NEWS.25 75.3 KB
 Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1 2 GNU Emacs NEWS -- history of user-visible changes.  Paul Eggert committed Jan 01, 2019 3 Copyright (C) 2014-2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 See the end of the file for license conditions. Please send Emacs bug reports to bug-gnu-emacs@gnu.org. If possible, use M-x report-emacs-bug. This file is about changes in Emacs version 25. See file HISTORY for a list of GNU Emacs versions and release dates. See files NEWS.24, NEWS.23, NEWS.22, NEWS.21, NEWS.20, NEWS.19, NEWS.18, and NEWS.1-17 for changes in older Emacs versions. You can narrow news to a specific version by calling 'view-emacs-news' with a prefix argument or by typing C-u C-h C-n.  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 18 19 20  * Changes in Emacs 25.3  Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 21 This is an emergency release to fix a security vulnerability in Emacs.  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 22   Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 23 ** Security vulnerability related to Enriched Text mode is removed.  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 24   Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 25 26 27 28 29 30 *** Enriched Text mode has its support for decoding 'x-display' disabled. This feature allows saving 'display' properties as part of text. Emacs 'display' properties support evaluation of arbitrary Lisp forms as part of instantiating the property, so decoding 'x-display' is vulnerable to executing arbitrary malicious Lisp code included in the text (e.g., sent as part of an email message).  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 31   Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 32 33 34 This vulnerability was introduced in Emacs 21.1. To work around that in Emacs versions before 25.3, append the following to your ~/.emacs init file:  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 35   Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 36 37 38  (eval-after-load "enriched" '(defun enriched-decode-display-prop (start end &optional param) (list start end)))  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 39   Paul Eggert committed Sep 12, 2017 40 41 42 *** Gnus no longer supports "richtext" and "enriched" inline MIME objects. This support was disabled to avoid evaluation of arbitrary Lisp code contained in email messages and news articles.  Paul Eggert committed Sep 09, 2017 43   Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 44 45 46  * Changes in Emacs 25.2  Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 47 48 This is mainly a bug-fix release, but there are some other changes.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 23, 2016 49 50 ** 'find-library', 'help-function-def' and 'help-variable-def' now run 'find-function-after-hook'.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 51 52  ** New basic face 'fixed-pitch-serif', for a fixed-width font with serifs.  Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 53 The 'Info-quoted' and 'tex-verbatim' faces inherit from it by default.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 54   Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 55 56 ** New variable 'use-default-font-for-symbols', for backward compatibility. This variable allows you to get back pre-Emacs 25 behavior where the  Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 57 font for displaying symbol and punctuation characters was always  Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 58 59 60 61 selected according to your fontset setup. By default, Emacs 25 tries to use the default face's font for such characters, if it supports them, disregarding the fontsets. Set this variable to nil to disable this and get back the old behavior.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 62   Paul Eggert committed Oct 23, 2016 63 ** 'electric-quote-mode' is no longer suppressed in a buffer whose  Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 64 coding system cannot represent curved quote characters.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 23, 2016 65 66 67 Instead, users can deal with the unrepresentable characters in the usual way when they save the buffer.  Paul Eggert committed Oct 10, 2016 68 69 ** New variable 'inhibit-compacting-font-caches'. Set this variable to a non-nil value to speed up display of characters  Paul Eggert committed Mar 19, 2017 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 using large fonts, at the price of a larger memory footprint. ** The version number of CC Mode has been changed from 5.33 to 5.32.99, although the software itself hasn't changed. This aims to reduce confusion with the standalone CC Mode 5.33 (available from http://cc-mode.sourceforge.net), which is a more mature version than the one included in Emacs 25.2.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115  * Installation Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** Building Emacs now requires C99 or later. ** Building Emacs now requires GNU make, version 3.81 or later. ** New configure option --with-cairo. This builds Emacs with Cairo drawing. As a side effect, it provides support for built-in printing, when Emacs was built with GTK+. The Emacs Cairo drawing is experimental and still has some known display problems. We encourage more testing of this build and reporting any problems you find, but it is not recommended for production. ** New configure option --with-modules. This enables support for loading dynamic modules; see below. ** By default, Emacs no longer works on IRIX. We expect that Emacs users are not affected by this, as SGI stopped supporting IRIX in December 2013. If you are affected, please send a bug report. You should be able to work around the problem either by porting the Emacs undumping code to GCC under IRIX, or by configuring --with-wide-int, or by sticking with Emacs 24.4. ** The Emacs garbage collector assumes GC_MARK_STACK == GC_MAKE_GCPROS_NOOPS. The GC_MAKE_GCPROS_NOOPS stack-marking variant has been the default since Emacs 24.4, and the other variants were undocumented and were obstacles to maintenance and development. GC_MARK_STACK and its related symbols have been removed from the C internals. ** 'configure' now prefers gnustep-config when configuring GNUstep. If gnustep-config is not available, the old heuristics are used. ** 'configure' now prefers inotify to gfile for file notification, unless gfile is explicitly requested via --with-file-notification='gfile'. ** 'configure' detects the kqueue file notification library on *BSD  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 116 and macOS machines.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229  ** The configure option '--with-pkg-config-prog' has been removed. Use './configure PKG_CONFIG=/full/name/of/pkg-config' if you need to. ** The configure option '--with-mmdf' has been removed. It was no longer useful, as it relied on libraries that are no longer supported, and its presence led to confusion during configuration. This affects only the 'movemail' utility; Emacs itself can still process MMDF-format files as before. ** The configure option '--enable-silent-rules' is now the default, and silent rules are now quieter. To get the old behavior where 'make' chatters a lot, configure with '--disable-silent-rules' or build with 'make V=1'. ** The configure option '--with-gameuser' now allows you to specify a group instead of a user if its argument is prefixed by ':' (a colon). This will cause the game score files in "${localstatedir}/games/emacs" to be owned by that group, and the helper program for updating them to be installed setgid. The option now defaults to the 'games' group. ** The 'grep-changelog' script (and its manual page) are no longer included. It has no particular connection to Emacs and has not changed in years, so if you want to use it, you can always take a copy from an older Emacs. ** Emacs 25 comes with a new set of icons. Various resolutions are available as etc/images/icons/hicolor/*/apps/emacs.png. The old Emacs logo icons are available as 'emacs23.png' in the same location. ** New make target 'check-expensive' to run additional tests. This includes all tests which run via "make check", plus additional tests which take more time to perform. * Startup Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** When Emacs is given a file as a command line argument and 'initial-buffer-choice' is non-nil, display both the file and 'initial-buffer-choice'. When Emacs is given more than one file and 'initial-buffer-choice' is non-nil, show 'initial-buffer-choice' and '*Buffer List*'. This makes Emacs convenient to use from the command line when 'initial-buffer-choice' is non-nil. ** The value of 'initial-scratch-message' is now treated as a doc string and can contain escape sequences for command keys, quotes, and the like. ** The default height of GUI frames was enlarged. This is so there's enough space in the initial window to display the optional text about recovering crashes sessions, without losing the splash image display. * Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** Xwidgets: a new feature for embedding native widgets inside Emacs buffers. If you have gtk3 and webkitgtk3 installed, and Emacs was built with xwidget support, you can access the embedded webkit browser with 'M-x xwidget-webkit-browse-url'. This opens a new buffer with the embedded browser. The buffer will have a new mode, 'xwidget-webkit-mode' (similar to 'image-mode'), which supports the webkit widget. *** New functions for xwidget-webkit mode 'xwidget-webkit-insert-string', 'xwidget-webkit-adjust-size-dispatch', 'xwidget-webkit-back', 'xwidget-webkit-browse-url', 'xwidget-webkit-reload', 