (!(src = egetenv (dst)))
		return 0;
	      /* should we jump to the beginning of this procedure?
		 Good points: allows us to use logical names that xlate
		 to Unix names,
		 Bad points: can be a problem if we just translated to a device
		 name...
		 For now, I'll punt and always expect VMS names, and hope for
		 the best! */
	      slen = strlen (src);
	      if (src[slen - 1] != ']' && src[slen - 1] != '>')
		{ /* no recursion here! */
		  strcpy (dst, src);
		  return 0;
		}
	    }
	  else
	    {		/* not a directory spec */
	      strcpy (dst, src);
	      return 0;
	    }
	}
      bracket = src[slen - 1];

      /* If bracket is ']' or '>', bracket - 2 is the corresponding
	 opening bracket.  */
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
470 471
      ptr = index (src, bracket - 2);
      if (ptr == 0)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499
	{ /* no opening bracket */
	  strcpy (dst, src);
	  return 0;
	}
      if (!(rptr = rindex (src, '.')))
	rptr = ptr;
      slen = rptr - src;
      strncpy (dst, src, slen);
      dst[slen] = '\0';
      if (*rptr == '.')
	{
	  dst[slen++] = bracket;
	  dst[slen] = '\0';
	}
      else
	{
	  /* If we have the top-level of a rooted directory (i.e. xx:[000000]),
	     then translate the device and recurse. */
	  if (dst[slen - 1] == ':'
	      && dst[slen - 2] != ':'	/* skip decnet nodes */
	      && strcmp(src + slen, "[000000]") == 0)
	    {
	      dst[slen - 1] = '\0';
	      if ((ptr = egetenv (dst))
		  && (rlen = strlen (ptr) - 1) > 0
		  && (ptr[rlen] == ']' || ptr[rlen] == '>')
		  && ptr[rlen - 1] == '.')
		{
500 501 502 503 504
		  char * buf = (char *) alloca (strlen (ptr) + 1);
		  strcpy (buf, ptr);
		  buf[rlen - 1] = ']';
		  buf[rlen] = '\0';
		  return directory_file_name (buf, dst);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522
		}
	      else
		dst[slen - 1] = ':';
	    }
	  strcat (dst, "[000000]");
	  slen += 8;
	}
      rptr++;
      rlen = strlen (rptr) - 1;
      strncat (dst, rptr, rlen);
      dst[slen + rlen] = '\0';
      strcat (dst, ".DIR.1");
      return 1;
    }
#endif /* VMS */
  /* Process as Unix format: just remove any final slash.
     But leave "/" unchanged; do not change it to "".  */
  strcpy (dst, src);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
523
  if (slen > 1 && dst[slen - 1] == '/')
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540
    dst[slen - 1] = 0;
  return 1;
}

DEFUN ("directory-file-name", Fdirectory_file_name, Sdirectory_file_name,
  1, 1, 0,
  "Returns the file name of the directory named DIR.\n\
This is the name of the file that holds the data for the directory DIR.\n\
This operation exists because a directory is also a file, but its name as\n\
a directory is different from its name as a file.\n\
In Unix-syntax, this function just removes the final slash.\n\
On VMS, given a VMS-syntax directory name such as \"[X.Y]\",\n\
it returns a file name such as \"[X]Y.DIR.1\".")
  (directory)
     Lisp_Object directory;
{
  char *buf;
541
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
542 543 544

  CHECK_STRING (directory, 0);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
545
  if (NILP (directory))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
546
    return Qnil;
547 548 549

  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
550
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (directory);
551 552 553
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qdirectory_file_name, directory);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583
#ifdef VMS
  /* 20 extra chars is insufficient for VMS, since we might perform a
     logical name translation. an equivalence string can be up to 255
     chars long, so grab that much extra space...  - sss */
  buf = (char *) alloca (XSTRING (directory)->size + 20 + 255);
#else
  buf = (char *) alloca (XSTRING (directory)->size + 20);
#endif
  directory_file_name (XSTRING (directory)->data, buf);
  return build_string (buf);
}

DEFUN ("make-temp-name", Fmake_temp_name, Smake_temp_name, 1, 1, 0,
  "Generate temporary file name (string) starting with PREFIX (a string).\n\
The Emacs process number forms part of the result,\n\
so there is no danger of generating a name being used by another process.")
  (prefix)
     Lisp_Object prefix;
{
  Lisp_Object val;
  val = concat2 (prefix, build_string ("XXXXXX"));
  mktemp (XSTRING (val)->data);
  return val;
}

DEFUN ("expand-file-name", Fexpand_file_name, Sexpand_file_name, 1, 2, 0,
  "Convert FILENAME to absolute, and canonicalize it.\n\
Second arg DEFAULT is directory to start with if FILENAME is relative\n\
 (does not start with slash); if DEFAULT is nil or missing,\n\
the current buffer's value of default-directory is used.\n\
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
584 585 586 587 588 589
Path components that are `.' are removed, and \n\
path components followed by `..' are removed, along with the `..' itself;\n\
note that these simplifications are done without checking the resulting\n\
paths in the file system.\n\
An initial `~/' expands to your home directory.\n\
An initial `~USER/' expands to USER's home directory.\n\
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607
See also the function `substitute-in-file-name'.")
     (name, defalt)
     Lisp_Object name, defalt;
{
  unsigned char *nm;
  
  register unsigned char *newdir, *p, *o;
  int tlen;
  unsigned char *target;
  struct passwd *pw;
#ifdef VMS
  unsigned char * colon = 0;
  unsigned char * close = 0;
  unsigned char * slash = 0;
  unsigned char * brack = 0;
  int lbrack = 0, rbrack = 0;
  int dots = 0;
#endif /* VMS */
608
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
609 610 611
  
