Commit 4141da38 authored by Kim F. Storm's avatar Kim F. Storm
Browse files

New file.

parent bc21bf11
2002-07-02 Kim F. Storm <storm@cua.dk>
* emacs-lisp/bindat.el: New file.
2002-07-01 Sam Steingold <sds@gnu.org>
* textmodes/tex-mode.el (tex-file): Call `save-some-buffers'
......
;;; bindat.el --- binary data structure packing and unpacking.
;; Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: Kim F. Storm <storm@cua.dk>
;; Assignment name: struct.el
;; Keywords: comm data processes
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
;; Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
;;; Commentary:
;; Packing and unpacking of (binary) data structures.
;;
;; The data formats used in binary files and network protocols are
;; often structed data which can be described by a C-style structure
;; such as the one shown below. Using the bindat package, decoding
;; and encoding binary data formats like these is made simple using a
;; structure specification which closely resembles the C style
;; structure declarations.
;;
;; Encoded (binary) data is stored in a unibyte string or vector,
;; while the decoded data is stored in an alist with (FIELD . VALUE)
;; pairs.
;; Example:
;; Consider the following C structures:
;;
;; struct header {
;; unsigned long dest_ip;
;; unsigned long src_ip;
;; unsigned short dest_port;
;; unsigned short src_port;
;; };
;;
;; struct data {
;; unsigned char type;
;; unsigned char opcode;
;; unsigned long length; /* In little endian order */
;; unsigned char id[8]; /* nul-terminated string */
;; unsigned char data[/* (length + 3) & ~3 */];
;; };
;;
;; struct packet {
;; struct header header;
;; unsigned char items;
;; unsigned char filler[3];
;; struct data item[/* items */];
;; };
;;
;; The corresponding Lisp bindat specification looks like this:
;;
;; (setq header-spec
;; '((dest-ip ip)
;; (src-ip ip)
;; (dest-port u16)
;; (src-port u16)))
;;
;; (setq data-spec
;; '((type u8)
;; (opcode u8)
;; (length u16r) ;; little endian order
;; (id strz 8)
;; (data vec (length))
;; (align 4)))
;;
;; (setq packet-spec
;; '((header struct header-spec)
;; (items u8)
;; (fill 3)
;; (item repeat (items)
;; ((struct data-spec)))))
;;
;;
;; A binary data representation may look like
;; [ 192 168 1 100 192 168 1 101 01 28 21 32 2 0 0 0
;; 2 3 5 0 ?A ?B ?C ?D ?E ?F 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 0 0
;; 1 4 7 0 ?B ?C ?D ?E ?F ?G 0 0 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 0 ]
;;
;; The corresponding decoded structure looks like
;;
;; ((header
;; (dest-ip . [192 168 1 100])
;; (src-ip . [192 168 1 101])
;; (dest-port . 284)
;; (src-port . 5408))
;; (items . 2)
;; (item ((data . [1 2 3 4 5])
;; (id . "ABCDEF")
;; (length . 5)
;; (opcode . 3)
;; (type . 2))
;; ((data . [6 7 8 9 10 11 12])
;; (id . "BCDEFG")
;; (length . 7)
;; (opcode . 4)
;; (type . 1))))
;;
;; To access a specific value in this structure, use the function
;; bindat-get-field with the structure as first arg followed by a list
;; of field names and array indexes, e.g. using the data above,
;; (bindat-get-field decoded-structure 'item 1 'id)
;; returns "BCDEFG".
;; Binary Data Structure Specification Format
;; ------------------------------------------
;; The data specification is formatted as follows:
;; SPEC ::= ( ITEM... )
;; ITEM ::= ( [FIELD] TYPE )
;; | ( [FIELD] eval FORM ) -- eval FORM for side-effect only
;; | ( [FIELD] fill LEN ) -- skip LEN bytes
;; | ( [FIELD] align LEN ) -- skip to next multiple of LEN bytes
;; | ( [FIELD] struct SPEC_NAME )
;; | ( [FIELD] union TAG_VAL (TAG SPEC)... [(t SPEC)] )
;; | ( [FIELD] repeat COUNT SPEC )
;; -- In (eval EXPR), the value of the last field is available in
;; the dynamically bound variable `last'.
