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;;; elp.el --- Emacs Lisp Profiler

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;; Copyright (C) 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

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;; Author: 1994 Barry A. Warsaw <bwarsaw@cnri.reston.va.us>
;; Maintainer:    tools-help@anthem.nlm.nih.gov
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;; Created:       26-Feb-1994
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;; Version:       2.18
;; Last Modified: 1994/09/14 14:00:09
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;; Keywords:      Emacs Lisp Profile Timing

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;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
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;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
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;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

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;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
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;;; Commentary:
;;
;; This program is based on the only two existing Emacs Lisp profilers
;; that I'm aware of, Boaz Ben-Zvi's profile.el, and Root Boy Jim's
;; profiler.el. Both were written for Emacs 18 and both were pretty
;; good first shots at profiling, but I found that they didn't provide
;; the functionality or interface that I wanted.  So I wrote this.
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;; I've tested elp in Lucid Emacs 19.9 and Emacs 19.22.  There's no
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;; point in even trying to make this work with Emacs 18.

;; Unlike previous profilers, elp uses Emacs 19's built-in function
;; current-time to return interval times.  This obviates the need for
;; both an external C program and Emacs processes to communicate with
;; such a program, and thus simplifies the package as a whole.  One
;; small shortcut: I throw away the most significant 16 bits of
;; seconds returned by current-time since I doubt anyone will ever
;; want to profile stuff on the order of 18 hours.  2^16 == 65536
;; seconds == ~1092 minutes == ~18 hours.

;; Note that there are plenty of factors that could make the times
;; reported unreliable, including the accuracy and granularity of your
;; system clock, and the overhead spent in lisp calculating and
;; recording the intervals.  The latter I figure is pretty constant
;; so, while the times may not be entirely accurate, I think they'll
;; give you a good feel for the relative amount of work spent in the
;; various lisp routines you are profiling.  Note further that times
;; are calculated using wall-clock time, so other system load will
;; affect accuracy too.

;; There are only 3 variables you can change to customize behavior of
;; elp. See below for their description.
;;
;; Here is a list of the interactive commands you can use:
;;   elp-instrument-function
;;   elp-restore-function
;;   elp-instrument-list
;;   elp-restore-list
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;;   elp-instrument-package
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;;   elp-restore-all
;;   elp-reset-function
;;   elp-reset-list
;;   elp-reset-all
;;   elp-results
;;   elp-submit-bug-report
;;
;; Here are some brief usage notes.  If you want to profile a bunch of
;; functions, set elp-function-list to the list of symbols, then call
;; elp-instrument-list.  This hacks the functions so that profiling
;; information is recorded whenever they are called.  To print out the
;; current results, use elp-results.  With elp-reset-after-results set
;; to non-nil, profiling information will be reset whenever the
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;; results are displayed. You can also reset all profiling info at any
;; time with elp-reset-all.
;;
;; You can also instrument all functions in a package, provided that
;; the package follows the GNU coding standard of a common textural
;; prefix. elp-instrument-package does this.
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;;
;; If you want to sort the results, set elp-sort-by-function to some
;; predicate function.  The three most obvious choices are predefined:
;; elp-sort-by-call-count, elp-sort-by-average-time, and
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;; elp-sort-by-total-time.  Also, you can prune from the output
;; display, all functions that have been called fewer than a given
;; number of times by setting elp-report-limit to that number.
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;;
;; Elp can instrument byte-compiled functions just as easily as
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;; interpreted functions, but it cannot instrument macros.  However,
;; when you redefine a function (e.g.  with eval-defun), you'll need
;; to re-instrument it with elp-instrument-function.  Re-instrumenting
;; resets profiling information for that function.  Elp can also
;; handle interactive functions (i.e. commands), but of course any
;; time spent idling for user prompts will show up in the timing
;; results.
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;;
;; You can also designate a `master' function.  Profiling times will
;; be gathered for instrumented functions only during execution of
;; this master function.  Thus, if you have some defuns like:
;;
;;  (defun foo () (do-something-time-intensive))
;;  (defun bar () (foo))
;;  (defun baz () (bar) (foo))
;;
;; and you want to find out the amount of time spent in bar and foo,
;; but only during execution of bar, make bar the master and the call
;; of foo from baz will not add to foo's total timing sums.  Use
;; elp-set-master and elp-unset-master to utilize this feature.  Only
;; one master function can be used at a time.

;; You can restore any function's original function definition with
;; elp-restore-function.  The other instrument, restore, and reset
;; functions are provided for symmetry.

;;; Code:


;; start user configuration variables
;; vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv

(defvar elp-function-list nil
  "*List of function to profile.")

(defvar elp-reset-after-results t
  "*Non-nil means reset all profiling info after results are displayed.
Results are displayed with the `elp-results' command.")