  CHECK_STRING (name, 0);

612 613
  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
614
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (name);
615
  if (!NILP (handler))
Richard M. Stallman's avatar
Richard M. Stallman committed
616
    return call3 (handler, Qexpand_file_name, name, defalt);
617

618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634
  /* Make sure DEFALT is properly expanded.
     It would be better to do this down below where we actually use
     defalt.  Unfortunately, calling Fexpand_file_name recursively
     could invoke GC, and the strings might be relocated.  This would
     be annoying because we have pointers into strings lying around
     that would need adjusting, and people would add new pointers to
     the code and forget to adjust them, resulting in intermittent bugs.
     Putting this call here avoids all that crud.  */
  if (! NILP (defalt)) 
    {
      struct gcpro gcpro1;

      GCPRO1 (name);
      defalt = Fexpand_file_name (defalt, Qnil);
      UNGCPRO;
    }

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650
#ifdef VMS
  /* Filenames on VMS are always upper case.  */
  name = Fupcase (name);
#endif

  nm = XSTRING (name)->data;
  
  /* If nm is absolute, flush ...// and detect /./ and /../.
     If no /./ or /../ we can return right away. */
  if (
      nm[0] == '/'
#ifdef VMS
      || index (nm, ':')
#endif /* VMS */
      )
    {
651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658
      /* If it turns out that the filename we want to return is just a
	 suffix of FILENAME, we don't need to go through and edit
	 things; we just need to construct a new string using data
	 starting at the middle of FILENAME.  If we set lose to a
	 non-zero value, that means we've discovered that we can't do
	 that cool trick.  */
      int lose = 0;

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
659 660 661
      p = nm;
      while (*p)
	{
662 663 664 665 666
	  /* Since we know the path is absolute, we can assume that each
	     element starts with a "/".  */

	  /* "//" anywhere isn't necessarily hairy; we just start afresh
	     with the second slash.  */
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
667 668 669 670 671 672 673
	  if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '/'
#ifdef APOLLO
	      /* // at start of filename is meaningful on Apollo system */
	      && nm != p
#endif /* APOLLO */
	      )
	    nm = p + 1;
674 675

	  /* "~" is hairy as the start of any path element.  */
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
676 677
	  if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '~')
	    nm = p + 1, lose = 1;
678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685

	  /* "." and ".." are hairy.  */
	  if (p[0] == '/'
	      && p[1] == '.'
	      && (p[2] == '/'
		  || p[2] == 0
		  || (p[2] == '.' && (p[3] == '/'
				      || p[3] == 0))))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778
	    lose = 1;
#ifdef VMS
	  if (p[0] == '\\')
	    lose = 1;
	  if (p[0] == '/') {
	    /* if dev:[dir]/, move nm to / */
	    if (!slash && p > nm && (brack || colon)) {
	      nm = (brack ? brack + 1 : colon + 1);
	      lbrack = rbrack = 0;
	      brack = 0;
	      colon = 0;
	    }
	    slash = p;
	  }
	  if (p[0] == '-')
#ifndef VMS4_4
	    /* VMS pre V4.4,convert '-'s in filenames. */
	    if (lbrack == rbrack)
	      {
		if (dots < 2)	/* this is to allow negative version numbers */
		  p[0] = '_';
	      }
	    else
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	      if (lbrack > rbrack &&
		  ((p[-1] == '.' || p[-1] == '[' || p[-1] == '<') &&
		   (p[1] == '.' || p[1] == ']' || p[1] == '>')))
		lose = 1;
#ifndef VMS4_4
	      else
		p[0] = '_';
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	  /* count open brackets, reset close bracket pointer */
	  if (p[0] == '[' || p[0] == '<')
	    lbrack++, brack = 0;
	  /* count close brackets, set close bracket pointer */
	  if (p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>')
	    rbrack++, brack = p;
	  /* detect ][ or >< */
	  if ((p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && (p[1] == '[' || p[1] == '<'))
	    lose = 1;
	  if ((p[0] == ':' || p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && p[1] == '~')
	    nm = p + 1, lose = 1;
	  if (p[0] == ':' && (colon || slash))
	    /* if dev1:[dir]dev2:, move nm to dev2: */
	    if (brack)
	      {
		nm = brack + 1;
		brack = 0;
	      }
	    /* if /pathname/dev:, move nm to dev: */
	    else if (slash)
	      nm = slash + 1;
	    /* if node::dev:, move colon following dev */
	    else if (colon && colon[-1] == ':')
	      colon = p;
	    /* if dev1:dev2:, move nm to dev2: */
	    else if (colon && colon[-1] != ':')
	      {
		nm = colon + 1;
		colon = 0;
	      }
	  if (p[0] == ':' && !colon)
	    {
	      if (p[1] == ':')
		p++;
	      colon = p;
	    }
	  if (lbrack == rbrack)
	    if (p[0] == ';')
	      dots = 2;
	    else if (p[0] == '.')
	      dots++;
#endif /* VMS */
	  p++;
	}
      if (!lose)
	{
#ifdef VMS
	  if (index (nm, '/'))
	    return build_string (sys_translate_unix (nm));
#endif /* VMS */
	  if (nm == XSTRING (name)->data)
	    return name;
	  return build_string (nm);
	}
    }