'xwidget-webkit-current-url', 'xwidget-webkit-scroll-backward', 'xwidget-webkit-scroll-forward', 'xwidget-webkit-scroll-down', 'xwidget-webkit-scroll-up'. ** Emacs can now load shared/dynamic libraries (modules). A dynamic Emacs module is a shared library that provides additional functionality for use in Emacs Lisp programs, just like a package written in Emacs Lisp would. The functions 'load', 'require', 'load-file', etc. were extended to load such modules, as they do with Emacs Lisp packages. The new variable 'module-file-suffix' holds the system-dependent value of the file-name extension ('.so' on Posix hosts) of the module files. A module should export a C-callable function named 'emacs_module_init', which Emacs will call as part of the call to 'load' or 'require' which loads the module. It should also export a symbol named 'plugin_is_GPL_compatible' to indicate that its code is released under the GPL or compatible license; Emacs will refuse to load modules that don't export such a symbol. If a module needs to call Emacs functions, it should do so through the API defined and documented in the header file 'emacs-module.h'. Note that any module that provides Lisp-callable functions will have to use Emacs functions such as 'fset' and 'funcall', in order to register its functions with the Emacs Lisp interpreter. Modules can create 'user-ptr' Lisp objects that embed pointers to C structs defined by the module. This is useful for keeping around complex data structures created by a module, to be passed back to the module's functions. User-ptr objects can also have associated "finalizers" -- functions to be run when the object is GC'ed; this is useful for freeing any resources allocated for the underlying data structure, such as memory, open file descriptors, etc. A new predicate 'user-ptrp' returns non-nil if its argument is a 'user-ptr' object. Loadable modules in Emacs are an experimental feature, and subject to change in future releases. For that reason, their support is disabled by default, and must be enabled by using the '--with-modules' option at configure time. ** Network security (TLS/SSL certificate validity and the like) is added via the new Network Security Manager (NSM) and controlled via the 'network-security-level' variable. ** 'C-h l' now also lists the commands that were run. ** 'x-select-enable-clipboard' is renamed 'select-enable-clipboard' and 'x-select-enable-primary' is renamed 'select-enable-primary'.  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 230 231 232 233 Additionally they both now apply to all systems (macOS, GNUstep, MS-Windows, you name it), with the proviso that on some systems (e.g., MS-Windows) 'select-enable-primary' is ineffective since the system doesn't have the equivalent of a primary selection.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714  ** New option 'switch-to-buffer-in-dedicated-window' allows you to customize how 'switch-to-buffer' proceeds interactively when the selected window is strongly dedicated to its buffer. ** The option 'even-window-heights' has been renamed to 'even-window-sizes' and now handles window widths as well. ** 'terpri' gets an optional arg ENSURE to conditionally output a newline. ** 'insert-register' now leaves point after the inserted text when called interactively. A prefix argument toggles this behavior. ** The new variable 'term-file-aliases' replaces some files from lisp/term. The function 'tty-run-terminal-initialization' consults this variable when deciding what terminal-specific initialization code to run. ** New variable 'system-configuration-features', listing some of the main features that Emacs was compiled with. This is mainly intended for use in Emacs bug reports. ** A password is now hidden also when typed in batch mode. Another hiding character but the default '.' can be used by let-binding the variable 'read-hide-char'. ** The Emacs pseudo-random number generator can be securely seeded. On systems where Emacs can access the system entropy or some other cryptographically secure random stream, it now uses that when 'random' is called with its argument t. This allows cryptographically strong random values; in particular, the Emacs server now uses this facility to produce its authentication key. ** New input methods: 'tamil-dvorak', 'programmer-dvorak' and 'probhat'. * Editing Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** 'M-x' suggests shorthands and ignores obsolete commands for completion. ** Changes in undo *** Successive single-char deletions are collapsed in the undo-log just like successive char insertions. Which commands invoke this behavior is controlled by the new 'undo-auto-amalgamate' function. See the node "Undo" in the ELisp manual for more details. *** The heuristic used to insert 'undo-boundary' after each command has changed, so that if a command causes changes in more than just the current buffer, Emacs now calls 'undo-boundary' in every buffer affected by the command. ** New command 'comment-line' bound to 'C-x C-;'. ** New and improved facilities for inserting Unicode characters *** Unicode names entered via 'C-x 8 RET' now use substring completion by default. *** 'C-x 8' now has shorthands for several chars, such as U+2010 (HYPHEN), U+2011 (NON-BREAKING HYPHEN), and U+2012 (FIGURE DASH). As before, you can type 'C-x 8 C-h' to list shorthands. *** New minor mode 'electric-quote-mode' for using curved quotes as you type. See also the new variable 'text-quoting-style'. ** New minor mode 'global-eldoc-mode' is enabled by default. ** Emacs now uses "bracketed paste mode" on text terminals that support it. Bracketed paste mode causes text terminals to wrap pasted text in special escape sequences that allow Emacs to tell the difference between text you type and text you paste from other applications. Emacs then avoids interpreting each character in the pasted text as it does with keyboard input, which results in a paste experience similar to that under a window system, and significant performance improvements when pasting large amounts of text. Bracketed paste mode is disabled by default, so Emacs automatically enables it at startup if the terminal supports it. ** Emacs now supports the latest version of the UBA. The Emacs implementation of the Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm (UBA) was updated to support all the latest additions and changes introduced in Unicode Standard versions 6.3, 7.0, and the latest Unicode 8.0. This includes full support for directional isolates and the Bidirectional Parentheses Algorithm (BPA) specified by these Unicode standards. ** You can access 'mouse-buffer-menu' ('C-down-mouse-1') using 'C-f10'. ** New buffer-local 'electric-pair-local-mode'. ** New variable 'fast-but-imprecise-scrolling' inhibits fontification during full screen scrolling operations, giving less hesitant operation during auto-repeat of 'C-v', 'M-v' at the cost of possible inaccuracies in the end position. ** New documentation command 'describe-symbol'. Works for functions, variables, faces, etc. It is bound to 'C-h o' by default. ** New function 'custom-prompt-customize-unsaved-options' checks for unsaved customizations and prompts user to customize (if found). It is intended for adding to 'kill-emacs-query-functions'. ** The old 'C-x w' bindings in 'hi-lock-mode' are officially deprecated in favor of the global 'M-s h' bindings introduced in Emacs 23.1. They'll disappear soon. * Changes in Specialized Modes and Packages in Emacs 25.1 ** Checkdoc *** New command 'checkdoc-package-keywords' checks if the current package keywords are recognized. Set the new option 'checkdoc-package-keywords-flag' to non-nil to make 'checkdoc-current-buffer' call this function automatically. *** New function 'checkdoc-file' checks for style errors. It's meant for use together with 'compile': emacs -batch --eval "(checkdoc-file \"subr.el\")" ** Desktop *** The desktop format version has been upgraded from 206 to 208. Although Emacs 25.1 can read a version 206 desktop, earlier Emacsen cannot read a version 208 desktop. To upgrade your desktop file, you must explicitly request the upgrade, by 'C-u M-x desktop-save'. You are recommended to do this as soon as you have firmly upgraded to Emacs 25.1 (or later). Should you ever need to downgrade your desktop file to version 206, you can do this with 'C-u C-u M-x desktop-save'. *** 'desktop-restore-in-current-display' now defaults to t, not nil. That is, Emacs by default now restores frames into the current display. ** New function 'bookmark-set-no-overwrite' bound to 'C-x r M'. It raises an error if a bookmark of that name already exists, unlike 'bookmark-set' which silently updates an existing bookmark. ** Gnus *** New user options 'mm-html-inhibit-images' and 'mm-html-blocked-images' now control how mm-* functions fetch and display images in an HTML message. Gnus still uses 'gnus-inhibit-images' and 'gnus-blocked-images' for that purpose, i.e., binds mm-html- variables with those gnus- variables, but other packages do not have to bind gnus- variables now. *** 'mm-inline-text-html-with-images' has been removed. Use 'mm-html-inhibit-images' instead. Note that the value is opposite in meaning. ** IMAP *** 'imap-ssl-program' has been removed, and imap.el uses the internal GnuTLS encryption functions if possible. ** JSON *** 'json-encode-string' now only escapes the characters it has to. Which means that the encoded strings can contain non-ASCII characters. *** 'json-pretty-print' and 'json-pretty-print-buffer' now maintain the ordering of object keys by default. *** New commands 'json-pretty-print-ordered' and 'json-pretty-print-buffer-ordered' pretty prints JSON objects with object keys sorted alphabetically. ** Prettify Symbols mode *** Prettify Symbols mode supports custom composition predicates. By overriding the default 'prettify-symbols-compose-predicate', modes can specify in which contexts a symbol may be displayed as some Unicode character. 