;; TYPE ::= ( eval EXPR ) -- interpret result as TYPE
;; | u8 | byte -- length 1
;; | u16 | word | short -- length 2, network byte order
;; | u24 -- 3-byte value
;; | u32 | dword | long -- length 4, network byte order
;; | u16r | u24r | u32r -- little endian byte order.
;; | str LEN -- LEN byte string
;; | strz LEN -- LEN byte (zero-terminated) string
;; | vec LEN -- LEN byte vector
;; | ip -- 4 byte vector
;; | bits LEN -- List with bits set in LEN bytes.
;;
;; -- Note: 32 bit values may be limited by emacs' INTEGER
;; implementation limits.
;;
;; -- Example: bits 2 will map bytes 0x1c 0x28 to list (2 3 7 11 13)
;; FIELD ::= ( eval EXPR ) -- use result as NAME
;; | NAME
;; LEN ::= ARG
;; | <omitted> | nil -- LEN = 1
;; TAG_VAL ::= ARG
;; TAG ::= LISP_CONSTANT
;; | ( eval EXPR ) -- return non-nil if tag match;
;; current TAG_VAL in `tag'.
;; ARG ::= ( eval EXPR ) -- interpret result as ARG
;; | INTEGER_CONSTANT
;; | DEREF
;; DEREF ::= ( [NAME | INTEGER]... ) -- Field NAME or Array index relative to
;; current structure spec.
;; -- see bindat-get-field
;; A `union' specification
;; ([FIELD] union TAG_VAL (TAG SPEC) ... [(t SPEC)])
;; is interpreted by evalling TAG_VAL and then comparing that to
;; each TAG using equal; if a match is found, the corresponding SPEC
;; is used.
;; If TAG is a form (eval EXPR), EXPR is evalled with `tag' bound to the
;; value of TAG_VAL; the corresponding SPEC is used if the result is non-nil.
;; Finally, if TAG is t, the corresponding SPEC is used unconditionally.
;;
;; An `eval' specification
;; ([FIELD] eval FORM)
;; is interpreted by evalling FORM for its side effects only.
;; If FIELD is specified, the value is bound to that field.
;; The FORM may access and update `raw-data' and `pos' (see `bindat-unpack'),
;; as well as the lisp data structure in `struct'.
;;; Code:
;; Helper functions for structure unpacking.
;; Relies on dynamic binding of RAW-DATA and POS
(defvar raw-data)
(defvar pos)
(defun bindat--unpack-u8 ()
(prog1
(if (stringp raw-data)
(string-to-char (substring raw-data pos (1+ pos)))
(aref raw-data pos))
(setq pos (1+ pos))))
(defun bindat--unpack-u16 ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u8)) (b (bindat--unpack-u8)))
(logior (lsh a 8) b)))
(defun bindat--unpack-u24 ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u16)) (b (bindat--unpack-u8)))
(logior (lsh a 8) b)))
(defun bindat--unpack-u32 ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u16)) (b (bindat--unpack-u16)))
(logior (lsh a 16) b)))
(defun bindat--unpack-u16r ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u8)) (b (bindat--unpack-u8)))
(logior a (lsh b 8))))
(defun bindat--unpack-u24r ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u16r)) (b (bindat--unpack-u8)))
(logior a (lsh b 16))))
(defun bindat--unpack-u32r ()
(let* ((a (bindat--unpack-u16r)) (b (bindat--unpack-u16r)))
(logior a (lsh b 16))))
(defun bindat--unpack-item (type len)
(if (eq type 'ip)
(setq type 'vec len 4))
(cond
((memq type '(u8 byte))
(bindat--unpack-u8))
((memq type '(u16 word short))
(bindat--unpack-u16))
((eq type 'u24)
(bindat--unpack-u24))
