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;;; ox-beamer.el --- Beamer Back-End for Org Export Engine -*- lexical-binding: t; -*-
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;; Copyright (C) 2007-2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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;; Author: Carsten Dominik <carsten.dominik AT gmail DOT com>
;;         Nicolas Goaziou <n.goaziou AT gmail DOT com>
;; Keywords: org, wp, tex

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;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

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;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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;; along with GNU Emacs.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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;;; Commentary:
;;
;; This library implements both a Beamer back-end, derived from the
;; LaTeX one and a minor mode easing structure edition of the
;; document.  See Org manual for more information.

;;; Code:

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(require 'cl-lib)
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(require 'ox-latex)

;; Install a default set-up for Beamer export.
(unless (assoc "beamer" org-latex-classes)
  (add-to-list 'org-latex-classes
	       '("beamer"
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		 "\\documentclass[presentation]{beamer}"
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		 ("\\section{%s}" . "\\section*{%s}")
		 ("\\subsection{%s}" . "\\subsection*{%s}")
		 ("\\subsubsection{%s}" . "\\subsubsection*{%s}"))))



;;; User-Configurable Variables

(defgroup org-export-beamer nil
  "Options specific for using the beamer class in LaTeX export."
  :tag "Org Beamer"
  :group 'org-export
  :version "24.2")

(defcustom org-beamer-frame-level 1
  "The level at which headlines become frames.

Headlines at a lower level will be translated into a sectioning
structure.  At a higher level, they will be translated into
blocks.

If a headline with a \"BEAMER_env\" property set to \"frame\" is
found within a tree, its level locally overrides this number.

This variable has no effect on headlines with the \"BEAMER_env\"
property set to either \"ignoreheading\", \"appendix\", or
\"note\", which will respectively, be invisible, become an
appendix or a note.

This integer is relative to the minimal level of a headline
within the parse tree, defined as 1."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :type 'integer)

(defcustom org-beamer-frame-default-options ""
  "Default options string to use for frames.
For example, it could be set to \"allowframebreaks\"."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :type '(string :tag "[options]"))

(defcustom org-beamer-column-view-format
  "%45ITEM %10BEAMER_env(Env) %10BEAMER_act(Act) %4BEAMER_col(Col) %8BEAMER_opt(Opt)"
  "Column view format that should be used to fill the template."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :version "24.4"
  :package-version '(Org . "8.0")
  :type '(choice
	  (const  :tag "Do not insert Beamer column view format" nil)
	  (string :tag "Beamer column view format")))

(defcustom org-beamer-theme "default"
  "Default theme used in Beamer presentations."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :version "24.4"
  :package-version '(Org . "8.0")
  :type '(choice
	  (const :tag "Do not insert a Beamer theme" nil)
	  (string :tag "Beamer theme")))

(defcustom org-beamer-environments-extra nil
  "Environments triggered by tags in Beamer export.
Each entry has 4 elements:

name    Name of the environment
key     Selection key for `org-beamer-select-environment'
open    The opening template for the environment, with the following escapes
        %a   the action/overlay specification
        %A   the default action/overlay specification
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        %R   the raw BEAMER_act value
        %o   the options argument, with square brackets
        %O   the raw BEAMER_opt value
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        %h   the headline text
        %r   the raw headline text (i.e. without any processing)
        %H   if there is headline text, that raw text in {} braces
        %U   if there is headline text, that raw text in [] brackets
close   The closing string of the environment."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :version "24.4"
  :package-version '(Org . "8.1")
  :type '(repeat
	  (list
	   (string :tag "Environment")
	   (string :tag "Selection key")
	   (string :tag "Begin")
	   (string :tag "End"))))

(defcustom org-beamer-outline-frame-title "Outline"
  "Default title of a frame containing an outline."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :type '(string :tag "Outline frame title"))

(defcustom org-beamer-outline-frame-options ""
  "Outline frame options appended after \\begin{frame}.
You might want to put e.g. \"allowframebreaks=0.9\" here."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :type '(string :tag "Outline frame options"))


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(defcustom org-beamer-subtitle-format "\\subtitle{%s}"
  "Format string used for transcoded subtitle.
The format string should have at most one \"%s\"-expression,
which is replaced with the subtitle."
  :group 'org-export-beamer
  :version "26.1"
  :package-version '(Org . "8.3")
  :type '(string :tag "Format string"))

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;;; Internal Variables

(defconst org-beamer-column-widths
  "0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.0 :ETC"
"The column widths that should be installed as allowed property values.")

(defconst org-beamer-environments-special
  '(("againframe"     "A")
    ("appendix"       "x")
    ("column"         "c")
    ("columns"        "C")
    ("frame"          "f")
    ("fullframe"      "F")
    ("ignoreheading"  "i")
    ("note"           "n")
    ("noteNH"         "N"))
  "Alist of environments treated in a special way by the back-end.
Keys are environment names, as strings, values are bindings used
in `org-beamer-select-environment'.  Environments listed here,
along with their binding, are hard coded and cannot be modified
through `org-beamer-environments-extra' variable.")

