Commit cafb9504 authored by Eli Zaretskii's avatar Eli Zaretskii

New file, with build instructions moved from the top-level INSTALL.

parent b73f809c
2008-11-08 Eli Zaretskii <>
* INSTALL: New file, with build instructions moved from the
top-level INSTALL.
2008-10-14 Eli Zaretskii <>
* sedlisp.inp (lisp): Set to absolute file name of current
GNU Emacs Installation Guide for the DJGPP (a.k.a. MS-DOS) port
Copyright (C) 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,
2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
See the end of the file for license conditions.
The DJGPP port of GNU Emacs builds and runs on plain DOS and also on
all versions of MS-Windows from version 3.X on, including Windows XP
and Vista.
To build and install the DJGPP port, you need to have the DJGPP ports
of GCC (the GNU C compiler), GNU Make, rm, mv, and sed. See the
remarks in CONFIG.BAT for more information about locations and
versions. The Emacs FAQ (see info/efaq) includes pointers to Internet
sites where you can find the necessary utilities; search for "MS-DOS".
The configuration step (see below) will test for these utilities and
will refuse to continue if any of them isn't found.
Recompiling Lisp files in the `lisp' subdirectory using the various
targets in the lisp/Makefile file requires additional utilities:
`find' (from Findutils), GNU `echo' and `test' (from Sh-utils), and a
port of Bash. However, you should not normally need to run
lisp/Makefile, as all the Lisp files are distributed in byte-compiled
form as well.
If you are building the DJGPP version of Emacs on an DOS-like system
which supports long file names (e.g. Windows 9X or Windows XP), you
need to make sure that long file names are handled consistently both
when you unpack the distribution and compile it. If you intend to
compile with DJGPP v2.0 or later, and long file names support is
enabled (LFN=y in the environment), you need to unpack Emacs
distribution in a way that doesn't truncate the original long
filenames to the DOS 8.3 namespace; the easiest way to do this is to
use djtar program which comes with DJGPP, since it will note the LFN
setting and behave accordingly. You can build Emacs with LFN=n, if
some of your tools don't support long file names: just ensure that LFN
is set to `n' during both unpacking and compiling.
(By the time you read this, you have already unpacked the Emacs
distribution, but if the explanations above imply that you should have
done it differently, it's safer to delete the directory tree created
by the unpacking program and unpack Emacs again, than to risk running
into problems during the build process.)
It is important to understand that the runtime support of long file
names by the Emacs binary is NOT affected by the LFN setting during
compilation; Emacs compiled with DJGPP v2.0 or later will always
support long file names on Windows no matter what was the setting
of LFN at compile time. However, if you compiled with LFN disabled
and want to enable LFN support after Emacs was already built, you need
to make sure that the support files in the lisp, etc and info
directories are called by their original long names as found in the
distribution. You can do this either by renaming the files manually,
or by extracting them from the original distribution archive with
djtar after you set LFN=y in the environment.
To unpack Emacs with djtar, type this command:
djtar -x emacs.tgz
(This assumes that the Emacs distribution is called `emacs.tgz' on
your system.)
If you want to print international characters, install the intlfonts
distribution. For this, create a directory called `fonts' under the
Emacs top-level directory (usually called `emacs-XX.YY') created by
unpacking emacs.tgz, chdir into the directory emacs-XX.YY/fonts, and
type this:
djtar -x intlfonts.tgz
When unpacking Emacs is done, a directory called `emacs-XX.YY' will be
created, where XX.YY is the Emacs version. To build and install
Emacs, chdir to that directory and type these commands:
config msdos
make install
Running "config msdos" checks for several programs that are required
to configure and build Emacs; if one of those programs is not found,
CONFIG.BAT stops and prints an error message. If you have DJGPP
version 2.0 or 2.01, it will complain about a program called
DJECHO.EXE. These old versions of DJGPP shipped that program under
the name ECHO.EXE, so you can simply copy ECHO.EXE to DJECHO.EXE and
rerun CONFIG.BAT. If you have neither ECHO.EXE nor DJECHO.EXE, you
should be able to find them in your archive (where NNN is
the DJGPP version number).
On Windows NT, Windows 2000/XP/Vista, running "config msdos" might
print an error message like "VDM has been already loaded". This is
because those systems have a program called `redir.exe' which is
incompatible with a program by the same name supplied with DJGPP,
which is used by config.bat. To resolve this, move the DJGPP's `bin'
subdirectory to the front of your PATH environment variable.
To install the international fonts, chdir to the intlfonts-X.Y
directory created when you unpacked the intlfonts distribution (X.Y is
the version number of the fonts' distribution), and type the following
make bdf INSTALLDIR=..
After Make finishes, you may remove the directory intlfonts-X.Y; the
fonts are installed into the fonts/bdf subdirectory of the top-level
Emacs directory, and that is where Emacs will look for them by
Building Emacs creates executable files in the src and lib-src
directories. Installing the DJGPP port of Emacs moves these
executables to a sibling directory called bin. For example, if you
build in directory C:/emacs, installing moves the executables from
C:/emacs/src and C:/emacs/lib-src to the directory C:/emacs/bin, so
you can then delete the subdirectories C:/emacs/src and
C:/emacs/lib-src if you wish. The only subdirectories you need to
keep are bin, lisp, etc and info. (If you installed intlfonts, keep
the fonts directory and all its subdirectories as well.) The bin
subdirectory should be added to your PATH. The msdos subdirectory
includes a PIF and an icon file for Emacs which you might find useful
if you run Emacs under MS Windows.
Emacs on MSDOS finds the lisp, etc and info directories by looking in
../lisp, ../etc and ../info, starting from the directory where the
Emacs executable was run from. You can override this by setting the
environment variables EMACSDATA (for the location of `etc' directory),
EMACSLOADPATH (for the location of `lisp' directory) and INFOPATH (for
the location of the `info' directory).
Emacs features which require asynchronous subprocesses that depend on
multitasking do not work in the DJGPP port. Synchronous subprocesses
do work, so features such as compilation and grep run synchronously,
unlike opn other platforms.
Version 2.0 of djgpp has two bugs that affect Emacs. We've included
corrected versions of two files from djgpp in the msdos subdirectory:
is_exec.c and sigaction.c. To work around the bugs, compile these
files and link them into temacs. Djgpp versions 2.01 and later have
these bugs fixed, so upgrade if you can before building Emacs.
This file is part of GNU Emacs.
GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <>.
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