((memq type '(u32 dword long))
(bindat--unpack-u32))
((eq type 'u16r)
(bindat--unpack-u16r))
((eq type 'u24r)
(bindat--unpack-u24r))
((eq type 'u32r)
(bindat--unpack-u32r))
((eq type 'bits)
(let ((bits nil) (bnum (1- (* 8 len))) j m)
(while (>= bnum 0)
(if (= (setq m (bindat--unpack-u8)) 0)
(setq bnum (- bnum 8))
(setq j 128)
(while (> j 0)
(if (/= 0 (logand m j))
(setq bits (cons bnum bits)))
(setq bnum (1- bnum)
j (lsh j -1)))))
bits))
((eq type 'str)
(let ((s (substring raw-data pos (+ pos len))))
(setq pos (+ pos len))
(if (stringp s) s
(string-make-unibyte (concat s)))))
((eq type 'strz)
(let ((i 0) s)
(while (and (< i len) (/= (aref raw-data (+ pos i)) 0))
(setq i (1+ i)))
(setq s (substring raw-data pos (+ pos i)))
(setq pos (+ pos len))
(if (stringp s) s
(string-make-unibyte (concat s)))))
((eq type 'vec)
(let ((v (make-vector len 0)) (i 0))
(while (< i len)
(aset v i (bindat--unpack-u8))
(setq i (1+ i)))
v))
(t nil)))
(defun bindat--unpack-group (spec)
(let (struct last)
(while spec
(let* ((item (car spec))
(field (car item))
(type (nth 1 item))
(len (nth 2 item))
(tail 3)
data)
(setq spec (cdr spec))
(if (and (consp field) (eq (car field) 'eval))
(setq field (eval (car (cdr field)))))
(if (and type (consp type) (eq (car type) 'eval))
(setq type (eval (car (cdr type)))))
(if (and len (consp len) (eq (car len) 'eval))
(setq len (eval (car (cdr len)))))
(if (memq field '(eval fill align struct union))
(setq tail 2
len type
type field
field nil))
(if (and (consp len) (not (eq type 'eval)))
(setq len (apply 'bindat-get-field struct len)))
(if (not len)
(setq len 1))
(cond
((eq type 'eval)
(if field
(setq data (eval len))
(eval len)))
((eq type 'fill)
(setq pos (+ pos len)))
((eq type 'align)
(while (/= (% pos len) 0)
(setq pos (1+ pos))))
((eq type 'struct)
(setq data (bindat--unpack-group (eval len))))
((eq type 'repeat)
(let ((index 0))
(while (< index len)
(setq data (cons (bindat--unpack-group (nthcdr tail item)) data))
(setq index (1+ index)))
(setq data (nreverse data))))
((eq type 'union)
(let ((tag len) (cases (nthcdr tail item)) case cc)
(while cases
(setq case (car cases)
cases (cdr cases)
cc (car case))
(if (or (equal cc tag) (equal cc t)
(and (consp cc) (eval cc)))
(setq data (bindat--unpack-group (cdr case))
cases nil)))))
(t
(setq data (bindat--unpack-item type len)
last data)))
(if data
(if field
(setq struct (cons (cons field data) struct))
(setq struct (append data struct))))))
struct))
(defun bindat-unpack (spec raw-data &optional pos)
"Return structured data according to SPEC for binary data in RAW-DATA.
RAW-DATA is a string or vector. Optional third arg POS specifies the
starting offset in RAW-DATA."
(unless pos (setq pos 0))
(bindat--unpack-group spec))
(defun bindat-get-field (struct &rest field)
"In structured data STRUCT, return value of field named FIELD.
If multiple field names are specified, use the field names to
lookup nested sub-structures in STRUCT, corresponding to the
C-language syntax STRUCT.FIELD1.FIELD2.FIELD3...
An integer value in the field list is taken as an array index,
e.g. corresponding to STRUCT.FIELD1[INDEX2].FIELD3..."