(defvar elp-sort-by-function nil
  "*Non-nil specifies elp results sorting function.
These functions are currently available:

  elp-sort-by-call-count   -- sort by the highest call count
  elp-sort-by-total-time   -- sort by the highest total time
  elp-sort-by-average-time -- sort by the highest average times

You can write you're own sort function. It should adhere to the
interface specified by the PRED argument for the `sort' defun.  Each
\"element of LIST\" is really a 4 element vector where element 0 is
the call count, element 1 is the total time spent in the function,
element 2 is the average time spent in the function, and element 3 is
the symbol's name string.")

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(defvar elp-report-limit nil
  "*Prevents some functions from being displayed in the results buffer.
If a number, no function that has been called fewer than that number
of times will be displayed in the output buffer.  If nil, all
functions will be displayed.")

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;; ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
;; end user configuration variables


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(defconst elp-version "2.18"
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  "ELP version number.")

(defconst elp-help-address "tools-help@anthem.nlm.nih.gov"
  "Address accepting submissions of bug reports and questions.")

(defvar elp-results-buffer "*ELP Profiling Results*"
  "Buffer name for outputting profiling results.")

(defconst elp-timer-info-property 'elp-info
  "ELP information property name.")

(defvar elp-all-instrumented-list nil
  "List of all functions currently being instrumented.")

(defvar elp-record-p t
  "Controls whether functions should record times or not.
This variable is set by the master function.")

(defvar elp-master nil
  "Master function symbol.")


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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-instrument-function (funsym)
  "Instrument FUNSYM for profiling.
FUNSYM must be a symbol of a defined function."
  (interactive "aFunction to instrument: ")
  ;; TBD what should we do if the function is already instrumented???
  (let* ((funguts (symbol-function funsym))
	 (infovec (vector 0 0 funguts))
	 (newguts '(lambda (&rest args))))
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    ;; we cannot profile macros
    (and (eq (car-safe funguts) 'macro)
	 (error "ELP cannot profile macro %s" funsym))
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    ;; put rest of newguts together
    (if (commandp funsym)
	(setq newguts (append newguts '((interactive)))))
    (setq newguts (append newguts (list
				   (list 'elp-wrapper
					 (list 'quote funsym)
					 (list 'and
					       '(interactive-p)
					       (not (not (commandp funsym))))
					 'args))))
    ;; to record profiling times, we set the symbol's function
    ;; definition so that it runs the elp-wrapper function with the
    ;; function symbol as an argument.  We place the old function
    ;; definition on the info vector.
    ;;
    ;; The info vector data structure is a 3 element vector.  The 0th
    ;; element is the call-count, i.e. the total number of times this
    ;; function has been entered.  This value is bumped up on entry to
    ;; the function so that non-local exists are still recorded. TBD:
    ;; I haven't tested non-local exits at all, so no guarantees.
    ;;
    ;; The 1st element is the total amount of time in usecs that have
    ;; been spent inside this function.  This number is added to on
    ;; function exit.
    ;;
    ;; The 2nd element is the old function definition list.  This gets
    ;; funcall'd in between start/end time retrievals. I believe that
    ;; this lets us profile even byte-compiled functions.

    ;; put the info vector on the property list
    (put funsym elp-timer-info-property infovec)

    ;; set the symbol's new profiling function definition to run
    ;; elp-wrapper
    (fset funsym newguts)

    ;; add this function to the instrumentation list
    (or (memq funsym elp-all-instrumented-list)
	(setq elp-all-instrumented-list
	      (cons funsym elp-all-instrumented-list)))
    ))

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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-restore-function (funsym)
  "Restore an instrumented function to its original definition.
Argument FUNSYM is the symbol of a defined function."
  (interactive "aFunction to restore: ")
  (let ((info (get funsym elp-timer-info-property)))
    ;; delete the function from the all instrumented list
    (setq elp-all-instrumented-list
	  (delq funsym elp-all-instrumented-list))

    ;; if the function was the master, reset the master
    (if (eq funsym elp-master)
	(setq elp-master nil
	      elp-record-p t))

    ;; zap the properties
    (put funsym elp-timer-info-property nil)

    ;; restore the original function definition, but if the function
    ;; wasn't instrumented do nothing.  we do this after the above
    ;; because its possible the function got un-instrumented due to
    ;; circumstances beyond our control.  Also, check to make sure
    ;; that the current function symbol points to elp-wrapper.  If
    ;; not, then the user probably did an eval-defun while the
    ;; function was instrumented and we don't want to destroy the new
    ;; definition.
    (and info
	 (assq 'elp-wrapper (symbol-function funsym))
	 (fset funsym (aref info 2)))))

