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;; info.el --- info package for Emacs
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;; Copyright (C) 1985-1986, 1992-2011  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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;; Maintainer: FSF
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;; Keywords: help
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;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

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;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
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;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
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;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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;; along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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;;; Commentary:

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;; Note that nowadays we expect Info files to be made using makeinfo.
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;; In particular we make these assumptions:
;;  - a menu item MAY contain colons but not colon-space ": "
;;  - a menu item ending with ": " (but not ":: ") is an index entry
;;  - a node name MAY NOT contain a colon
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;; This distinction is to support indexing of computer programming
;; language terms that may contain ":" but not ": ".
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;;; Code:

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(eval-when-compile (require 'jka-compr) (require 'cl))
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(defgroup info nil
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  "Info subsystem."
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  :group 'help
  :group 'docs)


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(defvar Info-history nil
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  "Stack of Info nodes user has visited.
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Each element of the stack is a list (FILENAME NODENAME BUFFERPOS).")
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(defvar Info-history-forward nil
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  "Stack of Info nodes user has visited with `Info-history-back' command.
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Each element of the stack is a list (FILENAME NODENAME BUFFERPOS).")
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(defvar Info-history-list nil
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  "List of all Info nodes user has visited.
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Each element of the list is a list (FILENAME NODENAME).")
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(defcustom Info-enable-edit nil
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  "Non-nil means the \\<Info-mode-map>\\[Info-edit] command in Info can edit the current node.
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This is convenient if you want to write Info files by hand.
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However, we recommend that you not do this.
It is better to write a Texinfo file and generate the Info file from that,
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because that gives you a printed manual as well."
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)
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(defvar Info-enable-active-nodes nil
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  "Non-nil allows Info to execute Lisp code associated with nodes.
The Lisp code is executed when the node is selected.")
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(put 'Info-enable-active-nodes 'risky-local-variable t)
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(defface info-node
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  '((((class color) (background light)) :foreground "brown" :weight bold :slant italic)
    (((class color) (background dark)) :foreground "white" :weight bold :slant italic)
    (t :weight bold :slant italic))
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  "Face for Info node names."
  :group 'info)

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(defface info-title-1
  '((((type tty pc) (class color) (background light))
     :foreground "green" :weight bold)
    (((type tty pc) (class color) (background dark))
     :foreground "yellow" :weight bold)
    (t :height 1.2 :inherit info-title-2))
  "Face for info titles at level 1."
  :group 'info)
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(define-obsolete-face-alias 'Info-title-1-face 'info-title-1 "22.1")
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(defface info-title-2
  '((((type tty pc) (class color)) :foreground "lightblue" :weight bold)
    (t :height 1.2 :inherit info-title-3))
  "Face for info titles at level 2."
  :group 'info)
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(define-obsolete-face-alias 'Info-title-2-face 'info-title-2 "22.1")
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(defface info-title-3
  '((((type tty pc) (class color)) :weight bold)
    (t :height 1.2 :inherit info-title-4))
  "Face for info titles at level 3."
  :group 'info)
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(define-obsolete-face-alias 'Info-title-3-face 'info-title-3 "22.1")
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(defface info-title-4
  '((((type tty pc) (class color)) :weight bold)
    (t :weight bold :inherit variable-pitch))
  "Face for info titles at level 4."
  :group 'info)
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(define-obsolete-face-alias 'Info-title-4-face 'info-title-4 "22.1")
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(defface info-menu-header
  '((((type tty pc))
     :underline t
     :weight bold)
    (t
     :inherit variable-pitch
     :weight bold))
  "Face for headers in Info menus."
  :group 'info)

(defface info-menu-star
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  '((((class color)) :foreground "red1")
    (t :underline t))
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  "Face for every third `*' in an Info menu."
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  :group 'info)
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(define-obsolete-face-alias 'info-menu-5 'info-menu-star "22.1")
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(defface info-xref
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  '((t :inherit link))
  "Face for unvisited Info cross-references."
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  :group 'info)

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(defface info-xref-visited
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  '((t :inherit (link-visited info-xref)))
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  "Face for visited Info cross-references."
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  :version "22.1"
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  :group 'info)

(defcustom Info-fontify-visited-nodes t
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  "Non-nil to fontify references to visited nodes in `info-xref-visited' face."
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  :version "22.1"
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  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)

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(defcustom Info-fontify-maximum-menu-size 100000
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  "Maximum size of menu to fontify if `font-lock-mode' is non-nil.
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Set to nil to disable node fontification."
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  :type 'integer
  :group 'info)
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(defcustom Info-use-header-line t
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  "Non-nil means to put the beginning-of-node links in an Emacs header-line.
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A header-line does not scroll with the rest of the buffer."
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)

(defface info-header-xref
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  '((t :inherit info-xref))
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  "Face for Info cross-references in a node header."
  :group 'info)

(defface info-header-node
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  '((t :inherit info-node))
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  "Face for Info nodes in a node header."
  :group 'info)

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(defvar Info-directory-list nil
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  "List of directories to search for Info documentation files.
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If nil, meaning not yet initialized, Info uses the environment
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variable INFOPATH to initialize it, or `Info-default-directory-list'
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if there is no INFOPATH variable in the environment, or the
concatenation of the two if INFOPATH ends with a colon.
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When `Info-directory-list' is initialized from the value of
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`Info-default-directory-list', and Emacs is installed in one of the
standard directories, the directory of Info files that come with Emacs
is put last (so that local Info files override standard ones).