'prettify-symbols-default-compose-p' is the default which is suitable for most programming languages such as C or Lisp (but not (La)TeX). *** Symbols can be unprettified while point is inside them. New variable 'prettify-symbols-unprettify-at-point' configures this. ** Enhanced xterm support *** The new variable 'xterm-screen-extra-capabilities' for configuring xterm. This variable tells Emacs which advanced capabilities are available in the xterm terminal emulator used to display Emacs text-mode frames. The default is to check each capability, and use it if available. (This variable was introduced in Emacs 24.1, but was not announced in its NEWS.) *** Killing text now also sets the CLIPBOARD/PRIMARY selection in the surrounding GUI (using the OSC-52 escape sequence). This only works if your xterm supports it and enables the 'allowWindowOps' options (disabled by default at least in Debian, for security reasons). Similarly, you can yank the CLIPBOARD/PRIMARY selection (using the OSC-52 escape sequence) if your xterm has the feature enabled but for that you additionally need to add 'getSelection' to 'xterm-extra-capabilities'. *** 'xterm-mouse-mode' now supports mouse-tracking (if your xterm supports it). ** The way to turn on and off 'save-place' mode has changed. It is no longer sufficient to load the saveplace library and set 'save-place' non-nil. Instead, use the two new minor modes: 'save-place-mode' turns on saving last place in every file, and 'save-place-local-mode' does that only for the file in whose buffer it is invoked. The 'save-place' variable is now an obsolete alias for 'save-place-mode', which replaces it, and 'toggle-save-place' is an obsolete alias for the new 'save-place-local-mode' command. ** ERC *** ERC can now hide message types by network or channel. 'erc-hide-list' will hide all messages of the specified type, while 'erc-network-hide-list' and 'erc-channel-hide-list' will only hide the specified message types for the respective specified targets. *** Reconnection is now asynchronous. *** Nick completion is now case-insensitive again after inadvertently being made case-sensitive in Emacs 24.2. ** MPC *** New commands, key binds, and menu items. **** '<' and '>' for navigating previous and next tracks in playlist **** New play/pause command 'mpc-toggle-play' bound to 's' **** 'g' bound to new command 'mpc-seek-current' will navigate current track. **** New commands 'mpc-toggle-{consume,repeat,single,shuffle}' for toggling playback modes. *** Now supports connecting to a UNIX domain socket. *** Looks at more image file names to use as album art. Case-insensitively tries for .folder.png (freedesktop) and folder.jpg (XP) in addition to cover.jpg. *** Searches in more locations for MPD configuration files. MPD supports the XDG base directory specification since version 0.17.6. ** Midnight-mode *** 'midnight-mode' is now a proper minor mode. *** clean-buffer-*-regexps can now specify buffers via predicate functions. ** package.el *** New "external" package status. An external package is any installed package that's not built-in and not from 'package-user-dir', which usually means it's from an entry in 'package-directory-list'. They are treated much like built-in packages, in that they cannot be deleted through the package menu and are not considered for upgrades. The effect is that a user can manually place a specific version of a package inside 'package-directory-list' and the package menu will always respect that. *** If a package is available on multiple archives and one has higher priority (as per 'package-archive-priorities') only that one is listed. This can be configured with 'package-menu-hide-low-priority'. *** 'package-menu-toggle-hiding' now toggles the hiding of packages. This includes the above-mentioned low-priority packages, as well as available packages whose version is lower than the currently installed version (which were previously impossible to display). This allows users to downgrade a package if a lower version is available. *** When filtering the package menu, keywords starting with "arc:" or "status:" represent package archive or status, respectively, instead of actual keywords. *** Most functions which involve downloading information now take an ASYNC argument. If it is non-nil, package.el performs the download(s) asynchronously. *** New variable 'package-menu-async' controls whether the package-menu uses asynchronous downloads. *** 'package-install-from-buffer' and 'package-install-file' work on directories. This follows the same rules as installing from a .tar file, except the -pkg file is optional. *** Packages which are dependencies of other packages cannot be deleted. The FORCE argument to 'package-delete' overrides this. *** New custom variable 'package-selected-packages' tracks packages which were installed by the user (as opposed to installed as dependencies). This variable can also be manually customized. *** New command 'package-install-selected-packages' installs all packages from 'package-selected-packages' which are currently missing. *** 'package-install' function now takes a DONT-SELECT argument. If this function is called interactively or if DONT-SELECT is nil, add the package being installed to 'package-selected-packages'. *** New command 'package-autoremove' removes all packages which were installed strictly as dependencies but are no longer needed. ** Shell When you invoke 'shell' interactively, the '*shell*' buffer will now display in a new window. However, you can customize this behavior via the 'display-buffer-alist' variable. For example, to get the old behavior -- '*shell*' buffer displays in current window -- use (add-to-list 'display-buffer-alist '("^\\*shell\\*$" . (display-buffer-same-window))). ** EIEIO *** The ':protection' slot option is not obeyed any more. *** The 'newname' argument to constructors is optional&deprecated. If you need your objects to be named, do it by inheriting from 'eieio-named'. *** The -list-p and -child-p functions are declared obsolete. *** The variables are declared obsolete. *** The variables are declared obsolete. *** defgeneric and defmethod are declared obsolete. Use the equivalent facilities from cl-generic.el instead. *** 'constructor' is now an obsolete alias for 'make-instance'. *** 'pcase' accepts a new UPattern 'eieio'. ** ido *** New command 'ido-bury-buffer-at-head' bound to 'C-S-b'. Bury the buffer at the head of 'ido-matches', analogous to how 'C-k' kills the buffer at head. *** A prefix argument to 'ido-restrict-to-matches' will reverse its meaning, and the list is restricted to those elements that do not match the current input. ** Minibuffer *** You can use and arrow keys to move through history by lines. The new commands 'next-line-or-history-element' and 'previous-line-or-history-element', bound to and in the minibuffer, allow by-line movement through minibuffer history, similarly to an ordinary buffer. Only when point moves over the bottom/top of the minibuffer it goes to the next/previous history element. 'M-p' and 'M-n' still move directly to previous/next history item as before. ** Search and Replace *** 'isearch' and 'query-replace' can now perform character folding in matches. This is analogous to case folding, but instead of disregarding case variants, it disregards wider classes of distinctions between similar characters. (Case folding is a special case of character folding.) This means many characters in the search string will match entire groups of characters instead of just themselves. For instance, the ASCII double quote character " will match all variants of double quotes, and the letter 'a' will match all of its accented cousins, even those composed of multiple characters, as well as many other symbols like U+249C (PARENTHESIZED LATIN SMALL LETTER A). Character folding is enabled by customizing 'search-default-mode' to the value 'char-fold-to-regexp'. You can also toggle character folding in the middle of a search by typing 'M-s ''. 'query-replace' honors character folding if the new variable 'replace-char-fold' is customized to a non-nil value. *** New user option 'search-default-mode'. This option specifies the default mode for Isearch. The default value, nil specifies that Isearch does literal searches (however, 'case-fold-search' and 'isearch-lax-whitespace' may still be applied, as in previous Emacs versions). *** New function 'char-fold-to-regexp' can be used by searching commands to produce a regexp matching anything that char-folds into STRING. *** The new 'M-s M-w' key binding uses eww to search the web for the text in the region. The search engine to use for this is specified by the customizable variable 'eww-search-prefix'. *** 'query-replace' history is enhanced. When 'query-replace' reads the FROM string from the minibuffer, typing 'M-p' will now show previous replacements as "FROM SEP TO", where FROM and TO are the original text and its replacement, and SEP is an arrow string defined by the new variable 'query-replace-from-to-separator'. To select a prior replacement, type 'M-p' until the desired replacement appears in the minibuffer, and then exit the minibuffer by typing RET. ** Calc *** If 'quick-calc' is called with a prefix argument, insert the result of the calculation into the current buffer. ** In Edebug, you can now set the initial mode with 'C-x C-a C-m'. With this you can tell Edebug not to stop at the start of the first instrumented function. ** ElDoc *** New minor mode 'global-eldoc-mode'. It is turned on by default, and affects '*scratch*' and other buffers whose major mode supports Emacs Lisp. *** 'eldoc-documentation-function' now defaults to 'ignore'. *** 'describe-char-eldoc' displays