Commit de51d598 authored by Eli Zaretskii's avatar Eli Zaretskii

; * nt/README.W32: Minor copyedits.

parent db436e93
Copyright (C) 2001-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
See the end of the file for license conditions.
Emacs for Windows
Emacs for MS-Windows
This README file describes how to set up and run a precompiled
distribution of GNU Emacs for Windows. You can find the precompiled
distribution on the ftp.gnu.org server and its mirrors:
distribution of GNU Emacs for MS-Windows. You can find the
precompiled distribution on the ftp.gnu.org server and its mirrors:
ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/emacs/windows/
......@@ -15,19 +15,23 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
Information on how to compile Emacs from sources on Windows is in
the files README and INSTALL in the nt/ sub-directory of the
top-level Emacs directory in the source distribution, as is this
file as README.precompiled. If you received this file as part of
the Emacs source distribution, and are looking for information on
file under the name README.W32. If you received this file as part
of the Emacs source distribution, and are looking for information on
how to build Emacs on MS-Windows, please read those 2 files and not
this one.
* Preliminaries
There are two binary distributions named
emacs-n-x86_64-w64-mingw32.zip and
emacs-n-i686-w64-mingw32.zip. These are for 64-bit and 32-bit
machines respectively.
emacs-VER-x86_64-w64-mingw32.zip and emacs-VER-i686-w64-mingw32.zip,
where VER is the Emacs version. These are 64-bit and 32-bit builds,
respectively. If you are running a 32-bit version of MS-Windows,
you need to install the 32-bit build; users of 64-bit Windows can
use either build, but we recommend to install the 64-bit one, as it
will be able to edit larger buffers and will generally run faster.
The binary distribution has these top-level directories:
+ bin
+ libexec
+ share
......@@ -36,23 +40,42 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
* Setting up Emacs
To install Emacs, simply unpack the binary package into a directory
of your choice. If you use File Explorer and "Extract" by default
this will be in a top-level directory with the same name as the zip
file.
of your choice. If you use the Windows Explorer and its "Extract"
action, by default this will be in a top-level directory with the
same name as the zip file.
We also provide a set of optional dependencies, in
emacs-25-x86_64-deps.zip or emacs-25-i686-deps.zip respectively,
which provide Emacs with an number of additional capabilities. To
add these, unpack them directly over the emacs directory structure.
emacs-MVER-x86_64-deps.zip or emacs-MVER-i686-deps.zip respectively,
where MVER is the major Emacs version that should use these
libraries. These provide Emacs with a number of additional optional
capabilities, described in detail below. To use these, unpack them
directly over the emacs directory structure. Note that, if
extracting with the Windows Explorer, you will have to override the
directory where it wants to put the file with the same directory
where you extracted the Emacs binary package.
Finally, and also optionally, you can run the program addpm.exe in
the bin subdirectory which will place an icon for Emacs on the start
page.
Emacs is completely portable. You can create your own shortcut to
runemacs.exe and place this wherever you find it convenient, or
run it from a USB or network drive without copying or installing
anything on the machine itself.
page. (This is no longer needed in latest versions of Emacs, so we
recommend you not do that, as running addpm.exe will insert entries
into the Registry which might get in the way if you upgrade to later
versions without updating those entries, or would like to uninstall
Emacs.)
Emacs is completely portable. You can create your own shortcut to
runemacs.exe and place this wherever you find it convenient (the
desktop and/or the Taskbar), or run it from a USB or network drive
without copying or installing anything on the machine itself.
* Prerequisites for Windows 9X
The 32-bit build supports MS-Windows 9X (Windows 95/98/Me). To run
Emacs on these versions of Windows, you will need to have the
Microsoft Layer for Unicode (MSLU) installed. It can be downloaded
from the Microsoft site, and comes in a form of a single dynamic
library called UNICOWS.DLL. If this library is not accessible to
Emacs on Windows 9X, it will pop up a dialog saying that it cannot
find the UNICOWS library, and will refuse to start up.
* Starting Emacs
......@@ -66,7 +89,7 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
If you want to use Emacs in tty or character mode within a command
window, you can start it by typing "emacs -nw" at the command prompt.
(Obviously, you need to ensure that the Emacs bin subdirectory is in
your PATH first, or specify the path to emacs.exe.) The -nw
your Path first, or specify the path to emacs.exe.) The -nw
(non-windowed) mode of operation is most useful if you have a telnet
server on your machine, allowing you to run Emacs remotely.
......@@ -90,7 +113,8 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
+ emacsclientw.exe - A version of emacsclient that does not open
a command-line window.
+ addpm.exe - The installer that adds Emacs to "Start".
+ addpm.exe - A basic installer that adds Emacs to "Start" menus and
adds Emacs-related entries to the Windows Registry.
+ ctags.exe, etags.exe - Tools for generating tag files. See the
`Tags' node of the Emacs manual.
......@@ -124,26 +148,56 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
+ update-game-score.exe - A utility for updating the score files of
Emacs games.
* Optional Dependencies
* Optional dependency libraries
Emacs has built in support for XBM and PPM/PGM/PBM images, and the
libXpm library is bundled, providing XPM support (required for color
toolbar icons and splash screen). Source for libXpm should be
toolbar icons and splash screen). Source for libXpm should be
available from the same place from which you got this binary
distribution.
In addition, as described, there is a separate dependency bundle
providing support for many images formats, TLS, XML parsing and
compression.