(while (and struct field)
(setq struct (if (integerp (car field))
(nth (car field) struct)
(let ((val (assq (car field) struct)))
(if (consp val) (cdr val)))))
(setq field (cdr field)))
struct)
;; Calculate raw-data length of structured data
(defvar bindat--fixed-length-alist
'((u8 . 1) (byte . 1)
(u16 . 2) (u16r . 2) (word . 2) (short . 2)
(u24 . 3) (u24r . 3)
(u32 . 4) (u32r . 4) (dword . 4) (long . 4)
(ip . 4)))
(defun bindat--length-group (struct spec)
(let (last)
(while spec
(let* ((item (car spec))
(field (car item))
(type (nth 1 item))
(len (nth 2 item))
(tail 3))
(setq spec (cdr spec))
(if (and (consp field) (eq (car field) 'eval))
(setq field (eval (car (cdr field)))))
(if (and type (consp type) (eq (car type) 'eval))
(setq type (eval (car (cdr type)))))
(if (and len (consp len) (eq (car len) 'eval))
(setq len (eval (car (cdr len)))))
(if (memq field '(eval fill align struct union))
(setq tail 2
len type
type field
field nil))
(if (and (consp len) (not (eq type 'eval)))
(setq len (apply 'bindat-get-field struct len)))
(if (not len)
(setq len 1))
(cond
((eq type 'eval)
(if field
(setq struct (cons (cons field (eval len)) struct))
(eval len)))
((eq type 'fill)
(setq pos (+ pos len)))
((eq type 'align)
(while (/= (% pos len) 0)
(setq pos (1+ pos))))
((eq type 'struct)
(bindat--length-group
(if field (bindat-get-field struct field) struct) (eval len)))
((eq type 'repeat)
(let ((index 0))
(while (< index len)
(bindat--length-group (nth index (bindat-get-field struct field)) (nthcdr tail item))
(setq index (1+ index)))))
((eq type 'union)
(let ((tag len) (cases (nthcdr tail item)) case cc)
(while cases
(setq case (car cases)
cases (cdr cases)
cc (car case))
(if (or (equal cc tag) (equal cc t)
(and (consp cc) (eval cc)))
(progn
(bindat--length-group struct (cdr case))
(setq cases nil))))))
(t
(if (setq type (assq type bindat--fixed-length-alist))
(setq len (cdr type)))
(if field
(setq last (bindat-get-field struct field)))
(setq pos (+ pos len))))))))
(defun bindat-length (spec struct)
"Calculate raw-data length for STRUCT according to bindat specification SPEC."
(let ((pos 0))
(bindat--length-group struct spec)
pos))
;; Pack structured data into raw-data
(defun bindat--pack-u8 (v)
(aset raw-data pos (logand v 255))
(setq pos (1+ pos)))
(defun bindat--pack-u16 (v)
(aset raw-data pos (logand (lsh v -8) 255))
(aset raw-data (1+ pos) (logand v 255))
(setq pos (+ pos 2)))
(defun bindat--pack-u24 (v)
(bindat--pack-u8 (lsh v -16))
(bindat--pack-u16 v))
(defun bindat--pack-u32 (v)
(bindat--pack-u16 (lsh v -16))
(bindat--pack-u16 v))
(defun bindat--pack-u16r (v)
(aset raw-data (1+ pos) (logand (lsh v -8) 255))
(aset raw-data pos (logand v 255))
(setq pos (+ pos 2)))
(defun bindat--pack-u24r (v)
(bindat--pack-u16r v)
(bindat--pack-u8 (lsh v -16)))
(defun bindat--pack-u32r (v)
(bindat--pack-u16r v)
(bindat--pack-u16r (lsh v -16)))
(defun bindat--pack-item (v type len)
(if (eq type 'ip)
(setq type 'vec len 4))
(cond
((null v)
(setq pos (+ pos len)))
((memq type '(u8 byte))
(bindat--pack-u8 v))
((memq type '(u16 word short))
(bindat--pack-u16 v))
((eq type 'u24)
(bindat--pack-u24 v))
((memq type '(u32 dword long))
(bindat--pack-u32 v))
((eq type 'u16r)