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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-instrument-list (&optional list)
  "Instrument for profiling, all functions in `elp-function-list'.
Use optional LIST if provided instead."
  (interactive "PList of functions to instrument: ")
  (let ((list (or list elp-function-list)))
    (mapcar 'elp-instrument-function list)))

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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-instrument-package (prefix)
  "Instrument for profiling, all functions which start with PREFIX.
For example, to instrument all ELP functions, do the following:

    \\[elp-instrument-package] RET elp- RET"
  (interactive "sPrefix of package to instrument: ")
  (elp-instrument-list
   (mapcar 'intern (all-completions prefix obarray
				    (function
				     (lambda (sym)
				       (and (fboundp sym)
					    (not (eq (car-safe
						      (symbol-function sym))
						     'macro)))))))))

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(defun elp-restore-list (&optional list)
  "Restore the original definitions for all functions in `elp-function-list'.
Use optional LIST if provided instead."
  (interactive "PList of functions to restore: ")
  (let ((list (or list elp-function-list)))
    (mapcar 'elp-restore-function list)))

(defun elp-restore-all ()
  "Restores the original definitions of all functions being profiled."
  (interactive)
  (elp-restore-list elp-all-instrumented-list))


(defun elp-reset-function (funsym)
  "Reset the profiling information for FUNSYM."
  (interactive "aFunction to reset: ")
  (let ((info (get funsym elp-timer-info-property)))
    (or info
	(error "%s is not instrumented for profiling." funsym))
    (aset info 0 0)			;reset call counter
    (aset info 1 0.0)			;reset total time
    ;; don't muck with aref 2 as that is the old symbol definition
    ))

(defun elp-reset-list (&optional list)
  "Reset the profiling information for all functions in `elp-function-list'.
Use optional LIST if provided instead."
  (interactive "PList of functions to reset: ")
  (let ((list (or list elp-function-list)))
    (mapcar 'elp-reset-function list)))

(defun elp-reset-all ()
  "Reset the profiling information for all functions being profiled."
  (interactive)
  (elp-reset-list elp-all-instrumented-list))

(defun elp-set-master (funsym)
  "Set the master function for profiling."
  (interactive "aMaster function: ")
  ;; when there's a master function, recording is turned off by
  ;; default
  (setq elp-master funsym
	elp-record-p nil)
  ;; make sure master function is instrumented
  (or (memq funsym elp-all-instrumented-list)
      (elp-instrument-function funsym)))

(defun elp-unset-master ()
  "Unsets the master function."
  ;; when there's no master function, recording is turned on by default.
  (setq elp-master nil
	elp-record-p t))


(defsubst elp-get-time ()
  ;; get current time in seconds and microseconds. I throw away the
  ;; most significant 16 bits of seconds since I doubt we'll ever want
  ;; to profile lisp on the order of 18 hours. See notes at top of file.
  (let ((now (current-time)))
    (+ (float (nth 1 now)) (/ (float (nth 2 now)) 1000000.0))))

(defun elp-wrapper (funsym interactive-p args)
  "This function has been instrumented for profiling by the ELP.
ELP is the Emacs Lisp Profiler.  To restore the function to its
original definition, use \\[elp-restore-function] or \\[elp-restore-all]."
  ;; turn on recording if this is the master function
  (if (and elp-master
	   (eq funsym elp-master))
      (setq elp-record-p t))
  ;; get info vector and original function symbol
  (let* ((info (get funsym elp-timer-info-property))
	 (func (aref info 2))
	 result)
    (or func
	(error "%s is not instrumented for profiling." funsym))
    (if (not elp-record-p)
	;; when not recording, just call the original function symbol
	;; and return the results.
	(setq result
	      (if interactive-p
		  (call-interactively func)
		(apply func args)))
      ;; we are recording times
      (let ((enter-time (elp-get-time)))
	;; increment the call-counter
	(aset info 0 (1+ (aref info 0)))
	;; now call the old symbol function, checking to see if it
	;; should be called interactively.  make sure we return the
	;; correct value
	(setq result
	      (if interactive-p
		  (call-interactively func)
		(apply func args)))
	;; calculate total time in function
	(aset info 1 (+ (aref info 1) (- (elp-get-time) enter-time)))
	))
    ;; turn off recording if this is the master function
    (if (and elp-master
	     (eq funsym elp-master))
	(setq elp-record-p nil))
    result))


;; shut the byte-compiler up
(defvar elp-field-len nil)
(defvar elp-cc-len nil)
(defvar elp-at-len nil)
(defvar elp-et-len nil)

(defun elp-sort-by-call-count (vec1 vec2)
  ;; sort by highest call count.  See `sort'.
  (>= (aref vec1 0) (aref vec2 0)))