Emacs has a number of optional features which need additional
libraries. These are provided in a separate bundle of dependencies,
as described above, and enable support for the following:
- displaying inline images of many types (PNG, JPEG, GIF, TIFF, SVG)
- SSL/TLS secure network communications (HTTPS, IMAPS, etc.)
- HTML and XML parsing (necessary for the built-in EWW browser)
- built-in decompression of compressed text
The optional dependency libraries are in emacs-MVER-x86_64-deps.zip
(64-bit) and emacs-MVER-i686-deps.zip (32-bit), and their sources
are in emacs-MVER-deps-mingw-w64-src.zip, where MVER is the major
version of Emacs that should use these dependencies. Note that a
64-bit Emacs will only work with the 64-bit dependencies, and the
32-bit Emacs only with the 32-bit dependencies.
Newer/updated builds for these optional libraries are available at
http://msys2.github.io/ and
http://sourceforge.net/projects/ezwinports/files/ (but you shouldn't
need these except in emergencies).
If you install the libraries in a directory different from where you
have the Emacs executable programs, we recommend to add the
directory with DLLs to your Path, so that Emacs will be able to find
those DLLs when needed.
* Installing with an existing MSYS2 installation.
* Installing Emacs with an existing MSYS2 installation
You may also use Emacs with an existing MSYS2 installation by simply
unpacking the Emacs distribution over MSYS2. You can then use the
'pacman' utility to install dependencies. You should not use the
optional dependencies bundle, as this will overwrite MSYS2 files
(the dependency bundle derives from MSYS2, but may be a different
version).
unpacking the Emacs distribution over MSYS2. You can then use the
'pacman' utility to install dependencies. You should not use the
optional dependencies bundle from this site, as this will overwrite
MSYS2 files (the dependency bundle derives from MSYS2, but may be a
different version).
Some of the optional libraries need to be of certain versions to
work with your Emacs binary. Make sure you install those versions
of dependencies, and no others. Emacs variables such as
libpng-version and libjpeg-version tell what versions of the
corresponding libraries are expected by Emacs. (We recommend that
you use the dependency bundle, where these issues are always
resolved.)
To install the optional libraries, start the MSYS2 Bash window and
type the following command:
......@@ -153,17 +207,25 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
where PACKAGES is the list of packages you want to install. The
full list is as follows:
mingw-w64-x86_64-giflib
mingw-w64-x86_64-gnutls
mingw-w64-x86_64-libjpeg-turbo
mingw-w64-x86_64-libpng
mingw-w64-x86_64-librsvg
mingw-w64-x86_64-libtiff
mingw-w64-x86_64-libxml2
mingw-w64-x86_64-xpm-nox
mingw-w64-x86_64-giflib
mingw-w64-x86_64-gnutls
mingw-w64-x86_64-libjpeg-turbo
mingw-w64-x86_64-libpng
mingw-w64-x86_64-librsvg
mingw-w64-x86_64-libtiff
mingw-w64-x86_64-libxml2
mingw-w64-x86_64-xpm-nox
You can type any subset of this list. Once again, when asked
whether to proceed with installation, answer Y.
You can type any subset of this list. When asked whether to proceed
with installation, answer Y.
Alternatively, you could install the packages manually from this
page:
https://sourceforge.net/projects/msys2/files/REPOS/MINGW/x86_64/
However, the packages there are not self-contained, so you will need
to manually download all their dependencies as well.
* Uninstalling Emacs
......@@ -184,6 +246,9 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
* Troubleshooting
Some known problems and their solutions can be found in the file
etc\PROBLEMS in the unpacked Emacs distribution.
Virus scanners
Some virus scanners interfere with Emacs' use of subprocesses. If you
......@@ -191,6 +256,12 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
McAfee's Vshield, turn off "Scan all files" (WinGuard) or "boot sector
scanning" (McAfee exclusion properties).
Windows 9X
On Windows 9X, make sure you have the UNICOWS.DLL library either in
the same directory where you have emacs.exe or in the directory
where system-wide DLLs are kept.
* Further information
The Emacs User manual describes Windows-specific issues in the
......@@ -206,17 +277,17 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
In addition to the manual, there is a mailing list for help with
Emacs here:
https://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/help-gnu-emacs
http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/help-gnu-emacs
To ask questions on the mailing list, send email to
To ask questions on this mailing list, send email to
help-gnu-emacs@gnu.org.
And a more specific one for issues related to the Windows port of
Emacs. For information about the list, see this Web page:
A mailing list for issuesspecifically related to the MS-Windows port
of Emacs is here:
http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/help-emacs-windows
To ask questions on the mailing list, send email to
To ask questions on this mailing list, send email to
help-emacs-windows@gnu.org.
* Reporting bugs
......@@ -224,11 +295,11 @@ See the end of the file for license conditions.
If you encounter a bug in this port of Emacs, we would like to hear
about it. First check the FAQ on the web page above to see if the bug
is already known and if there are any workarounds. Then check whether
the bug has something to do with code in your .emacs file, e.g. by
the bug has something to do with code in your `.emacs' file, e.g. by
invoking Emacs with the "-Q" option.
If you decide that it is a bug in Emacs, use the built in bug
reporting facility to report it (from the menu; Help -> Send Bug Report).
reporting facility to report it (from the menu: Help -> Send Bug Report).
If you have not yet configured Emacs for mail, then when you press
C-c C-c to send the report, it will ask you to paste the text of the
report into your mail client. If the bug is related to subprocesses,
......
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