When `Info-directory-list' is initialized from the value of
`Info-default-directory-list', and Emacs is not installed in one
of the standard directories, the first element of the resulting
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list is the directory where Emacs installs the Info files that
come with it.  This is so that Emacs's own manual, which suits the
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version of Emacs you are using, will always be found first.  This
is useful when you install an experimental version of Emacs without
removing the standard installation.

If you want to override the order of directories in
`Info-default-directory-list', set INFOPATH in the environment.
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If you run the Emacs executable from the `src' directory in the Emacs
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source tree, and INFOPATH is not defined, the `info' directory in the
source tree is used as the first element of `Info-directory-list', in
place of the installation Info directory.  This is useful when you run
a version of Emacs without installing it.")
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(defcustom Info-additional-directory-list nil
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  "List of additional directories to search for Info documentation files.
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These directories are searched after those in `Info-directory-list'."
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  :type '(repeat directory)
  :group 'info)
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(defcustom Info-scroll-prefer-subnodes nil
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  "If non-nil, \\<Info-mode-map>\\[Info-scroll-up] in a menu visits subnodes.
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If this is non-nil, and you scroll far enough in a node that its menu
appears on the screen, the next \\<Info-mode-map>\\[Info-scroll-up]
moves to a subnode indicated by the following menu item.  This means
that you visit a subnode before getting to the end of the menu.

Setting this option to nil results in behavior similar to the stand-alone
Info reader program, which visits the first subnode from the menu only
when you hit the end of the current node."
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  :version "22.1"
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  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)

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(defcustom Info-hide-note-references t
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  "If non-nil, hide the tag and section reference in *note and * menu items.
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If value is non-nil but not `hide', also replaces the \"*note\" with \"see\".
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If value is non-nil but not t or `hide', the reference section is still shown.
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`nil' completely disables this feature.  If this is non-nil, you might
want to set `Info-refill-paragraphs'."
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  :version "22.1"
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  :type '(choice (const :tag "No hiding" nil)
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		 (const :tag "Replace tag and hide reference" t)
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		 (const :tag "Hide tag and reference" hide)
		 (other :tag "Only replace tag" tag))
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  :group 'info)

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(defcustom Info-refill-paragraphs nil
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  "If non-nil, attempt to refill paragraphs with hidden references.
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This refilling may accidentally remove explicit line breaks in the Info
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file, so be prepared for a few surprises if you enable this feature.
This only has an effect if `Info-hide-note-references' is non-nil."
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  :version "22.1"
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  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)

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(defcustom Info-breadcrumbs-depth 4
  "Depth of breadcrumbs to display.
0 means do not display breadcrumbs."
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  :version "23.1"
  :type 'integer
  :group 'info)
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(defcustom Info-search-whitespace-regexp "\\s-+"
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  "If non-nil, regular expression to match a sequence of whitespace chars.
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This applies to Info search for regular expressions.
You might want to use something like \"[ \\t\\r\\n]+\" instead.
In the Customization buffer, that is `[' followed by a space,
a tab, a carriage return (control-M), a newline, and `]+'."
  :type 'regexp
  :group 'info)

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(defcustom Info-isearch-search t
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  "If non-nil, isearch in Info searches through multiple nodes.
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Before leaving the initial Info node, where isearch was started,
it fails once with the error message [initial node], and with
subsequent C-s/C-r continues through other nodes without failing
with this error message in other nodes.  When isearch fails for
the rest of the manual, it wraps aroung the whole manual and
restarts the search from the top/final node depending on
search direction.

Setting this option to nil restores the default isearch behavior
with wrapping around the current Info node."
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  :version "22.1"
  :type 'boolean
  :group 'info)

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(defvar Info-isearch-initial-node nil)
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(defvar Info-isearch-initial-history nil)
(defvar Info-isearch-initial-history-list nil)
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(defcustom Info-mode-hook
  ;; Try to obey obsolete Info-fontify settings.
  (unless (and (boundp 'Info-fontify) (null Info-fontify))
    '(turn-on-font-lock))
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  "Hooks run when `Info-mode' is called."
  :type 'hook
  :group 'info)

(defcustom Info-selection-hook nil
  "Hooks run when `Info-select-node' is called."
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  :type 'hook
  :group 'info)

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(defvar Info-edit-mode-hook nil
  "Hooks run when `Info-edit-mode' is called.")

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(defvar Info-current-file nil
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  "Info file that Info is now looking at, or nil.
This is the name that was specified in Info, not the actual file name.
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It doesn't contain directory names or file name extensions added by Info.")
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(defvar Info-current-subfile nil
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  "Info subfile that is actually in the *info* buffer now.
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It is nil if current Info file is not split into subfiles.")
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(defvar Info-current-node nil
  "Name of node that Info is now looking at, or nil.")