information about character at point, and can be used as a default value of 'eldoc-documentation-function'. It is useful when, for example, one needs to distinguish various spaces - e.g., U+00A0 (NO-BREAK SPACE), U+2002 (EN SPACE), and U+2009 (THIN SPACE) - while using mono-spaced font. ** eww *** HTML can now be rendered using variable-width fonts. *** A new command 'F' ('eww-toggle-fonts') can be used to toggle whether to use variable-pitch fonts or not. The user can also customize the 'shr-use-fonts' variable. *** A new command 'R' ('eww-readable') will try do identify the main textual parts of a web page and display only that, leaving menus and the like off the page. *** A new command 'D' ('eww-toggle-paragraph-direction') allows you to toggle the paragraph direction between left-to-right and right-to-left. *** You can now use several eww buffers in parallel by renaming eww buffers you want to keep separate. *** Partial state of the eww buffers (the URIs and the titles of the pages visited) is now preserved in the desktop file. *** 'eww-after-render-hook' is now called after eww has rendered the data in the buffer. *** The 'eww-reload' command now takes a prefix to not reload via the net, but just use the local copy of the HTML. *** The DOM shr and eww uses has been changed to the general Emacs xml.el/libxml2 DOM, and a new package dom.el has been added to interact with this DOM. See the Emacs Lisp manual for interface details. *** 'mailcap-mime-data' is now consulted when displaying PDF files. *** The new 'S' command will list all eww buffers, and allow managing them. *** https pages with valid certificates have headers marked in green, while invalid certificates are marked in red. ** Message mode *** text/html messages that contain inline image parts will be transformed into multipart/related messages before sending. ** In Show Paren Mode, a parenthesis can be highlighted when point stands inside it, and certain parens can be highlighted when point is at BOL or EOL, or in whitespace there. To enable these, customize, respectively, 'show-paren-when-point-inside-paren' or 'show-paren-when-point-in-periphery'. ** If gpg2 exists on the system, it is now used as the default value of 'epg-gpg-program' (instead of gpg). ** Lisp mode *** Strings after ':documentation' are highlighted as docstrings. This enhances Lisp mode fontification to handle documentation of the form '(:documentation "the doc string")' used in Common Lisp code for CLOS class and slot documentation. ** Rectangle editing *** Rectangle Mark mode can have corners past EOL or in the middle of a TAB. *** 'C-x C-x' in 'rectangle-mark-mode' now cycles through the four corners.  Noam Postavsky committed Oct 16, 2017 715   Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 716 *** 'string-rectangle' provides on-the-fly preview of the result.  Noam Postavsky committed Oct 16, 2017 717 Customize 'rectangle-preview' to nil for the old behavior.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846  ** New font-lock functions 'font-lock-ensure' and 'font-lock-flush'. These should be used in preference to 'font-lock-fontify-buffer' when called from Lisp. ** Macro 'minibuffer-with-setup-hook' can optionally append a function to 'minibuffer-setup-hook'. If the first argument of the macro is of the form '(:append FUN)', then FUN will be appended to 'minibuffer-setup-hook', instead of prepending it. ** cl-lib *** New functions 'cl-fresh-line', 'cl-digit-char-p', and 'cl-parse-integer'. *** 'pcase' accepts the new UPattern 'cl-struct'. ** Calendar and diary *** The default 'diary-file' is now located in "~/.emacs.d". *** New commands to insert diary entries with Chinese dates: 'diary-chinese-insert-anniversary-entry' 'diary-chinese-insert-entry' 'diary-chinese-insert-monthly-entry', 'diary-chinese-insert-yearly-entry'. *** The calendar can now list and mark diary entries with Chinese dates. See 'diary-chinese-list-entries' and 'diary-chinese-mark-entries'. *** The option 'calendar-mode-line-format' can now be nil, which means to do nothing special with the mode line in calendars. *** New option 'calendar-weekend-days'. The option customizes which day headers receive the 'calendar-weekend-header' face. *** New optional args N and STRING for 'holiday-greek-orthodox-easter'. *** Many items obsolete since at least version 23.1 have been removed. The majority were function/variable/face aliases, too numerous to list here. The remainder were: **** Functions 'calendar-one-frame-setup', 'calendar-only-one-frame-setup', 'calendar-two-frame-setup', 'european-calendar', 'american-calendar'. **** Hooks 'cal-menu-load-hook', 'cal-x-load-hook'. **** Macro 'calendar-for-loop'. **** Variables 'european-calendar-style', 'diary-face', 'hebrew-holidays-{1,4}'. **** The nil and list forms of 'diary-display-function'. ** New ERT function 'ert-summarize-tests-batch-and-exit'. If the output of ERT tests in batch mode execution can be saved to a log file, then it can be passed as an argument to the above function to produce a neat summary. ** New js.el option 'js-indent-first-init'. ** Info ** Info mode now displays symbol names in fixed-pitch font. If you want to get the old behavior back, customize the 'Info-quoted' face to use the same definitions as the default face. *** 'Info-fontify-maximum-menu-size' can be t for no limit. *** 'info-display-manual' can now be given a prefix argument which (any non-nil value) directs the command to limit the completion alternatives to currently visited manuals. ** ntlm.el has support for NTLM2. ** Rmail *** The Rmail commands 'd', 'C-d' and 'u' take optional repeat counts to delete or undelete multiple messages. *** Rmail can now render HTML mail messages if your Emacs was built with libxml2 or if you have the Lynx browser installed. By default, Rmail will display the HTML version of a mail message that has both HTML and plain text parts, if display of HTML email is possible; customize the 'rmail-mime-prefer-html' option to nil if you don't want that. *** In the commands that make summaries by subject, recipients, or senders, you can no longer use commas to separate regular expressions. ** SES now supports local printer functions; see 'ses-define-local-printer'. ** Shell-script Mode *** In sh-mode you can now use 'sh-shell' as a file-local variable to specify the type of shell in use (bash, csh, etc). *** New value 'always' for 'sh-indent-after-continuation'. This provides old-style ("dumb") indentation of continued lines. See the doc string of 'sh-indent-after-continuation' for details. ** TLS *** Fatal TLS errors are now silent by default. *** If Emacs isn't built with TLS support, an external TLS-capable program is used instead. This program used to be run in --insecure mode by default, but has now changed to be secure instead, and will fail if you try to connect to non-verifiable hosts. This is controlled by the 'tls-program' variable. ** URL *** The URL package accepts now the protocols "ssh", "scp" and "rsync". When 'url-handler-mode' is enabled, file operations for these protocols as well as for "telnet" and "ftp" are passed to Tramp. *** The URL package allows customizing the 'url-user-agent' string. The new 'url-user-agent' variable can be customized to be a string or a function. *** The new interface variable 'url-request-noninteractive' can be used to specify that we're running in a noninteractive context, and that we should not be queried about things like TLS certificate validity. *** 'url-mime-accept-string' can now be used as in "interface" variable, meaning you can bind it around an 'url-retrieve' call. *** If URL is used with a https connection, the first callback argument PLIST will contain a :peer element that has the output of 'gnutls-peer-status' (if Emacs is built with GnuTLS support). ** Tramp  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 847 *** New connection method "afp", which allows you to access macOS  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 volumes via the Apple Filing Protocol. *** New connection method "nc", which allows you to access dumb busyboxes. *** Method-specific parameters can be overwritten now with variable 'tramp-connection-properties'. *** Handler for 'file-notify-valid-p' for remote machines that support filesystem notifications. ** SQL mode *** New user variable 'sql-default-directory' enables remote connections using Tramp. *** New command 'sql-send-line-and-next'. This command, bound to 'C-c C-n' by default, sends the current line to the SQL process and advances to the next line, skipping whitespace and comments. *** Added support for Vertica SQL. ** VC and related modes *** Basic push support, via 'vc-push', bound to 'C-x v P'. Implemented for Bzr, Git, Hg. As part of this change, the pre-existing (undocumented) command 'vc-hg-push' now behaves slightly differently. *** The new command 'vc-region-history' shows the log+diff of the active region. *** You can refresh the VC state of a file buffer with 'M-x vc-refresh-state'. This command is useful when you perform version control commands outside Emacs (e.g., from the shell prompt), or if you switch the VC back-end for the buffer's file, or remove it from version control. *** New option 'vc-annotate-background-mode' controls whether the color range from 'vc-annotate-color-map' is applied to the background or to the foreground. *** New options for customizing encoding of Git commit log messages. The new user options 'vc-git-commits-coding-system' and 'vc-git-log-output-coding-system' specify the encoding of log messages sent to Git when committing, and the decoding of log messages read from Git history commands. These options default to UTF-8; if customized, they should be consistent with the Git config variables i18n.commitEncoding and i18n.logOutputEncoding. ('vc-git-commits-coding-system' existed