  /* Now determine directory to start with and put it in newdir */

  newdir = 0;

  if (nm[0] == '~')		/* prefix ~ */
779 780
    {
      if (nm[1] == '/'
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
781
#ifdef VMS
782 783 784 785 786 787 788
	  || nm[1] == ':'
#endif				/* VMS */
	  || nm[1] == 0)	/* ~ by itself */
	{
	  if (!(newdir = (unsigned char *) egetenv ("HOME")))
	    newdir = (unsigned char *) "";
	  nm++;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
789
#ifdef VMS
790 791 792 793 794 795
	  nm++;			/* Don't leave the slash in nm.  */
#endif				/* VMS */
	}
      else			/* ~user/filename */
	{
	  for (p = nm; *p && (*p != '/'
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
796
#ifdef VMS
797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807
			      && *p != ':'
#endif				/* VMS */
			      ); p++);
	  o = (unsigned char *) alloca (p - nm + 1);
	  bcopy ((char *) nm, o, p - nm);
	  o [p - nm] = 0;

	  pw = (struct passwd *) getpwnam (o + 1);
	  if (pw)
	    {
	      newdir = (unsigned char *) pw -> pw_dir;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
808
#ifdef VMS
809
	      nm = p + 1;	/* skip the terminator */
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
810
#else
811 812 813
	      nm = p;
#endif				/* VMS */
	    }
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
814

815 816 817 818
	  /* If we don't find a user of that name, leave the name
	     unchanged; don't move nm forward to p.  */
	}
    }
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
819 820 821 822 823 824 825

  if (nm[0] != '/'
#ifdef VMS
      && !index (nm, ':')
#endif /* not VMS */
      && !newdir)
    {
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
826
      if (NILP (defalt))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
827 828 829 830 831
	defalt = current_buffer->directory;
      CHECK_STRING (defalt, 1);
      newdir = XSTRING (defalt)->data;
    }

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846
  if (newdir != 0)
    {
      /* Get rid of any slash at the end of newdir.  */
      int length = strlen (newdir);
      if (newdir[length - 1] == '/')
	{
	  unsigned char *temp = (unsigned char *) alloca (length);
	  bcopy (newdir, temp, length - 1);
	  temp[length - 1] = 0;
	  newdir = temp;
	}
      tlen = length + 1;
    }
  else
    tlen = 0;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
847

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
848 849
  /* Now concatenate the directory and name to new space in the stack frame */
  tlen += strlen (nm) + 1;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859
  target = (unsigned char *) alloca (tlen);
  *target = 0;

  if (newdir)
    {
#ifndef VMS
      if (nm[0] == 0 || nm[0] == '/')
	strcpy (target, newdir);
      else
#endif
860
	file_name_as_directory (target, newdir);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868
    }

  strcat (target, nm);
#ifdef VMS
  if (index (target, '/'))
    strcpy (target, sys_translate_unix (target));
#endif /* VMS */

869
  /* Now canonicalize by removing /. and /foo/.. if they appear.  */
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931

  p = target;
  o = target;

  while (*p)
    {
#ifdef VMS
      if (*p != ']' && *p != '>' && *p != '-')
	{
	  if (*p == '\\')
	    p++;
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
      else if ((p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && p[0] == p[1] + 2)
	/* brackets are offset from each other by 2 */
	{
	  p += 2;
	  if (*p != '.' && *p != '-' && o[-1] != '.')
	    /* convert [foo][bar] to [bar] */
	    while (o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<')
	      o--;
	  else if (*p == '-' && *o != '.')
	    *--p = '.';
	}
      else if (p[0] == '-' && o[-1] == '.' &&
	       (p[1] == '.' || p[1] == ']' || p[1] == '>'))
	/* flush .foo.- ; leave - if stopped by '[' or '<' */
	{
	  do
	    o--;
	  while (o[-1] != '.' && o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<');
	  if (p[1] == '.')	/* foo.-.bar ==> bar*/
	    p += 2;
	  else if (o[-1] == '.') /* '.foo.-]' ==> ']' */
	    p++, o--;
	  /* else [foo.-] ==> [-] */
	}
      else
	{
#ifndef VMS4_4
	  if (*p == '-' &&
	      o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<' && o[-1] != '.' &&
	      p[1] != ']' && p[1] != '>' && p[1] != '.')
	    *p = '_';
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
#else /* not VMS */
      if (*p != '/')
 	{
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
      else if (!strncmp (p, "//", 2)
#ifdef APOLLO
	       /* // at start of filename is meaningful in Apollo system */
	       && o != target
#endif /* APOLLO */
	       )
	{
	  o = target;
	  p++;
	}
932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942
      else if (p[0] == '/'
	       && p[1] == '.'
	       && (p[2] == '/'
		   || p[2] == 0))
	{
	  /* If "/." is the entire filename, keep the "/".  Otherwise,
	     just delete the whole "/.".  */
	  if (o == target && p[2] == '\0')
	    *o++ = *p;
	  p += 2;
	}
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968
      else if (!strncmp (p, "/..", 3)
	       /* `/../' is the "superroot" on certain file systems.  */
	       && o != target
	       && (p[3] == '/' || p[3] == 0))
	{
	  while (o != target && *--o != '/')
	    ;
#ifdef APOLLO
	  if (o == target + 1 && o[-1] == '/' && o[0] == '/')
	    ++o;
	  else
#endif /* APOLLO */
	  if (o == target && *o == '/')
	    ++o;
	  p += 3;
	}
      else
 	{
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
#endif /* not VMS */
    }