(defconst org-beamer-environments-default
  '(("block"          "b" "\\begin{block}%a{%h}"          "\\end{block}")
    ("alertblock"     "a" "\\begin{alertblock}%a{%h}"     "\\end{alertblock}")
    ("verse"          "v" "\\begin{verse}%a %% %h"        "\\end{verse}")
    ("quotation"      "q" "\\begin{quotation}%a %% %h"    "\\end{quotation}")
    ("quote"          "Q" "\\begin{quote}%a %% %h"        "\\end{quote}")
    ("structureenv"   "s" "\\begin{structureenv}%a %% %h" "\\end{structureenv}")
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    ("theorem"        "t" "\\begin{theorem}%a[%h]"        "\\end{theorem}")
    ("definition"     "d" "\\begin{definition}%a[%h]"     "\\end{definition}")
    ("example"        "e" "\\begin{example}%a[%h]"        "\\end{example}")
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    ("exampleblock"   "E" "\\begin{exampleblock}%a{%h}"   "\\end{exampleblock}")
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    ("proof"          "p" "\\begin{proof}%a[%h]"          "\\end{proof}")
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    ("beamercolorbox" "o" "\\begin{beamercolorbox}%o{%h}" "\\end{beamercolorbox}"))
  "Environments triggered by properties in Beamer export.
These are the defaults - for user definitions, see
`org-beamer-environments-extra'.")

(defconst org-beamer-verbatim-elements
  '(code example-block fixed-width inline-src-block src-block verbatim)
  "List of element or object types producing verbatim text.
This is used internally to determine when a frame should have the
\"fragile\" option.")



;;; Internal functions

(defun org-beamer--normalize-argument (argument type)
  "Return ARGUMENT string with proper boundaries.

TYPE is a symbol among the following:
`action'    Return ARGUMENT within angular brackets.
`defaction' Return ARGUMENT within both square and angular brackets.
`option'    Return ARGUMENT within square brackets."
  (if (not (string-match "\\S-" argument)) ""
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    (cl-case type
      (action (format "<%s>" (org-unbracket-string "<" ">" argument)))
      (defaction
	(format "[<%s>]"
		(org-unbracket-string "<" ">" (org-unbracket-string "[" "]" argument))))
      (option (format "[%s]" (org-unbracket-string "[" "]" argument)))
      (otherwise (error "Invalid `type' argument to `org-beamer--normalize-argument': %s"
			type)))))
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(defun org-beamer--element-has-overlay-p (element)
  "Non-nil when ELEMENT has an overlay specified.
An element has an overlay specification when it starts with an
`beamer' export-snippet whose value is between angular brackets.
Return overlay specification, as a string, or nil."
  (let ((first-object (car (org-element-contents element))))
    (when (eq (org-element-type first-object) 'export-snippet)
      (let ((value (org-element-property :value first-object)))
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	(and (string-prefix-p "<" value) (string-suffix-p ">" value)
	     value)))))
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;;; Define Back-End

(org-export-define-derived-backend 'beamer 'latex
  :menu-entry
  '(?l 1
       ((?B "As LaTeX buffer (Beamer)" org-beamer-export-as-latex)
	(?b "As LaTeX file (Beamer)" org-beamer-export-to-latex)
	(?P "As PDF file (Beamer)" org-beamer-export-to-pdf)
	(?O "As PDF file and open (Beamer)"
	    (lambda (a s v b)
	      (if a (org-beamer-export-to-pdf t s v b)
		(org-open-file (org-beamer-export-to-pdf nil s v b)))))))
  :options-alist
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  '((:headline-levels nil "H" org-beamer-frame-level)
    (:latex-class "LATEX_CLASS" nil "beamer" t)
    (:beamer-subtitle-format nil nil org-beamer-subtitle-format)
    (:beamer-column-view-format "COLUMNS" nil org-beamer-column-view-format)
    (:beamer-theme "BEAMER_THEME" nil org-beamer-theme)
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    (:beamer-color-theme "BEAMER_COLOR_THEME" nil nil t)
    (:beamer-font-theme "BEAMER_FONT_THEME" nil nil t)
    (:beamer-inner-theme "BEAMER_INNER_THEME" nil nil t)
    (:beamer-outer-theme "BEAMER_OUTER_THEME" nil nil t)
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    (:beamer-header "BEAMER_HEADER" nil nil newline)
    (:beamer-environments-extra nil nil org-beamer-environments-extra)
    (:beamer-frame-default-options nil nil org-beamer-frame-default-options)
    (:beamer-outline-frame-options nil nil org-beamer-outline-frame-options)
    (:beamer-outline-frame-title nil nil org-beamer-outline-frame-title))
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  :translate-alist '((bold . org-beamer-bold)
		     (export-block . org-beamer-export-block)
		     (export-snippet . org-beamer-export-snippet)
		     (headline . org-beamer-headline)
		     (item . org-beamer-item)
		     (keyword . org-beamer-keyword)
		     (link . org-beamer-link)
		     (plain-list . org-beamer-plain-list)
		     (radio-target . org-beamer-radio-target)
		     (template . org-beamer-template)))



;;; Transcode Functions

;;;; Bold

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(defun org-beamer-bold (bold contents _info)
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  "Transcode BLOCK object into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is the text being bold.  INFO is a plist used as
a communication channel."
  (format "\\alert%s{%s}"
	  (or (org-beamer--element-has-overlay-p bold) "")
	  contents))


;;;; Export Block

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(defun org-beamer-export-block (export-block _contents _info)
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  "Transcode an EXPORT-BLOCK element into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is nil.  INFO is a plist used as a communication
channel."
  (when (member (org-element-property :type export-block) '("BEAMER" "LATEX"))
    (org-remove-indentation (org-element-property :value export-block))))