previously, but was a variable, not a user option.) *** 'compare-windows' now compares text with the most recently selected window instead of the next window. If you want the previous behavior of comparing with the next window, customize the new option 'compare-windows-get-window-function' to the value 'compare-windows-get-next-window'. *** Two new faces 'compare-windows-removed' and 'compare-windows-added' replace the face 'compare-windows', which is now an obsolete alias for 'compare-windows-added'. *** The VC state indicator in the mode line now has different faces corresponding to each of the possible states. See the 'vc-faces' customization group. *** 'log-edit-insert-changelog' converts "(tiny change)" to "Copyright-paperwork-exempt: yes". Set 'log-edit-rewrite-tiny-change' nil to disable this. *** vc-mcvs.el has been removed. ** VHDL mode now supports VHDL'08. ** Calculator *** Decimal display mode uses "," groups, so it's more fitting for use in money calculations *** Factorial works with non-integer inputs. ** Hide-IfDef mode *** Hide-IfDef mode now support full C/C++ expressions in macros, macro argument expansion, interactive macro evaluation and automatic scanning of #define'd symbols. *** New command 'hif-evaluate-macro', bound to 'C-c @ e', displays the result of evaluating a macro. *** New command 'hif-clear-all-ifdef-define', bound to 'C-c @ C', clears all defined symbols in 'hide-ifdef-env'. *** New custom variable 'hide-ifdef-header-regexp' to define C/C++ header file name patterns. Defaults to files whose extension is one of '.h', '.hh', '.hpp', '.hxx', or '.h++', matched case-insensitively. *** New custom variable 'hide-ifdef-expand-reinclusion-protection' to prevent reinclusion protected (a.k.a. "idempotent") header files from being hidden. (This could happen when an idempotent header file is visited again, when its guard symbol is already defined.) Defaults to t. *** New custom variable 'hide-ifdef-exclude-define-regexp' to define symbol name patterns (e.g. all "FOR_DOXYGEN_ONLY_*") to be ignored when looking for macro definitions. By default, no symbols are ignored. ** TeX mode *** New custom variable 'tex-print-file-extension' to help users who use PDF instead of DVI. *** TeX mode now supports Prettify Symbols mode. When enabling 'prettify-symbols-mode' in a tex-mode buffer, \alpha ... \omega, and many other math macros are displayed using unicode characters. ** New 'big-indent' style in 'whitespace-mode' highlights deep indentation. By default, 32 consecutive spaces or four consecutive TABs are considered to be too deep, but the new variable 'whitespace-big-indent-regexp' can be customized to change that. ** New options in 'tildify-mode'. New options 'tildify-space-string', 'tildify-pattern', and 'tildify-foreach-region-function' variables make 'tildify-string-alist', 'tildify-pattern-alist', and 'tildify-ignored-environments-alist' variables (as well as a few helper functions) obsolete. ** New package Xref replaces Etags's front-end and UI. The new package Xref provides a generic framework and new commands to find and move to definitions of functions, macros, data structures etc., as well as go back to the location where you were before moving to a definition. It supersedes and obsoletes many Etags commands, while still using the etags.el code that reads the TAGS tables as one of its back-ends. The command 'xref-find-definitions' replaces 'find-tag' and provides an interface to pick one definition among several. 'tags-loop-continue' is now unbound. 'xref-pop-marker-stack' replaces 'pop-tag-mark', but has a keybinding ('M-,') different from the one 'pop-tag-mark' used. 'xref-find-definitions-other-window' replaces 'find-tag-other-window'. 'xref-find-definitions-other-frame' replaces 'find-tag-other-frame'. 'xref-find-apropos' replaces 'find-tag-regexp'. As a result of this, the following commands are now obsolete: 'find-tag-other-window', 'find-tag-other-frame', 'find-tag-regexp', 'tags-apropos'. 'tags-loop-continue' is not obsolete because it's still useful in 'tags-search' and 'tags-query-replace', for which there are no direct replacements yet. *** Variants of 'tags-search' and 'tags-query-replace' in Dired were also replaced by xref-style commands, see the "Dired" section below. *** New variables 'find-tag-marker-ring-length' is now an obsolete alias for 'xref-marker-ring-length'. 'find-tag-marker-ring' is now an obsolete alias for a private variable. 'xref-push-marker-stack' and 'xref-pop-marker-stack' should be used instead to manipulate the stack of searches for definitions. *** 'xref-find-definitions' and 'describe-function' now display information about mode local overrides (defined by cedet/mode-local.el 'define-overloadable-function' 'define-mode-local-overrides'). The framework's Lisp API is still experimental and can change in major, backward-incompatible ways. ** New package Project The new package Project provides generic infrastructure for dealing with projects. The main commands included in it are 'project-find-file' and 'project-find-regexp'. The Lisp API of this package is still experimental. ** EUDC EUDC's LDAP backend has been improved. *** EUDC supports LDAP-over-SSL URLs (ldaps://). *** EUDC passes LDAP passwords through a pipe to the ldapsearch subprocess instead of on the command line. *** EUDC handles LDAP wildcards automatically so the user shouldn't need to configure this manually anymore. *** The LDAP configuration section of EUDC's manual has been rewritten. There have also been customization changes. *** New custom variable 'eudc-server-hotlist' to allow specifying multiple EUDC servers in init file. *** Custom variable 'eudc-inline-query-format' defaults to completing on email and firstname instead of surname. *** Custom variable 'eudc-expansion-overwrites-query' defaults to nil to avoid interfering with the kill ring. *** Custom variable 'eudc-inline-expansion-format' defaults to "Firstname Surname ". *** Custom variable 'eudc-options-file' defaults to "~/.emacs.d/eudc-options". *** New custom variable 'ldap-ldapsearch-password-prompt-regexp' to allow overriding the regular expression that recognizes the ldapsearch command line's password prompt. *** EUDC's BBDB backend now supports BBDB 3. *** EUDC's PH backend (eudcb-ph.el) is obsolete. ** Eshell *** The new built-in command 'clear' can scroll window contents out of sight. If provided with an optional non-nil argument, the scrollback contents will be cleared. *** New buffer syntax '#', which is equivalent to '#'. This shorthand makes interacting with buffers from eshell more convenient. Custom variable 'eshell-buffer-shorthand', which has been broken for a while, has been removed. *** By default, eshell "visual" program buffers (created by 'eshell-visual-commands' and similar custom vars) are no longer killed when their processes die. This fixes issues with short-lived commands and makes visual programs more useful in general. For example, if "git log" is a visual command, it will always show the visual command buffer, even if the "git log" process dies. For the old behavior, make the new option 'eshell-destroy-buffer-when-process-dies' non-nil. ** Browse-url *** Support for the Google Chrome web browser. *** Support for the Conkeror web browser. *** Support for several ancient browsers is now officially obsolete. ** 'tar-mode': new 'tar-new-entry' command, allowing for new members to be added to the archive. ** Autorevert *** Dired buffers are also auto-reverted via file notifications, if Emacs is compiled with file notification support. *** 'auto-revert-use-notify' is set to nil in 'global-auto-revert-mode'.  Paul Eggert committed Sep 13, 2017 1102 See .  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1103 1104 1105  ** File Notifications  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1106 *** The kqueue library is integrated for *BSD and macOS machines.  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The compression command is determined from the new 'dired-compress-files-alist' variable. *** New user interface for the 'A' and 'Q' commands. These keys, now bound to 'dired-do-find-regexp' and 'dired-do-find-regexp-and-replace', work similarly to 'xref-find-apropos' and 'xref-query-replace-in-results': they present the matches in the '*xref*' buffer and let you move through the matches. No need to use 'tags-loop-continue' to resume the search or replace loop. The previous commands, 'dired-do-search' and 'dired-do-query-replace-regexp', are still available, but not bound to keys; rebind 'A' and 'Q' to invoke them if you want the old behavior back. We intend to obsolete the old commands in a future release. ** Tabulated List Mode *** It is now safe for a mode that derives 'tabulated-list-mode' to not call 'tabulated-list-init-header', in which case it will have no header. *** 'tabulated-list-print' takes a second optional argument, UPDATE, which specifies an alternative printing method which is faster when few or no entries have changed. ** Obsolete packages *** gulp.el *** landmark.el (moved to elpa.gnu.org) * New Modes and Packages in Emacs 25.1 ** pinentry.el allows GnuPG passphrase to be prompted through the minibuffer instead of a graphical dialog, depending on whether the gpg command is called from Emacs (i.e., INSIDE_EMACS environment variable is set). This feature requires newer versions of GnuPG (2.1.5 or later) and Pinentry (0.9.5 or later). To use this feature, add "allow-emacs-pinentry" to "~/.gnupg/gpg-agent.conf" and reload the configuration with "gpgconf --reload gpg-agent". ** cl-generic.el provides CLOS-style multiple-dispatch generic functions. The main entry points are 'cl-defgeneric' and 'cl-defmethod'. See the node "Generic Functions" in the Emacs Lisp manual for more details. ** 'scss-mode' (a minor variant of 'css-mode') is a major mode for editing SCSS (Sassy CSS) files. ** 'let-alist' is a new macro (and a package) that allows one to easily let-bind the values stored in an alist. ** 'tildify-mode' allows automatic insertion of hard spaces as one types the text. Breaking line after a single-character words is forbidden by Czech and Polish typography (and may be discouraged in other languages), so 'auto-tildify-mode' makes it easier to create a typographically-correct documents. ** The 'seq' library adds sequence manipulation functions and macros that complement basic functions provided by subr.el. All functions are prefixed with 'seq-' and work on lists, strings and vectors. 