  return make_string (target, o - target);
}
#if 0
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
969 970
/* Changed this DEFUN to a DEAFUN, so as not to confuse `make-docfile'.
DEAFUN ("expand-file-name", Fexpand_file_name, Sexpand_file_name, 1, 2, 0,
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170
  "Convert FILENAME to absolute, and canonicalize it.\n\
Second arg DEFAULT is directory to start with if FILENAME is relative\n\
 (does not start with slash); if DEFAULT is nil or missing,\n\
the current buffer's value of default-directory is used.\n\
Filenames containing `.' or `..' as components are simplified;\n\
initial `~/' expands to your home directory.\n\
See also the function `substitute-in-file-name'.")
     (name, defalt)
     Lisp_Object name, defalt;
{
  unsigned char *nm;
  
  register unsigned char *newdir, *p, *o;
  int tlen;
  unsigned char *target;
  struct passwd *pw;
  int lose;
#ifdef VMS
  unsigned char * colon = 0;
  unsigned char * close = 0;
  unsigned char * slash = 0;
  unsigned char * brack = 0;
  int lbrack = 0, rbrack = 0;
  int dots = 0;
#endif /* VMS */
  
  CHECK_STRING (name, 0);

#ifdef VMS
  /* Filenames on VMS are always upper case.  */
  name = Fupcase (name);
#endif

  nm = XSTRING (name)->data;
  
  /* If nm is absolute, flush ...// and detect /./ and /../.
     If no /./ or /../ we can return right away. */
  if (
      nm[0] == '/'
#ifdef VMS
      || index (nm, ':')
#endif /* VMS */
      )
    {
      p = nm;
      lose = 0;
      while (*p)
	{
	  if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '/'
#ifdef APOLLO
	      /* // at start of filename is meaningful on Apollo system */
	      && nm != p
#endif /* APOLLO */
	      )
	    nm = p + 1;
	  if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '~')
	    nm = p + 1, lose = 1;
	  if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '.'
	      && (p[2] == '/' || p[2] == 0
		  || (p[2] == '.' && (p[3] == '/' || p[3] == 0))))
	    lose = 1;
#ifdef VMS
	  if (p[0] == '\\')
	    lose = 1;
	  if (p[0] == '/') {
	    /* if dev:[dir]/, move nm to / */
	    if (!slash && p > nm && (brack || colon)) {
	      nm = (brack ? brack + 1 : colon + 1);
	      lbrack = rbrack = 0;
	      brack = 0;
	      colon = 0;
	    }
	    slash = p;
	  }
	  if (p[0] == '-')
#ifndef VMS4_4
	    /* VMS pre V4.4,convert '-'s in filenames. */
	    if (lbrack == rbrack)
	      {
		if (dots < 2)	/* this is to allow negative version numbers */
		  p[0] = '_';
	      }
	    else
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	      if (lbrack > rbrack &&
		  ((p[-1] == '.' || p[-1] == '[' || p[-1] == '<') &&
		   (p[1] == '.' || p[1] == ']' || p[1] == '>')))
		lose = 1;
#ifndef VMS4_4
	      else
		p[0] = '_';
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	  /* count open brackets, reset close bracket pointer */
	  if (p[0] == '[' || p[0] == '<')
	    lbrack++, brack = 0;
	  /* count close brackets, set close bracket pointer */
	  if (p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>')
	    rbrack++, brack = p;
	  /* detect ][ or >< */
	  if ((p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && (p[1] == '[' || p[1] == '<'))
	    lose = 1;
	  if ((p[0] == ':' || p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && p[1] == '~')
	    nm = p + 1, lose = 1;
	  if (p[0] == ':' && (colon || slash))
	    /* if dev1:[dir]dev2:, move nm to dev2: */
	    if (brack)
	      {
		nm = brack + 1;
		brack = 0;
	      }
	    /* if /pathname/dev:, move nm to dev: */
	    else if (slash)
	      nm = slash + 1;
	    /* if node::dev:, move colon following dev */
	    else if (colon && colon[-1] == ':')
	      colon = p;
	    /* if dev1:dev2:, move nm to dev2: */
	    else if (colon && colon[-1] != ':')
	      {
		nm = colon + 1;
		colon = 0;
	      }
	  if (p[0] == ':' && !colon)
	    {
	      if (p[1] == ':')
		p++;
	      colon = p;
	    }
	  if (lbrack == rbrack)
	    if (p[0] == ';')
	      dots = 2;
	    else if (p[0] == '.')
	      dots++;
#endif /* VMS */
	  p++;
	}
      if (!lose)
	{
#ifdef VMS
	  if (index (nm, '/'))
	    return build_string (sys_translate_unix (nm));
#endif /* VMS */
	  if (nm == XSTRING (name)->data)
	    return name;
	  return build_string (nm);
	}
    }