;;;; Export Snippet

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(defun org-beamer-export-snippet (export-snippet _contents info)
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  "Transcode an EXPORT-SNIPPET object into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is nil.  INFO is a plist used as a communication
channel."
  (let ((backend (org-export-snippet-backend export-snippet))
	(value (org-element-property :value export-snippet)))
    ;; Only "latex" and "beamer" snippets are retained.
    (cond ((eq backend 'latex) value)
	  ;; Ignore "beamer" snippets specifying overlays.
	  ((and (eq backend 'beamer)
		(or (org-export-get-previous-element export-snippet info)
		    (not (string-match "\\`<.*>\\'" value))))
	   value))))


;;;; Headline
;;
;; The main function to translate a headline is
;; `org-beamer-headline'.
;;
;; Depending on the level at which a headline is considered as
;; a frame (given by `org-beamer--frame-level'), the headline is
;; either a section (`org-beamer--format-section'), a frame
;; (`org-beamer--format-frame') or a block
;; (`org-beamer--format-block').
;;
;; `org-beamer-headline' also takes care of special environments
;; like "ignoreheading", "note", "noteNH", "appendix" and
;; "againframe".

(defun org-beamer--get-label (headline info)
  "Return label for HEADLINE, as a string.

INFO is a plist used as a communication channel.

The value is either the label specified in \"BEAMER_opt\"
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property, the custom ID, if there is one and
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`:latex-prefer-user-labels' property has a non-nil value, or
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a unique internal label.  This function assumes HEADLINE will be
treated as a frame."
  (cond
   ((let ((opt (org-element-property :BEAMER_OPT headline)))
      (and (stringp opt)
	   (string-match "\\(?:^\\|,\\)label=\\(.*?\\)\\(?:$\\|,\\)" opt)
	   (let ((label (match-string 1 opt)))
	     (if (string-match-p "\\`{.*}\\'" label)
		 (substring label 1 -1)
	       label)))))
   ((and (plist-get info :latex-prefer-user-labels)
	 (org-element-property :CUSTOM_ID headline)))
   (t (format "sec:%s" (org-export-get-reference headline info)))))
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(defun org-beamer--frame-level (headline info)
  "Return frame level in subtree containing HEADLINE.
INFO is a plist used as a communication channel."
  (or
   ;; 1. Look for "frame" environment in parents, starting from the
   ;;    farthest.
   (catch 'exit
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     (dolist (parent (nreverse (org-element-lineage headline)))
       (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV parent)))
	 (when (and env (member-ignore-case env '("frame" "fullframe")))
	   (throw 'exit (org-export-get-relative-level parent info))))))
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   ;; 2. Look for "frame" environment in HEADLINE.
   (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV headline)))
     (and env (member-ignore-case env '("frame" "fullframe"))
	  (org-export-get-relative-level headline info)))
   ;; 3. Look for "frame" environment in sub-tree.
   (org-element-map headline 'headline
     (lambda (hl)
       (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV hl)))
	 (when (and env (member-ignore-case env '("frame" "fullframe")))
	   (org-export-get-relative-level hl info))))
     info 'first-match)
   ;; 4. No "frame" environment in tree: use default value.
   (plist-get info :headline-levels)))

(defun org-beamer--format-section (headline contents info)
  "Format HEADLINE as a sectioning part.
CONTENTS holds the contents of the headline.  INFO is a plist
used as a communication channel."
  (let ((latex-headline
	 (org-export-with-backend
	  ;; We create a temporary export back-end which behaves the
	  ;; same as current one, but adds "\protect" in front of the
	  ;; output of some objects.
	  (org-export-create-backend
	   :parent 'latex
	   :transcoders
	   (let ((protected-output
		  (function
		   (lambda (object contents info)
		     (let ((code (org-export-with-backend
				  'beamer object contents info)))
		       (if (org-string-nw-p code) (concat "\\protect" code)
			 code))))))
	     (mapcar #'(lambda (type) (cons type protected-output))
		     '(bold footnote-reference italic strike-through timestamp
			    underline))))
	  headline
	  contents
	  info))
	(mode-specs (org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)))
    (if (and mode-specs
	     (string-match "\\`\\\\\\(.*?\\)\\(?:\\*\\|\\[.*\\]\\)?{"
			   latex-headline))
	;; Insert overlay specifications.
	(replace-match (concat (match-string 1 latex-headline)
			       (format "<%s>" mode-specs))
		       nil nil latex-headline 1)
      latex-headline)))