'pcase' accepts a new Upattern 'seq'. ** The 'map' library provides map-manipulation functions that work on alists, hash-table and arrays. All functions are prefixed with 'map-'. 'pcase' accepts a new UPattern 'map'. ** The 'thunk' library provides functions and macros to control the evaluation of forms. ** 'js-jsx-mode' (a minor variant of 'js-mode') provides indentation support for JSX, an XML-like syntax extension to ECMAScript. * Incompatible Lisp Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** 'setq' and 'setf' must now be called with an even number of arguments. The earlier behavior of silently supplying a nil to the last variable when there was an odd number of arguments has been eliminated. ** 'syntax-begin-function' is declared obsolete. Removed 'font-lock-beginning-of-syntax-function' and the SYNTAX-BEGIN slot in 'font-lock-defaults'. ** The new implementation of Subword mode affects word movement everywhere. When Subword mode is turned on, 'forward-word', 'backward-word', and everything that uses them will move by sub-words, effectively overriding the buffer's syntax table. Lisp programs that shouldn't be affected by Subword mode should call the new functions 'forward-word-strictly' and 'backward-word-strictly' instead. ** 'package-initialize' now sets 'package-enable-at-startup' to nil if called during startup. Users who call this function in their init file and still expect it to be run after startup should set 'package-enable-at-startup' to t after the call to 'package-initialize'. ** ':global' minor mode use 'setq-default' rather than 'setq'. This means that you can't use 'make-local-variable' and expect them to "magically" become buffer-local. ** 'track-mouse' no longer freezes the shape of the mouse pointer. The 'track-mouse' form no longer refrains from changing the shape of the mouse pointer for the entire time the body of that form is executed. Lisp programs that use 'track-mouse' for dragging across large portions of the Emacs display, and want to avoid changes in the pointer shape during dragging, should bind the variable 'track-mouse' to the special value 'dragging' in the body of the form. ** The optional PREDICATE argument of 'lisp-complete-symbol' no longer has any effect. (This change was made in Emacs 24.4 but was not advertised at the time.) ** 'indirect-function' does not signal 'void-function' any more. This is mostly a bug-fix, since this change was missed back in 24.4 when 'symbol-function' was changed not to signal 'void-function' any more. *** As a consequence, the second arg of 'indirect-function' is now obsolete. ** 'M-x shell' and 'M-x compile' no longer set the EMACS environment variable. This avoids clashing when other programs use the variable for other purposes. Although 'M-x term' still sets EMACS for compatibility with Bash 4.3 and earlier, this is deprecated and will be phased out when Bash 4.4 or later takes over. Use the INSIDE_EMACS environment variable instead. ** 'save-excursion' does not save&restore the mark any more. Use 'save-mark-and-excursion' if you want the old behavior. ** 'read-buffer' and 'read-buffer-function' can now be called with a 4th argument (PREDICATE). ** 'completion-table-dynamic' by default stays in the minibuffer. The minibuffer will be the current buffer when the function is called. If you want the old behavior of calling the function in the buffer from which the minibuffer was entered, use the new argument SWITCH-BUFFER to 'completion-table-dynamic'. ** window-configurations no longer record the buffers' marks. ** 'inhibit-modification-hooks' now also inhibits lock-file checks, as well as active region handling. ** 'deactivate-mark' is now buffer-local. ** 'cl-the' now asserts that its argument is of the given type. ** 'process-running-child-p' may now return a numeric process group ID instead of t. ** Mouse click events on mode line or header line no longer include any reference to a buffer position. The 6th member of the mouse position list returned for such events is now nil. ** Menu items in keymaps do not support the "key shortcut cache" any more. These slots used to hold key-shortcut data, but have been obsolete since Emacs 21. ** Emacs no longer downcases the first letter of a system diagnostic when signaling a file error. For example, it now reports "Permission denied" instead of "permission denied". The old behavior was problematic in languages like German where downcasing rules depend on grammar. ** New variable 'text-quoting-style' to control how Emacs translates quotes. Set it to 'curve' for curved single quotes, to 'straight' for straight apostrophes, and to 'grave' for grave accent and apostrophe. The default value nil acts like 'curve' if curved single quotes are displayable, and like 'grave' otherwise. The new variable affects display of diagnostics and help, but not of info. As the variable is not intended for casual use, it is not a user option. ** Message-issuing functions like 'message' and 'error' now translate various sorts of single quotes in their format strings according to the value of 'text-quoting-style' (see above). This translation cannot be disabled. To get the old behavior, use 'format', which is not affected by 'text-quoting-style', e.g., (message "%s" (format "...." foo bar)). ** 'substitute-command-keys' now replaces quotes. That is, it converts documentation strings' quoting style as per the value of 'text-quoting-style'. Doc strings in source code can use either curved single quotes or grave accents and apostrophes. As before, characters preceded by \= are output as-is. ** The character classes [:alpha:] and [:alnum:] in regular expressions now match multibyte characters using Unicode character properties. If you want the old behavior where they matched any character with word syntax, use '\sw' instead. ** The character classes [:graph:] and [:print:] in regular expressions no longer match every multibyte character. Instead, Emacs now consults the Unicode character properties to determine which characters are graphic or printable. In particular, surrogates and unassigned codepoints are now rejected. If you want the old behavior, use [:multibyte:] instead. ** The 'diff' command uses the unified format now. To restore the old behavior, set 'diff-switches' to '-c'. ** 'grep-template' and 'grep-find-template' values don't include the --color argument anymore. It's added at the place holder position dynamically. Any third-party code that changes these templates should be updated accordingly. ** '(/ N)' is now equivalent to '(/ 1 N)' rather than to '(/ N 1)'. The new behavior is compatible with Common Lisp and with XEmacs. This change does not affect Lisp code intended to be portable to Emacs 24.2 and earlier, which did not support unary '/'. ** The 'default-directory' value doesn't have to end slash. To make that happen, 'unhandled-file-name-directory' now defaults to calling 'file-name-as-directory'. ** The URL package now insists on sending only unibyte strings to server This means packages that use URL cannot bind 'url-request-data' to multibyte strings. If non-ASCII characters should be part of the URL payload, then 'url-request-data' should be encoded to become a unibyte string. * Lisp Changes in Emacs 25.1 ** 'pcase' *** New UPatterns 'quote', 'app'. *** New UPatterns can be defined with 'pcase-defmacro'. *** New vector QPattern. ** 'syntax-propertize' is now automatically called on-demand during forward parsing functions like 'forward-sexp'. ** New hooks 'prefix-command-echo-keystrokes-functions' and 'prefix-command-preserve-state-hook' allow the definition of prefix commands other than the predefined 'C-u'. ** New functions 'filepos-to-bufferpos' and 'bufferpos-to-filepos'. These allow conversion between buffer positions and the corresponding file byte offsets, given the file's encoding. ** The default value of 'load-read-function' is now 'read'. Previously, the default value of nil implied using 'read'. ** New hook 'pre-redisplay-functions'. It is a bit easier to use than 'pre-redisplay-function'. ** The second arg of 'looking-back' should always be provided explicitly. Previously, it was an optional argument, now it's mandatory. ** Text properties 'intangible', 'point-entered', and 'point-left' are obsolete. Replaced by properties 'cursor-intangible' and 'cursor-sensor-functions', implemented by the new 'cursor-intangible-mode' and 'cursor-sensor-mode' minor modes. ** 'inhibit-point-motion-hooks' now defaults to t and is obsolete. Use the new minor modes 'cursor-intangible-mode' and 'cursor-sensor-mode' instead. ** New process type 'pipe', which can be used in combination with the ':stderr' keyword of 'make-process' to handle standard error output of subprocess. ** New function 'make-process' provides an alternative interface to 'start-process'. It allows programs to set process parameters such as process filter, sentinel, etc., through keyword arguments (similar to 'make-network-process'). ** Subprocesses are automatically told about changes in window dimensions. The new option 'window-adjust-process-window-size-function' controls how subprocesses are told to adapt