  /* Now determine directory to start with and put it in NEWDIR */

  newdir = 0;

  if (nm[0] == '~')		/* prefix ~ */
    if (nm[1] == '/'
#ifdef VMS
	|| nm[1] == ':'
#endif /* VMS */
	|| nm[1] == 0)/* ~/filename */
      {
	if (!(newdir = (unsigned char *) egetenv ("HOME")))
	  newdir = (unsigned char *) "";
	nm++;
#ifdef VMS
	nm++;			/* Don't leave the slash in nm.  */
#endif /* VMS */
      }
    else  /* ~user/filename */
      {
	/* Get past ~ to user */
	unsigned char *user = nm + 1;
	/* Find end of name. */
	unsigned char *ptr = (unsigned char *) index (user, '/');
	int len = ptr ? ptr - user : strlen (user);
#ifdef VMS
	unsigned char *ptr1 = index (user, ':');
	if (ptr1 != 0 && ptr1 - user < len)
	  len = ptr1 - user;
#endif				/* VMS */
	/* Copy the user name into temp storage. */
	o = (unsigned char *) alloca (len + 1);
	bcopy ((char *) user, o, len);
	o[len] = 0;

	/* Look up the user name. */
	pw = (struct passwd *) getpwnam (o + 1);
	if (!pw)
	  error ("\"%s\" isn't a registered user", o + 1);

	newdir = (unsigned char *) pw->pw_dir;

	/* Discard the user name from NM.  */
	nm += len;
      }

  if (nm[0] != '/'
#ifdef VMS
      && !index (nm, ':')
#endif /* not VMS */
      && !newdir)
    {
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1171
      if (NILP (defalt))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485
	defalt = current_buffer->directory;
      CHECK_STRING (defalt, 1);
      newdir = XSTRING (defalt)->data;
    }

  /* Now concatenate the directory and name to new space in the stack frame */

  tlen = (newdir ? strlen (newdir) + 1 : 0) + strlen (nm) + 1;
  target = (unsigned char *) alloca (tlen);
  *target = 0;

  if (newdir)
    {
#ifndef VMS
      if (nm[0] == 0 || nm[0] == '/')
	strcpy (target, newdir);
      else
#endif
      file_name_as_directory (target, newdir);
    }

  strcat (target, nm);
#ifdef VMS
  if (index (target, '/'))
    strcpy (target, sys_translate_unix (target));
#endif /* VMS */

  /* Now canonicalize by removing /. and /foo/.. if they appear */

  p = target;
  o = target;

  while (*p)
    {
#ifdef VMS
      if (*p != ']' && *p != '>' && *p != '-')
	{
	  if (*p == '\\')
	    p++;
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
      else if ((p[0] == ']' || p[0] == '>') && p[0] == p[1] + 2)
	/* brackets are offset from each other by 2 */
	{
	  p += 2;
	  if (*p != '.' && *p != '-' && o[-1] != '.')
	    /* convert [foo][bar] to [bar] */
	    while (o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<')
	      o--;
	  else if (*p == '-' && *o != '.')
	    *--p = '.';
	}
      else if (p[0] == '-' && o[-1] == '.' &&
	       (p[1] == '.' || p[1] == ']' || p[1] == '>'))
	/* flush .foo.- ; leave - if stopped by '[' or '<' */
	{
	  do
	    o--;
	  while (o[-1] != '.' && o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<');
	  if (p[1] == '.')	/* foo.-.bar ==> bar*/
	    p += 2;
	  else if (o[-1] == '.') /* '.foo.-]' ==> ']' */
	    p++, o--;
	  /* else [foo.-] ==> [-] */
	}
      else
	{
#ifndef VMS4_4
	  if (*p == '-' &&
	      o[-1] != '[' && o[-1] != '<' && o[-1] != '.' &&
	      p[1] != ']' && p[1] != '>' && p[1] != '.')
	    *p = '_';
#endif /* VMS4_4 */
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
#else /* not VMS */
      if (*p != '/')
 	{
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
      else if (!strncmp (p, "//", 2)
#ifdef APOLLO
	       /* // at start of filename is meaningful in Apollo system */
	       && o != target
#endif /* APOLLO */
	       )
	{
	  o = target;
	  p++;
	}
      else if (p[0] == '/' && p[1] == '.' &&
	       (p[2] == '/' || p[2] == 0))
	p += 2;
      else if (!strncmp (p, "/..", 3)
	       /* `/../' is the "superroot" on certain file systems.  */
	       && o != target
	       && (p[3] == '/' || p[3] == 0))
	{
	  while (o != target && *--o != '/')
	    ;
#ifdef APOLLO
	  if (o == target + 1 && o[-1] == '/' && o[0] == '/')
	    ++o;
	  else
#endif /* APOLLO */
	  if (o == target && *o == '/')
	    ++o;
	  p += 3;
	}
      else
 	{
	  *o++ = *p++;
	}
#endif /* not VMS */
    }

  return make_string (target, o - target);
}
#endif

DEFUN ("substitute-in-file-name", Fsubstitute_in_file_name,
  Ssubstitute_in_file_name, 1, 1, 0,
  "Substitute environment variables referred to in FILENAME.\n\
`$FOO' where FOO is an environment variable name means to substitute\n\
the value of that variable.  The variable name should be terminated\n\
with a character not a letter, digit or underscore; otherwise, enclose\n\
the entire variable name in braces.\n\
If `/~' appears, all of FILENAME through that `/' is discarded.\n\n\
On VMS, `$' substitution is not done; this function does little and only\n\
duplicates what `expand-file-name' does.")
  (string)
     Lisp_Object string;
{
  unsigned char *nm;

  register unsigned char *s, *p, *o, *x, *endp;
  unsigned char *target;
  int total = 0;
  int substituted = 0;
  unsigned char *xnm;