(defun org-beamer--format-frame (headline contents info)
  "Format HEADLINE as a frame.
CONTENTS holds the contents of the headline.  INFO is a plist
used as a communication channel."
  (let ((fragilep
	 ;; FRAGILEP is non-nil when HEADLINE contains an element
	 ;; among `org-beamer-verbatim-elements'.
	 (org-element-map headline org-beamer-verbatim-elements 'identity
			  info 'first-match)))
    (concat "\\begin{frame}"
	    ;; Overlay specification, if any. When surrounded by
	    ;; square brackets, consider it as a default
	    ;; specification.
	    (let ((action (org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)))
	      (cond
	       ((not action) "")
	       ((string-match "\\`\\[.*\\]\\'" action )
		(org-beamer--normalize-argument action 'defaction))
	       (t (org-beamer--normalize-argument action 'action))))
	    ;; Options, if any.
	    (let* ((beamer-opt (org-element-property :BEAMER_OPT headline))
		   (options
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		    ;; Collect nonempty options from default value and
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		    ;; headline's properties.
		    (cl-remove-if-not #'org-string-nw-p
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		     (append
		      (org-split-string
		       (plist-get info :beamer-frame-default-options) ",")
		      (and beamer-opt
			   (org-split-string
			    ;; Remove square brackets if user provided
			    ;; them.
			    (and (string-match "^\\[?\\(.*\\)\\]?$" beamer-opt)
				 (match-string 1 beamer-opt))
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			    ",")))))
		   (fragile
		    ;; Add "fragile" option if necessary.
		    (and fragilep
			 (not (member "fragile" options))
			 (list "fragile")))
		   (label
		    ;; Provide an automatic label for the frame unless
		    ;; the user specified one.  Also refrain from
		    ;; labeling `allowframebreaks' frames; this is not
		    ;; allowed by Beamer.
		    (and (not (member "allowframebreaks" options))
			 (not (cl-some (lambda (s) (string-match-p "^label=" s))
				       options))
			 (list
			  (let ((label (org-beamer--get-label headline info)))
			    ;; Labels containing colons need to be
			    ;; wrapped within braces.
			    (format (if (string-match-p ":" label)
					"label={%s}"
				      "label=%s")
				    label))))))
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	      ;; Change options list into a string.
	      (org-beamer--normalize-argument
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	       (mapconcat #'identity (append label fragile options) ",")
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	       'option))
	    ;; Title.
	    (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV headline)))
	      (format "{%s}"
		      (if (and env (equal (downcase env) "fullframe")) ""
			(org-export-data
			 (org-element-property :title headline) info))))
	    "\n"
	    ;; The following workaround is required in fragile frames
	    ;; as Beamer will append "\par" to the beginning of the
	    ;; contents.  So we need to make sure the command is
	    ;; separated from the contents by at least one space.  If
	    ;; it isn't, it will create "\parfirst-word" command and
	    ;; remove the first word from the contents in the PDF
	    ;; output.
	    (if (not fragilep) contents
	      (replace-regexp-in-string "\\`\n*" "\\& " (or contents "")))
	    "\\end{frame}")))

(defun org-beamer--format-block (headline contents info)
  "Format HEADLINE as a block.
CONTENTS holds the contents of the headline.  INFO is a plist
used as a communication channel."
  (let* ((column-width (org-element-property :BEAMER_COL headline))
	 ;; ENVIRONMENT defaults to "block" if none is specified and
	 ;; there is no column specification.  If there is a column
	 ;; specified but still no explicit environment, ENVIRONMENT
	 ;; is "column".
	 (environment (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV headline)))
			(cond
			 ;; "block" is the fallback environment.
			 ((and (not env) (not column-width)) "block")
			 ;; "column" only.
			 ((not env) "column")
			 ;; Use specified environment.
			 (t env))))
	 (raw-title (org-element-property :raw-value headline))
	 (env-format
	  (cond ((member environment '("column" "columns")) nil)
		((assoc environment
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			(append (plist-get info :beamer-environments-extra)
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				org-beamer-environments-default)))
		(t (user-error "Wrong block type at a headline named \"%s\""
			       raw-title))))
	 (title (org-export-data (org-element-property :title headline) info))
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	 (raw-options (org-element-property :BEAMER_OPT headline))
	 (options (if raw-options
		      (org-beamer--normalize-argument raw-options 'option)
		    ""))
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	 ;; Start a "columns" environment when explicitly requested or
	 ;; when there is no previous headline or the previous
	 ;; headline do not have a BEAMER_column property.
	 (parent-env (org-element-property
		      :BEAMER_ENV (org-export-get-parent-headline headline)))
	 (start-columns-p
	  (or (equal environment "columns")
	      (and column-width
		   (not (and parent-env
			     (equal (downcase parent-env) "columns")))
		   (or (org-export-first-sibling-p headline info)
		       (not (org-element-property
			     :BEAMER_COL
			     (org-export-get-previous-element
			      headline info)))))))
	 ;; End the "columns" environment when explicitly requested or
	 ;; when there is no next headline or the next headline do not
	 ;; have a BEAMER_column property.
	 (end-columns-p
	  (or (equal environment "columns")
	      (and column-width
		   (not (and parent-env
			     (equal (downcase parent-env) "columns")))
		   (or (org-export-last-sibling-p headline info)
		       (not (org-element-property
			     :BEAMER_COL
			     (org-export-get-next-element headline info))))))))
    (concat
     (when start-columns-p
       ;; Column can accept options only when the environment is
       ;; explicitly defined.
       (if (not (equal environment "columns")) "\\begin{columns}\n"
	 (format "\\begin{columns}%s\n" options)))
     (when column-width
       (format "\\begin{column}%s{%s}\n"
	       ;; One can specify placement for column only when
	       ;; HEADLINE stands for a column on its own.
	       (if (equal environment "column") options "")
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	       (format "%s\\columnwidth" column-width)))
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     ;; Block's opening string.
     (when (nth 2 env-format)
       (concat
	(org-fill-template
	 (nth 2 env-format)
	 (nconc
	  ;; If BEAMER_act property has its value enclosed in square
	  ;; brackets, it is a default overlay specification and
	  ;; overlay specification is empty.  Otherwise, it is an
	  ;; overlay specification and the default one is nil.
	  (let ((action (org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)))
	    (cond
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	     ((not action) (list (cons "a" "") (cons "A" "") (cons "R" "")))
	     ((and (string-prefix-p "[" action)
		   (string-suffix-p "]" action))
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	      (list
	       (cons "A" (org-beamer--normalize-argument action 'defaction))
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	       (cons "a" "")
	       (cons "R" action)))
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	     (t
	      (list (cons "a" (org-beamer--normalize-argument action 'action))
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		    (cons "A" "")
		    (cons "R" action)))))
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	  (list (cons "o" options)
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		(cons "O" (or raw-options ""))
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		(cons "h" title)
		(cons "r" raw-title)
		(cons "H" (if (equal raw-title "") ""
			    (format "{%s}" raw-title)))
		(cons "U" (if (equal raw-title "") ""
			    (format "[%s]" raw-title))))))
	"\n"))
     contents
     ;; Block's closing string, if any.
     (and (nth 3 env-format) (concat (nth 3 env-format) "\n"))
     (when column-width "\\end{column}\n")
     (when end-columns-p "\\end{columns}"))))