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(defvar Info-tag-table-marker nil
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  "Marker pointing at beginning of current Info file's tag table.
Marker points nowhere if file has no tag table.")

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(defvar Info-tag-table-buffer nil
  "Buffer used for indirect tag tables.")

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(defvar Info-current-file-completions nil
  "Cached completion list for current Info file.")

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(defvar Info-file-supports-index-cookies nil
  "Non-nil if current Info file supports index cookies.")

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(defvar Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list nil
  "List of Info files with information about index cookies support.
Each element of the list is a list (FILENAME SUPPORTS-INDEX-COOKIES)
where SUPPORTS-INDEX-COOKIES can be either t or nil.")

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(defvar Info-index-alternatives nil
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  "List of possible matches for last `Info-index' command.")
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(defvar Info-point-loc nil
  "Point location within a selected node.
If string, the point is moved to the proper occurrence of the
name of the followed cross reference within a selected node.
If number, the point is moved to the corresponding line.")
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(defvar Info-standalone nil
  "Non-nil if Emacs was started solely as an Info browser.")
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(defvar Info-virtual-files nil
  "List of definitions of virtual Info files.
Each element of the list has the format (FILENAME (OPERATION . HANDLER) ...)
where FILENAME is a regexp that matches a class of virtual Info file names.
It should be carefully chosen to not cause file name clashes with
existing file names.  OPERATION is one of the following operation
symbols `find-file', `find-node', `toc-nodes' that define what HANDLER
function to call instead of calling the default corresponding function
to override it.")

(defvar Info-virtual-nodes nil
  "List of definitions of virtual Info nodes.
Each element of the list has the format (NODENAME (OPERATION . HANDLER) ...)
where NODENAME is a regexp that matches a class of virtual Info node names.
It should be carefully chosen to not cause node name clashes with
existing node names.  OPERATION is one of the following operation
symbols `find-node' that define what HANDLER
function to call instead of calling the default corresponding function
to override it.")

(defvar Info-current-node-virtual nil
  "Non-nil if the current Info node is virtual.")

(defun Info-virtual-file-p (filename)
  "Check if Info file FILENAME is virtual."
  (Info-virtual-fun 'find-file filename nil))

(defun Info-virtual-fun (op filename nodename)
  "Find a function that handles operations on virtual manuals.
OP is an operation symbol (`find-file', `find-node' or `toc-nodes'),
FILENAME is a virtual Info file name, NODENAME is a virtual Info
node name.  Return a function found either in `Info-virtual-files'
or `Info-virtual-nodes'."
  (or (and (stringp filename) ; some legacy code can still use a symbol
	   (cdr-safe (assoc op (assoc-default filename
					      Info-virtual-files
					      'string-match))))
      (and (stringp nodename) ; some legacy code can still use a symbol
	   (cdr-safe (assoc op (assoc-default nodename
					      Info-virtual-nodes
					      'string-match))))))

(defun Info-virtual-call (virtual-fun &rest args)
  "Call a function that handles operations on virtual manuals."
  (when (functionp virtual-fun)
    (or (apply virtual-fun args) t)))

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(defvar Info-suffix-list
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  ;; The MS-DOS list should work both when long file names are
  ;; supported (Windows 9X), and when only 8+3 file names are available.
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  (if (eq system-type 'ms-dos)
      '( (".gz"      . "gunzip")
	 (".z"       . "gunzip")
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	 (".bz2"     . ("bzip2" "-dc"))
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	 (".inz"     . "gunzip")
	 (".igz"     . "gunzip")
	 (".info.Z"  . "gunzip")
	 (".info.gz" . "gunzip")
	 ("-info.Z"  . "gunzip")
	 ("-info.gz" . "gunzip")
	 ("/index.gz". "gunzip")
	 ("/index.z" . "gunzip")
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	 (".inf"     . nil)
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	 (".info"    . nil)
	 ("-info"    . nil)
	 ("/index"   . nil)
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	 (""         . nil))
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    '( (".info.Z".    "uncompress")
       (".info.Y".    "unyabba")
       (".info.gz".   "gunzip")
       (".info.z".    "gunzip")
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       (".info.bz2" . ("bzip2" "-dc"))
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       (".info.xz".   "unxz")
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       (".info".      nil)
       ("-info.Z".   "uncompress")
       ("-info.Y".   "unyabba")
       ("-info.gz".  "gunzip")
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       ("-info.bz2" . ("bzip2" "-dc"))
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       ("-info.z".   "gunzip")
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       ("-info.xz".  "unxz")
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       ("-info".     nil)
       ("/index.Z".   "uncompress")
       ("/index.Y".   "unyabba")
       ("/index.gz".  "gunzip")
       ("/index.z".   "gunzip")
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       ("/index.bz2". ("bzip2" "-dc"))
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       ("/index.xz".  "unxz")
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       ("/index".     nil)
       (".Z".         "uncompress")
       (".Y".         "unyabba")
       (".gz".        "gunzip")
       (".z".         "gunzip")
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       (".bz2" .      ("bzip2" "-dc"))
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       (".xz".        "unxz")
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       ("".           nil)))
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  "List of file name suffixes and associated decoding commands.
Each entry should be (SUFFIX . STRING); the file is given to
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the command as standard input.