  CHECK_STRING (string, 0);

  nm = XSTRING (string)->data;
  endp = nm + XSTRING (string)->size;

  /* If /~ or // appears, discard everything through first slash. */

  for (p = nm; p != endp; p++)
    {
      if ((p[0] == '~' ||
#ifdef APOLLO
	   /* // at start of file name is meaningful in Apollo system */
	   (p[0] == '/' && p - 1 != nm)
#else /* not APOLLO */
	   p[0] == '/'
#endif /* not APOLLO */
	   )
	  && p != nm &&
#ifdef VMS
	  (p[-1] == ':' || p[-1] == ']' || p[-1] == '>' ||
#endif /* VMS */
	  p[-1] == '/')
#ifdef VMS
	  )
#endif /* VMS */
	{
	  nm = p;
	  substituted = 1;
	}
    }

#ifdef VMS
  return build_string (nm);
#else

  /* See if any variables are substituted into the string
     and find the total length of their values in `total' */

  for (p = nm; p != endp;)
    if (*p != '$')
      p++;
    else
      {
	p++;
	if (p == endp)
	  goto badsubst;
	else if (*p == '$')
	  {
	    /* "$$" means a single "$" */
	    p++;
	    total -= 1;
	    substituted = 1;
	    continue;
	  }
	else if (*p == '{')
	  {
	    o = ++p;
	    while (p != endp && *p != '}') p++;
	    if (*p != '}') goto missingclose;
	    s = p;
	  }
	else
	  {
	    o = p;
	    while (p != endp && (isalnum (*p) || *p == '_')) p++;
	    s = p;
	  }

	/* Copy out the variable name */
	target = (unsigned char *) alloca (s - o + 1);
	strncpy (target, o, s - o);
	target[s - o] = 0;

	/* Get variable value */
	o = (unsigned char *) egetenv (target);
/* The presence of this code makes vax 5.0 crash, for reasons yet unknown */
#if 0
#ifdef USG
	if (!o && !strcmp (target, "USER"))
	  o = egetenv ("LOGNAME");
#endif /* USG */
#endif /* 0 */
	if (!o) goto badvar;
	total += strlen (o);
	substituted = 1;
      }

  if (!substituted)
    return string;

  /* If substitution required, recopy the string and do it */
  /* Make space in stack frame for the new copy */
  xnm = (unsigned char *) alloca (XSTRING (string)->size + total + 1);
  x = xnm;

  /* Copy the rest of the name through, replacing $ constructs with values */
  for (p = nm; *p;)
    if (*p != '$')
      *x++ = *p++;
    else
      {
	p++;
	if (p == endp)
	  goto badsubst;
	else if (*p == '$')
	  {
	    *x++ = *p++;
	    continue;
	  }
	else if (*p == '{')
	  {
	    o = ++p;
	    while (p != endp && *p != '}') p++;
	    if (*p != '}') goto missingclose;
	    s = p++;
	  }
	else
	  {
	    o = p;
	    while (p != endp && (isalnum (*p) || *p == '_')) p++;
	    s = p;
	  }

	/* Copy out the variable name */
	target = (unsigned char *) alloca (s - o + 1);
	strncpy (target, o, s - o);
	target[s - o] = 0;

	/* Get variable value */
	o = (unsigned char *) egetenv (target);
/* The presence of this code makes vax 5.0 crash, for reasons yet unknown */
#if 0
#ifdef USG
	if (!o && !strcmp (target, "USER"))
	  o = egetenv ("LOGNAME");
#endif /* USG */
#endif /* 0 */
	if (!o)
	  goto badvar;

	strcpy (x, o);
	x += strlen (o);
      }

  *x = 0;

  /* If /~ or // appears, discard everything through first slash. */

  for (p = xnm; p != x; p++)
    if ((p[0] == '~' ||
#ifdef APOLLO
	 /* // at start of file name is meaningful in Apollo system */
	 (p[0] == '/' && p - 1 != xnm)
#else /* not APOLLO */
	 p[0] == '/'
#endif /* not APOLLO */
	 )
	&& p != nm && p[-1] == '/')
      xnm = p;

  return make_string (xnm, x - xnm);

 badsubst:
  error ("Bad format environment-variable substitution");
 missingclose:
  error ("Missing \"}\" in environment-variable substitution");
 badvar:
  error ("Substituting nonexistent environment variable \"%s\"", target);

  /* NOTREACHED */
#endif /* not VMS */
}

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492
/* A slightly faster and more convenient way to get
   (directory-file-name (expand-file-name FOO)).  The return value may
   have had its last character zapped with a '\0' character, meaning
   that it is acceptable to system calls, but not to other lisp
   functions.  Callers should make sure that the return value doesn't
   escape.  */