(defun org-beamer-headline (headline contents info)
  "Transcode HEADLINE element into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is the contents of the headline.  INFO is a plist used
as a communication channel."
  (unless (org-element-property :footnote-section-p headline)
    (let ((level (org-export-get-relative-level headline info))
	  (frame-level (org-beamer--frame-level headline info))
	  (environment (let ((env (org-element-property :BEAMER_ENV headline)))
			 (or (org-string-nw-p env) "block"))))
      (cond
       ;; Case 1: Resume frame specified by "BEAMER_ref" property.
       ((equal environment "againframe")
	(let ((ref (org-element-property :BEAMER_REF headline)))
	  ;; Reference to frame being resumed is mandatory.  Ignore
	  ;; the whole headline if it isn't provided.
	  (when (org-string-nw-p ref)
	    (concat "\\againframe"
		    ;; Overlay specification.
		    (let ((overlay (org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)))
		      (when overlay
			(org-beamer--normalize-argument
			 overlay
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			 (if (string-match "\\`\\[.*\\]\\'" overlay) 'defaction
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			   'action))))
		    ;; Options.
		    (let ((options (org-element-property :BEAMER_OPT headline)))
		      (when options
			(org-beamer--normalize-argument options 'option)))
		    ;; Resolve reference provided by "BEAMER_ref"
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		    ;; property.  This is done by building a minimal
		    ;; fake link and calling the appropriate resolve
		    ;; function, depending on the reference syntax.
		    (let ((target
			   (if (string-match "\\`\\(id:\\|#\\)" ref)
			       (org-export-resolve-id-link
				`(link (:path ,(substring ref (match-end 0))))
				info)
			     (org-export-resolve-fuzzy-link
			      `(link (:path
				      ;; Look for headlines only.
				      ,(if (eq (string-to-char ref) ?*) ref
					 (concat "*" ref))))
			      info))))
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		      ;; Now use user-defined label provided in TARGET
		      ;; headline, or fallback to standard one.
		      (format "{%s}" (org-beamer--get-label target info)))))))
       ;; Case 2: Creation of an appendix is requested.
       ((equal environment "appendix")
	(concat "\\appendix"
		(org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)
		"\n"
		(make-string (org-element-property :pre-blank headline) ?\n)
		contents))
       ;; Case 3: Ignore heading.
       ((equal environment "ignoreheading")
	(concat (make-string (org-element-property :pre-blank headline) ?\n)
		contents))
       ;; Case 4: HEADLINE is a note.
       ((member environment '("note" "noteNH"))
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        (concat "\\note"
		;; Overlay specification.
		(let ((overlay (org-element-property :BEAMER_ACT headline)))
		  (when overlay
		    (org-beamer--normalize-argument
		     overlay
		     (if (string-match "\\`\\[.*\\]\\'" overlay)
			 'defaction 'action))))
		(format "{%s}"
                        (concat (and (equal environment "note")
                                     (concat
                                      (org-export-data
                                       (org-element-property :title headline)
				       info)
                                      "\n"))
				(org-trim contents)))))
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       ;; Case 5: HEADLINE is a frame.
       ((= level frame-level)
	(org-beamer--format-frame headline contents info))
       ;; Case 6: Regular section, extracted from
       ;; `org-latex-classes'.
       ((< level frame-level)
	(org-beamer--format-section headline contents info))
       ;; Case 7: Otherwise, HEADLINE is a block.
       (t (org-beamer--format-block headline contents info))))))


;;;; Item

(defun org-beamer-item (item contents info)
  "Transcode an ITEM element into Beamer code.
CONTENTS holds the contents of the item.  INFO is a plist holding
contextual information."
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  (org-export-with-backend
   ;; Delegate item export to `latex'.  However, we use `beamer'
   ;; transcoders for objects in the description tag.
   (org-export-create-backend
    :parent 'beamer
    :transcoders
    (list
     (cons
      'item
      (lambda (item _c _i)
	(let ((action
	       (let ((first (car (org-element-contents item))))
		 (and (eq (org-element-type first) 'paragraph)
		      (org-beamer--element-has-overlay-p first))))
	      (output (org-latex-item item contents info)))
	  (if (not (and action (string-match "\\\\item" output))) output
	    ;; If the item starts with a paragraph and that paragraph
	    ;; starts with an export snippet specifying an overlay,
	    ;; append it to the \item command.
	    (replace-match (concat "\\\\item" action) nil nil output)))))))
   item contents info))
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;;;; Keyword