(bindat--pack-u16r v))
((eq type 'u24r)
(bindat--pack-u24r v))
((eq type 'u32r)
(bindat--pack-u32r v))
((eq type 'bits)
(let ((bnum (1- (* 8 len))) j m)
(while (>= bnum 0)
(setq m 0)
(if (null v)
(setq bnum (- bnum 8))
(setq j 128)
(while (> j 0)
(if (memq bnum v)
(setq m (logior m j)))
(setq bnum (1- bnum)
j (lsh j -1))))
(bindat--pack-u8 m))))
((memq type '(str strz vec))
(let ((l (length v)) (i 0))
(if (> l len) (setq l len))
(while (< i l)
(aset raw-data (+ pos i) (aref v i))
(setq i (1+ i)))
(setq pos (+ pos len))))
(t
(setq pos (+ pos len)))))
(defun bindat--pack-group (struct spec)
(let (last)
(while spec
(let* ((item (car spec))
(field (car item))
(type (nth 1 item))
(len (nth 2 item))
(tail 3))
(setq spec (cdr spec))
(if (and (consp field) (eq (car field) 'eval))
(setq field (eval (car (cdr field)))))
(if (and type (consp type) (eq (car type) 'eval))
(setq type (eval (car (cdr type)))))
(if (and len (consp len) (eq (car len) 'eval))
(setq len (eval (car (cdr len)))))
(if (memq field '(eval fill align struct union))
(setq tail 2
len type
type field
field nil))
(if (and (consp len) (not (eq type 'eval)))
(setq len (apply 'bindat-get-field struct len)))
(if (not len)
(setq len 1))
(cond
((eq type 'eval)
(if field
(setq struct (cons (cons field (eval len)) struct))
(eval len)))
((eq type 'fill)
(setq pos (+ pos len)))
((eq type 'align)
(while (/= (% pos len) 0)
(setq pos (1+ pos))))
((eq type 'struct)
(bindat--pack-group
(if field (bindat-get-field struct field) struct) (eval len)))
((eq type 'repeat)
(let ((index 0))
(while (< index len)
(bindat--pack-group (nth index (bindat-get-field struct field)) (nthcdr tail item))
(setq index (1+ index)))))
((eq type 'union)
(let ((tag len) (cases (nthcdr tail item)) case cc)
(while cases
(setq case (car cases)
cases (cdr cases)
cc (car case))
(if (or (equal cc tag) (equal cc t)
(and (consp cc) (eval cc)))
(progn
(bindat--pack-group struct (cdr case))
(setq cases nil))))))
(t
(setq last (bindat-get-field struct field))
(bindat--pack-item last type len)
))))))
(defun bindat-pack (spec struct &optional raw-data pos)
"Return binary data packed accoring to SPEC for structured data STRUCT.
Optional third arg RAW-DATA is a pre-allocated string or vector to unpack into.
Optional fourth arg POS is the starting offset into RAW-DATA.
Note: The result is a multibyte string; use `string-make-unibyte' on it
to make it unibyte if necessary."
(let ((no-return raw-data))
(unless pos (setq pos 0))
(unless raw-data (setq raw-data (make-vector (+ pos (bindat-length spec struct)) 0)))
(bindat--pack-group struct spec)
(if no-return nil (concat raw-data))))
;; Misc. format conversions
(defun bindat-format-vector (vect fmt sep &optional len)
"Format vector VECT using element format FMT and separator SEP.
Result is a string with each element of VECT formatted using FMT and
separated by the string SEP. If optional fourth arg LEN is given, use
only that many elements from VECT."
(unless len
(setq len (length vect)))
(let ((i len) (fmt2 (concat sep fmt)) (s nil))
(while (> i 0)
(setq i (1- i)
s (cons (format (if (= i 0) fmt fmt2) (aref vect i)) s)))
(apply 'concat s)))
(defun bindat-vector-to-dec (vect &optional sep)