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537
Lisp_Object
expand_and_dir_to_file (filename, defdir)
     Lisp_Object filename, defdir;
{
  register Lisp_Object abspath;

  abspath = Fexpand_file_name (filename, defdir);
#ifdef VMS
  {
    register int c = XSTRING (abspath)->data[XSTRING (abspath)->size - 1];
    if (c == ':' || c == ']' || c == '>')
      abspath = Fdirectory_file_name (abspath);
  }
#else
  /* Remove final slash, if any (unless path is root).
     stat behaves differently depending!  */
  if (XSTRING (abspath)->size > 1
      && XSTRING (abspath)->data[XSTRING (abspath)->size - 1] == '/')
    {
      if (EQ (abspath, filename))
	abspath = Fcopy_sequence (abspath);
      XSTRING (abspath)->data[XSTRING (abspath)->size - 1] = 0;
    }
#endif
  return abspath;
}

barf_or_query_if_file_exists (absname, querystring, interactive)
     Lisp_Object absname;
     unsigned char *querystring;
     int interactive;
{
  register Lisp_Object tem;
  struct gcpro gcpro1;

  if (access (XSTRING (absname)->data, 4) >= 0)
    {
      if (! interactive)
	Fsignal (Qfile_already_exists,
		 Fcons (build_string ("File already exists"),
			Fcons (absname, Qnil)));
      GCPRO1 (absname);
      tem = do_yes_or_no_p (format1 ("File %s already exists; %s anyway? ",
				     XSTRING (absname)->data, querystring));
      UNGCPRO;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1538
      if (NILP (tem))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546
	Fsignal (Qfile_already_exists,
		 Fcons (build_string ("File already exists"),
			Fcons (absname, Qnil)));
    }
  return;
}

DEFUN ("copy-file", Fcopy_file, Scopy_file, 2, 4,
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1547
  "fCopy file: \nFCopy %s to file: \np\nP",
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1548 1549 1550 1551 1552
  "Copy FILE to NEWNAME.  Both args must be strings.\n\
Signals a `file-already-exists' error if file NEWNAME already exists,\n\
unless a third argument OK-IF-ALREADY-EXISTS is supplied and non-nil.\n\
A number as third arg means request confirmation if NEWNAME already exists.\n\
This is what happens in interactive use with M-x.\n\
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1553 1554 1555
Fourth arg KEEP-TIME non-nil means give the new file the same\n\
last-modified time as the old one.  (This works on only some systems.)\n\
A prefix arg makes KEEP-TIME non-nil.")
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561
  (filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists, keep_date)
     Lisp_Object filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists, keep_date;
{
  int ifd, ofd, n;
  char buf[16 * 1024];
  struct stat st;
1562
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1563
  struct gcpro gcpro1, gcpro2;
1564
  int count = specpdl_ptr - specpdl;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570

  GCPRO2 (filename, newname);
  CHECK_STRING (filename, 0);
  CHECK_STRING (newname, 1);
  filename = Fexpand_file_name (filename, Qnil);
  newname = Fexpand_file_name (newname, Qnil);
1571

1572
  /* If the input file name has special constructs in it,
1573
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
1574
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (filename);
1575 1576 1577
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call3 (handler, Qcopy_file, filename, newname);
  /* Likewise for output file name.  */
1578
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (newname);
1579 1580 1581
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call3 (handler, Qcopy_file, filename, newname);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1582
  if (NILP (ok_if_already_exists)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590
      || XTYPE (ok_if_already_exists) == Lisp_Int)
    barf_or_query_if_file_exists (newname, "copy to it",
				  XTYPE (ok_if_already_exists) == Lisp_Int);

  ifd = open (XSTRING (filename)->data, 0);
  if (ifd < 0)
    report_file_error ("Opening input file", Fcons (filename, Qnil));

1591 1592
  record_unwind_protect (close_file_unwind, make_number (ifd));

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599
#ifdef VMS
  /* Create the copy file with the same record format as the input file */
  ofd = sys_creat (XSTRING (newname)->data, 0666, ifd);
#else
  ofd = creat (XSTRING (newname)->data, 0666);
#endif /* VMS */
  if (ofd < 0)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1600
      report_file_error ("Opening output file", Fcons (newname, Qnil));
1601 1602

  record_unwind_protect (close_file_unwind, make_number (ofd));
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1603

1604 1605
  immediate_quit = 1;
  QUIT;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1606 1607
  while ((n = read (ifd, buf, sizeof buf)) > 0)
    if (write (ofd, buf, n) != n)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1608
	report_file_error ("I/O error", Fcons (newname, Qnil));
1609
  immediate_quit = 0;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1610 1611 1612

  if (fstat (ifd, &st) >= 0)
    {
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1613
      if (!NILP (keep_date))
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1614
	{
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1615 1616 1617 1618
	  EMACS_TIME atime, mtime;
	  EMACS_SET_SECS_USECS (atime, st.st_atime, 0);
	  EMACS_SET_SECS_USECS (mtime, st.st_mtime, 0);
	  EMACS_SET_UTIMES (XSTRING (newname)->data, atime, mtime);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1619 1620 1621 1622
	}
#ifdef APOLLO
      if (!egetenv ("USE_DOMAIN_ACLS"))
#endif
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1623
	chmod (XSTRING (newname)->data, st.st_mode & 07777);
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1624 1625
    }

1626 1627 1628
  /* Discard the unwind protects.  */
  specpdl_ptr = specpdl + count;

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636
  close (ifd);
  if (close (ofd) < 0)
    report_file_error ("I/O error", Fcons (newname, Qnil));