(defun org-beamer-keyword (keyword contents info)
  "Transcode a KEYWORD element into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is nil.  INFO is a plist used as a communication
channel."
  (let ((key (org-element-property :key keyword))
	(value (org-element-property :value keyword)))
    ;; Handle specifically BEAMER and TOC (headlines only) keywords.
    ;; Otherwise, fallback to `latex' back-end.
    (cond
     ((equal key "BEAMER") value)
     ((and (equal key "TOC") (string-match "\\<headlines\\>" value))
      (let ((depth (or (and (string-match "[0-9]+" value)
			    (string-to-number (match-string 0 value)))
		       (plist-get info :with-toc)))
	    (options (and (string-match "\\[.*?\\]" value)
			  (match-string 0 value))))
	(concat
	 (when (wholenump depth) (format "\\setcounter{tocdepth}{%s}\n" depth))
	 "\\tableofcontents" options)))
     (t (org-export-with-backend 'latex keyword contents info)))))


;;;; Link

(defun org-beamer-link (link contents info)
  "Transcode a LINK object into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is the description part of the link.  INFO is a plist
used as a communication channel."
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  (or (org-export-custom-protocol-maybe link contents 'beamer)
      ;; Fall-back to LaTeX export.  However, prefer "\hyperlink" over
      ;; "\hyperref" since the former handles overlay specifications.
      (let ((latex-link (org-export-with-backend 'latex link contents info)))
	(if (string-match "\\`\\\\hyperref\\[\\(.*?\\)\\]" latex-link)
	    (replace-match
	     (format "\\\\hyperlink%s{\\1}"
		     (or (org-beamer--element-has-overlay-p link) ""))
	     nil nil latex-link)
	  latex-link))))
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;;;; Plain List
;;
;; Plain lists support `:environment', `:overlay' and `:options'
;; attributes.

(defun org-beamer-plain-list (plain-list contents info)
  "Transcode a PLAIN-LIST element into Beamer code.
CONTENTS is the contents of the list.  INFO is a plist holding
contextual information."
  (let* ((type (org-element-property :type plain-list))
	 (attributes (org-combine-plists
		      (org-export-read-attribute :attr_latex plain-list)
		      (org-export-read-attribute :attr_beamer plain-list)))
	 (latex-type (let ((env (plist-get attributes :environment)))
		       (cond (env)
			     ((eq type 'ordered) "enumerate")
			     ((eq type 'descriptive) "description")
			     (t "itemize")))))
    (org-latex--wrap-label
     plain-list
     (format "\\begin{%s}%s%s\n%s\\end{%s}"
	     latex-type
	     ;; Default overlay specification, if any.
	     (org-beamer--normalize-argument
	      (or (plist-get attributes :overlay) "")
	      'defaction)
	     ;; Second optional argument depends on the list type.
	     (org-beamer--normalize-argument
	      (or (plist-get attributes :options) "")
	      'option)
	     ;; Eventually insert contents and close environment.
	     contents
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	     latex-type)
     info)))
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;;;; Radio Target

(defun org-beamer-radio-target (radio-target text info)
  "Transcode a RADIO-TARGET object into Beamer code.
TEXT is the text of the target.  INFO is a plist holding
contextual information."
  (format "\\hypertarget%s{%s}{%s}"
	  (or (org-beamer--element-has-overlay-p radio-target) "")
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	  (org-export-get-reference radio-target info)
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	  text))


;;;; Template
;;
;; Template used is similar to the one used in `latex' back-end,
;; excepted for the table of contents and Beamer themes.

(defun org-beamer-template (contents info)
  "Return complete document string after Beamer conversion.
CONTENTS is the transcoded contents string.  INFO is a plist
holding export options."
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  (let ((title (org-export-data (plist-get info :title) info))
	(subtitle (org-export-data (plist-get info :subtitle) info)))
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    (concat
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     ;; Time-stamp.
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     (and (plist-get info :time-stamp-file)
	  (format-time-string "%% Created %Y-%m-%d %a %H:%M\n"))
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     ;; LaTeX compiler
     (org-latex--insert-compiler info)
     ;; Document class and packages.
     (org-latex-make-preamble info)
     ;; Insert themes.
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     (let ((format-theme
	    (function
	     (lambda (prop command)
	       (let ((theme (plist-get info prop)))
		 (when theme
		   (concat command
			   (if (not (string-match "\\[.*\\]" theme))
			       (format "{%s}\n" theme)
			     (format "%s{%s}\n"
				     (match-string 0 theme)
				     (org-trim
				      (replace-match "" nil nil theme)))))))))))
       (mapconcat (lambda (args) (apply format-theme args))
		  '((:beamer-theme "\\usetheme")
		    (:beamer-color-theme "\\usecolortheme")
		    (:beamer-font-theme "\\usefonttheme")
		    (:beamer-inner-theme "\\useinnertheme")
		    (:beamer-outer-theme "\\useoutertheme"))
		  ""))
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     ;; Possibly limit depth for headline numbering.
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     (let ((sec-num (plist-get info :section-numbers)))
       (when (integerp sec-num)
	 (format "\\setcounter{secnumdepth}{%d}\n" sec-num)))
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     ;; Author.
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     (let ((author (and (plist-get info :with-author)
			(let ((auth (plist-get info :author)))
			  (and auth (org-export-data auth info)))))
	   (email (and (plist-get info :with-email)
		       (org-export-data (plist-get info :email) info))))
       (cond ((and author email (not (string= "" email)))
	      (format "\\author{%s\\thanks{%s}}\n" author email))
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	     ((or author email) (format "\\author{%s}\n" (or author email)))))
     ;; Date.
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     (let ((date (and (plist-get info :with-date) (org-export-get-date info))))
       (format "\\date{%s}\n" (org-export-data date info)))
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     ;; Title
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     (format "\\title{%s}\n" title)
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     (when (org-string-nw-p subtitle)
       (concat (format (plist-get info :beamer-subtitle-format) subtitle) "\n"))
     ;; Beamer-header
     (let ((beamer-header (plist-get info :beamer-header)))
       (when beamer-header
	 (format "%s\n" (plist-get info :beamer-header))))
     ;; 9. Hyperref options.
     (let ((template (plist-get info :latex-hyperref-template)))
       (and (stringp template)
	    (format-spec template (org-latex--format-spec info))))
     ;; Document start.
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     "\\begin{document}\n\n"
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     ;; Title command.
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     (org-element-normalize-string
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      (cond ((not (plist-get info :with-title)) nil)
	    ((string= "" title) nil)
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	    ((not (stringp org-latex-title-command)) nil)
	    ((string-match "\\(?:[^%]\\|^\\)%s"
			   org-latex-title-command)
	     (format org-latex-title-command title))
	    (t org-latex-title-command)))
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     ;; Table of contents.
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     (let ((depth (plist-get info :with-toc)))
       (when depth
	 (concat
	  (format "\\begin{frame}%s{%s}\n"
		  (org-beamer--normalize-argument
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		   (plist-get info :beamer-outline-frame-options) 'option)
		  (plist-get info :beamer-outline-frame-title))
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	  (when (wholenump depth)
	    (format "\\setcounter{tocdepth}{%d}\n" depth))
	  "\\tableofcontents\n"
	  "\\end{frame}\n\n")))
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     ;; Document's body.
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     contents
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     ;; Creator.
     (if (plist-get info :with-creator)
	 (concat (plist-get info :creator) "\n")
       "")
     ;; Document end.
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     "\\end{document}")))