their logical window sizes to changes in the Emacs window configuration. Its default value calls 'set-process-window-size' with the smallest dimensions of all the windows that display the subprocess's buffer. ** A new function 'directory-files-recursively' returns all matching files (recursively) under a directory. ** New variable 'inhibit-message', when bound to non-nil, inhibits 'message' and related functions from displaying messages in the echo area. The output is still logged to the '*Messages*' buffer. ** A new text property 'inhibit-read-only' can be used in read-only buffers to allow certain parts of the text to be writable. ** A new variable 'comment-end-can-be-escaped' is useful in languages such as C and C++ where line comments with escaped newlines are continued to the next line. ** New macro 'define-advice'. ** Emacs Lisp now supports generators. See the "Generators" section of the ELisp manual for the details. ** New finalizer facility for running code when objects become unreachable. See the "Finalizer Type" subsection in the ELisp manual for the details. ** Lexical closures can use '(:documentation FORM)' to build their docstring. It should be placed right where the docstring would be, and FORM is then evaluated (and should return a string) when the closure is built. ** 'define-inline' provides a new way to define inlinable functions. ** New function 'macroexpand-1' to perform a single step of macro expansion. ** Some "x-*" functions were obsoleted and/or renamed: *** 'x-select-text' is renamed 'gui-select-text'. *** 'x-selection-value' is renamed 'gui-selection-value'. *** 'x-get-selection' is renamed 'gui-get-selection'. *** 'x-get-clipboard' and 'x-clipboard-yank' are marked obsolete. *** 'x-get-selection-value' is renamed to 'gui-get-primary-selection'. *** 'x-set-selection' is renamed to 'gui-set-selection'. ** New function 'string-greaterp', which return the opposite result of 'string-lessp'. ** The new functions 'string-collate-lessp' and 'string-collate-equalp' preserve the collation order as defined by the system's locale(1) environment. For the time being this is implemented for modern POSIX systems and for MS-Windows, for other systems they fall back to their counterparts 'string-lessp' and 'string-equal'. *** The ls-lisp package uses 'string-collate-lessp' to sort file names. The effect is that, on systems that use ls-lisp for Dired, the default sort order of the files in Dired is now different from what it was in previous versions of Emacs. In particular, the file names are sorted disregarding punctuation, accents, and diacritics, and letter case is ignored. For example, files whose name begin with a period will no longer appear near the beginning of the directory listing. If you want the old, locale-independent sorting, customize the new option 'ls-lisp-use-string-collate' to the nil value. *** The MS-Windows specific variable 'w32-collate-ignore-punctuation', if set to a non-nil value, causes the above 2 functions to ignore symbol and punctuation characters when collating strings. This emulates the behavior of modern Posix platforms when the locale's codeset is "UTF-8" (as in "en_US.UTF-8"). This is needed because MS-Windows doesn't support UTF-8 as codeset in its locales. ** New function 'alist-get', which is a generalized variable suitable for use with 'setf'. ** New function 'funcall-interactively', which works like 'funcall' but makes 'called-interactively-p' treat the function as (you guessed it) called interactively. ** New function 'function-put' to use instead of 'put' for function properties. ** The new function 'bidi-find-overridden-directionality' allows you to find characters whose directionality was, perhaps maliciously, overridden by directional override control characters. Lisp programs can use this to detect potential phishing of URLs and other links that exploits bidirectional display reordering. ** The new function 'buffer-substring-with-bidi-context' allows you to copy a portion of a buffer into a different location while preserving the visual appearance both of the copied text and the text at destination, even when the copied text includes mixed bidirectional text and directional control characters. ** New properties that can be specified with 'declare': *** '(interactive-only INSTEAD)', says to use INSTEAD for non-interactive use. *** '(pure VAL)', if VAL is non-nil, indicates the function is pure. *** '(side-effect-free VAL)', if VAL is non-nil, indicates the function does not have side effects. ** New macro 'with-file-modes', for evaluating expressions with default file permissions set to temporary values (e.g., for creating private files). ** You can access the slots of structures using 'cl-struct-slot-value'. ** Function 'sort' can deal with vectors. ** Function 'system-name' now returns an updated value if the current system's name has changed or if the Emacs process has changed systems. To avoid long waits it no longer consults DNS to canonicalize the name (in some cases this may affect generated message-id headers - customize 'message-user-fqdn' if this bothers you). The variable 'system-name' is now obsolete. ** Function 'write-region' no longer outputs "Wrote FILE" in batch mode. ** If 'pwd' is called with a prefix argument, insert the current default directory at point. ** New functions return extended information about fonts and faces. *** The function 'font-info' now returns more details about a font. In particular, it now returns the average width of the font's characters, which can be used for geometry-related calculations. *** A new function 'default-font-width' returns the average width of a character in the current buffer's default font. If the default face is remapped (see 'face-remapping-alist'), the value for the remapped face is returned. This function complements the existing function 'default-font-height'. *** New functions 'window-font-height' and 'window-font-width' return the height and average width of characters in a specified face and window. If FACE is remapped (see 'face-remapping-alist'), the function returns the information for the remapped face. *** A new function 'window-max-chars-per-line' returns the maximal number of characters that can be displayed on one line. If a face and/or window are provided, these values are used for the calculation. This function is different from 'window-body-width' in that it accounts for (i) continuation glyphs, (ii) the size of the font, and (iii) the specified window. ** New utilities in subr-x.el: *** New macros 'if-let' and 'when-let' allow defining bindings and to execute code depending whether all values are true. *** New macros 'thread-first' and 'thread-last' allow threading a form as the first or last argument of subsequent forms. ** Documentation strings now support quoting with curved single quotes in addition to the old style with grave accent and apostrophe. The new style looks better on today's displays. In the new Electric Quote mode, you can enter curved single quotes into documentation by typing grave accent and apostrophe. Outside Electric Quote mode, you can enter them by typing 'C-x 8 [' and 'C-x 8 ]', or (if your Alt key works) by typing 'A-[' and 'A-]'. As described above under 'text-quoting-style', the user can specify how to display doc string quotes. ** New function 'format-message' is like 'format' and also converts curved single quotes, grave accents and apostrophes as per 'text-quoting-style'. ** 'show-help-function's arg is converted via 'substitute-command-keys' before being passed to the function. Help strings, help-echo properties, etc. can therefore contain command key escapes and quotation marks. ** Time-related changes: *** Time conversion functions now accept an optional ZONE argument that specifies the time zone rules for conversion. ZONE is omitted or nil for Emacs local time, t for Universal Time, 'wall' for system wall clock time, or a string as in the TZ environment variable. The affected functions are 'current-time-string', 'current-time-zone', 'decode-time', and 'format-time-string'. The function 'encode-time', which already accepted a simple time zone rule argument, has been extended to accept all the new forms. *** Incompatible change in the third argument of 'format-time-string'. Previously, any non-nil argument was interpreted as specifying Universal Time. This is no longer true; packages that want Universal Time should pass t as the third argument. *** Time-related functions now consistently accept numbers (representing seconds since the epoch) and nil (representing the current time) as well as the usual list-of-integer representation. Affected functions include 'current-time-string', 'current-time-zone', 'decode-time', 'float-time', 'format-time-string', 'seconds-to-time', 'time-add', 'time-less-p', 'time-subtract', 'time-to-day-in-year', 'time-to-days', and 'time-to-seconds'. *** The 'encode-time-value' and 'with-decoded-time-value' macros have been obsoleted. *** 'calendar-next-time-zone-transition', 'time-add', and 'time-subtract' no longer return time values in the obsolete and undocumented integer-pair format. Instead, they return a list of two integers. ** New function 'set-binary-mode' allows switching a standard stream of the Emacs process to binary I/O mode. ** The new function 'directory-name-p' can be used to check whether a file name (as returned from, for instance, 'file-name-all-completions') is a directory file name. It returns non-nil if the last character in the name is a directory separator character (forward slash on GNU and Unix systems, forward- or backslash on MS-Windows and MS-DOS). ** ASCII approximations to curved quotes are put in 'standard-display-table' if the terminal cannot display curved quotes. ** Standard output and error streams now transliterate characters via 