More-compatible subsecond calendrical timestamps

Instead of appending a subseconds member to the result of
‘decode-time’, this keeps the format unchanged unless you give
a new optional argument to ‘decode-time’.  Also, the augmented
format now puts the subsecond info in the SECONDS element, so
the total number of elements is unchanged; this is more
compatible with code that expects the traditional 9 elements,
such as ‘(pcase decoded-time (`(,SEC ,MIN ,HOUR ,DAY ,MON
,YEAR ,DOW ,DST ,ZONE) ...) ...)’.
* doc/lispref/os.texi, doc/misc/emacs-mime.texi, etc/NEWS:
* lisp/net/soap-client.el (soap-decode-date-time):
* lisp/simple.el (decoded-time):
Document the new behavior.
* lisp/calendar/icalendar.el (icalendar--decode-isodatetime):
* lisp/calendar/iso8601.el (iso8601-parse)
(iso8601-parse-time, iso8601-parse-duration)
(iso8601--decoded-time):
* lisp/calendar/parse-time.el (parse-time-string):
* lisp/calendar/time-date.el (decoded-time-add)
(decoded-time--alter-second):
* lisp/org/org.el (org-parse-time-string):
* lisp/simple.el (decoded-time):
* src/timefns.c (Fdecode_time, Fencode_time):
* test/lisp/calendar/icalendar-tests.el:
(icalendar--decode-isodatetime):
* test/lisp/calendar/iso8601-tests.el (test-iso8601-date-years)
(test-iso8601-date-dates, test-iso8601-date-obsolete)
(test-iso8601-date-weeks, test-iso8601-date-ordinals)
(test-iso8601-time, test-iso8601-combined)
(test-iso8601-duration, test-iso8601-intervals)
(standard-test-dates, standard-test-time-of-day-fractions)
(standard-test-time-of-day-beginning-of-day)
(standard-test-time-of-day-utc)
(standard-test-time-of-day-zone)
(standard-test-date-and-time-of-day, standard-test-interval):
* test/lisp/calendar/parse-time-tests.el (parse-time-tests):
* test/src/timefns-tests.el (format-time-string-with-zone)
(encode-time-dst-numeric-zone):
Revert recent changes that added a SUBSECS member to
calendrical timestamps, since that component is no longer
present (the info, if any, is now in the SECONDS member).
* lisp/calendar/time-date.el (decoded-time-add)
(decoded-time--alter-second):
Support fractional seconds in the new form.  Simplify.
* src/timefns.c (Fdecode_time): Support new arg FORM.
(Fencode_time): Support subsecond resolution.
* test/src/timefns-tests.el (format-time-string-with-zone)
(decode-then-encode-time): Test subsecond calendrical timestamps.
1 job for master in 55 minutes and 7 seconds (queued for 3 seconds)
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  Test
failed #3010
test-all

00:55:07

 
Name Stage Failure
failed
test-all Test
make[2]: *** [check-doit] Error 1
Makefile:318: recipe for target 'check-doit' failed
make[2]: Leaving directory '/builds/emacs/emacs/test'
Makefile:293: recipe for target 'check-expensive' failed
make[1]: *** [check-expensive] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/builds/emacs/emacs/test'
Makefile:959: recipe for target 'check-expensive' failed
make: *** [check-expensive] Error 2
ERROR: Job failed: exit code 1