;;; Minor Mode


(defvar org-beamer-mode-map (make-sparse-keymap)
  "The keymap for `org-beamer-mode'.")
(define-key org-beamer-mode-map "\C-c\C-b" 'org-beamer-select-environment)

;;;###autoload
(define-minor-mode org-beamer-mode
  "Support for editing Beamer oriented Org mode files."
  nil " Bm" 'org-beamer-mode-map)

(when (fboundp 'font-lock-add-keywords)
  (font-lock-add-keywords
   'org-mode
   '((":\\(B_[a-z]+\\|BMCOL\\):" 1 'org-beamer-tag prepend))
   'prepend))

(defface org-beamer-tag '((t (:box (:line-width 1 :color grey40))))
  "The special face for beamer tags."
  :group 'org-export-beamer)

(defun org-beamer-property-changed (property value)
  "Track the BEAMER_env property with tags.
PROPERTY is the name of the modified property.  VALUE is its new
value."
  (cond
   ((equal property "BEAMER_env")
    (save-excursion
      (org-back-to-heading t)
      ;; Filter out Beamer-related tags and install environment tag.
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      (let ((tags (cl-remove-if (lambda (x) (string-match "^B_" x))
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				(org-get-tags nil t)))
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	    (env-tag (and (org-string-nw-p value) (concat "B_" value))))
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	(org-set-tags (if env-tag (cons env-tag tags) tags))
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	(when env-tag (org-toggle-tag env-tag 'on)))))
   ((equal property "BEAMER_col")
    (org-toggle-tag "BMCOL" (if (org-string-nw-p value) 'on 'off)))))

(add-hook 'org-property-changed-functions 'org-beamer-property-changed)

(defun org-beamer-allowed-property-values (property)
  "Supply allowed values for PROPERTY."
  (cond
   ((and (equal property "BEAMER_env")
	 (not (org-entry-get nil (concat property "_ALL") 'inherit)))
    ;; If no allowed values for BEAMER_env have been defined,
    ;; supply all defined environments
    (mapcar 'car (append org-beamer-environments-special
			 org-beamer-environments-extra
			 org-beamer-environments-default)))
   ((and (equal property "BEAMER_col")
	 (not (org-entry-get nil (concat property "_ALL") 'inherit)))
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    ;; If no allowed values for BEAMER_col have been defined, supply
    ;; some.
    (split-string org-beamer-column-widths " "))))
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(add-hook 'org-property-allowed-value-functions
	  'org-beamer-allowed-property-values)



;;; Commands

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-export-as-latex
  (&optional async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist)
  "Export current buffer as a Beamer buffer.

If narrowing is active in the current buffer, only export its
narrowed part.

If a region is active, export that region.

A non-nil optional argument ASYNC means the process should happen
asynchronously.  The resulting buffer should be accessible
through the `org-export-stack' interface.

When optional argument SUBTREEP is non-nil, export the sub-tree
at point, extracting information from the headline properties
first.

When optional argument VISIBLE-ONLY is non-nil, don't export
contents of hidden elements.

When optional argument BODY-ONLY is non-nil, only write code
between \"\\begin{document}\" and \"\\end{document}\".

EXT-PLIST, when provided, is a property list with external
parameters overriding Org default settings, but still inferior to
file-local settings.

Export is done in a buffer named \"*Org BEAMER Export*\", which
will be displayed when `org-export-show-temporary-export-buffer'
is non-nil."
  (interactive)
  (org-export-to-buffer 'beamer "*Org BEAMER Export*"
    async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist (lambda () (LaTeX-mode))))

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-export-to-latex
  (&optional async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist)
  "Export current buffer as a Beamer presentation (tex).

If narrowing is active in the current buffer, only export its
narrowed part.

If a region is active, export that region.