  UNGCPRO;
  return Qnil;
}

1637
DEFUN ("make-directory-internal", Fmake_directory_internal,
1638
       Smake_directory_internal, 1, 1, 0,
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1639 1640 1641 1642 1643
  "Create a directory.  One argument, a file name string.")
  (dirname)
     Lisp_Object dirname;
{
  unsigned char *dir;
1644
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1645 1646 1647

  CHECK_STRING (dirname, 0);
  dirname = Fexpand_file_name (dirname, Qnil);
1648

1649
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (dirname);
1650
  if (!NILP (handler))
1651 1652
    return call3 (handler, Qmake_directory, dirname, Qnil);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1653 1654 1655 1656 1657
  dir = XSTRING (dirname)->data;

  if (mkdir (dir, 0777) != 0)
    report_file_error ("Creating directory", Flist (1, &dirname));

1658
  return Qnil;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1659 1660
}

1661 1662
DEFUN ("delete-directory", Fdelete_directory, Sdelete_directory, 1, 1, "FDelete directory: ",
  "Delete a directory.  One argument, a file name string.")
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1663 1664 1665 1666
  (dirname)
     Lisp_Object dirname;
{
  unsigned char *dir;
1667
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1668 1669 1670 1671 1672

  CHECK_STRING (dirname, 0);
  dirname = Fexpand_file_name (dirname, Qnil);
  dir = XSTRING (dirname)->data;

1673
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (dirname);
1674 1675 1676
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qdelete_directory, dirname);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688
  if (rmdir (dir) != 0)
    report_file_error ("Removing directory", Flist (1, &dirname));

  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("delete-file", Fdelete_file, Sdelete_file, 1, 1, "fDelete file: ",
  "Delete specified file.  One argument, a file name string.\n\
If file has multiple names, it continues to exist with the other names.")
  (filename)
     Lisp_Object filename;
{
1689
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1690 1691
  CHECK_STRING (filename, 0);
  filename = Fexpand_file_name (filename, Qnil);
1692

1693
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (filename);
1694 1695 1696
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call2 (handler, Qdelete_file, filename);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715
  if (0 > unlink (XSTRING (filename)->data))
    report_file_error ("Removing old name", Flist (1, &filename));
  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("rename-file", Frename_file, Srename_file, 2, 3,
  "fRename file: \nFRename %s to file: \np",
  "Rename FILE as NEWNAME.  Both args strings.\n\
If file has names other than FILE, it continues to have those names.\n\
Signals a `file-already-exists' error if a file NEWNAME already exists\n\
unless optional third argument OK-IF-ALREADY-EXISTS is non-nil.\n\
A number as third arg means request confirmation if NEWNAME already exists.\n\
This is what happens in interactive use with M-x.")
  (filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists)
     Lisp_Object filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists;
{
#ifdef NO_ARG_ARRAY
  Lisp_Object args[2];
#endif
1716
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723
  struct gcpro gcpro1, gcpro2;

  GCPRO2 (filename, newname);
  CHECK_STRING (filename, 0);
  CHECK_STRING (newname, 1);
  filename = Fexpand_file_name (filename, Qnil);
  newname = Fexpand_file_name (newname, Qnil);
1724 1725 1726

  /* If the file name has special constructs in it,
     call the corresponding file handler.  */
1727
  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (filename);
1728 1729 1730
  if (!NILP (handler))
    return call3 (handler, Qrename_file, filename, newname);

Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1731
  if (NILP (ok_if_already_exists)
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774
      || XTYPE (ok_if_already_exists) == Lisp_Int)
    barf_or_query_if_file_exists (newname, "rename to it",
				  XTYPE (ok_if_already_exists) == Lisp_Int);
#ifndef BSD4_1
  if (0 > rename (XSTRING (filename)->data, XSTRING (newname)->data))
#else
  if (0 > link (XSTRING (filename)->data, XSTRING (newname)->data)
      || 0 > unlink (XSTRING (filename)->data))
#endif
    {
      if (errno == EXDEV)
	{
	  Fcopy_file (filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists, Qt);
	  Fdelete_file (filename);
	}
      else
#ifdef NO_ARG_ARRAY
	{
	  args[0] = filename;
	  args[1] = newname;
	  report_file_error ("Renaming", Flist (2, args));
	}
#else
	report_file_error ("Renaming", Flist (2, &filename));
#endif
    }
  UNGCPRO;
  return Qnil;
}

DEFUN ("add-name-to-file", Fadd_name_to_file, Sadd_name_to_file, 2, 3,
  "fAdd name to file: \nFName to add to %s: \np",
  "Give FILE additional name NEWNAME.  Both args strings.\n\
Signals a `file-already-exists' error if a file NEWNAME already exists\n\
unless optional third argument OK-IF-ALREADY-EXISTS is non-nil.\n\
A number as third arg means request confirmation if NEWNAME already exists.\n\
This is what happens in interactive use with M-x.")
  (filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists)
     Lisp_Object filename, newname, ok_if_already_exists;
{
#ifdef NO_ARG_ARRAY
  Lisp_Object args[2];
#endif
1775
  Lisp_Object handler;
Jim Blandy's avatar
Jim Blandy committed
1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782
  struct gcpro gcpro1, gcpro2;

  GCPRO2 (filename, newname);
  CHECK_STRING (filename, 0);
  CHECK_STRING (newname, 1);
  filename = Fexpand_file_name (filename, Qnil);
  newname = Fexpand_file_name (newname, Qnil);