(defun elp-sort-by-total-time (vec1 vec2)
  ;; sort by highest total time spent in function. See `sort'.
  (>= (aref vec1 1) (aref vec2 1)))

(defun elp-sort-by-average-time (vec1 vec2)
  ;; sort by highest average time spent in function. See `sort'.
  (>= (aref vec1 2) (aref vec2 2)))

(defun elp-output-result (resultvec)
  ;; output the RESULTVEC into the results buffer. RESULTVEC is a 4 or
  ;; more element vector where aref 0 is the call count, aref 1 is the
  ;; total time spent in the function, aref 2 is the average time
  ;; spent in the function, and aref 3 is the symbol's string
  ;; name. All other elements in the vector are ignored.
  (let* ((cc (aref resultvec 0))
	 (tt (aref resultvec 1))
	 (at (aref resultvec 2))
	 (symname (aref resultvec 3))
	 callcnt totaltime avetime)
    (setq callcnt (number-to-string cc)
	  totaltime (number-to-string tt)
	  avetime (number-to-string at))
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    ;; possibly prune the results
    (if (and elp-report-limit
	     (numberp elp-report-limit)
	     (< cc elp-report-limit))
	nil
      (insert symname)
      (insert-char 32 (+ elp-field-len (- (length symname)) 2))
      ;; print stuff out, formatting it nicely
      (insert callcnt)
      (insert-char 32 (+ elp-cc-len (- (length callcnt)) 2))
      (if (> (length totaltime) elp-et-len)
	  (insert (substring totaltime 0 elp-et-len) "  ")
	(insert totaltime)
	(insert-char 32 (+ elp-et-len (- (length totaltime)) 2)))
      (if (> (length avetime) elp-at-len)
	  (insert (substring avetime 0 elp-at-len))
	(insert avetime))
      (insert "\n"))))
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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-results ()
  "Display current profiling results.
If `elp-reset-after-results' is non-nil, then current profiling
information for all instrumented functions are reset after results are
displayed."
  (interactive)
  (let ((curbuf (current-buffer))
	(resultsbuf (get-buffer-create elp-results-buffer)))
    (set-buffer resultsbuf)
    (erase-buffer)
    (beginning-of-buffer)
    ;; get the length of the longest function name being profiled
    (let* ((longest 0)
	   (title "Function Name")
	   (titlelen (length title))
	   (elp-field-len titlelen)
	   (cc-header "Call Count")
	   (elp-cc-len    (length cc-header))
	   (et-header "Elapsed Time")
	   (elp-et-len    (length et-header))
	   (at-header "Average Time")
	   (elp-at-len    (length at-header))
	   (resvec
	    (mapcar
	     (function
	      (lambda (funsym)
		(let* ((info (get funsym elp-timer-info-property))
		       (symname (format "%s" funsym))
		       (cc (aref info 0))
		       (tt (aref info 1)))
		  (if (not info)
		      (insert "No profiling information found for: "
			      symname)
		    (setq longest (max longest (length symname)))
		    (vector cc tt (if (zerop cc)
				      0.0 ;avoid arithmetic div-by-zero errors
				    (/ (float tt) (float cc)))
			    symname)))))
	     elp-all-instrumented-list))
	   )				; end let*
      (insert title)
      (if (> longest titlelen)
	  (progn
	    (insert-char 32 (- longest titlelen))
	    (setq elp-field-len longest)))
      (insert "  " cc-header "  " et-header "  " at-header "\n")
      (insert-char ?= elp-field-len)
      (insert "  ")
      (insert-char ?= elp-cc-len)
      (insert "  ")
      (insert-char ?= elp-et-len)
      (insert "  ")
      (insert-char ?= elp-at-len)
      (insert "\n")
      ;; if sorting is enabled, then sort the results list. in either
      ;; case, call elp-output-result to output the result in the
      ;; buffer
      (if elp-sort-by-function
	  (setq resvec (sort resvec elp-sort-by-function)))
      (mapcar 'elp-output-result resvec))
    ;; now pop up results buffer
    (set-buffer curbuf)
    (pop-to-buffer resultsbuf)
    ;; reset profiling info if desired
    (and elp-reset-after-results
	 (elp-reset-all))))


(eval-when-compile
 (require 'reporter))

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;;;###autoload
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(defun elp-submit-bug-report ()
  "Submit via mail, a bug report on elp."
  (interactive)
  (and
   (y-or-n-p "Do you want to submit a report on elp? ")
   (require 'reporter)
   (reporter-submit-bug-report
    elp-help-address (concat "elp " elp-version)
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    '(elp-report-limit
      elp-reset-after-results
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      elp-sort-by-function))))


(provide 'elp)

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;; elp.el ends here