Commit b9d8175e authored by Jay Belanger's avatar Jay Belanger
Browse files

* doc/misc/calc.texi (ISO-8601): New section.

  (Date Formatting Codes): Mention new codes.
  (Standard Date Formats): Mention new formats.
parent 7d80ea23
2012-12-16 Jay Belanger <>
* calc.texi (ISO-8601): New section.
(Date Formatting Codes): Mention new codes.
(Standard Date Formats): Mention new formats.
2012-12-14 Michael Albinus <>
* tramp.texi (External methods): Move `adb' method here.
......@@ -13417,12 +13417,91 @@ dates. @xref{Specifying Operators}. To avoid confusion with nameless
functions, your date formats should avoid using the @samp{#} character.
* ISO-8601::
* Date Formatting Codes::
* Free-Form Dates::
* Standard Date Formats::
@end menu
@node Date Formatting Codes, Free-Form Dates, Date Formats, Date Formats
@node ISO-8601, Date Formatting Codes, Date Formats, Date Formats
@subsubsection ISO-8601
@cindex ISO-8601
The same date can be written down in different formats and Calc tries
to allow you to choose your preferred format. Some common formats are
ambiguous, however; for example, 10/11/2012 means October 11,
2012 in the United States but it means November 10, 2012 in
Europe. To help avoid such ambiguities, the International Organization
for Standardization (ISO) provides the ISO-8601 standard, which
provides three different but easily distinguishable and unambiguous
ways to represent a date.
The ISO-8601 calendar date representation is
@end example
where @var{YYYY} is the four digit year, @var{MM} is the two-digit month
number (01 for January to 12 for December), and @var{DD} is the
two-digit day of the month (01 to 31). (Note that @var{YYYY} does not
correspond to Calc's date formatting code, which will be introduced
later.) The year, which should be padded with zeros to ensure it has at
least four digits, is the Gregorian year, except that the year before
0001 (1 AD) is the year 0000 (1 BC). The date October 11, 2012 is
written 2012-10-11 in this representation and November 10, 2012 is
written 2012-11-10.
The ISO-8601 ordinal date representation is
@end example
where @var{YYYY} is the year, as above, and @var{DDD} is the day of the year.
The date December 31, 2011 is written 2011-365 in this representation
and January 1, 2012 is written 2012-001.
The ISO-8601 week date representation is
@end example
where @var{YYYY} is the ISO week-numbering year, @var{ww} is the two
digit week number (preceded by a literal ``W''), and @var{D} is the day
of the week (1 for Monday through 7 for Sunday). The ISO week-numbering
year is based on the Gregorian year but can differ slightly. The first
week of an ISO week-numbering year is the week with the Gregorian year's
first Thursday in it (equivalently, the week containing January 4);
any day of that week (Monday through Sunday) is part of the same ISO
week-numbering year, any day from the previous week is part of the
previous year. For example, January 4, 2013 is on a Friday, and so
the first week for the ISO week-numbering year 2013 starts on
Monday, December 31, 2012. The day December 31, 2012 is then part of the
Gregorian year 2012 but ISO week-numbering year 2013. In the week
date representation, this week goes from 2013-W01-1 (December 31,
2012) to 2013-W01-7 (January 6, 2013).
All three ISO-8601 representations arrange the numbers from most
significant to least significant; as well as being unambiguous
representations, they are easy to sort since chronological order in
this formats corresponds to lexicographical order. The hyphens are
sometimes omitted.
The ISO-8601 standard uses a 24 hour clock; a particular time is
represented by @var{hh}:@var{mm}:@var{ss} where @var{hh} is the
two-digit hour (from 00 to 24), @var{mm} is the two-digit minute (from
00 to 59) and @var{ss} is the two-digit second. The seconds or minutes
and seconds can be omitted, and decimals can be added. If a date with a
time is represented, they should be separated by a literal ``T'', so noon
on December 13, 2012 can be represented as 2012-12-13T12:00
@node Date Formatting Codes, Free-Form Dates, ISO-8601, Date Formats
@subsubsection Date Formatting Codes
......@@ -13463,6 +13542,10 @@ Year: ``91'' for 1991, `` 7'' for 2007, ``+23'' for 23 AD.
Year: ``1991'' for 1991, ``23'' for 23 AD.
@item YYYY
Year: ``1991'' for 1991, ``+23'' for 23 AD.
@item ZYYY
Year: ``1991'' for 1991, ``0023'' for 23 AD., ``0000'' for 1 BC.
@item IYYY
Year: ISO-8601 week-numbering year.
@item aa
Year: ``ad'' or blank.
@item AA
......@@ -13511,6 +13594,8 @@ Day: ``07'' for 7th day of month.
Day: `` 7'' for 7th day of month.
@item W
Weekday: ``0'' for Sunday, ``6'' for Saturday.
@item w
Weekday: ``1'' for Monday, ``7'' for Sunday.
@item WWW
Weekday: ``SUN'' for Sunday.
@item Www
......@@ -13521,12 +13606,16 @@ Weekday: ``sun'' for Sunday.
Weekday: ``SUNDAY'' for Sunday.
@item Wwww
Weekday: ``Sunday'' for Sunday.
@item Iww
Week number: ISO-8601 week number, ``W01'' for week 1.
@item d
Day of year: ``34'' for Feb. 3.
@item ddd
Day of year: ``034'' for Feb. 3.
@item bdd
Day of year: `` 34'' for Feb. 3.
@item T
Letter: Literal ``T''.
@item h
Hour: ``5'' for 5 AM; ``17'' for 5 PM.
@item hh
......@@ -13700,6 +13789,10 @@ command (@pxref{Mode Settings}).
@samp{j<, h:mm:ss>} (Julian day plus time)
@item 9
@samp{YYddd< hh:mm:ss>} (Year-day format)
@item 10
@samp{ZYYY-MM-DD Www< hh:mm>} (Org mode format)
@item 11
@samp{IYYY-Iww-w< Thh:mm:ss>} (ISO-8601 week numbering format)
@end table
@node Truncating the Stack, Justification, Date Formats, Display Modes
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