'standard-display-table', and encode output using 'locale-coding-system'. To force a specific encoding, bind 'coding-system-for-write' to the coding-system of your choice when invoking functions like 'prin1' and 'message'. ** New var 'truncate-string-ellipsis' to choose how to indicate truncation. ** New possible value for 'system-type': 'nacl'. This is used by Google's Native Client (NaCl). ** Miscellaneous name change For consistency with the usual Emacs spelling, the Lisp variable 'hfy-optimisations' has been renamed to 'hfy-optimizations'. The old name should still work, as an obsolescent alias. ** Changes in Frame- and Window- Handling *** Emacs can now draw horizontal scroll bars on some platforms that provide toolkit scroll bars, namely Gtk+, Lucid, Motif and Windows. Horizontal scroll bars are turned off by default. **** New function 'horizontal-scroll-bars-available-p' telling whether horizontal scroll bars are available on the underlying system. **** New mode 'horizontal-scroll-bar-mode' to toggle horizontal scroll bars on all existing and future frames. **** New function 'toggle-horizontal-scroll-bar' to toggle horizontal scroll bars on the selected frame. **** New frame parameters 'horizontal-scroll-bars' and 'scroll-bar-height' to set horizontal scroll bars and their height for individual frames and in 'default-frame-alist'. ***** The 'horizontal-scroll-bars' parameter was already present and non-nil by default in Emacs 24 and before (although it didn't have any effect). This could cause a problem if you share your desktop files with older versions of Emacs: saving desktop in Emacs before v25.1, then restoring it in v25.1 would turn on horizontal scroll bars in all buffers. To resolve this issue, put this in your ~/.emacs init file: (modify-all-frames-parameters '((horizontal-scroll-bars . nil))) **** New functions 'frame-scroll-bar-height' and 'window-scroll-bar-height' return the height of horizontal scroll bars on a specific frame or window. **** 'set-window-scroll-bars' now accepts five parameters where the last two specify height and type of the window's horizontal scroll bar. **** 'window-scroll-bars' now returns type and sizes of horizontal scroll bars too. **** New buffer-local variables 'horizontal-scroll-bar' and 'scroll-bar-height'. *** New functions 'frame-geometry' and 'frame-edges' give access to a frame's geometry. *** New functions 'mouse-absolute-pixel-position' and 'set-mouse-absolute-pixel-position' get/set screen coordinates of the mouse cursor. *** The function 'window-edges' now accepts three additional arguments to retrieve body, absolute and pixel edges of the window. *** The functions 'window-inside-edges', 'window-inside-pixel-edges' and 'window-inside-absolute-pixel-edges' have been renamed to respectively 'window-body-edges', 'window-body-pixel-edges' and 'window-absolute-body-pixel-edges'. The old names are kept as aliases. *** New function 'window-absolute-pixel-position' to get the screen coordinates of a visible buffer position. *** The height of a frame's menu and tool bar are no longer counted in the frame's text height. This means that the text height stands only for the height of the frame's root window plus that of the echo area (if present). This was already the behavior for frames with external tool and menu bars (like in the Gtk builds) but has now been extended to all builds. *** Frames now do not necessarily preserve the number of columns or lines they display when setting default font, menu bar, fringe width, or scroll bars. In particular, maximized and fullscreen frames are conceptually never resized if such settings change. For fullheight and fullwidth frames, the behavior may depend on the toolkit used. **** New option 'frame-inhibit-implied-resize' if non-nil, means that setting default font, menu bar, fringe width, or scroll bars of a specific frame does not resize that frame in order to preserve the number of columns or lines it displays. *** New function 'window-preserve-size' allows you to preserve the size of a window without "fixing" it. It's supported by 'fit-window-to-buffer', 'temp-buffer-resize-mode' and 'display-buffer'. *** New 'display-buffer' action function 'display-buffer-use-some-frame'. This displays the buffer in an existing frame other than the current frame, and allows the caller to specify a frame predicate to exclude frames. *** New minor mode 'window-divider-mode' and options 'window-divider-default-places', 'window-divider-default-bottom-width' and 'window-divider-default-right-width'. *** When a window is shrunk horizontally its margins are no longer removed automatically. Rather, Emacs refuses to split or resize windows when this would cause margins to no longer fit into the width reserved for the corresponding window. An application can override this behavior for a particular window by setting that window's 'min-margins' parameter. As a consequence, the application becomes fully responsible for trimming the margin sizes of that window and any window inheriting these margins. *** The window displaying the '*Completions*' buffer with minibuffer completion candidates is now shown at the bottom of the selected frame. The size of that window is always as large as required to display all the candidates, except when limited by the minimum size of the other windows on that frame; those other windows are resized to provide space for the '*Completions*' display. The Emacs manual describes how to customize 'display-buffer-alist' to get back the old behavior, see the node "Temporary Displays" there. ** Tearoff menus and detachable toolbars for Gtk+ have been removed. Those features have been deprecated in Gtk+ for a long time. ** Etags *** etags no longer qualifies class members by default. By default, 'etags' will not qualify class members for Perl and C-like object-oriented languages with their class names and namespaces, and will remove qualifications used explicitly in the code from the tag names it puts in TAGS files. This is so the etags.el back-end for 'xref-find-definitions' is more accurate and produces less false positives. Use --class-qualify (-Q) if you want the old default behavior of qualifying class members in C++, Java, Objective C, and Perl. Note that using -Q might make some class members become "unknown" to 'M-.' ('xref-find-definitions'); if so, you can use 'C-u M-.' to specify the qualified names by hand. *** New language Ruby Names of modules, classes, methods, functions, and constants are tagged. Overloaded operators are also tagged. *** New language Go Names of packages, functions, and types are tagged. *** Improved support for Lua Etags now tags functions even if the "function" keyword follows some whitespace at line beginning. * Changes in Emacs 25.1 on Non-Free Operating Systems ** MS-Windows specific Emacs build scripts are no longer in the distribution. This includes the makefile.w32-in files in various subdirectories, and the support files. The file nt/configure.bat now just tells the user to use the procedure described in nt/INSTALL, by running the Posix 'configure' script in the top-level directory. ** Building Emacs for MS-Windows requires at least Windows XP or Windows Server 2003. The built binaries still run on all versions of Windows starting with Windows 9X. ** Emacs running on MS-Windows now supports the daemon mode. ** The byte counts in etags-generated TAGS files are now the same on MS-Windows as they are on other platforms.  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1773 ** On macOS, configure creates a Cocoa ("Nextstep") build by default.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1774 1775 Pass '--without-ns' to configure to create an X11 build, the old default.  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1776 ** Mac OS X 10.5 or older is no longer supported.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1777   Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1778 ** Mac OS X on PowerPC is no longer supported.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1779 1780 1781  ** New variable 'ns-use-fullscreen-animation' controls animation for non-native NS fullscreen. The default is nil. Set to t to enable  Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1782 1783 animation when entering and leaving fullscreen. For native macOS fullscreen this has no effect.  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1784   Paul Eggert committed Nov 19, 2016 1785 ** On the macOS Cocoa ("Nextstep") port, multicolor font (such as color  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 emoji) display is disabled. This feature was accidentally added when Emacs 24.4 included the new Core Text based font backend code that was originally implemented for a non-mainline port. This will be enabled again once it is also implemented in Emacs on free operating systems. If some symbols, such as emoji, do not display, we suggest to install an appropriate font, such as Symbola; then they will be displayed, albeit without the color effects. ** The new function 'w32-application-type' returns the type of an MS-Windows application given the name of its executable program file. ** New variable 'w32-pipe-buffer-size'. It can be used to tune the size of the buffer of pipes created for communicating with subprocesses, when the program run by a subprocess exhibits unusual buffering behavior. Default is zero, which lets the OS use its default size. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- This file is part of GNU Emacs. GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License  Paul Eggert committed Sep 13, 2017 1818 along with GNU Emacs. If not, see .  Eli Zaretskii committed Oct 01, 2016 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825  Local variables: coding: us-ascii mode: outline paragraph-separate: "[ ]*\$" end: