Commit 30884d11 authored by Glenn Morris's avatar Glenn Morris

(Common acronyms): Remove no-longer-existing OSF.

(The LPF): Make the updated URL the sole reference point.
(Learning how to do something): Update refcard price and format.
(Getting a printed manual): Sources in doc/emacs/, not man/.
Also available in PDF format.  Since the page count varies, be less precise.
(Informational files for Emacs): Remove references to deleted files
LPF and SUN-SUPPORT, and to UUCP.
(Obtaining the FAQ): Refer to the service web-page rather than SERVICE.
Remove many obsolete ways to get the FAQ, which now seems only to be
distributed with Emacs.
(Mail and news): Remove sections about Rmail Babyl that no longer apply.
parent 68852c13
2009-06-11 Glenn Morris <rgm@gnu.org>
* faq.texi (Common acronyms): Remove no-longer-existing OSF.
(The LPF): Make the updated URL the sole reference point.
(Learning how to do something): Update refcard price and format.
(Getting a printed manual): Sources in doc/emacs/, not man/.
Also available in PDF format. Since the page count varies, be less
precise.
(Informational files for Emacs): Remove references to deleted files
LPF and SUN-SUPPORT, and to UUCP.
(Obtaining the FAQ): Refer to the service web-page rather than SERVICE.
Remove many obsolete ways to get the FAQ, which now seems only to be
distributed with Emacs.
(Mail and news): Remove sections about Rmail Babyl that no longer apply.
2009-06-09 Chong Yidong <cyd@stupidchicken.com>
* org.texi (Org Plot): Fix tags (Bug#3507).
......
......@@ -270,10 +270,9 @@ Your system administrator may have removed the @file{src} directory and
many files from the @file{etc} directory.
@node Common acronyms, , File-name conventions, FAQ notation
@section What are FSF, LPF, OSF, GNU, RMS, FTP, and GPL?
@section What are FSF, LPF, GNU, RMS, FTP, and GPL?
@cindex FSF, definition of
@cindex LPF, definition of
@cindex OSF, definition of
@cindex GNU, definition of
@cindex RMS, definition of
@cindex Stallman, Richard, acronym for
......@@ -291,9 +290,6 @@ Free Software Foundation
@item LPF
League for Programming Freedom
@item OSF
Open Software Foundation
@item GNU
GNU's Not Unix
......@@ -308,11 +304,9 @@ GNU General Public License
@end table
Avoid confusing the FSF, the LPF, and the OSF. The LPF opposes
Avoid confusing the FSF and the LPF. The LPF opposes
look-and-feel copyrights and software patents. The FSF aims to make
high quality free software available for everyone. The OSF is a
consortium of computer vendors which develops commercial software for
Unix systems.
high quality free software available for everyone.
The word ``free'' in the title of the Free Software Foundation refers to
``freedom,'' not ``zero cost.'' Anyone can charge any price for
......@@ -347,14 +341,8 @@ Free Software Foundation, and related organizations.
@cindex Patents for software, opposition to
The LPF opposes the expanding danger of software patents and
look-and-feel copyrights. To get more information, feel free to contact
the LPF via e-mail or otherwise. You may also contact
@email{jbw@@cs.bu.edu, Joe Wells}; he will be happy to talk to you
about the LPF.
You can find more information about the LPF in the file @file{etc/LPF}.
More papers describing the LPF's views are available on the Internet and
also from @uref{http://lpf.ai.mit.edu/, the LPF home page}.
look-and-feel copyrights. More information on the LPF's views is
available at @uref{http://progfree.org/, the LPF home page}.
@node Real meaning of copyleft, Guidelines for newsgroup postings, The LPF, General questions
@section What is the real legal meaning of the GNU copyleft?
......@@ -644,15 +632,15 @@ printed manual}.
@cindex Reference cards, in other languages
@item
You can get a printed reference card listing commands and keys to
invoke them. You can order one from the FSF for $1 (or 10 for $5),
invoke them. You can order one from the FSF for $2 (or 10 for $18),
or you can print your own from the @file{etc/refcards/refcard.tex} or
@file{etc/refcards/refcard.ps} files in the Emacs distribution.
@file{etc/refcards/refcard.pdf} files in the Emacs distribution.
Beginning with version 21.1, the Emacs distribution comes with
translations of the reference card into several languages; look for
files named @file{etc/refcards/@var{lang}-refcard.*}, where @var{lang}
is a two-letter code of the language. For example, the German version
of the reference card is in the files @file{etc/refcards/de-refcard.tex}
and @file{etc/recards/de-refcard.ps}.
and @file{etc/recards/de-refcard.pdf}.
@item
There are many other commands in Emacs for getting help and
......@@ -671,22 +659,13 @@ You can order a printed copy of the Emacs manual from the FSF. For
details see the @uref{http://www.gnu.org/order/order.html, GNU Web site}.
@c The number 620 below is version-dependent!
The full Texinfo source for the manual also comes in the @file{man}
The full Texinfo source for the manual also comes in the @file{doc/emacs}
directory of the Emacs distribution, if you're daring enough to try to
print out this 620-page manual yourself (@pxref{Printing a Texinfo
print out this several-hundred-page manual yourself (@pxref{Printing a Texinfo
file}).
If you absolutely have to print your own copy, and you don't have @TeX{},
you can get a PostScript version from
@uref{http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/manual/emacs.ps.gz}
@cindex HTML version of Emacs manual, obtaining
An HTML version of the manual is at
@uref{http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/manual/emacs.html}
The manual is available in other formats at
you can get a PostScript or PDF (or HTML) version from
@uref{http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/manual/}
......@@ -899,12 +878,10 @@ You can get Tkinfo at
@cindex @file{FTP}, description of file
@cindex @file{GNU}, description of file
@cindex @file{INTERVIEW}, description of file
@cindex @file{LPF}, description of file
@cindex @file{MACHINES}, description of file
@cindex @file{MAILINGLISTS}, description of file
@cindex @file{NEWS}, description of file
@cindex @file{SERVICE}, description of file
@cindex @file{SUN-SUPPORT}, description of file
This isn't a frequently asked question, but it should be! A variety of
informational files about Emacs and relevant aspects of the GNU project
......@@ -920,11 +897,10 @@ where that is).
GNU General Public License
@item DISTRIB
Emacs Availability Information, including the popular Free Software
Foundation Order Form
Emacs Availability Information
@item FTP
How to get GNU Software by Internet FTP or by UUCP
How to get GNU Software by Internet FTP
@item GNU
The GNU Manifesto
......@@ -933,9 +909,6 @@ The GNU Manifesto
Richard Stallman discusses his public-domain UNIX-compatible software
system with BYTE editors
@item LPF
Why you should join the League for Programming Freedom
@item MACHINES
Status of Emacs on Various Machines and Systems
......@@ -948,9 +921,6 @@ Emacs news, a history of recent user-visible changes
@item SERVICE
GNU Service Directory
@item SUN-SUPPORT
including ``Using Emacstool with GNU Emacs''
@end table
More GNU information, including back issues of the @cite{GNU's
......@@ -969,83 +939,20 @@ Bulletin}, are at
@ref{Problems building Emacs}, or @ref{Linking with -lX11 fails}, if you
have problems with the installation.
The file @file{etc/SERVICE} (see @ref{File-name conventions}, if you're
not sure where that is) lists companies and individuals willing to sell
you help in installing or using Emacs. An up-to-date version this file
is available on @samp{ftp.gnu.org} (@pxref{Informational files for
Emacs}).
The web-page @uref{http://www.fsf.org/resources/service/} lists
companies and individuals willing to sell you help in installing or
using Emacs.
@node Obtaining the FAQ, , Help installing Emacs, Getting help
@section Where can I get the latest version of this FAQ?
@cindex FAQ, obtaining the
@cindex Latest FAQ version, obtaining the
@cindex Retrieving the latest FAQ version
@cindex E-mail, retrieving the FAQ via
@cindex Web, reading the FAQ on the
The Emacs FAQ is available in several ways:
@itemize @bullet
@item
Inside of Emacs itself. You can get it from selecting the @samp{Emacs
FAQ} option from the @samp{Help} menu of the Emacs menu bar at the top
of any Emacs frame, or by typing @kbd{C-h C-f} (@kbd{M-x view-emacs-FAQ}).
@item
Via USENET. If you can read news, the FAQ should be available in your
news spool, in both the @uref{news:gnu.emacs.help} and
@uref{news:comp.emacs} newsgroups. Every news reader should allow you
to read any news article that is still in the news spool, even if you
have read the article before. You may need to read the instructions for
your news reader to discover how to do this. In @file{rn}, this command
will do this for you at the article selection level:
The Emacs FAQ is distributed with Emacs in Info format. You can read it
by selecting the @samp{Emacs FAQ} option from the @samp{Help} menu of
the Emacs menu bar at the top of any Emacs frame, or by typing @kbd{C-h
C-f} (@kbd{M-x view-emacs-FAQ}).
@example
?GNU Emacs Frequently Asked Questions?rc:m
@end example
In Gnus, you should type @kbd{C-u C-x C-s} from the @file{*Summary*}
buffer or @kbd{C-u @key{SPC}} from the @file{*Newsgroup*} buffer to view
all articles in a newsgroup.
If the FAQ articles have expired and have been deleted from your news
spool, it might (or might not) do some good to complain to your news
administrator, because the most recent FAQ should not expire for a
while.
@item
In the Emacs distribution. Since Emacs 18.56, the FAQ at the time
of release has been part of the Emacs distribution as either
@file{etc/FAQ}, @file{man/faq.texi}, or (from version 23 onwards)
@file{doc/misc/faq.texi} (@pxref{File-name conventions}).
@item
Via anonymous ftp and e-mail from @file{rtfm.mit.edu} (and its mirror in
Europe), the main repository for FAQs and other items posted to
news.answers. The Emacs FAQs are available at
@uref{ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/comp.emacs/} and
@uref{ftp://ftp.uni-paderborn.de/pub/doc/FAQ/comp/emacs/}
If you do not have access to anonymous FTP, you can access the archives
using the @file{rtfm.mit.edu} mail server. The Emacs FAQ can be
retrieved by sending mail to @email{mail-server@@rtfm.mit.edu} with a
blank subject and containing
@example
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/diffs
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/part1
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/part2
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/part3
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/part4
send usenet/news.answers/GNU-Emacs-FAQ/part5
@end example
For more information, send email to @email{mail-server@@rtfm.mit.edu}
with @samp{help} and @samp{index} in the body on separate lines.
@end itemize
@c ------------------------------------------------------------
@node Status of Emacs, Common requests, Getting help, Top
......@@ -5050,10 +4957,8 @@ fontset, or you can select it by setting the default font in your
* Changing the included text prefix::
* Saving a copy of outgoing mail::
* Expanding aliases when sending mail::
* Rmail thinks all messages are one big one::
* Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder::
* Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail::
* Recovering mail files when Rmail munges them::
* Replying to the sender of a message::
* MIME with Emacs mail packages::
* Automatically starting a mail or news reader::
......@@ -5116,7 +5021,7 @@ file:
@end lisp
The output file will be in Unix mail format, which can be read directly
by VM, but not always by Rmail. @xref{Learning how to do something}.
by VM or Rmail (since Emacs 23).
If you use @code{mh-e}, add an @samp{FCC} or @samp{BCC} field to your
components file.
......@@ -5124,7 +5029,7 @@ components file.
It does not work to put @samp{set record filename} in the @file{.mailrc}
file.
@node Expanding aliases when sending mail, Rmail thinks all messages are one big one, Saving a copy of outgoing mail, Mail and news
@node Expanding aliases when sending mail, Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Saving a copy of outgoing mail, Mail and news
@section Why doesn't Emacs expand my aliases when sending mail?
@cindex Expanding aliases when sending mail
@cindex Mail alias expansion
......@@ -5166,18 +5071,7 @@ expansion by moving point to the end of the alias and typing @kbd{C-x a e}
(@kbd{M-x expand-abbrev}).
@end itemize
@node Rmail thinks all messages are one big one, Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Expanding aliases when sending mail, Mail and news
@section Why does Rmail think all my saved messages are one big message?
@cindex Rmail thinks all messages are one large message
A file created through the @samp{FCC} field in a message is in Unix mail
format, not the format that Rmail uses (BABYL format). Rmail will try
to convert a Unix mail file into BABYL format on input, but sometimes it
makes errors. For guaranteed safety, you can make the
@file{saved-messages} file be an inbox for your Rmail file by using the
function @code{set-rmail-inbox-list}.
@node Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Rmail thinks all messages are one big one, Mail and news
@node Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Expanding aliases when sending mail, Mail and news
@section How can I sort the messages in my Rmail folder?
@cindex Rmail, sorting messages in
@cindex Folder, sorting messages in an Rmail
......@@ -5186,7 +5080,7 @@ function @code{set-rmail-inbox-list}.
In Rmail, type @kbd{C-c C-s C-h} to get a list of sorting functions
and their key bindings.
@node Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Recovering mail files when Rmail munges them, Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Mail and news
@node Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Replying to the sender of a message, Sorting the messages in an Rmail folder, Mail and news
@section Why does Rmail need to write to @file{/usr/spool/mail}?
@cindex Rmail and @file{/usr/spool/mail}
@cindex @file{/usr/spool/mail} and Rmail
......@@ -5205,41 +5099,7 @@ Other systems use the @code{flock} system call to interlock access. On
these systems, you should configure @code{movemail} to use @code{flock}.
@end quotation
@node Recovering mail files when Rmail munges them, Replying to the sender of a message, Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Mail and news
@section How do I recover my mail files after Rmail munges their format?
@cindex Recovering munged mail files
@cindex Rmail munged my files
@cindex Mail files, recovering those munged by Rmail
If you have just done @kbd{M-x rmail-input} on a file and you don't want
to save it in Rmail's format (called BABYL), just kill the buffer (with
@kbd{C-x k}).
@cindex Exporting messages as Unix mail files
If you typed @kbd{M-x rmail} and it read some messages out of your inbox
and you want to put them in a Unix mail file, use @kbd{C-o} on each
message.
@cindex Converting from BABYL to Unix mail format
@cindex @code{unrmail} command
If you want to convert an existing file from BABYL format to Unix mail
format, use the command @kbd{M-x unrmail}: it will prompt you for the
input and output file names.
@pindex b2m
Alternatively, you could use the @code{b2m} program supplied with
Emacs. @code{b2m} is a filter, and is used like this:
@example
b2m < @var{babyl-file} > @var{mbox-file}
@end example
@noindent
where @var{babyl-file} is the name of the BABYL file, and
@var{mbox-file} is the name of the file where the converted mail will
be written.
@node Replying to the sender of a message, MIME with Emacs mail packages, Recovering mail files when Rmail munges them, Mail and news
@node Replying to the sender of a message, MIME with Emacs mail packages, Rmail writes to /usr/spool/mail, Mail and news
@section How can I force Rmail to reply to the sender of a message, but not the other recipients?
@cindex Replying only to the sender of a message
@cindex Sender, replying only to
......
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