STRING may be a list of strings.  In that case, the first element is
the command name, and the rest are arguments to that command.

If STRING is nil, no decoding is done.
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Because the SUFFIXes are tried in order, the empty string should
be last in the list.")
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;; Concatenate SUFFIX onto FILENAME.  SUFFIX should start with a dot.
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;; First, on MS-DOS with no long file names support, delete some of
;; the extension in FILENAME to make room.
(defun info-insert-file-contents-1 (filename suffix lfn)
  (if lfn	; long file names are supported
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      (concat filename suffix)
    (let* ((sans-exts (file-name-sans-extension filename))
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	   ;; How long is the extension in FILENAME (not counting the dot).
	   (ext-len (max 0 (- (length filename) (length sans-exts) 1)))
	   ext-left)
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      ;; SUFFIX starts with a dot.  If FILENAME already has one,
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      ;; get rid of the one in SUFFIX (unless suffix is empty).
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      (or (and (<= ext-len 0)
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	       (not (eq (aref filename (1- (length filename))) ?.)))
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	  (= (length suffix) 0)
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	  (setq suffix (substring suffix 1)))
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      ;; How many chars of that extension should we keep?
      (setq ext-left (min ext-len (max 0 (- 3 (length suffix)))))
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      ;; Get rid of the rest of the extension, and add SUFFIX.
      (concat (substring filename 0 (- (length filename)
				       (- ext-len ext-left)))
	      suffix))))

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(defun info-file-exists-p (filename)
  (and (file-exists-p filename)
       (not (file-directory-p filename))))

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(defun info-insert-file-contents (filename &optional visit)
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  "Insert the contents of an Info file in the current buffer.
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Do the right thing if the file has been compressed or zipped."
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  (let* ((tail Info-suffix-list)
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	 (lfn (if (fboundp 'msdos-long-file-names)
		  (msdos-long-file-names)
		t))
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	 (check-short (and (fboundp 'msdos-long-file-names)
			   lfn))
	 fullname decoder done)
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    (if (info-file-exists-p filename)
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	;; FILENAME exists--see if that name contains a suffix.
	;; If so, set DECODE accordingly.
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	(progn
	  (while (and tail
		      (not (string-match
			    (concat (regexp-quote (car (car tail))) "$")
			    filename)))
	    (setq tail (cdr tail)))
	  (setq fullname filename
		decoder (cdr (car tail))))
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      ;; Try adding suffixes to FILENAME and see if we can find something.
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      (while (and tail (not done))
	(setq fullname (info-insert-file-contents-1 filename
						    (car (car tail)) lfn))
	(if (info-file-exists-p fullname)
	    (setq done t
		  ;; If we found a file with a suffix, set DECODER
		  ;; according to the suffix.
		  decoder (cdr (car tail)))
	  ;; When the MS-DOS port runs on Windows, we need to check
	  ;; the short variant of a long file name as well.
	  (when check-short
	    (setq fullname (info-insert-file-contents-1 filename
							(car (car tail)) nil))
	    (if (info-file-exists-p fullname)
		(setq done t
		      decoder (cdr (car tail))))))
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	(setq tail (cdr tail)))
      (or tail
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	  (error "Can't find %s or any compressed version of it" filename)))
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    ;; check for conflict with jka-compr
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    (if (and (jka-compr-installed-p)
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	     (jka-compr-get-compression-info fullname))
	(setq decoder nil))
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    (if decoder
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	(progn
	  (insert-file-contents-literally fullname visit)
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	  (let ((inhibit-read-only t)
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		(coding-system-for-write 'no-conversion)
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		(inhibit-null-byte-detection t) ; Index nodes include null bytes
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		(default-directory (or (file-name-directory fullname)
				       default-directory)))
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	    (or (consp decoder)
		(setq decoder (list decoder)))
	    (apply 'call-process-region (point-min) (point-max)
		   (car decoder) t t nil (cdr decoder))))
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      (let ((inhibit-null-byte-detection t)) ; Index nodes include null bytes
	(insert-file-contents fullname visit)))))
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(defun Info-file-supports-index-cookies (&optional file)
  "Return non-nil value if FILE supports Info index cookies.
Info index cookies were first introduced in 4.7, and all later
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makeinfo versions output them in index nodes, so we can rely
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solely on the makeinfo version.  This function caches the information
in `Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list'."
  (or file (setq file Info-current-file))
  (or (assoc file Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list)
      ;; Skip virtual Info files
      (and (or (not (stringp file))
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	       (Info-virtual-file-p file))
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           (setq Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list
		 (cons (cons file nil) Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list)))
      (save-excursion
	(let ((found nil))
	  (goto-char (point-min))
	  (condition-case ()
	      (if (and (re-search-forward
			"makeinfo[ \n]version[ \n]\\([0-9]+.[0-9]+\\)"
			(line-beginning-position 3) t)
		       (not (version< (match-string 1) "4.7")))
		  (setq found t))
	    (error nil))
	  (setq Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list
		(cons (cons file found) Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list)))))
  (cdr (assoc file Info-file-supports-index-cookies-list)))

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(defun Info-default-dirs ()
  (let ((source (expand-file-name "info/" source-directory))
	(sibling (if installation-directory
		     (expand-file-name "info/" installation-directory)
		   (if invocation-directory
		       (let ((infodir (expand-file-name
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				       "../share/info/"
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				       invocation-directory)))
			 (if (file-exists-p infodir)
			     infodir
			   (setq infodir (expand-file-name
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					  "../../../share/info/"
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					  invocation-directory))
			   (and (file-exists-p infodir)
				infodir))))))
	alternative)
    (setq alternative
	  (if (and sibling (file-exists-p sibling))
	      ;; Uninstalled, Emacs builddir != srcdir.
	      sibling
	    ;; Uninstalled, builddir == srcdir
	    source))
    (if (or (member alternative Info-default-directory-list)
	    ;; On DOS/NT, we use movable executables always,
	    ;; and we must always find the Info dir at run time.
	    (if (memq system-type '(ms-dos windows-nt))
		nil
	      ;; Use invocation-directory for Info
	      ;; only if we used it for exec-directory also.
	      (not (string= exec-directory
			    (expand-file-name "lib-src/"
					      installation-directory))))
	    (not (file-exists-p alternative)))
	Info-default-directory-list
      ;; `alternative' contains the Info files that came with this
      ;; version, so we should look there first.  `Info-insert-dir'
      ;; currently expects to find `alternative' first on the list.
      (cons alternative
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	    ;; Don't drop the last part, it might contain non-Emacs stuff.
	    ;; (reverse (cdr (reverse
	    Info-default-directory-list)))) ;; )))
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(defun info-initialize ()
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  "Initialize `Info-directory-list', if that hasn't been done yet."
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  (unless Info-directory-list
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    (let ((path (getenv "INFOPATH"))
	  (sep (regexp-quote path-separator)))
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      (setq Info-directory-list
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	    (prune-directory-list
	     (if path
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		 (if (string-match-p (concat sep "\\'") path)
		     (append (split-string (substring path 0 -1) sep)
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			     (Info-default-dirs))
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		   (split-string path sep))
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	       (Info-default-dirs)))))))
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;;;###autoload
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(defun info-other-window (&optional file-or-node)
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  "Like `info' but show the Info buffer in another window."
  (interactive (if current-prefix-arg
		   (list (read-file-name "Info file name: " nil nil t))))
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  (let (same-window-buffer-names same-window-regexps)
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    (info file-or-node)))
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;;;###autoload (add-hook 'same-window-regexps (purecopy "\\*info\\*\\(\\|<[0-9]+>\\)"))
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;;;###autoload (put 'info 'info-file (purecopy "emacs"))
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;;;###autoload
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(defun info (&optional file-or-node buffer)
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  "Enter Info, the documentation browser.
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Optional argument FILE-OR-NODE specifies the file to examine;
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the default is the top-level directory of Info.
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Called from a program, FILE-OR-NODE may specify an Info node of the form
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`(FILENAME)NODENAME'.
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Optional argument BUFFER specifies the Info buffer name;
the default buffer name is *info*.  If BUFFER exists,
just switch to BUFFER.  Otherwise, create a new buffer
with the top-level Info directory.
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In interactive use, a non-numeric prefix argument directs
this command to read a file name from the minibuffer.
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A numeric prefix argument selects an Info buffer with the prefix number
appended to the Info buffer name.
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The search path for Info files is in the variable `Info-directory-list'.
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The top-level Info directory is made by combining all the files named `dir'
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in all the directories in that path.

See a list of available Info commands in `Info-mode'."
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  (interactive (list
                (if (and current-prefix-arg (not (numberp current-prefix-arg)))
                    (read-file-name "Info file name: " nil nil t))
                (if (numberp current-prefix-arg)
                    (format "*info*<%s>" current-prefix-arg))))
  (pop-to-buffer (or buffer "*info*"))
  (if (and buffer (not (eq major-mode 'Info-mode)))
      (Info-mode))
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  (if file-or-node
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      ;; If argument already contains parentheses, don't add another set
      ;; since the argument will then be parsed improperly.  This also
      ;; has the added benefit of allowing node names to be included
      ;; following the parenthesized filename.
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      (Info-goto-node
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       (if (and (stringp file-or-node) (string-match "(.*)" file-or-node))
           file-or-node
         (concat "(" file-or-node ")")))
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    (if (and (zerop (buffer-size))
	     (null Info-history))
	;; If we just created the Info buffer, go to the directory.
	(Info-directory))))
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;;;###autoload
(defun info-emacs-manual ()
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  "Display the Emacs manual in Info mode."
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  (interactive)
  (info "emacs"))

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;;;###autoload
(defun info-standalone ()
  "Run Emacs as a standalone Info reader.
Usage:  emacs -f info-standalone [filename]
In standalone mode, \\<Info-mode-map>\\[Info-exit] exits Emacs itself."
  (setq Info-standalone t)
  (if (and command-line-args-left
	   (not (string-match "^-" (car command-line-args-left))))
      (condition-case err
	  (progn
	    (info (car command-line-args-left))
	    (setq command-line-args-left (cdr command-line-args-left)))
	(error (send-string-to-terminal
		(format "%s\n" (if (eq (car-safe err) 'error)
				   (nth 1 err) err)))
	       (save-buffers-kill-emacs)))
    (info)))
686

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;; See if the accessible portion of the buffer begins with a node
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;; delimiter, and the node header line which follows matches REGEXP.
;; Typically, this test will be followed by a loop that examines the
;; rest of the buffer with (search-forward "\n\^_"), and it's a pity
;; to have the overhead of this special test inside the loop.

;; This function changes match-data, but supposedly the caller might
;; want to use the results of re-search-backward.

;; The return value is the value of point at the beginning of matching
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;; REGEXP, if the function succeeds, nil otherwise.
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(defun Info-node-at-bob-matching (regexp)
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  (and (bobp)				; are we at beginning of buffer?
       (looking-at "\^_")		; does it begin with node delimiter?
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       (let (beg)
	 (forward-line 1)
	 (setq beg (point))
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	 (forward-line 1)		; does the line after delimiter match REGEXP?
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	 (re-search-backward regexp beg t))))

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(defun Info-find-file (filename &optional noerror)
  "Return expanded FILENAME, or t, if FILENAME is \"dir\".
Optional second argument NOERROR, if t, means if file is not found
just return nil (no error)."
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  ;; Convert filename to lower case if not found as specified.
  ;; Expand it.
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  (cond
   ((Info-virtual-call
     (Info-virtual-fun 'find-file filename nil)
     filename noerror))
   ((stringp filename)
    (let (temp temp-downcase found)
      (setq filename (substitute-in-file-name filename))
      (let ((dirs (if (string-match "^\\./" filename)
		      ;; If specified name starts with `./'
		      ;; then just try current directory.
		      '("./")
		    (if (file-name-absolute-p filename)
			;; No point in searching for an
			;; absolute file name
			'(nil)
		      (if Info-additional-directory-list
			  (append Info-directory-list
				  Info-additional-directory-list)
			Info-directory-list)))))
	;; Search the directory list for file FILENAME.
	(while (and dirs (not found))
	  (setq temp (expand-file-name filename (car dirs)))
	  (setq temp-downcase
		(expand-file-name (downcase filename) (car dirs)))
	  ;; Try several variants of specified name.
	  (let ((suffix-list Info-suffix-list)
		(lfn (if (fboundp 'msdos-long-file-names)
			 (msdos-long-file-names)
		       t)))
	    (while (and suffix-list (not found))
	      (cond ((info-file-exists-p
		      (info-insert-file-contents-1
		       temp (car (car suffix-list)) lfn))
		     (setq found temp))
		    ((info-file-exists-p
		      (info-insert-file-contents-1
		       temp-downcase (car (car suffix-list)) lfn))
		     (setq found temp-downcase))
		    ((and (fboundp 'msdos-long-file-names)
			  lfn
			  (info-file-exists-p
			   (info-insert-file-contents-1
			    temp (car (car suffix-list)) nil)))
		     (setq found temp)))
	      (setq suffix-list (cdr suffix-list))))
	  (setq dirs (cdr dirs))))
      (if found
	  (setq filename found)
	(if noerror
	    (setq filename nil)
	  (error "Info file %s does not exist" filename)))
      filename))))
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(defun Info-find-node (filename nodename &optional no-going-back)
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  "Go to an Info node specified as separate FILENAME and NODENAME.
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NO-GOING-BACK is non-nil if recovering from an error in this function;
it says do not attempt further (recursive) error recovery."
  (info-initialize)
  (setq filename (Info-find-file filename))
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  ;; Go into Info buffer.
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  (or (eq major-mode 'Info-mode) (pop-to-buffer "*info*"))
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  ;; Record the node we are leaving, if we were in one.
  (and (not no-going-back)
       Info-current-file
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       (push (list Info-current-file Info-current-node (point))
             Info-history))
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  (Info-find-node-2 filename nodename no-going-back))

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;;;###autoload
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(defun Info-on-current-buffer (&optional nodename)
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  "Use Info mode to browse the current Info buffer.
With a prefix arg, this queries for the node name to visit first;
otherwise, that defaults to `Top'."
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  (interactive
   (list (if current-prefix-arg
	     (completing-read "Node name: " (Info-build-node-completions)
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			      nil t "Top"))))
  (unless nodename (setq nodename "Top"))
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  (info-initialize)
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  (Info-mode)
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  (set (make-local-variable 'Info-current-file)
       (or buffer-file-name
	   ;; If called on a non-file buffer, make a fake file name.
	   (concat default-directory (buffer-name))))
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  (Info-find-node-2 nil nodename))

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;; It's perhaps a bit nasty to kill the *info* buffer to force a re-read,
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;; but at least it keeps this routine (which is for makeinfo-buffer and
;; Info-revert-buffer-function) out of the way of normal operations.
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;;
(defun Info-revert-find-node (filename nodename)
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  "Go to an Info node FILENAME and NODENAME, re-reading disk contents.
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When *info* is already displaying FILENAME and NODENAME, the window position
is preserved, if possible."
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  (or (eq major-mode 'Info-mode) (pop-to-buffer "*info*"))
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  (let ((old-filename Info-current-file)
	(old-nodename Info-current-node)
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	(old-buffer-name (buffer-name))
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	(pcolumn      (current-column))
	(pline        (count-lines (point-min) (line-beginning-position)))
	(wline        (count-lines (point-min) (window-start)))
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	(old-history-forward Info-history-forward)
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	(old-history  Info-history)
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	(new-history  (and Info-current-file
			   (list Info-current-file Info-current-node (point)))))
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    (kill-buffer (current-buffer))
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    (pop-to-buffer (or old-buffer-name "*info*"))
    (Info-mode)
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    (Info-find-node filename nodename)
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    (setq Info-history-forward old-history-forward)
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    (setq Info-history old-history)
    (if (and (equal old-filename Info-current-file)
	     (equal old-nodename Info-current-node))
	(progn
	  ;; note goto-line is no good, we want to measure from point-min
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	  (goto-char (point-min))
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	  (forward-line wline)
	  (set-window-start (selected-window) (point))
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	  (goto-char (point-min))
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	  (forward-line pline)
	  (move-to-column pcolumn))
      ;; only add to the history when coming from a different file+node
      (if new-history
	  (setq Info-history (cons new-history Info-history))))))

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(defun Info-revert-buffer-function (ignore-auto noconfirm)
  (when (or noconfirm (y-or-n-p "Revert info buffer? "))
    (Info-revert-find-node Info-current-file Info-current-node)
    (message "Reverted %s" Info-current-file)))

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(defun Info-find-in-tag-table-1 (marker regexp case-fold)
  "Find a node in a tag table.
MARKER specifies the buffer and position to start searching at.
REGEXP is a regular expression matching nodes or references.  Its first
group should match `Node:' or `Ref:'.
CASE-FOLD t means search for a case-insensitive match.
If a match was found, value is a list (FOUND-ANCHOR POS MODE), where
FOUND-ANCHOR is non-nil if a `Ref:' was matched, POS is the position
where the match was found, and MODE is `major-mode' of the buffer in
which the match was found."
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  (let ((case-fold-search case-fold))
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    (with-current-buffer (marker-buffer marker)
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      (goto-char marker)
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      ;; Search tag table
      (beginning-of-line)
      (when (re-search-forward regexp nil t)
	(list (string-equal "Ref:" (match-string 1))
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	      (+ (point-min) (read (current-buffer)))
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	      major-mode)))))

(defun Info-find-in-tag-table (marker regexp)
  "Find a node in a tag table.
MARKER specifies the buffer and position to start searching at.
REGEXP is a regular expression matching nodes or references.  Its first
group should match `Node:' or `Ref:'.
If a match was found, value is a list (FOUND-ANCHOR POS MODE), where
FOUND-ANCHOR is non-nil if a `Ref:' was matched, POS is the position
where the match was found, and MODE is `major-mode' of the buffer in
which the match was found.
This function tries to find a case-sensitive match first, then a
case-insensitive match is tried."
  (let ((result (Info-find-in-tag-table-1 marker regexp nil)))
    (when (null (car result))
      (setq result (Info-find-in-tag-table-1 marker regexp t)))
    result))