A non-nil optional argument ASYNC means the process should happen
asynchronously.  The resulting file should be accessible through
the `org-export-stack' interface.

When optional argument SUBTREEP is non-nil, export the sub-tree
at point, extracting information from the headline properties
first.

When optional argument VISIBLE-ONLY is non-nil, don't export
contents of hidden elements.

When optional argument BODY-ONLY is non-nil, only write code
between \"\\begin{document}\" and \"\\end{document}\".

EXT-PLIST, when provided, is a property list with external
parameters overriding Org default settings, but still inferior to
file-local settings.

Return output file's name."
  (interactive)
  (let ((file (org-export-output-file-name ".tex" subtreep)))
    (org-export-to-file 'beamer file
      async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist)))

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-export-to-pdf
  (&optional async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist)
  "Export current buffer as a Beamer presentation (PDF).

If narrowing is active in the current buffer, only export its
narrowed part.

If a region is active, export that region.

A non-nil optional argument ASYNC means the process should happen
asynchronously.  The resulting file should be accessible through
the `org-export-stack' interface.

When optional argument SUBTREEP is non-nil, export the sub-tree
at point, extracting information from the headline properties
first.

When optional argument VISIBLE-ONLY is non-nil, don't export
contents of hidden elements.

When optional argument BODY-ONLY is non-nil, only write code
between \"\\begin{document}\" and \"\\end{document}\".

EXT-PLIST, when provided, is a property list with external
parameters overriding Org default settings, but still inferior to
file-local settings.

Return PDF file's name."
  (interactive)
  (let ((file (org-export-output-file-name ".tex" subtreep)))
    (org-export-to-file 'beamer file
      async subtreep visible-only body-only ext-plist
      (lambda (file) (org-latex-compile file)))))

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-select-environment ()
  "Select the environment to be used by beamer for this entry.
While this uses (for convenience) a tag selection interface, the
result of this command will be that the BEAMER_env *property* of
the entry is set.

In addition to this, the command will also set a tag as a visual
aid, but the tag does not have any semantic meaning."
  (interactive)
  ;; Make sure `org-beamer-environments-special' has a higher
  ;; priority than `org-beamer-environments-extra'.
  (let* ((envs (append org-beamer-environments-special
		       org-beamer-environments-extra
		       org-beamer-environments-default))
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	 (org-current-tag-alist
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	  (append '((:startgroup))
		  (mapcar (lambda (e) (cons (concat "B_" (car e))
				       (string-to-char (nth 1 e))))
			  envs)
		  '((:endgroup))
		  '(("BMCOL" . ?|))))
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	 (org-tag-persistent-alist nil)
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	 (org-use-fast-tag-selection t)
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	 (org-fast-tag-selection-single-key t))
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    (org-set-tags-command)
    (let ((tags (org-get-tags nil t)))
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      (cond
       ;; For a column, automatically ask for its width.
       ((eq org-last-tag-selection-key ?|)
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	(if (member "BMCOL" tags)
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	    (org-set-property "BEAMER_col" (read-string "Column width: "))
	  (org-delete-property "BEAMER_col")))
       ;; For an "againframe" section, automatically ask for reference
       ;; to resumed frame and overlay specifications.
       ((eq org-last-tag-selection-key ?A)
	(if (equal (org-entry-get nil "BEAMER_env") "againframe")
	    (progn (org-entry-delete nil "BEAMER_env")
		   (org-entry-delete nil "BEAMER_ref")
		   (org-entry-delete nil "BEAMER_act"))
	  (org-entry-put nil "BEAMER_env" "againframe")
	  (org-set-property
	   "BEAMER_ref"
	   (read-string "Frame reference (*Title, #custom-id, id:...): "))
	  (org-set-property "BEAMER_act"
			    (read-string "Overlay specification: "))))
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       ((let* ((tags-re (concat "B_" (regexp-opt (mapcar #'car envs) t)))
	       (env (cl-some (lambda (tag)
			       (and (string-match tags-re tag)
				    (match-string 1 tag)))
			     tags)))
	  (and env (progn (org-entry-put nil "BEAMER_env" env) t))))
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       (t (org-entry-delete nil "BEAMER_env"))))))

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-publish-to-latex (plist filename pub-dir)
  "Publish an Org file to a Beamer presentation (LaTeX).

FILENAME is the filename of the Org file to be published.  PLIST
is the property list for the given project.  PUB-DIR is the
publishing directory.

Return output file name."
  (org-publish-org-to 'beamer filename ".tex" plist pub-dir))

;;;###autoload
(defun org-beamer-publish-to-pdf (plist filename pub-dir)
  "Publish an Org file to a Beamer presentation (PDF, via LaTeX).

FILENAME is the filename of the Org file to be published.  PLIST
is the property list for the given project.  PUB-DIR is the
publishing directory.

Return output file name."
  ;; Unlike to `org-beamer-publish-to-latex', PDF file is generated in
  ;; working directory and then moved to publishing directory.
  (org-publish-attachment
   plist
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   ;; Default directory could be anywhere when this function is
   ;; called.  We ensure it is set to source file directory during
   ;; compilation so as to not break links to external documents.
   (let ((default-directory (file-name-directory filename)))
     (org-latex-compile
      (org-publish-org-to
       'beamer filename ".tex" plist (file-name-directory filename))))
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   pub-dir))


(provide 'ox-beamer)

;; Local variables:
;; generated-autoload-file: "org-loaddefs.el"
;; End:

;;; ox-beamer.el ends here