(defun Info-find-node-in-buffer-1 (regexp case-fold)
  "Find a node or anchor in the current buffer.
REGEXP is a regular expression matching nodes or references.  Its first
group should match `Node:' or `Ref:'.
CASE-FOLD t means search for a case-insensitive match.
Value is the position at which a match was found, or nil if not found."
  (let ((case-fold-search case-fold)
	found)
    (save-excursion
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      (if (Info-node-at-bob-matching regexp)
          (setq found (point))
        (while (and (not found)
                    (search-forward "\n\^_" nil t))
          (forward-line 1)
          (let ((beg (point)))
            (forward-line 1)
            (if (re-search-backward regexp beg t)
                (setq found (line-beginning-position)))))))
    found))
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(defun Info-find-node-in-buffer (regexp)
  "Find a node or anchor in the current buffer.
REGEXP is a regular expression matching nodes or references.  Its first
group should match `Node:' or `Ref:'.
Value is the position at which a match was found, or nil if not found.
This function looks for a case-sensitive match first.  If none is found,
a case-insensitive match is tried."
  (or (Info-find-node-in-buffer-1 regexp nil)
      (Info-find-node-in-buffer-1 regexp t)))
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(defun Info-find-node-2 (filename nodename &optional no-going-back)
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  (buffer-disable-undo (current-buffer))
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  (or (eq major-mode 'Info-mode)
      (Info-mode))
  (widen)
  (setq Info-current-node nil)
  (unwind-protect
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      (let ((case-fold-search t)
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	    (virtual-fun (Info-virtual-fun 'find-node
					   (or filename Info-current-file)
					   nodename))
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	    anchorpos)
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	(cond
	 ((functionp virtual-fun)
	  (let ((filename (or filename Info-current-file)))
	    (setq buffer-read-only nil)
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	    (setq Info-current-file filename
		  Info-current-subfile nil
		  Info-current-file-completions nil
		  buffer-file-name nil)
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	    (erase-buffer)
	    (Info-virtual-call virtual-fun filename nodename no-going-back)
	    (set-marker Info-tag-table-marker nil)
	    (setq buffer-read-only t)
	    (set-buffer-modified-p nil)
	    (set (make-local-variable 'Info-current-node-virtual) t)))
	 ((not (and
		;; Reread a file when moving from a virtual node.
		(not Info-current-node-virtual)
		(or (null filename)
		    (equal Info-current-file filename))))
	  ;; Switch files if necessary
	  (let ((inhibit-read-only t))
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	    (when Info-current-node-virtual
	      ;; When moving from a virtual node.
	      (set (make-local-variable 'Info-current-node-virtual) nil)
	      (if (null filename)
		  (setq filename Info-current-file)))
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	    (setq Info-current-file nil
		  Info-current-subfile nil
		  Info-current-file-completions nil
		  buffer-file-name nil)
	    (erase-buffer)
	    (info-insert-file-contents filename nil)
	    (setq default-directory (file-name-directory filename))
	    (set-buffer-modified-p nil)
	    (set (make-local-variable 'Info-file-supports-index-cookies)
		 (Info-file-supports-index-cookies filename))

	    ;; See whether file has a tag table.  Record the location if yes.
	    (goto-char (point-max))
	    (forward-line -8)
	    ;; Use string-equal, not equal, to ignore text props.
	    (if (not (or (string-equal nodename "*")
			 (not
			  (search-forward "\^_\nEnd tag table\n" nil t))))
		(let (pos)
		  ;; We have a tag table.  Find its beginning.
		  ;; Is this an indirect file?
		  (search-backward "\nTag table:\n")
		  (setq pos (point))
		  (if (save-excursion
			(forward-line 2)
			(looking-at "(Indirect)\n"))
		      ;; It is indirect.  Copy it to another buffer
		      ;; and record that the tag table is in that buffer.
		      (let ((buf (current-buffer))
			    (tagbuf
			     (or Info-tag-table-buffer
				 (generate-new-buffer " *info tag table*"))))
			(setq Info-tag-table-buffer tagbuf)
			(with-current-buffer tagbuf
			  (buffer-disable-undo (current-buffer))
			  (setq case-fold-search t)
			  (erase-buffer)
			  (insert-buffer-substring buf))
			(set-marker Info-tag-table-marker
				    (match-end 0) tagbuf))
		    (set-marker Info-tag-table-marker pos)))
	      (set-marker Info-tag-table-marker nil))
	    (setq Info-current-file filename)
	    )))

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        ;; Use string-equal, not equal, to ignore text props.
        (if (string-equal nodename "*")
            (progn (setq Info-current-node nodename)
                   (Info-set-mode-line))
          ;; Possibilities:
          ;;
          ;; 1. Anchor found in tag table
          ;; 2. Anchor *not* in tag table
          ;;
          ;; 3. Node found in tag table
          ;; 4. Node *not* found in tag table, but found in file
          ;; 5. Node *not* in tag table, and *not* in file
          ;;
          ;; *Or* the same, but in an indirect subfile.

          ;; Search file for a suitable node.
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	  (let ((guesspos (point-min))
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		(regexp (concat "\\(Node:\\|Ref:\\) *\\("
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				(if (stringp nodename)
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				    (regexp-quote nodename)
				  "")
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				"\\) *[,\t\n\177]")))
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	    (catch 'foo
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	      ;; First, search a tag table, if any
1019 1020 1021
	      (when (marker-position Info-tag-table-marker)
		(let* ((m Info-tag-table-marker)
		       (found (Info-find-in-tag-table m regexp)))
1022

1023 1024 1025
		  (when found
		    ;; FOUND is (ANCHOR POS MODE).
		    (setq guesspos (nth 1 found))
1026

1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033
		    ;; If this is an indirect file, determine which
		    ;; file really holds this node and read it in.
		    (unless (eq (nth 2 found) 'Info-mode)
		      ;; Note that the current buffer must be the
		      ;; *info* buffer on entry to
		      ;; Info-read-subfile.  Thus the hackery above.
		      (setq guesspos (Info-read-subfile guesspos)))
1034 1035

		    ;; Handle anchor
1036 1037 1038
		    (when (nth 0 found)
		      (goto-char (setq anchorpos guesspos))
		      (throw 'foo t)))))
1039